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Essay 4 Computer skill is the most important Example Essays

Essay on computer skills

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Essay 4 Computer skill is the most important Example Essays

Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats Essay. Pets bring happiness to a person’s life. They create a special bond with their owners. On Computer Skills? This bond can help an owner and his pet live in harmony. Essay In Pakistan? People usually get pets to have a companion in their homes. Essay On Computer? Couples get pets before having a child because taking care of emina a pet is similar in essay on computer, taking care of a child.

Pets usually are fish, birds, mammals, and sometimes reptiles, but insects like spiders and ants are still owned by some people that consider them as pets. Dogs and cats are one of the most popular pets to have. Dogs and cats make a big percentage in the world’s populations of pets, according to the Humane Society of the United States (2011) there are 78.2 million owned dog and 86.4 million owned cats. Dogs show that they are loyal to an owner and that are easily trained, cats on the other hand can take care of themselves better than dogs and can remove rat infestations from the house of the ap english lit exam, owner. Both dogs and skills, cats have their pros and cons, but dogs are better pets than cats because they show more qualities of a better pet than a cat. Dogs provide an lit exam, active lifestyle for an owner.

Dogs are very energetic which requires constant walks. This makes the owner and a dog have a healthier lifestyle than having a cat. Essay Skills? Have you ever seen a person walk their cat? If someone would ever see a person walk their cat, that would be their first time seeing that sight. Cats are known as to pathology seminars stay at their home and essay on computer, wait for time to essay papers pass by.

The energy of a dog can also excite their owner making them play together for a certain time. Dogs also learn a variety of tricks and essay, can learn them easier than cats. The capability of a dog in essay papers to buy, learning tricks can simply amaze a person, training a cat to essay skills sit, rollover, or play fetch can be weird sight to see. I personally have not seen a cat do the tricks a dog can do. If I ever see one, I do not know what would my reaction would be. While training a dog, the essay papers, time spent in training can help in establishing a good relationship with their owner. A dog can also provide protection to a home. Skills? Dogs can be trained to alert owners when seeing a stranger in speech pathology seminars, their yard or attack on command when the owner says so. Certain breeds like German Sheperd and Labrador Retriever can be trained to be police dogs.

These dogs help in assisting police with their work, providing them help in on computer skills, searching for essay on stephen, missing people or objects or in detecting firearms or illegal substances on on computer skills people. Speech? Dogs were also used for hunting purposes; their keen sense of smell has helped humans hunt their prey easily. Dogs can also be trained to essay guide blind people to destinations. Cats can help out in rat infestations at essay black in pakistan home but they cannot help in sniffing out people with firearms or guiding people to destinations. On Computer? Another reason dogs are better than cats is that dogs can understand humans better than cats. Training a dog requires hand gestures, these hand gestures when repeated over to buy and over can be easily understood by a dog that will trigger the action that the owner wanted. Many people think that dogs show more affection than cats. According to essay on computer skills the journal Animal Cognition, University of London, researchers have found that dogs are more likely to essay money approach a crying person than someone who was humming or talking, and that they normally respond to weeping with submissive behaviors. On Computer? Cats are known to have an king, attachment with their owners because cats know that their owners bring them food every day. Lastly, dogs provide better companionship with their owners.

Every time an owner spends time with his/her dog, it develops their relationship to something better. Dogs are called a man’s best friend because they are always at skills your side, wanting to play with you, or trying to essay cheer you up. The bond between a dog and their owner is on computer skills similar to a parent and speech, a child. A child knows when their parent is around or not. The child becomes happy when they see their parents while sad and essay, distressed when they see that they are gone. Cats can have a bond with their owners too, but they are more adept at being independent on their own. Dogs are better pets than cats but that does not mean that cats are not bad pets. Cats also have their positive sides like, independency. As mentioned earlier, cats are independent; they can feed off food that they find from the home of their owners, an example would be rats and mice. Cats also can bathe on their own, so they do not need their owners to give them a bathe regularly.

The dependency of in pakistan a dog can sometimes frustrate an skills, owner, the feeding it needs regularly, the cleaning of the dog’s dirt, and essay black, the bath it needs to keep clean are the factors that can frustrate an owner. Cats are more silent than dogs. The barking of a dog can irritate an on computer, owner and the neighbours. A cat’s “meow” cannot be loud enough to wake people up at midnight. Money? According to Douglas (2004), dogs can vocalize their moods, meaning the loudness of their bark depends on what emotion they have at the moment. Cats on the other hand do not, if they are happy, sad, or excited they will “meow” at essay on computer the same level but evidence from (McComb et al., 2009) suggests that cats are capable of purring with a frequency that has a subliminal effect similar to that of a human baby#8217;s cry. Emina? This purr, known as the on computer skills, #8220;solicitation purr,#8221; is slightly different from the regular purr and essay, is used to ask for food. I have never experienced owning a cat, my family has always owned dogs. Essay On Computer? From stray dog to a breeded one, it has always been dogs. The loyalty shown by the dog, companionship to their owner, the active lifestyle given by the dog, and capability of the seminars, dog to learn tricks are the reasons why my family would own a dog than a cat. I have never thought of having a cat, even in the future.

The cats of our neighbours have helped me in making that decision. Every time we leave a door open, a cat would manage to go inside, hop on the dining table and essay, get some of the food prepared. Another case would be that some cats bear their children at essay money our garage which would make our dogs bark out loud. These cases have lead me to make the decision that dogs are better pets than cats. Animal Cognition (May 30,2013), University of London, Arden Moore (2007), The Cat Behavior Answer Book, APPA National Pet Owners Survey (2011), The Humane Society of the United States, Douglas, K. (9 December 2009).#8221;Dogs vs. Essay Skills? Cats: The Great Pet Showdown. New Scientist. McComb, K., Taylor, A., Wilson, C., Charlton, B. Speech Pathology? (2009). #8220;The Cry Embedded Within the Purr.#8221; Current Biology, 19(13). Retrieved 17.

December 2009 from the Academic Search Premier database. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Essay On Computer Skills? Date: 21 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Argumentative Essay:Dogs vs Cats. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?

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Essay - Important skill - English-Test net

resume mkap ru I wonder what kind of savesets I should see after a complete backup of my DAG Exchange environment. Skills? I backup only passive databases, those are distributed on speech seminars, both my nodes in DAG cluster. Essay? Those 4 Byte savesets belonging to the DAG members looks funny? Mminfo output attached. DB:4.46:What Savesets Should We See After A Complete Dag Backup (Passive Dbs) z1. Thanks Carlos. you have saved mytime digging this mystery. Do I need to essay in pakistan only backup the active DB in the DAG? Will that truncate the active and skills passive logs or do I need to backup both active and passive DBs and on stephen king truncate each separately? Thanks everyone for your input!

DB:3.90:How To Remove A Dag But Leave Primary Exchange Dbs Intact 9s. I need to completely remove the DAG from my test lab, but leave my Exchange servers in essay, the same state they were in before the DAG was formed. As I understand the. first step would be to remove all passive DB copies. Next remove the servers hosting those passive copies from the to buy DAG.Beyond this I am not sure how to remove the on computer skills DAG without destroying active Exchange DBs. Any input greatlyappreciated.

DB:3.90:How To Remove A Dag But Leave Primary Exchange Dbs Intact 9s. Thanks Brian. Worked fine. The DAG is emina torlak thesis now gone, and Exchange servers are functioning OK as before the DAG was deployed. DB:3.68:Exchange2010 Sp3 Ru4, Database In A Dag Setup Fail Error 3145 jk. We are an Exchange 2010sp3 ru4 running on a hybrid Physical(MB servers) virtual (CAS/HUBservers) with 6 DBs' inonw DAG in a single site with local witness server. We experienced a failure on one of the DBs wit an essay error 3145.

Incremental seeding of database xxxMB01 encountered an error. A. DB:3.68:Exchange2010 Sp3 Ru4, Database In A Dag Setup Fail Error 3145 jk. Not sure, I've never had to mark a question before. But I looked up the question in the FAQ - and essays found this: How do I indicate a post answered my question? To mark a post as answer, clickMark as Answerbeneath the post. You can unmark a post as answer by skills, clickingUnmark as the Answer.JAUCG - Please remeber to essay on stephen king mark replies as helpful if they were or as answered if I provided a solution. DB:3.63:Rman Backup Of Multiple Dbs dm. Hi,I have a question regarding RMAN.I have 2 DBs in 2 different servers and I do a daily backup of the DBs with RMAN (no catalog, just the rman script) The two DBs are connected through an application that writes on both DBs common and connected data for the applicazion it self, so if one db stops and the other keeps working the on computer data i will find on my application will become inconsistens (or at least I will have differences between the dbs).Is there a way to create a single RMAN script that does a backup of archive logs and db of the two DBs simultaniously so that I am 100% sure that the torlak data is taken exactly at the same moment, and I don't have to worry about on computer, having discrepancies between the two dbs in case of a restore procedure? because if one db needs restore I will need to restore BOTH dbs to have the application up and running correctly!(hope I explaied it well enough)I have Oracle EE on Windows Server 2003 R2 SP2Thank you all! DB:3.63:Rman Backup Of Multiple Dbs dm.

You will have to speech seminars run two separate backups for skills the databases. What you can do is force archivelog switch and run archivelog backups at almost the same time -- as close as possible.Backups isn't really the issue. Emina Thesis? When you RECOVER after a RESTORE, you will have to essay do a RECOVER with an emina torlak thesis UNTIL TIME clause that is set to the same time on both databases. Essay Skills? However, this will not really guarantee that the lit exam two databases are exactly in sync because Oracle translates the TIME to an approximate SCN and does a recovery to an SCN. Thus, until time 17-JUNE-2013 13:04:05 might mean that one database has transactions till a second before 13:04:05 and another has transactions till three seconds before 13:04:05. You will have to determine ways to check the data -- e.g. identify the common tables and essay on computer verify the emina torlak data in the common tables.Hemant K Chitale.

DB:3.50:Nmm 2.3 And Exchange 2010 Dag Configuration 9c. I'm new to posting on these forums, but have been using them as a resource for a while. A preemptive thanks to anyone that can help me out! Site 1: Mailbox1 (copy of Mailbox2 dbs) Site 2: Mailbox 2 (copy of Mailbox1 dbs) I have the DAG backup working though the client resource and had the exchange servers backing up just fine - just through the wrong node! Site 1 is fine and using the local networker server, while Site 2 should be using the essay on computer skills local node I have configured (and was working fine pre-DAG for stand alone backups). Am I crazy to essay black money in pakistan be using a DAG across a 1Gbs dedicated WAN? It seems as though DAG backups need to essay on computer skills be on the same local site if they all funnel through the same networker client resource.

Here is my app info I'm using for the backups: Any help is emina torlak greatly appreciated! DB:3.50:Nmm 2.3 And Exchange 2010 Dag Configuration 9c. That is pretty clearly described in the documentation. What kind of backup devices are you using? DB:3.48:Exchange Dag Copy Queue Length 9223372036854775766 9j. Exchange 2010 SP2. I have the same situation as described here in which the copy que length is set to the maximum: The suggested solution is to run the essay on computer following, which bypasses all saftey checks: Move-ActiveMailboxDatabase DAG-DB0 -ActivateOnServer DAG-2 -SkipHealthChecks -SkipActiveCopyChecks -SkipClientExperienceChecks -SkipLagChecks -MountDialOverride:BESTEFFORT.

I have attempted to move the ap english lit exam active DB several times with the above switches, but the shell freezes and will not move past A remote procedure call has been issued to database. I ran it verbose and it doesn't move past Resolved current. organization, which is right after I confirm the action. Skills? I let it sit for about 8 hours with no activity in the shell or in the event viewer. This is present on all DBs (28) in a 2 server DAG group, and DBs are mounted, healthy copy status, healthy content index and a 0 replay queue length. We have half as active on emina thesis, 1 server, and half active on the other. Our latency is less than 1MS as both servers are located on essay, our property, a local network with a 100Mbit connection about 1 mile.

apart from each other. There are under 1000 users in ap english lit exam, the DAG, and on computer I have attempted this on 2 different DBs each with 1 user each under 250MB size mailbox. Any ideas on how to proceed? DB:3.48:Exchange Dag Copy Queue Length 9223372036854775766 9j. Exchange 2010 SP2. I have the same situation as described here in king, which the copy que length is set to the maximum: The suggested solution is to run the following, which bypasses all saftey checks: Move-ActiveMailboxDatabase DAG-DB0 -ActivateOnServer DAG-2 -SkipHealthChecks -SkipActiveCopyChecks -SkipClientExperienceChecks -SkipLagChecks -MountDialOverride:BESTEFFORT. I have attempted to move the essay on computer active DB several times with the above switches, but the essay on stephen shell freezes and will not move past A remote procedure call has been issued to on computer database. I ran it verbose and it doesn't move past Resolved current. organization, which is right after I confirm the action.

I let it sit for about 8 hours with no activity in the shell or in on stephen, the event viewer. This is present on all DBs (28) in a 2 server DAG group, and DBs are mounted, healthy copy status, healthy content index and a 0 replay queue length. We have half as active on 1 server, and half active on the other. Our latency is less than 1MS as both servers are located on skills, our property, a local network with a 100Mbit connection about essay papers, 1 mile. apart from essay, each other. There are under 1000 users in the DAG, and I have attempted this on 2 different DBs each with 1 user each under 250MB size mailbox. Any ideas on how to proceed? DB:3.43:Safest Way To Remove The Dag And One Exchange Database Copy jz.

Safest way to pathology remove the DAG and one exchange database copy. Because of a space issue I want to break down the DAG in my exchange 2010 and relay on essay skills, one database copy only, until I shift to the new exchange servers. Now because this is emina torlak a bit risky and life so I wanted to confirm. If I mount all DBs on one server EXCH02, and skills remove the essay on stephen king DAG, then start deleting the database copies to free the LUN , will this be ok ? DB:3.43:Safest Way To Remove The Dag And One Exchange Database Copy jz. not possible since i am having a storage issue. anyway i beleive the skills way i proposed is only path.

Can I backup and restore if my Exchange servers are in a DAG? Any plans to implement this in the nearest future? For us this is the money in pakistan only feature we miss in VDP. DB:3.36:Exchange 2010 Dag Log Truncation Not Happenning 3j. Exchange 2010 DAG log truncation not happenning after backup. No errors in backup. Only single mailbox in DAG database for essay on computer testing. Is there any log truncation check point?

DB:3.36:Exchange 2010 Dag Log Truncation Not Happenning 3j. Anybody facing such kind of issue? DB:3.31:Restore Of Passiv Dag Db Possible Restore Of Single Item d7. I was wondering if anything has changed with DPM 2012 (SP1) in regards to restore of passiv DAG DBs. What I found so far is that backup is in pakistan no Problem with DPM but restore is only possible to essay alternate location and then manual steps have to essay be taken to on computer skills copy. the restored DB. Has anyhting changed with DPM 2012 SP1 - maybe when using Exchange 2013?

The same question for papers to buy singel item restore (single mail or mailbox). Will DPM still restore the essay on computer whole DB when selecting restore of single mailbox or is DPM 2012 - just like in black in pakistan, sharepoint - only restoring the mailbox to the exchange server? DB:3.31:Restore Of Passiv Dag Db Possible Restore Of Single Item d7. Nothing has changed since DPM 2010. You restore passive DB to alternate location and skills you need to restore the whole DB in RDB to recover a single mailbox. Pathology Seminars? (Even if you use Exchange 2013) StephanePlease remember to on computer skills click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you. This posting is pathology seminars provided AS IS with no warranties. knowledge is valid only if it is shared by essay on computer skills, All. My DPM blog Yet Another DPM Blog. DB:3.30:Issue With Dag Dbs When Storage Fails On Active Node m8. I am using 6 node DAG cluster in thesis of a short story, exchange 2010 sp1 RU5.I noticed that whenever ahard diskfails on any mailbox server which holds anactive DB, it will dismountthe same.I thought the DAG behaviour is to failover to another.

healthy DB when the mounted DB has disk failure. In my case when the essay skills disk fails on pathology seminars, mounted DB, it will get dismounted and all other DB copy will be in fail state. is essay skills it normal? any suggestion? thanks. DB:3.30:Issue With Dag Dbs When Storage Fails On Active Node m8. we have found a solution for thesis this. the essay skills autodatabsemountdial was set to lit exam lossless which will prevent the essay on computer skills DB to get mounted to second copy when there is a storage failure on torlak, primary copy. Essay? so itrecommendedto keep this value to GoodAvailability which. can skip upto 6 logs. Another way is to essay papers to buy do a force mount to failed copy on essay, second server as below.

Thanks. Move-ActiveMailboxDatabase -Identity database name -ActivateOnServer mailbox server name -MountDialOverride GoodAvailability -SkipActiveCopyChecks. I have following query: 1) what is the benefit of speech having dac mode enabled for servers in dag in skills, single ad site? 2) In single dag which is spreaded across site having 1 server in king, each site. Essay Skills? both sites are active/active setup with fsw in primary site. If there is network issue between the site and PAM is at secondary site.

How would it react? I mean PAM is responsible for activating DBs but in this case PAM is at DR aite. Would it activate the dbs at essay black money in pakistan, primary site? Thanks guys, confusion cleared :) DB:3.27:Exchange Sever Dag Seeding Problem a3. I have a Primary Site with TWO Mailbox server in DAG, we have 4 DBs active on First Mailbox Server , now i have created another DR site and on computer skills install 1 Mailbox server at there, now i have added this server to DAG with Primary Site,

Problem is essay on stephen that, When i am adding a copy of DBs to DR site Mailbox Server, it is getting failed with below mentioned error. Please suggest what i can do to resolve this issue. Thanks in advance.. Regards Sunny Chauhan. DB:3.27:Exchange Sever Dag Seeding Problem a3. Your questions related to essay skills Database Avilability Groups (DAG) feature which is a feature of speech Microsoft Exchange Server.

This forum is for questions related to essay on computer skills Rights Management Services which support IRM in ap english lit exam essays, Exchange and for information protection. Essay On Computer? You. would do better to ask your question on an Exchange Server forum such as the following: This post is thesis of a story provided AS IS and confers no promises of essay on computer skills current or future technical support for a specific support issue. Please use Microsoft product support if you need a service commitment for emina thesis your current support case or issue. heute habe ich mal eine Frage an euch ber DAG, ich hoffe ihr knnt mir weiterhelfen. Ich habe 3x Exchange 2010 SP1. Zwei Server sind in einem DAG verbund, mit insgesamt 3 DBs. jede DB hat auch eine DB copy jeweils auf dem 2. Server. zur meiner Frage nun: ich mche gerne das auf server eins insgesamt 2 Active DBs laufen und eine passive DB.

und auf Server zwei eine active und zwei passive DBs laufen. Ich habe auf den DBs jeweils den wert 1 und 2 gesetzt, wenn ich nun dises Script ausfhre. RedistributeActiveDatabases.ps1 -DagName DAG1 -BalanceDbsByActivationPreference ShowFinalDatabaseDistribution. Dann klappt das auch wunder bar, er schwenkt mit das genau so wie ich das will. Aber die Frage ist nun wie kann ich das machen das der Exchange server das selber macht, und mir immer diese werte benutzt. kann das sein das das nur ber einen Task Planer geht? Hier habe ich den Link mit dem Skript.

Danke schon mal fr eure Hilfe. EdmundMit freundlichen Gru?en Edmund Jung System Engineer KUMAtronik GmbH 86153 Augsburg Tel: 49 (0)170 3325 843 wenn Sie eine schnelle Hilfe benotigen konnen Sie gerne auf einen Tel. Service von mir zuruckgreifen. Naja wie oft bootest du denn die Server? Die 10 Sekunden nach dem Reboot hat man doch noch Zeit das Skript zu starten. Nach nen Reboot schaut man doch sowieso ob alle Services etc laufen. DB:3.23:Dag Ip In Exchange 2013 Is Not Pingable 9m. We have two exchange 2013 mailbox servers installed in on computer skills, Hyper V virtual machines. We have configured DAG with DAG IP. We cannot ping to either the DAG name or DAGIP from seminars, our network. The DAG name andIP is pinging only from the active mailbox.

server. We need to essay ping the DAG name or DAGIP from our backup server in order to take backup . Please help me to fix this issue. DB:3.23:Dag Ip In Exchange 2013 Is Not Pingable 9m. It was our internal Fortigate UTM device which was blocking the communication .DAG is on stephen pinging after we remove the fortigate UTM device. Essay On Computer Skills? Thank you.

DB:3.23:Personal Archive Should Be Part Of Dag Db Or Independent Server 31. Is it good idea/Best practice to speech keep personal archive on the DAG DBs where primary mailbox is residing or keeping it in on computer, a standalone DB? I have a single DAG node environment with 2 node in pathology, primary and 1 node in secondary. Essay? Please comment. DB:3.23:Personal Archive Should Be Part Of Dag Db Or Independent Server 31. Ithinks it good idea not to keep personal archive on the DAG nodes as it would occupy space on thesis of a short, all theDB copies.

Please comment. I have 2 member DAG, one is the primar server and the other is the DR server. Essay On Computer Skills? EXCHDR05 is my primary server and essay TERHEXBE05 is my DR server. They are both member of on computer my DAG1. I also have a Witness server namely FSW1. I have replicated the Databases in both. the exchange servers(this is what DAG demands). The DAG works perfectly if the Databases are active on TERHEXBE05 and it goes down. Thesis Short Story? i.e the passive dbs on EXCHDR05 become active automatically. Essay On Computer Skills? The problem arises when the active DBs on EXCHDR05 go down. The. DAG doesnt work then.

Although my DR server TERHEXBE05 is up and running. Essay To Buy? Any reasons why? My FSW is up, my DR server is up. Now if my primary server fails then the essay on computer skills DAG functionality should activate the passive Dbs, rite? Moreover when I try to open the EMC. on my DR server, it says trying to essay black money in pakistan conncet to EXCHDR05(which is my primary server) and then finally it gives an error-Connection failed. Can someone plz tel me where I am going wrong. Or is it that if the primary server is down then whole exchange will be down?

Which i dont think should happen if u have a DAG. Plz help fellowsssssssssssss. Thanks in advance. Jader, waiting ur reply. DB:3.20:Dpm 2010 And Exchange 2010 (Dag) Passive Node Backup - Can Not See It In Dpm Gui kz. I have a problem with backing up Exchange 2010 DAG (passive)with my DPM 2010. I can take backup of the active DAG node, but the passive is NOT showing up in essay, the DPM 2010 GUI, when selecting the DAG clustername.

If I move all the databases from the active node to the passive node, and then modifies the speech pathology Protection Group of Exchange 2010 and selects the DAG clustername, the on computer skills I can see the ap english essays active databases on the new active node. So backup works on both DAG nodes, BUT only if it is active :-s. Normally you will be able to see both the essay on computer skills active(for Full Backup)and passive (for Copy Backup)node. My question is essay now, is it my Exchange 2010 enviroment og my DPM 2010 enviroment that have a problem? I you have any more questions or information you need, feel free to contact me :-) DAG clustername SRV208. DAG node 1 SRV209. DAG node2 SRV210. DPM server1 SRV101.

DB:3.20:Dpm 2010 And Exchange 2010 (Dag) Passive Node Backup - Can Not See It In Dpm Gui kz. I just wanted to clarify your statement for the registry key above. DPM does not create this key it has to be created manually. DPM fall victim to on computer skills it as creating and setting this registry to thesis story 0 is equivalent to disabling the skills replication writer. which DPM needs to see the passive nodes. Torlak? You can remove this key completely off the Exchange DAG nodes and on computer skills DPM will work also. There are certain scenarios when this registry key is needed like whenyou are using WSB and torlak the active and passivecopies are on the same node.

Using Windows Server Backup to Back Up and Restore Exchange Data - You can also see the following article for a more detailed explanation - Regards, A.Nadar, This posting is provided AS IS with no warranties, and confers no rights. DB:3.19:Exchange Dag Members In Different Times kp. Recently our primary DAG member failed and the secondary server took over. Moving the essay skills active DBs back to the primary server took over 3 hours (resyncronizing), whereas it usually pretty much instant. The two servers are in different time zones and one time zone has just gone into summer time, so basically the clocks are 1 hour off from each other.

Could this be the reason why the resynchronizing took so long? Last time we had an thesis of a story issue the moving of essay on computer the. active DBs was very fast, back when the 2nd server was on the same time as the essay to buy 1st. I havent been able to find any conclusive information regarding if DAG members in essay on computer skills, different time zones actually have to have the same time or not, whats the ap english go? DB:3.19:Exchange Dag Members In Different Times kp. Time zone would have nothing to do with it, because like most things, underneath Windows is actually operating in skills, UTC. That doesn't change. The only time I have seen time cause a problem is when the servers are not configured with the same time, allowing. for the time zone adjustment.

As already said, if you think it was an issue, speak to emina torlak thesis Microsoft Support. Simon.Simon Butler, Exchange MVP. Exchange Resources | In the UK? DB:3.19:How To Take Exchange 2010 Dag Backup To Tape In Dpm 2010 It Is Possible Exchange Backup Directly To Tape. fz. How to take Exchange 2010 DAG Backup to essay on computer Tape in DPM 2010 it is possible Exchange Backup directly to on stephen king tape.Gurmeet Singh. DB:3.19:How To Take Exchange 2010 Dag Backup To Tape In Dpm 2010 It Is Possible Exchange Backup Directly To Tape. Essay Skills? fz.

If you look at the GUI closely for short term protection between a standalone E14 server and pathology seminars a E14 DAG, you will see there are options on a DAG that are not there on a standalone. The GUI to supporttape only backup would need to on computer be redesigned. - and that work did not meet the bar at the time.Please remember to click “Mark as Answer” on papers to buy, the post that helps you, and to on computer skills click “Unmark as Answer” if a marked post does not actually answer your question. This can be beneficial to other community members reading the thread. Seminars? Regards, Mike J. Essay? [MSFT] This posting is provided AS IS with no warranties, and confers no rights. DB:3.19:Db Log File Path Move On Exchange 2010 Dag 99. could any one please let me knowthe steps to move DBs and Log files path in a Node which is in DAG. DB:3.19:Db Log File Path Move On Exchange 2010 Dag 99.

Simon Butler, Exchange MVP. Exchange Resources | In the UK? DB:3.18:Replication Manager With Exchange 2010 Native Dag Questions sj. I want to make sure that I have the essay black money in pakistan Exchange 2010 Native DAG requirements correct: 1. We would add the Exchange server's DAG name instead of essay skills each server's name in RM, correct? 2. How do we differentiate between active/passive copies if #1 is correct? For example, I have Exchange-A which hosts 4 active and 4 passive (from Exchange-B) DBs. Exchange-B hosts 4 active and of a 4 passive (from Exchange-A) DBs as well. I want to set up a job so that the snaps/clones are taken from the passive copy.

Will I be able to skills choose the 4 active DBs on Exchange-A and 4 active DBs on Exchaneg-B? 3. Lit Exam Essays? I want RM to truncate the essay on computer logs so I will choose the Online Full option when configuring the essay in pakistan RM job. On Computer Skills? If I create clones off of the passive copy will RM truncate the logs on the active DB copy? Thank you in advance. DB:3.18:Replication Manager With Exchange 2010 Native Dag Questions sj. One more question. Of A Story? Does RM work if bitlocker encryption is essay on computer enabled on the hosts? DB:3.18:Urgent Restoring Exchange 2010 Dbs From Dag In Dpm 2012 Sp1 91. Currently we are using DPM 2012 SP1 and backing up mailboxes on our DAG. We have 2 Exchange servers part of torlak our DAG 4 mailbox DB's total.

One of our DPM 2012 SP1 servers is essay on computer backing up the lit exam essays following: Florida Mailbox A-L. Florida Mailbox M-Z. Kentucky Mailbox A-L. Kentucky Mailbox M-Z. But our other DPM2012 SP1 server is not backing up DAG withFloridaExchange1.Domain in it. My questions is with DPM 2012 SP1 Server number 1 that is getting backups would it be able to restore the DB's to the Other exchange server or can itonlyrestore to skills itself?

In other words would we need to backup the DAG at each exchange. DB:3.18:Urgent Restoring Exchange 2010 Dbs From Dag In Dpm 2012 Sp1 91. A datasource could be protected by only one DPM server. So you can restore your data on any computer as long as you have a DPM protection agent from the to buy same DPM server install on it. DPM1 protect Server1: You will be able to on computer restore data on Server1 not on server2. DPM2 protect Server2: You will be able to restore data on Server2 not on server1. StephanePlease remember to of a story click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you. This posting is provided AS IS with no warranties. Essay On Computer Skills? knowledge is valid only if it is shared by All.

My DPM blog Yet Another DPM Blog. DB:3.16:Yesterdays Emails Missing After Dag Failover ps. We have a small exchange 2010 system with 120 mailboxes duplicated on 4 mailbox databases with 2 servers in a DAG. Papers To Buy? Both servers have mailbox, hub transport and client access roles. One of the essay skills servers is at head Office, EX1 and speech pathology the the other, EX2 housed at. our ISPs POP for business continuity. The DAG runs over the WAN on a 10 Mb link. The witness server was a 2003 R2 server in a different part of the WAN. All Outlook (head office only) and OWA traffic is skills directed to EX1 that has the live copies of the.

All was well until 2 days ago when we had some WAN interuptions. All the mailbox Databases fell over to emina the backup server, EX2. After the WAN problem was resolved I couldn't get the databases to go live on essay on computer skills, EX1 although it was working fine the black money in pakistan DAG had it. listed as not operational. I changed the DAG witness servers so that the primary is now a Server 2003 R2 server in head office and on computer skills the other one in papers, the WAN is now a secondary witness server. (BTW I had to essay on computer manually create the DAG witness directory and emina thesis share it on the new witness server. No log files have appeared there so far.)

After rebooting both Exchange servers I ended up with the DAG on each server reporting it as the only operational server the mailbox databases marked as live on BOTH servers. To solve this problem I stopped the Exchange services on EX2 and left them. off for the afternoon. Essay On Computer Skills? In hindsight it may have been better to leave the exchange services running and to essay in pakistan stop the cluster service on that server. This morning I again rebooted both exchange servers and essay the DAG on both reported both servers as operational. Two of the MB Dbs moved backt he EX1 without a problem.The other two reported the copy on EX1 as failed. After dismounting and remount these DBS.

I couple of times I got them into healthy and essay money was then able to move the active copy of those DBs back to EX1. I now find that our staff are missing either some or all of their email from yesterday. I assume this happened becasue the exchange services on ex2 were off for some time yesterday and this morning when they were both restarted it held the essay active copies. of the MB DBs for essay on stephen a short time. How do I get all that missing email back? I backup the mailbox databases on EX1 only so I do have backup copies of thos DBS. DB:3.16:Yesterdays Emails Missing After Dag Failover ps. The problem was that due to the witness server being in a seperate WAN sector to either EX1 or EX2, if there's a WAN problem ALL the databases move from EX1 (their normal location) to EX2. As the essay on computer skills DAG didn't recognise that EX1 was online I wasn't able to. move the database back there. I made the essay black money mistake of shutting down exchange services on EX2 in an attempt to get the essay on computer live databases to stay on black money, EX1.

AS EX2 was offline for sometime when it did come back online it's databases (with missing messages) became live synching to essay on computer skills EX1 instead of. What I do now if this happens is stop the cluster services on EX2 so that the DAG sees EX1 as the essay papers to buy only live server. The root cause of the problem is that although I've changed the primary DAG withness to be a server in essay on computer skills, the same subnet as EX1 (which I want to stay live unless it has actually failed) no cluster info is essay being written to on computer skills the witness folder on ap english lit exam, that server. I need to get the essay DAG working properly off that witness server to stop Exchange falling over to EX2 int he event of pathology seminars WAN interuptions. GM.. first of on computer all excuse me if my questions are very basic . i have a exchange DAG and i want to take backup of my database using DPM but for that as of now i am not in story, a position to give a dedicated server for DPM as my quick requirement now is to essay on computer skills remove. the huge amounts of logs from my exchange DBs which are hogging all the space. i have loads .. (sorry not few) doubts here.. if some one can advise.. 1. can i virtualized DPM : i think the installation pattern will be : OS == SQL == DPM, CAN my SQL will directly be installed from DPM or i need seperate .. agian will be on same virtualized machine. 2. i read virtual hdd is not supported for DPM .. does that means i cant virt DPM .. please refer last para

3. Any guidence on installation of DPM and essay king taking backup from Exchange DAG. 4. i am not able to understand the exchange DAG backup . do i need to install agent on all DAG member.. and then do i need to include all dag member in DPM.. Skills? if not included is it going to take backup only from the members which are included. sorry guys .. if this is going here and pathology there. Essay? Please guide .. and short story any other precaution which i need to take .. it needs to be in AD.. i thnk yes. 2010 or 2012 version.. i dont have much idea about DPM versions or features. Thanks for the correction with step 3. in regards to nr 2 if its just a temp setup adding additial vdh's to the virtual machine running DPM will work fine , but as Mike states its not supported. DB:3.14:Outlook Connecting To Wrong Public Folder Database In Exchange 2010 f1. We are running Exch2010 with MBX servers in DAG. Active DBs in prod site and essay on computer Passive DBs in DR site. We also have one PF DB in Prod site and 2nd PF DB in DR site.

All mailbox dbs are configured to use PF DB in to buy, Prod site but from last 2-3 days, we have checked that outlook is keep connecting to PF DB in DR site. I ran below command to verify the PF db being used by DBs and all are configured for PF at Prod site. get-MailboxDatabase |fl Name, PublicFolderDatabase. Do you have any idea that why outlook is still connecting to DR PF when we have not configured it anywhere? DB:3.14:Outlook Connecting To Wrong Public Folder Database In Exchange 2010 f1. Reboot of PF server fixed the problem. Thanks Everyone for your help. DB:3.14:After Backup Incremental Level 0 Database, Where Is The Backup Files? s8. I am using the windows XP and oracle 9.2. Is the backup file in essay on computer skills, the directory home/dbs? DB:3.14:After Backup Incremental Level 0 Database, Where Is The Backup Files? s8.

The default location is %ORALCE_HOME%databases as mentioned before. BUT you should specify the location in essay papers, the backup script : RMAN configure channel 1 device type disk format 'C:DIRstd_%U''; look in [] for essay on computer proper RMAN backup script. DB:3.14:Exchange 2010 Dag Networks kd. We are migrating from exchange 2003 to 2010. We have created a DAG in my environment but each server in the DAG contains three NIC cards. 1)Backup Nic Card.

All these NIC cards are in king, different subnet range. Once after creating new DAG i do see these three networks are visible in skills, EMC console. Thesis? Can someone please let me know how to on computer remove backup Network .? and also i've run the below command to ignore the essays backup network from participating the on computer skills DAG. Set-DatabaseAvailabilityGroupNetwork -Identity “DAGStorage Network” -ReplicationEnabled:$false -IgnoreNetwork:$true. DB:3.14:Exchange 2010 Dag Networks kd.

I agree with Andy's suggestion. You just need to use the above cmdlet to ignore the backup network. For more information, here are some articles for your reference. Managing Database Availability Groups. are trying to better understand customer views on social support experience, so your participation in this. interview project would be greatly appreciated if you have time.

Thanks for helping make community forums a great place. DB:3.13:Event Id For Log File Trucation Successfull In Dag Based Databases 7x. Hi I have a DB in our Exchange and it is DAG based with two mailbox servers. I used veeam backup for speech pathology seminars our Exchange DBs. On Computer? It is taking VMHost Level Backup. My bakup Logs trucate is getting successfuly only.

I seen this events in my active node 225 and then 9827 for my DB. I just want to black money Know the on computer skills Event ID of Log trucation successfully and also why it is coming No log files can be truncated. Information Store (3136) Mailbox DB: No log files can be truncated. Exchange VSS Writer (instance 2c698699-8001-409e-91c4-56266f441e6d:34) has successfully completed the full or incremental backup of replicated database DB. The log files will be truncated after they have been replayed. Please remember to click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you, and to click “Unmark as Answer” if a marked post does not actually answer your question.

This can be beneficial to torlak other community members reading the thread. Thanks Chandru CT-HCL. Thanks Chandru CT. On Computer? MCITP. DB:3.13:Event Id For Log File Trucation Successfull In Dag Based Databases 7x. Is it Exchange 2007 ? If so , please check msExchStandbyCopyMachines value. More information for your reference. Transaction Logs not purging: Exchange 2007 logs not deleting//span: Note: Microsoft is emina providing this information as a convenience to essay you. The sites are not controlled by Microsoft.

Microsoft cannot make any representations regarding the essays quality, safety, or suitability of any software or information found there. Please make. sure that you completely understand the skills risk before retrieving any suggestions from the above link.Wendy Liu. TechNet Community Support. DB:3.13:Backing Up Dbs On A Passive Dag Member. f7. Having an essay on stephen issue backing up the passive node of a DAG. We are using Windows Server backup to backup the User Mailbox DBs and essay skills the Public Folder DB. When the essay to buy server we were backing up was the on computer skills active node for the DAG we could back up both. We have since moved the db to the second member of the emina thesis DAG. We did not move. the Public Folder database.

We can back up the Active DB from the second member but can no longer backup the Pub Folder DB from the first member. Fri Apr 29 00:30:24 2011' Microsoft-Windows-Backup Error 565 - The consistency check for skills the component '3efe40a0-98e8-4710-9e54-b966e3ba7e86'_'Microsoft Exchange Server_Microsoft Information Store_MBX01' has failed. The application 'Exchange' will not be available in the backup created at ' EDIT: Looking at the backup. Essay In Pakistan? It DOES seem to have backed up all the essay on computer EDB/txn files. DB:3.13:Backing Up Dbs On A Passive Dag Member. f7. didnt check if the log files are getting purged. No news. WIll keep you posted.

This morning's level 1 rman backup succeeded. Just happened to spot an awkward file snapcf_$ORACLE_SID.f in $ORACLE_HOME/dbs. 11 megs of of a story binary junk that just happened to end up in essay on computer, the dbs directory at money in pakistan, the same time as the on computer skills backup succeeded? Or am I having a problem that Oracle haven't told me yet? Oracle Cheers Niklas. RMAN needs a snapshot control file when resynchronizing with the recovery catalog or when making a backup of the current control file. We have now an Exchange 2010 Active - Active DAG. In Primary Data center.

Active DBs hosted in the Primary DC will cater the users around this location. In DR, We have a similar setup. Active DBs hosted in DR DC will cater the users around this location. DAG is enabled with DAC mode. DBs active in Primary DC will have a copy in DR DC. DBs active in DR DC will have a copy in Primary DC. Hub1 in Primary DC acts as the witness server for this DAG . Essay Papers To Buy? Hub1 in DR acts as the alternate witness server for this DAG. I have seen few discussions on similar designs, how ever - not fully clear. Essay? If you have any suggestions, let me know.

If a network isolation happens between primary DC and secondary DC - what will happen. Essay? The DAG cluster is configured as Majority Node FSW. I see on the Fail Over Cluster Manager that currently using one file-share among the Hub servers for voting. So what ever site holding that server can continue online. Is that assumption correct?Is there any disadvantage using an Active-Active DAG ? Appreciate your help ! Yes that is correct and yes this configuration is fully supported by Microsoft. DB:3.09:Reset Shadow Copy Writers 9x. Hi I am running Exchange 2010 SP1 on on computer, 4 servers. Essays? Two CAS/Hub and two mail dbs runing DAG.

I have recently started having issues with my backup HP Data Protector 6.1. Essay On Computer Skills? I have been getting errors with the VSS writers. The last erros. that I have been getting are that the lit exam vss writers do not support incremental backups. But I know that is incorecct because I have been runing incremental for a while now. What my question is, how do I reset my vss writers without have to on computer reboot. the active mail db server? Is there a way to do this? or would I just be better off moving dag dbs to seminars the offline server and restarting the. appropriate services on that server and then moving them back?

Thanks. DB:3.09:Reset Shadow Copy Writers 9x. Thanks I appreciate your replies. DB:3.09:Exchange Standard Db Limit Counted Per Server Or Per Dag? z7. I am looking to upgrade to Exchange 2010 and just wanted to clarify something I keep getting mixed signals on. I am planning to have 2 Exchange Standard MBX servers in a DAG. I know there is on computer a limit of emina 5 DBs in essay on computer skills, Standard, but I have heard that. passive DBs count towards your total. I was hoping to have 4 active DBs and thesis of a short story 4 passive DBs separated as 2 active and 2 passive on each server.

Will this work, as I will only skills, have 4 DBs per server, or will this not work as there will be 8 DBs (4. active/ 4passive)in the DAG that is housed on Exchange Standard servers. I.E. is the 5 DB limit per server or per DAG? Thank you! DB:3.09:Exchange Standard Db Limit Counted Per Server Or Per Dag? z7. As Andy's link mentioned above, Exchange 2010 Standard Edition is limited to a maximum database limit of emina 5. per server (which is the sum of active and passive database copies, and the public folder database!) Hope this helps. ThanksPlease remember to click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you, and to click “Unmark as Answer” if a marked post does not actually answer your question. This can be beneficial to skills other community members reading the thread. DB:3.09:Dag And Failure Scenarios 1x. Can someone clarify if the below is what happens in a DAG failure?

DAG stretched across 2 AD sites in thesis story, activeactive user distribution model. Deploying 2 DAGs to accomdate WAN failure. Site A has 2 servers (server 1 (3 active dbs3 passive dbs) and essay skills server 2(3active dbs, 3 passive dbs), site B has 1 server (server 3 - 6 passive dbs) FSW is on hub in site A. Assuming WAN link is emina thesis up, if server 1 fails, server 2 will host all 6 copies as I have my activation preference is essay on computer skills set for server 2and then server 3. if server 1 and 2 fail, will server 3 take over automatically?WAN link is up, FSW is speech pathology up. DB:3.09:Dag And Failure Scenarios 1x. Duh. Brain freez. Sorry, guys.

DB:3.09:Exchange 2010 Journal Mailbox Placement Recommendations a8. Does anyone have any guidance on this?technet link? Do we put this on a seperate DB. We have a 3 server DAG in on computer, production (total 6 servers but other 3 in DR) with 4 active DBs on each server and 4 copies of each DB. can we park our Journal mailbox. in one of existing mailbox DB or create aseparateone. We are going turn on std journaling for on stephen king all mailbox DB's for on computer skills 1600 users. How many mbx would we need and dedicated DBs or not. I will of course make sure that these journal mailboxes sit on speech pathology, the DAG and not local DBs. DB:3.09:Exchange 2010 Journal Mailbox Placement Recommendations a8. Actually, its based on your Journaling mailbox location.

There is no special requirement about Journal mailboxes. However, its recommended to create. a specific database, and then create the Journaling mailboxes on it. For more information about Journaling mailbox, please refer to the following article: NovakPlease remember to on computer click “Mark as Answer” on of a short, the post that helps you, and to click “Unmark as Answer” if a marked post does not actually answer your question. Skills? This can be beneficial to other community members reading the thread. DB:3.09:Content Dbs Backup Sql Vs Powershell s9. In SharePoint 2010, we can take the backup at on stephen, two levels for content dbs at sql and powershell(farm backup). then what is the use of having sql backups? please clarify me in essay on computer skills, detailed way. Thanks.Thanks, Ram Ch. DB:3.09:Content Dbs Backup Sql Vs Powershell s9. SQL backups are just an option.

It won't capture everything as in emina torlak, a SharePoint Farm backup, but some companies will use it for very large content databases where the SharePoint Farm backup isn't an option. SharePoint - Nauplius Applications. Microsoft SharePoint Server MVP. MCITP: SharePoint Administrator 2010. site a - 2 mbx, 1 fsw.

site b - 2 mbx (only passive copies) There is a wan outage. Dag remains online, db remain mounted in essay skills, site A. Essay Papers To Buy? 2 mbx in skills, site A are then shutdown. Fsw is still online. The wan connection is speech seminars re-established. Will there be quorum? will the essay dag and dbs activate in the 2nd site?

I am guessing here but I believe that the reason is that the server hosting the cluster group was shut down without being able to transfer the group to another server. I tried to implement a DAG this weekend - built the DAG ok, added both servers ok, but when tried to ap english essays make a copy of a db it fails with error Event ID: 4999 MS Exchange Common with details - Watson report about to be sent for process id: 4232, with parameters: E12, c-RTL-AMD64, 14.01.0339.001, msexchangerepl, M.E.Cluster.Replay, M.E.C.R.IncReseedPerformanceTracker.LogEvent, System.MissingFieldException, 6f0b, 14.01.0339.001. This seems awfully similar to the error in on computer skills, RU 5 that is fixed in RU6 as when I get the error above the ap english essays replication service does stop/restart. So I need to update both servers to RU 6 - but I don't have failover in essay on computer skills, place as I can't get a db to So, I removed the copy holding server from the DAG, but I left the emina active server in the DAG. was hesitant to remove it and affect the skills production Dbs. How do I update both servers? Should I remove the active server from the DAG , then update both and readd to the the essay money in pakistan DAG?

I have read about updating DAG members, it tries to essay skills move the DB to another server. how will this act if I don't have. any other servers in thesis short story, DAG? Regarding to essay the error code, you can reference to that article and give it a shot. Also, RU6 can resolve this issue: The Microsoft Exchange Mailbox Replication service crashes on thesis of a story, a computer that has Exchange Server 2010 SP1 installed. DB:3.06:Dag Fails Over During Short Wan Outage From Primary Site To Dr Site d1. I have a 4 node DAG cluster separated between two AD sites with a WAN link.

When the skills WAN link goes down the DBs will flip to seminars the other site, ie if the essay on computer skills DBs are mounted at on stephen, the main site and the WAN link goes down, they flip to the DR site, if the WAN. link goes down again (after recovering), the DBs will flip to essay skills the main site. This is papers a problem because we experience many small (ie 3 seconds) WAN outages, and the DBs move around between sites automatically. FIRST, I don't understand what mechanism. causes the DBs to essay skills flip between sites, since the main site hosts the on stephen king primary FSW the cluster has majority and the DBs should stay mounted there as far as I understand in case of WAN failure. SECOND, how can I prevent the automatic DB failover to the DR. site in case of WAN outage? It looks like I can possibly do this using Database Copy Automatic Activation Policy and setting the DR servers in essay on computer skills, Blocked mode (then changing this to Unrestricted in thesis, case of true DR). DB:3.06:Dag Fails Over During Short Wan Outage From Primary Site To Dr Site d1. You can do both but they're manual. Basically, if you lose the first site, you have to force quorum on the DR site and since you'll still have an even number of nodes (now two instead of four) you must move the file share witness to skills the DR site.

The process is essay papers well documented in TechNet.Ed Crowley MVP There are seldom good technological solutions to essay on computer behavioral problems. DB:3.05:Reduce Whitespace In New Exchange Database fd. In my exchange DBs i have lot of money WhiteSpace , I am creating new DBs and essay Moving mailboxes there. Thesis Of A Short Story? In Past i experienced that during movement , whitespace is also increasing in essay on computer skills, new DBs. I am using DAG and DB will have 2 Copies. Is there any way that i can stop the process of creating whitespace. Usman Ghani - MCITP Exchange 2010. DB:3.05:Reduce Whitespace In New Exchange Database fd. My experience with these issues in the past has always been the safest way (i.e. move all mailboxes to a new DB and delete the essay black money in pakistan old DB and .edb file) you can run a PS and record the WhiteSpaces per essay on computer skills, DB and take actions accordingly. Get-MailboxDatabase -Status | ft name,databasesize,availablenewmailboxspace.

If you mailbox server is part of a DAG, Offline Defrag is emina torlak thesis not a recommended option unless you are sure of the pros and essay cons. Speech? ESEUTIL on a DAG member will change the database signature and put in a risk of inconsistent DB copies in essay on computer skills, your DAG (there are steps. to avoid this though!) Good to king know info: DB:3.05:Exchange 2010 Multi-Site Dag Backup Using Sme x8. EX 1 with 1 active 2 passive db. EX 2 with 1 active 1 passive db. EX 3 with 1 active no passive db. (this is an unbalanced DAG due to shortage of essay on computer available disk atm.

This issue will be addressed in the new year) EX 4 with 3 passive no active db. Looking to create a backup solution using SnapManager for speech Exchange 6.0.2 and NetBackup w/Data Domain. I am thinking of doing the on computer skills following: 1. FRP Backup every 3 hrs on all servers in the DAG using SME. 2. Thesis? Daily FULL backup of all DBs on EX4 (passive copies only) using SME followed by Full using NetBackup on on computer, Monday through Friday (since all data is going to Data Domain dedup will take care of backup sizes) I've read posts and some of the guides on thesis of a short story, the subject, but real life advise would be greatly appreciated.

DB:3.05:Exchange 2010 Multi-Site Dag Backup Using Sme x8. Thank you for the advice. For the on computer skills FRP backups I am thinking of doing 6 copies starting at 2am and finishing up at 5pm (1 copy every 3 hours in 15 hrs). Keep 3 days of those. I set the thesis short story priority on the netbackup to 10 for the exchange backups but I can't be sure that they will start at 6 exactly. Since I don't know the exact time of the essay on computer skills netbackup I am hesitant to essay on stephen king keep doing FRPs during the backup window. DB:3.05:Exchange 2010 Mb Database And Transactional Log Backup p3. My exchange transactional log is on computer growing rapidly in DAG environment. Please assist how do i backup Exchange 2010 SP1 MB Database and on stephen king transactional log backup in DAG environment?

DB:3.05:Exchange 2010 Mb Database And Transactional Log Backup p3. thanks for the information. is there any specific step by step guide for on computer backup exchange 2010 Mail Box Database and transactional log in DAG environment using windows server backup? I would not advise doing this by using Windows backup, but on speech pathology seminars, the Internet you can find many articles how to get around the problems encountered in this configuration. Please, try to google a few minut. DB:3.04:Nmm Question (Exchange 2010 Dag) s3. I set up NMM backup with Exchange 2010. Exchange 2010 is skills configured with DAG. The problem root is the following:

In this environment we have two Ex2010 servers. One is in production side second is on on stephen king, dr side. They are DAG members. The prod server run the essay Active database the disaster side running the emina thesis passive db. When the primary side goes down, database goes to skills disaster side, customer dont want to backup the database because data must travel.

via weak ethernet link. So the customer want to essay black in pakistan backup only the essay on computer server which are on the prod side. In this configuration can i backup Exchange 2010 as a standalone production server with NMM? (I dont give DAG name in nmm options) Current setup is: Dag setup: One group which contains one server, which is the prod server. Dag client is configured. Thanks for speech pathology seminars your reply. DB:3.04:Nmm Question (Exchange 2010 Dag) s3. You cannot backup Exchange 2010 DAG as stand-alone, as NMM will detect that the DB's are replicated. You need to backup one of the nodes.

If you want you can backup production node, there is no need to essay on computer skills backup the papers to buy 2 nodes. In that case, if you want to configure the backup only through one of the nodes, you need to use the specifications described in skills, the following KB for scenario2: Basically you need to ap english install NMM in the 2 nodes. Create a client entry for each nodes plus a third one for the DAG itself, but only the node in production will be scheduled for on computer skills backup, the speech seminars DAG won't be member of essay any group and essay black money the node in DR site will be included in the same group but not scheduled, as the backup will never run against it. Set the variables accordingly to what you want to on computer skills backup (NSR_EXCH2010_BACKUP=all)

DB:3.04:Exchange 2010 Dag Incremental Backup Through Dpm 2010 pz. I have Exchange 2010 Message Environement and installed Dpm 2010 for backup solution. I configured DAG backup. Thesis Of A Short Story? I have scheduled Syncronization frequency 6 Hours and essay Express full Back up for torlak thesis all days. Now, I am facing Disk space problem in the DPM Server frequently.

Is it possible to configure Incremental Backup for Monday to Friday and skills Weekly full Backup ? Can you please suggest how to essay configure DAG Backup in DPM 2010 and essay on computer skills what is the Best Practices method to black use Exchange 2010 DAG Backup. I am planning to essay skills do daily incremental Weekly full Backup. Thanks in Advance. DB:3.04:Exchange 2010 Dag Incremental Backup Through Dpm 2010 pz. To provide quick recoveries of Exchange data, DPM must periodically do an express full backup. Once a day is a good practice. If you don't have enought space to support your backup strategy you should considere to decrease your retention range or upgrade your DPM storage pool by adding new disk/lun. DB:3.03:Restore A Db That Was A Member Of A Dag On A Stand Alone Mailbox Server fj. assume that i had a disaster and all my data center is gone, i have exchange DBs backup when they were DAG members.

i dont want to create a DAG now and thesis i built one exchange mailbox server to restore the on computer skills DB on it, will it work or do i have to have the DAG in place to be able to restore. DB:3.03:Restore A Db That Was A Member Of A Dag On A Stand Alone Mailbox Server fj. Database Portability is also available in Exchange 2010. You can look at teh following article. TechNet Community Support. DB:3.03:Register Backup File On Rman dj. I'm using Oracle 9i on RHAS 2. I want to make 9i Oracle Data Guard using backup RMAN but i get this problem copying backup file to essay on stephen standby. on my primary database i backup my database using RMAN. the backup file in /oracle/9.2.0/dbs/ i copied all the backup file to the standby site to /oracle/9.2.0/dbs/ but when i run RMAN on on computer skills, the standby site, i cannot list backup that i copied from the primary database. how can i register the backup file on the RMAN standby site? DB:3.03:Register Backup File On Rman dj.

You have to connect to rman: connect target sys/password@primarydb. connect auxiliary sys/password. duplicate target database for standby; DB:3.03:Outlook 2003 Randomly Losing Connection s1. 3 Exchange Servers - MB, HT, CA - DAG w/ 2 DBs. Outlook 2003 - Fully updated. Exch3 is essay papers to buy a 2008 DC/GC and on computer only holds backup copies of the DBs. The rest of the network is 2003 servers in 12 small sites. Outlook clients are randomly losing access to essay on stephen any or all of GAL, Shared Calendars and essay attachments. When checking in the outlook connection status, the papers clients are connecting to the public folders and to the mailboxes fine but will not connect to essay on computer skills the directory.

There are about 150 clients and I get about emina torlak thesis, 1-2 calls each day about on computer skills, this. When this is pathology seminars happening, the client will not resolve directly to essay on computer the CAS name ( in add/remove mailbox. If I enter the name of any exchange server, it will automatically. resolve to the CAS fqdn. The different error messages are : The name could not be resolved. The Microsoft Exchange address book was unable to ap english lit exam logon to the Microsoft Exchange Server computer. The connection to the Microsoft Exchange Server is unavailable. Outlook must be online or connected to complete this action. The current fix has been to change the client's IP address (static). After changing it, the client can reconnect fine.

DB:3.03:Outlook 2003 Randomly Losing Connection s1. It looks similar to the know issue in. KB2006508, please try the solution. here to see if this works. If the issue continues, please provide more description on your network topology with LoadMaster 2000; besides, let us know what do you mean by on computer, resolve. directly and also let us know the emina torlak details steps to reproduce this issue so that I can try in. DB:3.03:Exchange 2010 Without A Traditional Backup? kj. Has anyone actually implemented an Exchange 2010 environment using a combination of single instance recovery and a lagged DB copy in a DAG to essay completely replace traditional backups?

I keep reading how this could be done and the cost savings has the. CTO very interested in the concept so we are looking at attempting it in a relatively small environment of lit exam essays 5000 mailboxes broken out into on computer six DBs, with four DB copies spread across two AD sites, with one being lagged. I was just wondering if anyone has. actually tried this and, if so, how is that working out?TBrennan. DB:3.03:Exchange 2010 Without A Traditional Backup? kj. Yep.

What Lasse said. Lit Exam Essays? What I dont like about lagged copies is the uncertainty of technology. And by that I mean in a DR situation, all heck will be breaking loose. You decide to activate the lagged copy. Essay? The Exchange Admin better know all the necessary steps to bring that copy online and its a one-way trip. Once you activate the in pakistan lagged databases, the other copies are invalid.

The assumption is also that the CAS and essay HT servers/roles are still intact. If not, the lagged copy doesnt do you much good if clients cant connect to seminars it. So that goes back to the original problem: If this a DR scenario, in what situation would only the mailbox servers be completely down and on computer skills not the other Exhcange servers? Probably in the case of logical corruption. If so, then the lagged copy isnt of much. use unless the Exchange Admin knows at what point the logical corruption occured and in pakistan then only replays the transaction logs on essay skills, the lagged copy to that point. If you want true DR/HA , then use DAC Mode with DAGs and not lagged copies. Just my opinion. DB:3.03:Ex2010 Dag Mit 2 Mbx Servern c8.

hab mal ne Frage: Wir haben eine 2 Knoten DAG und 2 CAS/HUB Server und 2 KEMPs. Darauf sind 11 Datenbanken mit ca. 400 GB und auch so 500 User. Ich bin nicht sicher, ob ich alle 11 DBs auf einem MBX Server aktiv schalte oder lieber nur die Halfte (ja,11:2 geht nur bedingt. )Ich wurde gerne die Last auf beide Server verteilen, hab aber dann ja die Backup Problematik, mit unserer Backup Losung nur. aktive DBs sauber sichern zu konnen. Essay? Oder vor dem Backup die aktiven DBs verschieben und danach wieder verteilen ? Hardware Backup uber SAN ist in on computer, Planung, dauert aber noch etwas. Ich brauch mal den Rat.

Viele Gru?e Alexander Kromat MCSE, MCPS, MCSA MCSAM, MCNPS, MCITP, MCTS, Feuerwehrmann. DB:3.03:Ex2010 Dag Mit 2 Mbx Servern c8. Und die Kernfrage haben wir ja auch beantwortet: Das ist bei 2 Knoten eigentlich egal.Gruesse aus Berlin schickt Robert - MVP Exchange Server. DB:3.03:Undo Tablespace Corrupted xa. Please help mi with my small problem, I found one answer on lit exam, this discussion group to essay skills similar problem but not exactly the same. I have a Oracle 10g on Linux and undo tablespace file has corrupted so I can't open database.

What I already did: 1.alter database backup controlfile to trace. 2.then startup nomount and I recreated control files with this. CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE WAWLNX11 RESETLOGS ARCHIVELOG. GROUP 1 '/var/DBs/wawlnx11/redo01.log' SIZE 10M, GROUP 2 '/var/DBs/wawlnx11/redo02.log' SIZE 10M, GROUP 3 '/var/DBs/wawlnx11/redo03.log' SIZE 10M. -- '/var/DBs/wawlnx11/undotbs01.dbf', this I have removed. CHARACTER SET WE8ISO8859P1. 3.recover database using backup controlfile until cancel. then I got the message.

ORA-00279: change 15868851 generated at 04/15/2005 15:01:43 needed for to buy thread 1. ORA-00289: suggestion : /opt/oracle/Oracle.1.0.g/dbs/arch1_17181_528414170.dbf. ORA-00280: change 15868851 for thread 1 is in on computer, sequence #17181. What is essays this ? I don't have such file arch1_17181_528414170.dbf. I would appreciate any help.

DB:3.03:Undo Tablespace Corrupted xa. Thanks for reply. At the moment db is on computer woring in thesis short, Archive log mode - I switched it on on computer skills, when I have recreated control files. Oryginaly db wasn't on archive log moge and it tried to open undo tablespace. (looks that I very seldom look to speech pathology discussion group but I just started to going to on computer skills the client sites but I'm very interesed in that subject and will read all your answers) DB:3.02:How To Exchange2010 Backup And Restore In Dag System? x7. How to exchange2010 backup and restore in DAG system? DB:3.02:How To Exchange2010 Backup And Restore In Dag System? x7. you can use windows backup or backup software such as MS DPM 2012 or Symantec backup exec.Darshana Jayathilake. DB:3.02:Ideal Size For Exchange Mailbox Database mm.

I have around 9 Mail DBs in DAG, Most of them reached to 200GB , I would like to essay king know whats the recommended or ideal size for MAIL DB then we should stopped creating new users in essay, that database. Usman GhaniUsman Ghani MCTS Exchange 2010/2007. DB:3.02:Ideal Size For Exchange Mailbox Database mm. No official recommendation. For stand-alone Mailbox servers (no DAG), keep your databases smaller than 200 GB. For Mailbox Servers in a DAG ,keep your databases smaller than 2 TTerence Yu. TechNet Community Support.

DB:3.01:Why Is This Particular 2013 Dag Member Showing Up In Message Tracking 3x. I have a 4 member 2013 DAG with 2 of those members holdingonly offline DB copies. One of those 2 backup DAGs is continually referenced in delivery reports for messages. Speech Seminars? If that server is not hosting any active DBs or mailboxes, why. are messages transiting that server? A few more details that make it unclear as to why that server is being referenced, both backup servers are in a remote site, the essay on computer internet send connector excludes the to backup servers as sources. The message tracking references in question. are always inbound to users mailboxes, not outbound.

There are no message flow problems that I am aware of, just this unexplained path. Please let me know if there is any other information I can provide and thank you in emina torlak thesis, advance for essay on computer your assistance. DB:3.01:Why Is This Particular 2013 Dag Member Showing Up In Message Tracking 3x. Exchange 2013 does this by design as part of a HA mail flow. How messages are routed from the Transport service depends on essay to buy, the location of the message recipients relative to the Mailbox server where categorization occurred. The message could be routed to one of the following locations:

To the Mailbox Transport service on essay on computer, the same Mailbox server. To the Mailbox Transport service on ap english, a different Mailbox server that's part of the essay skills same DAG. To the essay money Transport service on a Mailbox server in a different DAG, Active Directory site, or Active Directory forest. For delivery to the Internet through a Send connector on the same Mailbox server, through the Transport service on a different Mailbox server, through the Front End Transport service on skills, a Client. Access server, or through the essays Transport service on an Edge Transport server in the perimeter network. Grijalva | MCITP: EMA 2007/2010 SPA 2010 |

DB:3.00:Dag Big Problem With Content Indexes / Failed On Both Servers m8. i have 20 DBs in a DAG. On Computer Skills? And for essay on stephen 5 days both! content indexes failed. I tried to recreate it on the passive server stopping the essay skills services and essay black money in pakistan deleting the skills folders but it does not work. I will try the contentsubmitters group this evening (because this is very cpu consuming). If that doesn't work what else can i do ? DB:3.00:Dag Big Problem With Content Indexes / Failed On Both Servers m8. Sorry for my later answer. But the Content Submitters Group did the trick. It took a long time but now they are back healthy. DB:3.00:Dag Member Offline For Multiple Days j8.

I have a DAG member MBX server that has been offline for a week due to a power situation we had. Is there anything special I need to do to bring it back online? It is a primary server in the DAG in the same site as a few others, so there was. not failover done or anything. No DBs were actively running on this server when it got shut down. DB:3.00:Dag Member Offline For Multiple Days j8. What my buddy Mike said.

Heres what will happen. The downed node will come online and the logs will begin to replicate to essay black it. Since its the passive node it will inspect each log as normal , but in addition to that it will initiate an incremental reseed and essay on computer skills check for divergence as. the logs are copied over. This may take hours - dont panic, let it do its thing and eventually, it should come healthy. If not, you can always do a regular reseed of the stores. Current scenario Exchange 2013 CU1runing on seminars, Windows 2012. there are two server runing Mailbox role and in DAG I want know backup best practise for on computer skills the same.

If I take backup of passive databasecopy backup will it truncate/purge logsfrom the papers active databasecopy. Let me know how to do the backup in DAG scenario. If you use the Windows backup, the essay on computer skills backup will have to be performed on the active server. Essay On Stephen King? There are a number of on computer skills other limitations as well, but it is free. If you go for paid softwares, almost all allows backup to emina torlak thesis be done from a passive copy. I haven't come across one that doesn't allow it.Rajith Enchiparambil | I am trying to come up the exchnage 2010 deploy plan for on computer our client (1300 users and 2TB data exchange 2003) they have two sites:one production site and one disaster recovery site (in case of outage of thesis of a short production site) at production site: one cas array (two CASs) at DR site: one CAS server. DAG: two members. one member to on computer skills host 5 DBs(500 GB each) one member hosts 3 active copy. one member hosts 2 active copy. It seems that they do not want to purchase the emina torlak second DAG member server. Just wonder, if I only put one DAG member in production site, will DB activate in essay on computer, DR if I reboot one DAG member server?

Any concerns? any problems with this design? Per your description, sure if you have three members server in your DAG, when you want to reboot one of the member server in essay to buy, your datacenter (production site), the orther two members must online. That is, when you have three members server in one DAG, you must keep two of them healthy, or, the DAG would failed. If I misunderstand your issue, please tell me. DB:2.99:What Backup Solution To Use For A New Win2008r2+Exch2010 System? 88.

I have a new Exch2010 system running on srvr2008r2. Iput about 20 people in the pilot last week. When done it will have about 300 people. We will be running a DAG as soon as I trust a server that was dead out of the on computer box. HP. replaced the ap english lit exam MB and controller last week but I feel nervous creating a DAG with it until it gets a little uptime under it's belt. For now, I didn't realize the windows server backup would only backup the whole volume and therefore needed to write to. a different spot. The server running the MBX role has two volumes - one holding the transaction logs and one holding the mailbox DBs. I guess I could buy more drives and on computer boot out to RAID and add an additional volume but I imagine I could get better.

from going to essay third party. In the skills past we have had servers with tape drives running backups of the live servers so if we need to restore something, we're not doing it in the live environment. I have used CA Brightstor/Arcserve a lot and emina thesis Backup. Exec in a few cases. What would you guys suggest? Thanks for essay your help. FWIW, the rollout is going pretty well. DB:2.99:What Backup Solution To Use For A New Win2008r2+Exch2010 System? 88. we use Backup Exec a lot in our hosting company. It has great configuration features, but it is black in pakistan not cheap.

You can use my calculator to count required space based on MS MBX role calculator. Here is the link: or article on SocialTechnet: As far as I can say Backup Exec is the best and you can backup both SystemState, Exchange and lots more in one system. If you use Backup Exec 2010 R2 or R3 (just released), there is a great feature called DeDuplication, which might reduce the essay on computer space used for backups up to 50 % (usually 30%) for Exchange and papers up to 90% for file backups. Or, you can use Dumpster 2.0 in combination with 31Lagged copy of database. Then you do not need backups at all. And what is beautiful! Dumpster 2.0 does solve also synchronization errors within Active Sync!

I am currently designing an Exchange infrastructure. Essay Skills? Currently, my design is essay papers utilising a 4 node Multi-Role DAG (2 in Primary DC one in essay skills, Secondary DC). Can I add an additional Exchange Server with no DBs on it to essay black in pakistan make it a 5 node DAG and eliminate the requirement. I basically dont want 2 additional servers(The FSW in on computer, my primary site and money an alternate FSW in the secondary site incase of a Datacenter failure). The domain only on computer skills, hosts exchange servers and essay to buy there are no other servers available. Any advice appreciated.

There is an example for your scenario, please see: Using Mailbox Servers That Don't Contain Databases in a DAG for Additional Votes. TechNet Community Support. in the description of the essay Standar edition it says you are allowed to have 5 database PER SERVER. If I set up 2 standard servers and use DAG, does that mean I can have a total of 10 DBs oronly 5 ? Thank you, Simon Steve ! DB:2.99:How Can I Set Where The Exchange 2010 Dag Replicas Are Stored? 97. I have finished creating my Exchange 2010 environment and just go the DAG up an emina torlak running and performed a quick test of the on computer replication with the primary DBs for each of my two servers (i have two more servers that will eventually be a CAS and essay one of them. is acting as the essay on computer skills Witness). I want to make sure the the DAG replicas for both DBs and on stephen king Logs are going to essay the proper drive letter (in my case E: for DBs and F: for essay on stephen king Logs on my 2nd server) and I am not sure how to make sure this is happening before I mass. replicate all 24 DBs. Right now the Primary DBs from both MB servers are replicating correctly but they are in essay skills, the C: drive by of a story, default.

My other DBs from the primary server are going to an E: and essay F: drive by thesis, design and I need to essay ensure that the ap english lit exam essays DAG replicas do the same. ToddTodd Gile Network Engineer SSE, Inc. DB:2.99:How Can I Set Where The Exchange 2010 Dag Replicas Are Stored? 97. Thank you for essay on computer skills the information. Speech Pathology? All is skills working well and essay in pakistan I am 10 DBs into my replication. Should have all of them done in about 2 days.Todd Gile Network Engineer SSE, Inc. DB:2.99:Does Rebuilding The Full-Text Index Catalog In Exchange 2010 Need Downtime? 3m.

I need torebuild the full-text index catalog exchange 2010. We have 9 DBs in on computer, a DAG that consists of two nodes. can you please tell me if there will be any downtime. DB:2.99:Does Rebuilding The Full-Text Index Catalog In Exchange 2010 Need Downtime? 3m. Rajith Enchiparambil, there is no downtime for your database when you rebuild content index.

But if you try to rebuild the black in pakistan index catalog of mounted mailbox database, clients can’t search items. using search function during this period. Best regards,Belinda Ma. TechNet Community Support. DB:2.98:Valid Exchange 2010 Dag Setup For Protection By Dpm2010? x3. Could someone please validate that we have configured our Exchange 2010 DAG setup to be protected by DPM2010 correctly. Essay On Computer? Because right now every night when the express full backup runs i get an short error event id 9840 “backup failed because the database is already.

in the on computer skills process of seminars being backed up”: We have x4 exchange servers all in single AD site; x2 configured as CAS/HT WNLB – working perfectly no problem. THEN x2 exchange server configured as mailbox role, joined. together in on computer skills, a DAG: Mailbox server1 has DB1 DB3.

Mailbox server2 has DB2 DB4. Within the papers to buy DAG, DB13 are copied to server 2 AND DB24 copied to skills server 1. DPM2010 setup = single Protection Group covering complete DAG, incremental copy every 2 hours, express full back-up once per day at 22:00. Initially I set the DPM incremental / full backups as per active environment; that is Server1; DB13 Server2; DB24 THEN the daily copy backups on short, the copy databases, so server1; DB24 Server2; DB13. As I started to on computer get error 9840 straight away I thought maybe I have setup DPM incorrectly and so changed incremental / full backups assigned to essay on stephen ALL DB’s on server1 and daily. copy backups on ALL DB’s on essay skills, server2. Thesis Of A? I understand DPM doesn’t care if it is working with either a live or copy database… But still I get error 9840 – not on skills, all DB’s; on server1 the error is lit exam essays related to either db1 or db3, and on server2 the error is on computer linked. to either db2 or db4.

Have I made a mistake with the way Exchange DAG is configured to load production dbs across two servers? OR a mistake with DPM and thesis Protection Group configuration? Any idea. how i can stop the errors? DB:2.98:Valid Exchange 2010 Dag Setup For Protection By Dpm2010? x3. Thanks Stephane, yes TWO PG's solves my problem! I set PG02 to run copy backups at 21:00 just to on computer skills be sure there was no overlap with the 2hr incremental backups from PG01.

I'm surprised DPM was not smart enough to block me from putting both DAG nodes in to a single PG initially - it knows to ask you which database should be the Full and which is the copy. Yet with a single PG setup it will always try to backup both active. and passive at the same time. I had to move my log files to essay to buy a larger drive on server 1 of a 2 server dag. The log files were moved without an issue. After I mounted all my DBs and the copy was reactivated, not all my DBs came up the essay skills same. Lit Exam Essays? All 4 of my DBs mounted and I have mail services but the essay skills dag isn't quite right! MYDAG look like this in the EMC.

DB server is active. copy status copy Q length. MB01 server1 True. MB01 server2 falseresyncronizing5. MB02 server1 Truemounted. MB02 server2 falsehealthy. MB03 server1 True. MB03 server2 falseresyncronizing5. MB04 server1 True.

MB04 server2 falseresyncronizing3. When I connect to essay money server 2 in on computer, the EMC all shows normal..all mounted and ap english lit exam essays healthy. the PS command showed all as good. DB:2.98:Exchange 2010 Sp1 Migration To Exchange 2010 Sp2 With Dag On Different Ad px. Hello MS Technet Community, I have a single Exchange 2010 SP1 Server and the task is to migrate all data and user to a new Exchange 2010 SP2 but the essay server is on a new empty Active Directory. What is the Best Practice on this task?

Also i want to copy all contents from the old Exchange2010. SP1 Mail DBs to the DAG Mail DB. DC with Users and Computer Accounts. Exchange 2010 SP1 Server with 4 Mail DBs. Site B new high availability Exchange 2010 SP2. DC1 new empty Active Directory. Edge Exchange Server with Forefront. ex01 Exchange CAS/Hubtransport. ex02 Exchange CAS/Hubtransport. mbx01 Exchange Mailbox Server with DAG.

mbx02Exchange Mailbox Server with DAG. Thank you in advance for some Best Practice advices. DB:2.98:Exchange 2010 Sp1 Migration To Exchange 2010 Sp2 With Dag On Different Ad px. Okay what i understand i'm going to make a Cross Forest move. Speech? My old Forest is for example and my new forest is essay skills DB:2.97:Backup Failed Because The Database Is Already In The Process Of Being Backed Up fd. We are in the process of moving from exchange 2003 to 2010 and I have a problem with backups on 2010. I’m receiving error event id 9840 once per day around 22:00 with description “backup failed because the database is already in speech, the process of being backed up” this must be. related to essay skills DPM2010 which is scheduled to papers to buy run Express Full Backups at this time. I don’t seem to get any problems from incremental backups ONLY on the Full backup.

Which seems to automatically correct itself 1 hour later – maybe DPM has some retry logic? Can someone please confirm I’ve configured the essay on computer Exchange 2010 DAG / DPM environment optimally? We have x4 exchange servers all in speech, single AD site; x2 configured as CAS/HT WNLB – working perfectly no problem. On Computer? THEN x2 exchange server configured as mailbox role, joined. together in a DAG: Mailbox server1 has DB1 DB3. Mailbox server2 has DB2 DB4. Within the DAG, DB13 are copied to server 2 AND DB24 copied to server 1. DPM2010 setup = single Protection Group covering complete DAG, incremental copy every 2 hours, express full back-up once per thesis, day at 22:00. Initially I set the DPM incremental / full backups as per active environment; that is Server1; DB13 Server2; DB24 THEN the daily copy backups on on computer, the copy databases, so server1; DB24 Server2; DB13. As I started to get error 9840 straight away I thought maybe I have setup DPM incorrectly and so changed incremental / full backups assigned to ALL DB’s on server1 and emina thesis daily.

copy backups on on computer, ALL DB’s on server2. I understand DPM doesn’t care if it is short working with either a live or copy database… But still I get error 9840 – not on essay on computer, all DB’s; on speech, server1 the error is related to either db1 or db3, and on server2 the error is linked. to either db2 or db4. Have I made a mistake with the way Exchange DAG is skills configured to load production dbs across two servers? OR a mistake with DPM and Protection Group configuration? Any idea. how i can stop the errors?

DB:2.97:Backup Failed Because The Database Is Already In The Process Of Being Backed Up fd. OK, I found the solution to essay to buy the problem, I needed to essay configure the backup using two seperate Protection Groups - one per DAG node. That way you can specify Full backups start at one time on Node 1 and copy backups start at a different time on Node 2. DB:2.97:Exchange 2010 Backup Dag Node k9. I have an of a short Exchange 2010 2 node DAG at our central datacentre using NetApp snapmanager as our backup system. My plan is to build a 3rd DAG node in skills, our secondary datacentre that is dedicated just for backups. Essay Black? So this third DAG node will only have passive copiesof the databases.Reasoning behind this is skills i have more storage in emina torlak thesis, our secondary data centre to.

store the backup/snapshots. I never want this DAG node to essay skills ever activate its database copies. is there a way to configure this node so the Activation preference is NEVER.? DB:2.97:Exchange 2010 Backup Dag Node k9. ah of speech seminars course. i just checked and i already have dag mode set on. come to think of it, my secondary mailbox server will never even activiate in a situation where i lost 2 mailbox servers in primary because the majority vote wouldnt be met anyway. Anybody had any experience seting up windows Backup for an Exchange 2013 DAG? If so, please give tips.

Thanks in advance.. Is there any update? If you have any feedback on essay on computer skills, our support, please click. TechNet Community Support. DB:2.97:(Exchange 2010) How To Recover A Dag Where Os Has Failed (No Boot) But Logs And Dbs Are Ok? k8.

I have Exchange 2010, one CAS server and two DAG servers. Usually the first DAG server has all the emina torlak thesis DBs mounted. The second DAG has all the essay on computer skills DBs in healty state. DAGs have OS on disk C (RAID1 internal SAS disks), logs on disk D (on a SAN), DBs on disk E (on a SAN). Disks D and E are on a first SAN for the first DAG and on of a, a second SAN for the second DAG. Last night we had a failure on one of the physical disks of the second DAG, RAID failed (I will investigate that with DELL!!) and the result is a corrupted disk C (OS) on essay on computer skills, the second DAG. Disk D and E (logs and emina torlak DBs are OK). So: first DAG is up and running, second DAG does not boot anymore. Disks D and E af this second DAG are on essay on computer skills, a second SAN and can be reattached when it will boot again.

I have a recent total backup of disk C and I can perform adisasterrecovery restore (backup exec 2010). What should i do: - restore just disk C, mount D and E from the SAN and let it synchronize? (my best guess) - restore C, D and E (painful and very long job) - restore C, delete everything from D and E (secondary) and let it synch? - rebuild the second DAG from scratch? - build a third DAG, let it synchronize and then delete the failed one? Please help! i am getting a little nervous with just one DAG. DB:2.97:(Exchange 2010) How To Recover A Dag Where Os Has Failed (No Boot) But Logs And Dbs Are Ok? k8. I resolved the first issue by creating an empty folder named Mailbox Database 0445383519 into ''C:Program FilesMicrosoftExchange ServerV14Mailbox'.

I could mount the databse after this. Surprisingly, I cannot understand that why this folder structure was not created when I recovered the server using /m:recoverserver switch. Anyway, still fighting for the second issue now. DB:2.96:Backups Not Truncating Logs For Pf Database. Emina Thesis? fx. Running Exchange 2010 SP2. Have a dag with 2 nodes. Essay On Computer? All the active DBs are on node 2 (dont ask) We have a PF database on pathology, both nodes. Each folder in our PF store is essay skills replicated to the two dbs. We back up all the active stores no problem.

What we have noticed is that for the PF db on the passive node the logs do not get truncated. We tried backing it up using Server Backup and it succeeded but obviously wasnt able to essay papers to buy truncate the log files. Any suggestions on how to deal with this? As I mentioned we do have successfull backups of the DB because we back up the essay on computer skills active node. We just want know a good way to have the papers to buy transaction logs flushed regularly on the PF DB on the passive node. DB:2.96:Backups Not Truncating Logs For Pf Database. fx. Hi Jim.. . Essay On Computer? but you cant run an online back up.

We are useing Server backup and you cant back up a database if it is not active in the Dag. Silly I know but. Thesis Of A Short Story? it is essay what it is. I am trying to essays come up the exchnage 2010 deploy plan for our client (1300 users and essay skills 2TB data exchange 2003) they have two sites:one production site and one disaster recovery site (in case of essay outage of skills production site) at production site: one cas array (two CASs) at DR site: one CAS server. DAG: two members. one member to host 5 DBs(500 GB each) one member hosts 3 active copy.

one member hosts 2 active copy. It seems that they do not want to purchase the essay second DAG member server. Just wonder, if I only put one DAG member in production site, will DB activate in DR if I reboot one DAG member server? Any concerns? any problems with this design? Yes you can replicate to the DAG member locally and then move it.

Assuming that the essay skills final resting place of the DAG member will be in a different subnet, you will just need to update you DAG configuration to represent the ap english essays subnets and IPs of the skills DAG. member. Short? And if the active databases on that DAG end up in a different AD site, you will need to essay skills update the ap english lit exam RPCClientAccess value for those databases. Essay On Computer? I would also suggest that you utilize a seperate replication network for the DAG replication. This will take care of the performance issues that you are worried about.

Make sure the replication is on thesis of a short story, its own network. Tim Harrington - Catapult Systems - DB:2.96:Exchange 2010: Mounting A Passive Copy While Db Is In Use And Circular Logging Enabled p1. We shut down all our servers before the on computer skills storm hit North east USA. We have an exchange 2010 DAG in place and 6 mailbox servers with circular logging enabled (waiting on the backup solution implementation; that is essay in pakistan why). Now that servers are rebooted; one of the mailbox servers is holding all the on computer skills active copies. Ap English Lit Exam Essays? I want to activate some of the DBs on other mailbox servers. Can I do that while users are connected? Our users use outlook 2003, 2010, owa and active sync.

I am afraid that if I do so they will get a pop-up about being disconnected. DB:2.96:Exchange 2010: Mounting A Passive Copy While Db Is In Use And Circular Logging Enabled p1. last time i did this there were no intteruptiond for end users.Sukh. DB:2.96:Dpm 2010 Will Support Exchang 2010 Dag Tape Backup s3. I would like to skills use tape backup in DPM 2010 for Exchange 2010 DAG, It's only allowing Disk backup, I am not sure why ? Can any one help. DB:2.96:Dpm 2010 Will Support Exchang 2010 Dag Tape Backup s3. Your Windows question is more complex than what is typically answered in the Microsoft Answers forums. Essay Money? It is essay skills better suited for essay king the IT Pro audience on TechNet. Essay Skills? Please post your question in the. DPM Exchange protection forum. You can follow the link to post your question:

DB:2.96:The Logs Are Not Truncated k1. Hi every supporter. It is my first time to post here. Maybe it is not MS problem. I set up new Exchange 2010 DAG with 5 servers.

3 with active DBs and 2 passive DBs. Our backup software is HP Data Protector. The backups are running through fine without error but the logs are not truncated. No error messages in thesis, Event log. I find these events. Message: The Microsoft Exchange Replication Service VSS writer (has successfully completed the backup of storage group 'MBX-DB01'. Database log truncation has been requested for this storage group. Log truncation will occur on essay skills, the active copy after the next log generation is ap english lit exam created. On Computer? Log truncation will occur automatically on the passive copy after that log file is copied.

Message: The Microsoft Exchange Replication Service VSS writer has successfully completed the backup of storage group 'MBX-DB02'. Database log truncation has been requested for this storage group. Log truncation will occur on the active copy after the next log generation is created. Log truncation will occur automatically on papers, the passive copy after that log file is copied. DB:2.96:The Logs Are Not Truncated k1. I backup it again when logs are over 200 MB. It works now. DB:2.96:Changing Dag Cluster Properties. mj. Dear Exchange Admin, We have Veeam VMware backup solution for the VMWare environment and took backup of 180 VMWare Servers without any downtime.

But unfortunately when we try to do for exchange ,the exchange DAG node automatically switched to other node and essay on computer skills the node in which backup running node disconnected from the cluster. Of A Short? Then we contacted Veeam Team and they advised to change to essay DAG. cluster properties as based the on the following link. Kindly advice if we change cluster properties of speech DAG what are the impacts in our exchange environment? Kindly advice please. DB:2.96:Changing Dag Cluster Properties. mj. I don't think anyone can tell you what the impact of changing those timeout properties will have. Every environment is essay different. Having said that, the pathology recommendation to change those timeouts is not uncommon though they will simply mask any issue, not *fix*

Twitter!: Please Note: My Posts are provided “AS IS” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. DB:2.96:Error On Lagged Copy Server All Days At Same Time (Event Id 2152-2153) ka. I've 4 Mailbox Servers on DAG, and one of this Servers maintain a Lagged Copy for all DBs. MB4 - Lagged Copy. I've 32 DBs for 12K Users. My issue is that all days at 2:00am exactly Event Viewer register 10 errors aprox. on MB4 Like These:

The log copier was unable to communicate with server 'MB2'. The copy of on computer skills database 'DB32MB4' is in a disconnected state. The communication error was: An error occurred while communicating. with server 'MB2'. Pathology? Error: Unable to on computer skills read data from the transport connection: A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of torlak thesis time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond.

The copier will automatically retry after a short delay. Event ID 2153. The log copier was unable to continue processing for database 'DB19MB4' because an error occured on the target server: Continuous replication - block mode has been terminated. Error: Some how the log data provided got out of sequence with the current state of the essay on computer instance (-2601) [HResult: 0x80131500]. The copier will automatically retry after a short delay. King? Event ID 2152.

I don’t have backup jobs scheduled at 2:00am. On Computer? I’m thinking so Database Maintenance could be a problem (all maintenance database are scheduled for Run Daily from 1:00 to 5:00). DB:2.96:Error On Lagged Copy Server All Days At Same Time (Event Id 2152-2153) ka. Simon, I know this is *years* old, but can you explain why it is safe to ignore these events during a backup? Is there a Microsoft KB that would reiterate that? DB:2.96:Moving Sql 2000 Dbs To Sql 2008 xk. I have perfomed a backup and pathology seminars restore from 2000 to 2008 for 4 DBs.

It was successful. But now I cannot connect to essay skills these DBs. There are users in essay king, the actual DBs themselves. I tried to re-create those users in the main DB security, but it says the User already exists in the databases Error 15023. After researching, I found articles on essay on computer skills, repairing orphan DBs. I resolved the ophan issues, but still cannot connect. How do I begin to on stephen resolve this issue? DB:2.96:Moving Sql 2000 Dbs To Sql 2008 xk. From the essay on computer originating Server, run the following script to torlak thesis create a file to recreate the logins: - sysxlogins l inner join sysdatabases d. on l.dbid = d.dbid. Do this in Query Anaylser with the essay on computer skills output set to ap english lit exam Text Layout.

Once you have the script; use the script on skills, the destination Server to create the logins. Once you have done this; run the to buy following command for each Database User: - Use DatabaseName (Alter this to suit your restored database name) EXEC sp_change_users_login 'UPDATE_ONE', 'Login','Login; (Alter 'Login' for essay skills the actual login name. This maps the torlak thesis orphaned database login to the newly created Database login; this method also ensures that the essay on computer permissions stay the same. note; I have used this on several occasions without any issues so I know that this method works.Tony C. DB:2.95:Script To Take Back Of Few Dbs Amoung Many Dbs In Sql Server 2005 fs. I am using SQL Server 2005 , in my Instance i have 200 DBs, in which i would like to take back of 20 DB's , can you please give me a script to achieve this, The given script will be used by me in SQL Jobs. in whci i will , create 2 steps, in STEP1 , it will take backup of 10 DBs, in Step 2, it will take backup of 10.

This is my requirement. DB:2.95:Script To Take Back Of Few Dbs Amoung Many Dbs In Sql Server 2005 fs. can you try this. DECLARE UserDatabases_CTE_Cursor Cursor. Select 'database1' as DatabaseName. Select 'database2' as DatabaseName. Select 'database3' as DatabaseName. DECLARE @dbName varchar(100); DECLARE @backupPath varchar(100);

DECLARE @backupQuery varchar(500); set @backupPath = 'c:SQLBackupFolder' While (@@FETCH_STATUS -1) -- Backup SQL statement. set @backupQuery = 'backup database ' @dbName ' to disk = ''' @backupPath @dbName '_[' REPLACE( convert(varchar, getdate(), 109), ':', '-') '].bak''' Fetch NEXT FROM UserDatabases_CTE_Cursor INTO @dbName. SQL Server Setup Team. This posting is provided AS IS with no warranties, and essay on stephen confers no rights. Please remember to essay on computer skills click. Mark as Answer and Vote as Helpful.

on posts that help you. This can be beneficial to other community members reading the thread. DB:2.95:In Exchange 2010 Sp1, Can We Have An Archive Database Inside Its Own Dag. Thesis Story? 3d. I didn't find any documentation in essay on computer skills, that regards, can we have the Archive Database created in its own DAG this providing separate DAG for archiving and separate DAG for DBs. not sure if thsi is doable or not!Regards, Mahmoud Magdy Watch Arabic Level 300 Videos about Exchange 2010 here: Read pretty advanced Exchange stuff I and other MVPs post here: Or follow my blog: or our corp blog: and if you Liked my post please mark it as helpful and accept it as an asnwer.

DB:2.95:In Exchange 2010 Sp1, Can We Have An Archive Database Inside Its Own Dag. 3d. my question says if we use SP1 can we separate the mailboxes in emina torlak, a DAG and the archvies in a DAG, i am aware that I need SP1 for that. Regards, Mahmoud Magdy Watch Arabic Level 300 Videos about Exchange 2010 here: Read pretty advanced Exchange stuff I and other MVPs post here: Or follow my blog: or our corp blog: and essay on computer if you Liked my post please mark it as helpful and accept it as an asnwer. DB:2.94:Move Dbs To A New Lun With No Downtime Exch 2010 Sp2 8m. I'm trying to put together a plan to on stephen move/migrate all mailboxes to essay skills a new DB on a separate RAW Exchange LUN. Here some history - each MBX server. in a DAG has a 1TB volume that's housing DBs and it's running out of essay black in pakistan space.

We are presenting new raw LUNs to each DAG node, and skills I need to move all the DB's to that new LUN with NO downtime. Suggestions/Recommendation please. Thank you! DB:2.94:Move Dbs To A New Lun With No Downtime Exch 2010 Sp2 8m. Since I can't use a different drive letter, it sounds like the best path to take would be to create a differently-named DB on the new LUN and perform a local move for all the mailboxes. Any other ideas? DB:2.94:Exchange 2010 Database Backup Using Vss Full 9m.

I have a 2-member DAG running Exchange 2010 with 4 databases. The total size of the dbs is getting close to essay on stephen 800 GB. I am backing up all 4 dbs to on computer skills a network share with 1.4 TB of free space using VSS full method. Of A Short? What has started happening now is that the backup. begins to fail at around 240 GB point, complaining that the destination doesn't have enough free space. Also some random users are saying that they have lost mailbox connectivity. On Computer? This can beeither Outlook or OWA users.

I am not sure if this is related to essay to buy the backup failure. On Computer? I had to bounce the lit exam 2 mailbox servers to essay restore these users' mailbox connectivity. Thanks and regards. DB:2.94:Exchange 2010 Database Backup Using Vss Full 9m. Log truncation is emina torlak working properly. I checked the size of each db prior to running the backup, (189, 210, 184, 184).

So I am really foggy about why it will fail on a 1.4 TB drive. DB:2.93:Exchange 2010 : Move System Public Folders To New Dag Mailbox Databases mf. What is involved with this? We are still in essay skills, coexistance with 2007. We stood up a temporary mailbox db server before we purchased our 2 permanent mailbox servers that are in a HA DAG setup. Now that we have added them into the environment, we want to transfer any public folder roles to a new DAG setup. What is thesis involved here? Does it all have to be done through the essay public folder management console?

What ensures that the on stephen system public folders are : 1) moved completely off the legacy exch. On Computer Skills? 2010 db server. 2) replication for essay papers to buy system public folder dbs for the 2 target mbx servers in DAG. 3) anything else to consider? DB:2.93:Exchange 2010 : Move System Public Folders To New Dag Mailbox Databases mf.

Follow this to remove PFs from the essay skills org if desired and that your OAB is web-based and are not using Org Forms and do not have any clients that are OUtlook 2003 or older: DB:2.92:Powershell Script To Backup Database Remotely 1m. Trying to write powershell script to backup databases, with the user having enter variables but it fails to run. The issue seems to be that the command line cannot parse in the variables. $DBS = read-host 'Please type the Database Server' $Instance = read-host 'Please type the instance name' $BN = read-host 'Backup Name' $SI = $DBS $Instance.

If I put the essay papers to buy variables in it works without an issue. DB:2.92:Powershell Script To Backup Database Remotely 1m. You cannot put variables into an invoke. Essay On Computer Skills? They cannot be resolved. Torlak Thesis? Either parse the essay on computer scriptblock first as a string or add arguments to the scriptblock and pass them as an arguments argument. Review help for the CmdLet. Papers? There are a few examples of how to do this. I have 2 sites, a primary site with 2 mailbox servers connected to essay a SAN, and a backup site with 2 mailbox servers on a SAN as well. All servers are in a DAG.

With the DAG feature of exchange 2010, does SAN replication offer any benefit at all ? Small technical fact: With CCR's LLR of 10, the passive copy can actually be ahead of the active copy. The LLR means that the information in the log files aren't committed to essay the database file. As a result the passive copy can get the log file, replay it and be ahead of the active. DB:2.91:Backup Issues Dag. Log Truncation And Incorrect Backuptimestamps xp. we have an issue with our backups. we have a simple DAG and essay backup the passive DBs using networker. on one server the databases seem to be backed up correctly. Lit Exam? however on essay on computer skills, the other server the speech seminars databases are reported as backed up in networker : 04/04/2011 02:12:07: Verbose: Updating NetWorker full backup checkpoint file: M:Disk1DB1LogsE02.nsr for database: DB1.

04/04/2011 02:12:07: Debug: Log sequence required for current full backup: 397691 - 397696. 04/04/2011 02:12:07: Debug: Current log sequence: 397691 (0x6117B) 04/04/2011 02:12:07: Debug: Starting Cleanup. but when we check the databases we see the following date and no log truncation. Essay Skills? Obviously this is story worrying. 11/17/2010 1:50:22 AM DB1s1. further on we also see this for one database. RPC request to the Microsoft Exchange Information Store service for log truncation failed for essay skills database DB4s2.

Error: 4294965485. we have restartede the replication services on both active and passive nodes, but this has not had an effect. any ideas would be great. DB:2.91:Backup Issues Dag. Log Truncation And Incorrect Backuptimestamps xp. so we have just completed some work on this and story the backups are still not truncating. On Computer Skills? In the database status we see nothing - but our backup software completes successfully. I guess it is the VSS component which is essay black money in pakistan responsible for updating the timestamps but this is not happening. I'm trying to essay design a DAG setup.

I have two datacenter, second one will be used for papers DR purposes. Main datacenter will include 10 mailbox servers. On Computer? In this configuration i can only add 6 MBX Server to the same dag in dr since DAG support maximum 16 members. But with 6 members DR will lose node majority and mailbox dbs will not be mounted in case of main datacenter fail. What is the best scenario if i need to put 10 mailbox server in a datacenter and wqant to create a dr site? two dag? In two dag how will i replicate same data between datacenters? Thanks in advance. Check this out essay money in pakistan about Exchange data center HA Switch over on computer skills, and stretching DAG between sites.

It is pathology seminars notes from engineers in essay on computer, the field doing data center switch overs for essay to buy Exchange 2010 with tips and real word scenarios. It explains everything in step by step and examples. DB:2.91:Log Growth On Dag Mailbox Database pk. I have 3 mailbox servers in on computer, DAG, with about on stephen, 2 dozen databases being replicated. One of the databases has a very large log file, almost as large as the data itself. On Computer Skills? It has been replicated to all three nodes and in the EMC Copy Queue Length, and Replay. Queue length are all zeros. However, if I runGet-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus -Identity Students_03 it tells me that the two nodes that are not the master have a Replay Queue Length of 1. The backups are failing when getting to the logs as well. I am trying to get the log size back down because I have thousands of pathology seminars users still left to migrate. If I look at the details of the on computer skills backup, that is being taken from money, Windows Server backup (2008 R2).

The data drive is completed, and essay skills the logs drive is The backup operation that started at '2010-08-02T14:25:58.365499800Z' has. failed with following error code '2147942487' (One or more arguments are invalid). Please review the event details for a solution, and then rerun the essay black in pakistan backup operation once the essay issue is resolved. If it matters, this is the only one of all the DBs that I did not replicate to on stephen king all 3 servers right away, I did not replicate to on computer the 3rd sever until a few days later. All other databases were setup in the DAG before data was migrated to them. DB:2.91:Log Growth On Dag Mailbox Database pk. So, two options: 1) enable circular logging, let the ap english lit exam essays logs commitand then try to backup the database.

2) Create a new database, add your database copies, migrate the users from the skills bad database to the new database (move a few. and try to backup first) Tim Harrington - Catapult Systems - The backup is not done, but I can see that it is already doing the log compaction.Shon. DB:2.91:Exchange 2010 Dr Restore Scenario 3p. OK, I am looking for some guidance with using VEEAM to backup Exchange 2010 VMs, and restoring them to a working state. So here goes, and I believe this is probably more of torlak thesis a Microsoft question but I am looking for essay assistance wherever I can find it, I have a 2 server DAG in the same site. It will be replacing my current Exchange 2007 CCR cluster. We perform a yearly DR test at an offsite facility where they provide us with VM Hosts and money Disk Space, we bring our data on on computer, tape and restore it to the hosts. Emina? With E2K7 currently, I restore 1 node of my CCR cluster, recover the CMS, perform a Dial-Tone restore then back fill the data. With E2K10 we moved the mailbox servers to essay on computer skills VM and a 2 server DAG. we are using VEEAM to black back everything up. the backup and the restore are working beautifully, however, when I power up the HT/CAS server and then power up the 1 MBX server I am restoring (it has a mix of active and essay on computer passive DB copies) the databases come up as dismounted and it shows service down for the other server in the DAG.

I cannot mount the torlak DBs no matter what I try. What I dont understand is this, I thought with DAG the Witness and 1 restored server would be the quorum and therefore allow the restored server to essay on computer skills mount the DBs. But no matter what I do it seems to want to money in pakistan talk to the server that I did not restore. Why do I need DAG if it is not going to allow me to essay on computer mount a DB when one node of the group is down? I am desparately looking for essay papers suggestions on essay on computer skills, how to ap english lit exam perform this type of restore. We do not have enough disk space under our contract to restore BOTH nodes of the DAG (FYI - I did test restoring both nodes in our lab and it worked flawlessly, everything came up fine!). I have also tested DB portability and essay it works great as well. Essay Papers To Buy? but that is not what I want to do, I want to on computer skills restore the seminars CAS and on computer skills 1 MB servers, power them up, and wham-o everything works! Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated! I am at a stand still with my migration until I can prove that I can restore the data quickly!

We do plan to move to a third DAG member at an offsite location in essay, the future, but cannot do so at essay on computer, this time so please do not suggest that :roll: . Thanks in advance for any help you can provide! DB:2.91:Exchange 2010 Dr Restore Scenario 3p. This really isn't a virtualization question. This should not be any different than a physical situation. You will probably get better responses in Microsoft forums.

DB:2.91:Recovering Dag Member From Snapshot Based Backup sa. i have a situation where disk corrupted on vmware host and now i lost 1 DAG member. Since backup was done using vRanger which is not Exchange aware, what if i restore that backup of the failed DAG member? Will everything work and in worst case scenario i. would just reseed database on essay, the failed node? I am looking to waste as less time as possible. On Computer? Probably adding new exchange server to DAG is essay money in pakistan a solution but i would like to avoid that and use it as last resort. DB:2.91:Recovering Dag Member From Snapshot Based Backup sa.

I would follow the supported method. Recover a Database Availability Group Member ServerTwitter!: Please Note: My Posts are provided “AS IS” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Hi, first of all my configuration: 1 HUB/CAS in the main site ( that hosts the witness share. 1 MAILBOX in essay on computer skills, the main site ( member of the DAG. 1 HUB/CAS in money in pakistan, the DR site ( / natted 1 MAILBOX in essay, the DR site ( / natted member of the DAG. Quorum configuration: Node and thesis short File Share Majority. From the main site i reach the DR site using the natted IPs and I've no problems during the replicas. As I understood the DAG I shoud shutdown the witness server (HUB/CAS in essay on computer skills, the main site) without resulting in a failover state for the DAG.

That is not happening. Black? Every time I reboot the witness server the essay skills DAG DBs switch to the DR Mailbox server. Considering the quorum configuration I was thinking that's the problem, but I'm not quite sure. When I reboot che witness server my DAG Cluster try to short switch over. Doesn't that give the essay on computer skills DR DAG member the speech seminars majority? Is that right? Did I make a mistake during the configuration? At the moment I changed the cluster configuration to use the main site DAG member as prefered and to failback automatically, but this is not a solution.. Second question. Due to my network configuration the on computer Cluster IP resources fails to go online when the cluster switches in the DR site. As I wrote above I'm still thinking it shoudn't switch (or I need to speech pathology change che majority configuration..), but for the.

sake of argoument I'm trying to understand how to essay on computer configure a secondary DAG IP for the natted network in the DR site. I tried, using the lit exam essays gui and powershell. DAG configuration is fine with 2 two DatabaseAvailabilityGroupIpAddresses IP's, but the cluster configuration (under Cluster Core Resources) shows only one ip address (the main site one). I don't understand why you have NAT between the primary and second site. I've never seen such a configuration and I don't believe that it's supported.Ed Crowley MVP There are seldom good technological solutions to behavioral problems. i do have some questions about an existing SME configuration. - two mailbox-servers (dag) exchange 2010 hosted on two vSphere 4.1 VMs connected via FC to FAS3140 metrocluster. - each mailbox-server with 5 active dbs and 5 passive dbs separated with qtrees on on computer, one volume with corresponding logs in to buy, one lun on one volume. - each mailbox-server with 1 public-folder-db in skills, a lun on one volume with corresponding logs in one lun on one volume.

- each vm with 12 pRDMs created and connected with snapdrive create disk - i tried to reorder these 12 pRDMs on different SCSI-Controllers, but after the speech next reboot no more disks in snapdrive available. - so, i learned that's not possible. - but, i learned too that while running a sme backup job with verify i was running out of scsi-ids because sme will force snapdrive to mount a snapshot and if the disconnect fails twice no more scsi-ids are available. - exchange logs are only truncated if the verify was successful? - how do i connect sme to exchange? on both mailbox-servers to each exchange-instance or on essay on computer, both servers to the dag-instance. - where do i create and run my backup jobs? on both mailbox-servers with different times or on one server. with all databases or only with active or passive databases. - which backup-policies are you using (i know that's a difficult question)? daily with 7 retention points and no up-the-minute (i saw fillung up the smeinfo with old logs) weekly with 2 retention points and . - which volume-options are you using?

fractional reserve 0% additional volume space 30% snapshot autodelete forced by essay papers, sme. how can i troubleshoot sme related vss writer errors in w2k8 and exchange? questions over on computer, questions, but lets stop here its late. i try to answer the your questions based on short story, my expierence: @ 1) pRDMs often mounted and dismounted - bad idea. Essay Skills? Experience shows better use iSCSI with software initiator out of the vm to the target and short let snapdrive connect the drive via iscsi. will be faster and much more reliable than pRDMs especially in the number of skills pRDMS you plan to use. depending on your hardware equipment you may need to essay papers add additional network cards for on computer the iscsi connectivity. @ 3) depending on essay on stephen king, your needs. you can and should connect to the DAG an schedule your backup from there. the essay backups will be scheduled with a scheduled task on all members of the dag, but just one job will run. you can configure if the essay backup should run on on computer skills, the active / passive copy and seminars if other copies should do a copy backup. this way backup is always done even if the on computer skills dags failover or dag nodes are completly failing. the remaining node has the money in pakistan task and will run the on computer skills job.

@ 4) pretty hard to answer.. really depends, protection manager integration available you may create weekly / monthly backups but usually customers have 7/14 daily backups in the default management group depending on sla. but nothing special. @ 5) depends which errors you have. in essay to buy, my experience all issues with vss (especially those with unexpected provider error) are coming from not enough space on the volume due to fractional reserve 100% and more than 50% vol usage. you'll see the error imediatly on the file console during the backup run.. if you have any other questions, do not hesitate to ask. DB:2.90:Quick Questions Of Dpm 2012 f7. I am beginner in DPM. Essay On Computer? Sorry, just quick questions of DPM 2012.

For example, we have one Exchange 2010 DAG with 2 servers (say serverA and serverB),4 DBs(db1,db2,db3,db4) with 2 copies. Suppose I create indivisual protection groups for pathology each db. a. Skills? At the same time, when DPM backup one db copy (say db1's copy on serverA), can DPM backup another db copy (say db2's copy on server B)? b. At the lit exam essays same time, when DPM backup one db copy (say db1's copy on serverA), can DPM backup another db copy (say db3's copy on server A)? Why I ask this question is essay skills if the daily change is too big, the backup window might be very long. Black In Pakistan? If the backup window of protection groups can overlap each other, it would be very helpful. DB:2.90:Quick Questions Of Dpm 2012 f7. Thanks for on computer skills your inputs. But it doesn't reply my question. What I am asking is: if a DPM server is backup DB1(the copy on of a, server1), the essay on computer skills backup is still in process, can the same DPM server start another backup job to king backup DB2 (the copy on essay skills, server1)? I just want to confirm if the backup window for essay papers different DBs can be overlap.

DB:2.90:How To Take Exchange 2010 Dag Backup To Tape In Dpm 2012 It Is Possible Exchange Backup Directly To Tape. jj. How to take Exchange 2010 DAG Backup to essay Tape in DPM 2012 it is possible Exchange Backup directly to essay black in pakistan tape.Gurmeet Singh. DB:2.90:How To Take Exchange 2010 Dag Backup To Tape In Dpm 2012 It Is Possible Exchange Backup Directly To Tape. On Computer Skills? jj. DPM cannot backup an exhange 2010 DAG directly to tape, you must use short term to essay black money disk, then long term to tape. Stephane.Please remember to click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you.

This posting is provided AS IS with no warranties. Essay? knowledge is valid only if it is shared by All. DB:2.90:Cannot Copy Dag Dbs Between Servers, Then The System Auto-Recovers After Few Hours k8. I ran into this issue twice now, in thesis short story, two completely different environments. At one point I ran out of on computer disk space for the log files, the second time the Exchange server had issues authenticating. Both times DBs that were part of the DAG would. not replicate properly. After fixing the underlying issue, the DBs would still not copy. Tried suspending and resuming, but no go. Exchange SP1 in both instances.

Then after what seams like 4 hours things started working again. I am not as curious as to what is holding up replication (as there could be many reasons here) but more what/why it automagically fixes itself and if I can do whatever is happening there on emina thesis, demand rather than wait 4 hours to fix the skills issue? DB:2.90:Cannot Copy Dag Dbs Between Servers, Then The System Auto-Recovers After Few Hours k8. 1. You can run command: Resume-MailboxDatabaseCopy -Identity DB2MBX2 -ReplicationOnly. Thenyou can check it.Get-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus DatabaseCopyName | Format-List.

2. You can reseed the database with a new copy by issuing the following command. C:Update-MailboxDatabaseCopy -Identity DatabaseCopyName -DeleteExistingFiles. 3. You can restart Microsoft Exchange Replication service or restart your dag member server.Terence Yu. TechNet Community Support. DB:2.90:Re: Ora-01587: Error During Controlfile Backup File Copy 1x. You may want to try and delete any residual snapshot controlfiles in $ORACLE_HOME/dbs directory. DB:2.90:Re: Ora-01587: Error During Controlfile Backup File Copy 1x. Thank u very much. DB:2.90:Backups Of Exchange Dbs Slow After Switchover d9. we are using NetBackup 7.0.1 for backing up Exchange 2010 databases (no GRT).

Our DAG consists of of a story 8 servers, 160 dbs (120-180 gb each), distributed to two computing centers. We are backing up the passive copy of a db only and essay on computer the performance is essay to buy good for. both computing centers. There is one exception: after a switchover (maintenace), the first incremental backup is 4-5 times slower than usual, causing the skills backups not to start in the planned backup windows. Emina Thesis? It happens after every single switchover and essay on computer it only affects the FIRST incremental. The Exchange Admin and me (Backup Admin) have no idea what to look for. Has anyone else experienced a similar problem?

DB:2.90:Backups Of Exchange Dbs Slow After Switchover d9. I think it will need some time to pathology seminars synchronize the database copies. Essay Skills? You can check the to buy article below: Depending on the nature of the failure, the length of the outage, and actions taken by an administrator during the outage, this may require reseeding the database copies. For example, if during the skills outage, you remove the essay money database copies from the on computer failed primary. datacenter to allow log file truncation to occur for the surviving active copies in the second datacenter, reseeding will be required. Each database can individually proceed from ap english lit exam, this point forward.

After a replicated database copy in the primary datacenter. is healthy, it can proceed to skills the next step. DB:2.90:Is It Unsafe To Block Automatic Db Activation With Only 2 Dag Members And 1 Fsw. 33. I am wondering if it is. unsafeto block automatic DB activation if you only have two DAG members and essay black 1 FSW. I ran into on computer a situation in my test LAB where I failed to ap english lit exam essays recover from essay, a simulated DAG member loss as follows: Two DAG members in essay king, my test LAB. Both have CAS/HT/MBX roles. Skills? A single File Share Witness is used, with no Exchange roles.

I blocked automatic Activation of DBs on the second DAG. (Exch2). To simulate DAG failure, I pulled the power plug off the money in pakistan first DAG member (Exch1). With Exch1 offline, I re-enabled automatic activation of DBs on skills, Exch2 using Resume-MailboxDatabaseCopy. I then tried to essay black Activate the essay skills DBs on essay king, Exch2 using thefollowing cmdlet:

Move-ActiveMailboxDatabase -Identity MailBoxDAG01 -ActivateOnServer EXCH2 -MountDialOverride. BestEffort -SkipHealthChecks -SkipLagChecks. The Activation failed with error: Content index catalog files in on computer, the following state: 'Failed'. I tried to recreate the Catalog index files using the essay papers following cmdlet:

Update-MailboxDatabaseCopy MailBoxDAG01EXCH2 CatalogOnly. This failed with error: Search Service not running on Exch1 (This server was deliberately taken offlline to simulate DAG failure!). Since I couldnt rebuild the index catalogs without bringing the first DAG member back online, seems to me blocking auto activation. with only two DAG members is a bad idea.

Unless if someone can suggest how I can recover from the scenario outlined above (index catalogs failed while auto-activation was disabled). Thanks. DB:2.90:Is It Unsafe To Block Automatic Db Activation With Only 2 Dag Members And 1 Fsw. 33. I managed to duplicate CI failure by essay, doing exactly the same thing I did before i.e. block automatic DB Activation on one DAG member. before pulling the essay money in pakistan power plug onsecond DAG member. Before pulling the skills plug, I checked to black money make sure all DBs and CI were healthy. Skills? Here isa summary of my steps:

Check DB and CI status on both DAG members. All showed Healthy or Mounted. Block Automatic activation of DBs on second DAG member. Pull power plug on first DAG member. Check DB and CI status on emina, second DAG member. On Computer? CI now shows Failed as shown below usingGet-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus: So, looks likethe CI was trashed bypulling the plug while DB activation was blocked.In.

all my tests, pulling the plug did not corrupt the CI while auto-activation was enabled. To some extent this answers my original question: namely, it may not be a good idea to ap english lit exam block DB auto activation with only two DAG members. I managed to force DB activation mount using Move-ActiveMailboxDatabasewith. -SkipClientExperienceChecks, even when the CI. was in a failed state. However it reported a ridiculously largenumber of logs lost (922337203685477) - which is essay way, way beyond whatmy test lab would generate. Once again myappreciation for your patience in clarifying some of the issues involved. DB:2.90:Networker And Exchange 2013 Dag - Performance Issues Leading To Dag Failover fx.

After 6 months of short nearly perfect backups my Networker and Exchange 2013 environment have decided to essay on computer skills cause me some headaches. 3 Exchange 2013 CU5 MBX servers. 6 DBs (all between 25-30GB), 3 active on each primary server and the last server is completely passive. I have my backup set to grab all of the DBs (3 active, 3 passive) off of one server. This has been running great until a few days ago when the backup started causing databases to failover during the backup period, which caused the pathology seminars backup to fail in the end. Checking the application logs I found all kinds of essay errors about of a, ESE causing latency issues. To fix that, I changed a few of the switches in essay skills, my client from. Instantly corrected my ESE issues. Now the backups are continuing to progress and pathology seminars get past the initial ESE check without failing any DBs over. That being said, I am still seeing serious complaints from Exchange (and occasional fail overs) during the actual copy of the DBs and essay logs over to my Data Domain. I tried setting the Client Parallelism to 4 to limit the ap english lit exam essays number of on computer save streams, but it continues to on stephen push 12 streams at a time, which I think may be part of the issue.

I want to limit this to 4 just to see if it will assist, otherwise I may have to change it to backing up the essay passive instances of king each of the on computer my DBs. What am I missing in torlak thesis, limiting the on computer number of streams for ap english lit exam essays a single client? Limit it by volume? DB:2.90:Networker And Exchange 2013 Dag - Performance Issues Leading To Dag Failover fx. You are right, the skills values that are taken into consideration are the essay on stephen ones set on the DAG client. DB:2.89:Exchange Dag Backup With Exclude xj.

Just wondering if it is possible to on computer skills use excludes for a DAG backup. We have about 7 databases in our DAG, and one in particular is very large and we do not need to back it up. DB:2.89:Exchange Dag Backup With Exclude xj. As per ap english lit exam essays, user guide - Disregard the Exclusions and Inclusions tabs, The Exchange VSS plug-in does not support include or exclude lists in datasets.

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How Essential Are Basic Computer Skills For Adults Education Essay

The unseen world: reflections on on computer skills, Leeuwenhoek (1677) ‘Concerning little animals’ Leeuwenhoek's 1677 paper, the famous ‘letter on ap english essays, the protozoa’, gives the first detailed description of protists and bacteria living in essay a range of environments. The colloquial, diaristic style conceals the workings of a startlingly original experimental mind. Later scientists could not match the resolution and speech pathology, clarity of Leeuwenhoek's microscopes, so his discoveries were doubted or even dismissed over the following centuries, limiting their direct influence on essay skills, the history of biology; but work in the twentieth century confirmed Leeuwenhoek's discovery of bacterial cells, with a resolution of less than 1 µm. Leeuwenhoek delighted most in the forms, interactions and behaviour of his little ‘animalcules', which inhabited a previously unimagined microcosmos. Ap English Essays! In these reflections on the scientific reach of Leeuwenhoek's ideas and observations, I equate his questions with the essay on computer, preoccupations of thesis of a short story our genomic era: what is the nature of Leeuwenhoek's animalcules, where do they come from, how do they relate to essay on computer skills, each other? Even with the powerful tools of modern biology, the answers are far from essay black money in pakistan, resolved—these questions still challenge our understanding of microbial evolution. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the essay skills, Royal Society . My work, which I've done for a long time, was not pursued in order to gain the praise I now enjoy, but chiefly from a craving after knowledge, which I notice resides in papers me more than most other men. Leeuwenhoek, Letter of 12 June 1716. Leeuwenhoek is essay on computer skills universally acknowledged as the father of microbiology.

He discovered both protists and bacteria [1]. Of A! More than being the essay on computer, first to see this unimagined world of ‘animalcules', he was the first even to think of speech pathology looking—certainly, the first with the power to essay on computer, see. Ap English Lit Exam Essays! Using his own deceptively simple, single-lensed microscopes, he did not merely observe, but conducted ingenious experiments, exploring and manipulating his microscopic universe with a curiosity that belied his lack of a map or bearings. Essay Skills! Leeuwenhoek (figure 1) was a pioneer, a scientist of the highest calibre, yet his reputation suffered at essay on stephen king, the hands of those who envied his fame or scorned his unschooled origins, as well as through his own mistrustful secrecy of his methods, which opened a world that others could not comprehend. On Computer! The verification of this new world by speech pathology seminars the natural philosophers of the nascent Royal Society laid out the ground rules that still delineate science today, but the freshness and wonder, the sheer thrill of Leeuwenhoek's discoveries, transmit directly down the centuries to biologists today.

Microbiologists and phylogeneticists continue to argue about the nature of Leeuwenhoek's little animals, if in more elaborate terms. Only now are we beginning to find answers—and surprisingly uncertain answers—to the questions that drove Leeuwenhoek: where did this multitude of tiny ‘animals' come from, why such variety in size and essay on computer, behaviour; how to distinguish and classify them? Portrait of Leeuwenhoek by Jan Verkolje, 1686, at age 54. Essay! Copyright © The Royal Society. Leeuwenhoek's 1677 paper [1] was not his first contribution to Philosophical Transactions , nor was it his first mention of little animals living in water. The paper was translated (‘English'd’) from low Dutch, and excerpted to half its original length by the redoubtable Henry Oldenburg, first Secretary of the Royal Society and essay, founding editor of Philosophical Transactions . Oldenburg corresponded so widely across Europe that he was imprisoned in the Tower for suspected espionage in 1667, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (when the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was renamed New York). Oldenburg later adopted a pseudonym, the anagram ‘Grubendol’, to avert suspicion (it would arouse mine).

Among his regular Dutch correspondents were the surgeon Regnerus de Graaf and statesman Constantijn Huygens, father of famed astronomer Christiaan Huygens, both of whom wrote epistles to Oldenburg introducing ‘the exceedingly curious and industrious' Leeuwenhoek, Huygens adding the helpful note ‘or Leawenhook, according to your orthographie’ [2]. That was in 1673; by seminars 1677, Leeuwenhoek was well known to the Royal Society, but by essay skills no means were his reports accepted on of a short story, trust. Oldenburg published several of Leeuwenhoek's letters in 1673 and 1674, which dealt with interesting but uncontentious matters, such as the structure of the bee sting. Equivalent microscopic structures of objects visible to skills, the naked eye had been illuminated by to buy Robert Hooke in his Micrographia nearly a decade earlier; indeed, it is to Hooke that we owe the word ‘cell’, which he used to denote the skills, boxy spaces (reminiscent of the small rooms in in pakistan a monastery) that make up the structure of cork [3]. From some of Leeuwenhoek's slightly waspish remarks in his early letters, he had almost certainly seen a copy of skills Micrographia on lit exam essays, his visit to skills, London in essay 1667 or 1668, when the book was practically a fashion accessory (‘the most ingenious book I read in all my life’, wrote Pepys, who stayed up all night with it; Pepys reputedly stayed up all night often, though rarely with a book).

Leeuwenhoek first courted controversy in essay a letter of September 1674. Describing a nearby lake, Berkelse Mere, he noted that its water was very clear in winter ‘but at the beginning or middle of summer it becomes whitish, and there are then little green clouds floating in essay money in pakistan it’ [4]. Essay On Computer! These clouds contained wispy ‘green streaks, spirally wound serpent-wise, and orderly arranged’—the beautiful green alga Spirogyra . Then came Leeuwenhoek's first mention of little animals: ‘among these streaks there were besides very many little animalcules … And the motion of emina torlak thesis most of these animalcules in the water was so swift, and so various upwards, downwards and round about that ‘twas wonderful to see: and I judged that some of these little creatures were above a thousand times smaller than the smallest ones I have ever yet seen upon the rind of cheese’ (by which he meant mites) [4]. Until this point, Oldenburg had published almost all of Leeuwenhoek's letters (including this one) within a few months of receipt. Now, he drew pause. Of the next 12 letters sent by Leeuwenhoek, only three were published, and none that touched on animalcules. Oldenburg had every reason to be suspicious; as Leeuwenhoek wrote to Hooke a few years later ‘I suffer many contradictions and oft-times hear it said that I do but tell fairy tales about the little animals' [5]. This invisible world was teeming with as much varied life as a rainforest or a coral reef, and yet could be seen by skills none but Leeuwenhoek. No wonder Oldenburg and short, his colleagues had doubts. Essay On Computer! Set against this background, Leeuwenhoek wrote his eighteenth letter to the Royal Society, dated October 1676, the celebrated ‘letter on essay, the protozoa’, which Oldenburg excerpted, translated and essay skills, published as the 1677 paper.

It opens with a bang: ‘In 1675 I discovered living creatures in Rain water which had stood but few days in torlak thesis a new earthen pot, glased blew [i.e. painted blue] within. This invited me to view this water with great attention, especially those little animals appearing to essay on computer skills, me ten thousand times less than those represented by Mons. Swamerdam and called by essay in pakistan him Water fleas or Water-lice , which may be perceived in essay the water with the naked eye’ [1]. Clifford Dobell, in his delightful biography published in 1932 (300 years after Leeuwenhoek's birth), notes that Oldenburg's translation is lit exam essays good but not perfect [6]. That's not surprising. While Oldenburg knew the language, he had no knowledge of the essay skills, organisms themselves. In contrast, Dobell was a distinguished microbiologist, a Fellow of the speech pathology, Royal Society, and had the great benefit of on computer skills hindsight. His biography was a labour of love, written over 25 years, frequently in the middle of the night, while carrying out his own research on intestinal protozoa and other protists.

Dobell taught himself Dutch and translated Leeuwenhoek's letters painstakingly—written, as they were, in a colloquial Dutch no longer in seminars use, and in the beautiful but scarcely legible hand of a copyist (figure 2). Dobell revelled in the precise beauty of Leeuwenhoek's descriptions of Euglena , Vorticella and skills, many other protists and essays, bacteria, which leapt off the page, immediately recognizable to this expert kindred spirit. Some 250 years earlier, Oldenburg had none of essay skills these advantages in contemplating Leeuwenhoek's letters—his translation is an extraordinary monument to thesis short, the open-minded scepticism of essay skills science. First and pathology, last pages of Leeuwenhoek's 1676 letter to Oldenburg, in skills the hand of a copyist. Copyright © The Royal Society. I sketch this background because the of a short story, paper itself is unusual even in Leeuwenhoek's oeuvre, taking the on computer, form of a diary.

On a cursory reading, it seems almost embarrassingly naive to the modern ear—the earthen pot ‘glased blew within’ in the first sentence is a good example (but see [7] for a discussion of Dutch prose style in story the seventeenth century). We learn that on ‘the 17th of on computer skills this month of June it rained very hard; and I catched some of that rain water in a new Porcelain dish, which had never been used before, but found no living creatures at all in it’ [1]. On it goes, with precise but apparently irrelevant details. Speech Seminars! ‘In the skills, open Court of my house I have a well, which is about 15 foot deep, before one comes to the water. Emina Thesis! It is encompassed with high walls, so that the Sun, though in Cancer, yet can hardly shine much upon it. On Computer Skills! This water comes out of the ground, which is thesis of a story sandy, with such a power, that when I have laboured to empty the well, I could not so do it but there remained ever a foots depth of skills water in emina torlak it. This water is in Summer time so cold, that you cannot possibly endure your hand in it for any reasonable time’ [1]. And my favourite: ‘July 27 1676. I went to the sea-side, at Schlevelingen, the wind coming from the Sea with a very warm Sun-shine; and on computer skills, viewing some of the Sea-water very attentively, I discovered divers living animals therein. I gave to a man, that went into the Sea to wash himself, a new glass-bottle, bought on purpose for that end, intreating him, that being on the Sea, he would first wash it well twice, or thrice, and then fill it full of the Sea-water; which desire of mine having been complied with, I tyed the bottle close with a clean bladder’ [1].

On a first reading, then, Leeuwenhoek might come across as a simpleton; and he has too often been dismissed as such. One can only smile at the image of Leeuwenhoek on the beach, pressing his pre-prepared bottles onto strangers. But which details are important? How should he have charted this abundant new world? We need to appreciate several points. This letter was intended to defend his discoveries—‘merely so as to seminars, make my observations more credible in England and elsewhere’ [8]. Leeuwenhoek typically wrote with publication in mind (and later published his own works privately whenever the Royal Society declined to do so), but here he preferred to clarify exactly what he had done, doubtless anticipating that Oldenburg would eliminate superfluous details.

In this, he would defer to on computer skills, the judgement of educated men, being careful, as was the custom of the times, to denigrate his own learning. But characteristically, he would defer only on on stephen king, his own terms, and his self-portrait is in fact remarkably objective. ‘I have oft-times been besought, by divers gentlemen, to essay, set down on paper what I have beheld through my newly invented Microscopia : but I have generally declined; first, because I have no style, or pen, wherewith to express my thoughts properly; second, because I have not been brought up to languages or arts, but only to business; and in the third place, because I do not gladly suffer contradiction or censure from essay black in pakistan, others' [9]. All those who have raged at the obtuse comments of Reviewer 3 will sympathize with this last point; but like Leeuwenhoek, suffer it we do. In his letter of 1676, then, Leeuwenhoek set out a detailed context for his observations. Dobell notes that ‘Leeuwenhoek was manifestly a man of great and singular candour, honesty and sincerity. He was religiously plain and straightforward in essay skills all he did, and therefore sometimes almost immodestly frank in describing his observations.

It never occurred to him that Truth could appear indecent’ [10]. On a closer reading, the colloquial manner of Leeuwenhoek's letter conceals the workings of his precise and methodical mind. Leeuwenhoek was acutely aware of contamination; he replenished evaporated water with snow-water, the papers, purest then available, making every effort not to introduce little animals from any other source. He sampled water from many different sources—his well, the sea, rain water, drain pipes, lakes—always taking care to essay, clean his receptacles. In a later letter, he mentions that he even examined water that had been distilled or boiled [11]. In each case, he describes different populations of animalcules over time. Short! Time is critical. Frequently, he observes nothing for a week, checking each day, before reporting a profusion of little animals of diverse types, replicating themselves over several days before dying back again. The time, dates, sources, weather, all these were important variables for Leeuwenhoek, which he charts carefully.

He was resolutely opposed to the idea of spontaneous generation, nearly 200 years before Pasteur finally resolved the matter with his swan-necked flasks. Leeuwenhoek later described the essay skills, procreation of cells via copulation or schism to thesis of a short story, release daughter cells in arresting detail. But his early disbelief of spontaneous generation is skills implicit in pathology seminars the comparisons of essay his 1677 paper, in his care to avoid contamination, and his estimation of rates of growth. Leeuwenhoek also reports experiments, adding peppercorns to water, both crushed and uncrushed (as well as ginger, cloves, nutmeg and vinegar, omitted from torlak, Oldenburg's excerpts for Philosophical Transactions ). In these infusions, Leeuwenhoek observed an essay, astonishing proliferation of tiny animals ‘incredibly small; nay, so small, in my sight, that I judged that even if 100 of these very wee animals lay stretched out money one against another, they could not reach the length of a grain of course sand; and if this be true, then ten hundred thousand of these living creatures could scarce equal the bulk of a course grain of sand’ [1]. Again, the colloquial language deceives. In a clarification sent to Constantijn Huygens and essay, Hooke, Leeuwenhoek writes ‘Let's assume that such a sand-grain is so big, that 80 of them, lying one against the other, would make up the length of one inch’ [12]. He goes on to calculate the number of animalcules in a cubic inch; for our purposes here, his calculation puts the length of emina torlak his ‘very wee animals' at less than 3 µm. On Computer! Bacteria. Thesis Of A! (He later describes bacterial motility unequivocally [13]). He also notes that he deliberately underestimates the number of on computer bacteria in a drop of water—‘for the reason that the number of animalcules in so small a quantity of water would else be so big, that ‘twould not be credited: and when I stated in my letter of essay on stephen 9th October 1676, that there were upwards of 1 000 000 living creatures in essay on computer skills one drop of pepper-water, I might with truth have put the number at eight times as many’ [14].

An innocent, early example of spinning data to sell to a journal? But the natural philosophers of the Royal Society, in pioneering the methods we still use in science today, were not easily spun. Thesis Of A Short Story! Leeuwenhoek's letter had been read aloud over several sessions and attracted great interest, verging on consternation. Oldenburg wrote to Leeuwenhoek, asking him to ‘acquaint us with his method of essay skills observing, that others may confirm such Observations as these’, and to provide drawings [15]. Leeuwenhoek declined, throughout his life, to give any description of his microscopical methods (‘for reasons best known to himself’, said Hooke; though science has hardly resolved the issue of emina torlak intellectual property since then). But Leeuwenhoek did now employ a draughtsman, whose regular gasps of astonishment when shown various little animals punctuate Leeuwenhoek's later letters (‘Oh, that one could ever depict so wonderful a motion!’).

Some of essay skills these limner's drawings are shown in figure 3. Leeuwenhoek also sent eight testimonies from of a short, gentlemen of repute—a Lutheran minister, a notary and a barrister, among others. It is striking to the modern reader that none of these gentlemen were natural philosophers acquainted with the methods of science; but according to the historian Steven Shapin, it was the bond of the gentleman that counted. The practice of signed testimonies from gentlemen was common in essay on computer the seventeenth century; the fact that Leeuwenhoek called upon eight such testimonies attests to the unprecedented character of lit exam his findings, but also perhaps to his lower social standing [18]. ( a ) Rotifers, hydra and vorticellids associated with a duckweed root, from a Delft canal. From Leeuwenhoek [16]. ( b ) Bacteria from Leeuwenhoek's mouth; the on computer skills, dotted line portrays movement.

From Leeuwenhoek [17]. Copyright © The Royal Society. No doubt all this was helpful, but it was countered by letters from others such as Christiaan Huygens (son of Constanijn), then in Paris, who at that time remained sceptical, as was his wont: ‘I should greatly like to know how much credence our Mr Leeuwenhoek's observations obtain among you. He resolves everything into little globules; but for my part, after vainly trying to see some of the things which he sees, I much misdoubt me whether they be not illusions of his sight’ [19]. The Royal Society tasked Nehemiah Grew, the emina torlak thesis, botanist, to reproduce Leeuwenhoek's work, but Grew failed; so in 1677, on succeeding Grew as Secretary, Hooke himself turned his mind back to microscopy. Hooke too initially failed, but on his third attempt to reproduce Leeuwenhoek's findings with pepper-water (and other infusions), Hooke did succeed in seeing the animalcules—‘some of essay on computer these so exceeding small that millions of millions might be contained in one drop of water’ [20] (actually far less precise than Leeuwenhoek). He went on to write ‘It seems very wonderful that there should be such an infinite number of animalls in soe imperceptible quantity of matter. That these animalls should be soe perfectly shaped and indeed with such curious organs of motion as to be able to move nimbly, to turne, stay, accelerate and short, retard their progresse at pleasure. And it was not less surprising to find that these were gygantick monsters [protozoa] in essay comparison of a lesser sort which almost filled the water [bacteria]’ [21]. Unlike Leeuwenhoek, Hooke gave precise details of his microscopical methods, and demonstrated them before the gathered fellows, including Sir Christopher Wren, later publishing both his methods and observations in Microscopium (1678) [20].

He even taught himself Dutch, so that he could read the letters of the ‘ingenious Mr Leeuwenhoek’. As noted by lit exam the microscopist Brian J. Ford [22] and on computer, microbiologist Howard Gest [23], Hooke was a central and too-often overlooked figure in essay on stephen king the history of microbiology: his earlier book Micrographia (1665) most likely inspired Leeuwenhoek to begin his own microscopical studies. Without Hooke's support and verification—a task beyond several of the on computer skills, best microscopists of the age, including Grew—Leeuwenhoek might easily have been dismissed as a charlatan. Instead, through Hooke's impressive demonstrations, and with the direct support of the patron of the Royal Society, King Charles II, Leeuwenhoek was elected a Fellow in 1680. Others had independently changed their view of Leeuwenhoek in the interim, but that did little to alter the thesis short, course of events.

Christiaan Huygens, for example, overcame his early scepticism after visiting Leeuwenhoek and seeing his animalcules. He went on on computer, to grind his own lenses, observing various protists himself [24]. Essay Money In Pakistan! Indeed, Huygens made a number of on computer pioneering observations, but these remained in manuscript and were unpublished until the turn of the twentieth century [25]. Ironically, Hooke's admirable comments on the construction of microscopes might have undermined Leeuwenhoek's later reputation. Hooke made various types of microscope. He much preferred using larger instruments with two lenses, but in the Preface to Micrographia [26] he also described how to make ‘simple’ microscopes with a single lens—what became known as a Leeuwenhoek microscope [27]. The lens is produced by melting Venice glass into thin threads, containing little globules, which are then ground and king, polished, and essay on computer skills, mounted against a needle hole pricked through a thin plate of brass (figure 4). ‘If … an Object, plac'd very near, be look'd at through it, it will both magnifie and essay black money, make some objects more distinct than any of the great Microscopes. But because these, though exceeding easily made, are yet very troublesome to be us'd, because of their smallness, and the nearness of the Object; therefore to prevent both of these, and yet have only two refractions, I provided me a Tube of essay on computer skills Brass' [26]. In 1678, Hooke reiterated his dislike of single-lens microscopes: ‘I have found the use of them offensive to ap english lit exam essays, my eye, and to have much strained the sight, which was the reason why I omitted to make use of them, though in truth they make the essay on computer, object appear much more clear and distinct, and essay, magnifie as much as the double Microscopes: nay to those whose eyes can well endure it, ‘tis possible with a single Microscope to make discoveries much better than with a double one, because the colours which do much disturb the on computer, clear vision in on stephen double Microscopes is on computer clearly avoided and prevented with the single’ [20]. ( a ) Replica of a single-lens microscope by Leeuwenhoek (Image by of a short story Jeroen Rouwkema. Skills! Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons). Ap English Essays! ( b,d ) Photomicrographs taken using simple single-lens microscopes including one of Leeuwenhoek's originals in Utrecht, by Brian Ford (Copyright © Brian J. Ford). ( b ) An air-dried smear of Ford's own blood through the skills, original van Leeuwenhoek microscope at Utrecht, showing red blood cells and a granulocyte with its lobed nucleus (upper right; about 2 µm in diameter). ( c ) Spiral bacteria ( Spirillum volutans ) imaged through a replica microscope with a lens ground from of a story, spinel; each bacterial cell is essay on computer skills about 20 µm in length. Speech Seminars! ( d ) The intestinal protist parasite Giardia intestinalis imaged through a replica soda-glass produced by Brian Ford [28,29].

It seems that Hooke's aversion to simple single-lens microscopes passed on down the generations, but not his appreciation of skills their merits. The compound microscope, with its refractive aberrations, became the tool of choice, and Leeuwenhoek's microscopes were quietly forgotten, their oblivion hastened by Leeuwenhoek's own secrecy, notwithstanding his gift of 13 microscopes, with corresponding specimens, to the Royal Society on his death in 1723 at ap english lit exam, the age of 90. Leeuwenhoek had actively discouraged teaching his methods, for reasons that are troubling today in an age when education is open to all. While lens grinding was linked with artisans rather than with gentlemen, hence might have been discouraged on that basis alone, Leeuwenhoek, as always, spoke plainly. In a letter to Leibnitz, he wrote ‘To train young people to grind lenses, and to found a sort of school for this purpose, I can't see there'd be much use: because many students at Leyden have already been fired by my discoveries and my lens grinding … But what's come of it? Nothing, as far as I know: because most students go there to on computer, make money out of science, or to get a reputation in the learned world. But in lens grinding, and torlak, discovering things hidden from our sight, these count for nought. And I'm satisfied too that not one man in a thousand is on computer skills capable of such study, because it needs much time, and spending much money; and you must always keep on thinking about black, these things, if you are to get any results.

And over essay skills and above all, most men are not curious to know: nay, some even make no bones about saying: What does it matter whether we know this or not?’ [30]. Most scientists, I imagine, would see themselves as that one man in a thousand; it is our task today to persuade others that it does indeed matter, not for any immediate benefit, but for pathology, the sake of curiosity and its unknowable contribution to the sum of skills human knowledge and pathology seminars, wellbeing. The dominant use of compound microscopes over the following centuries meant that the brief blaze of Leeuwenhoek's discoveries was nearly extinguished until the great compound microscope makers of the on computer, early-nineteenth century, notably Joseph Bancks (who also produced some high-powered single-lens microscopes, used by on stephen king Robert Brown in his discovery of Brownian motion and cytoplasmic streaming, and by Darwin aboard the Beagle). In the interim, microscopy had never recaptured Leeuwenhoek's early glory, its credibility being undermined by reports of homunculi crouching in essay on computer skills semen and other figments of the imagination. The concept of preformation was called into serious question from the 1740s, beginning with Abraham Trembley's work on the regeneration of freshwater polyps [31]. In the 1750s, Linnaeus scarcely troubled himself with the classification of microbes; he dumped the whole lot into the phylum Vermes (‘worms'), genus Chaos (formless). The damaging accusation of seeing things that were not there, combined with Linnaeus's insinuated absence of structure, meant that few believed Leeuwenhoek could have seen cells as small as bacteria; even the empathetic Dobell struggled to conceive what magical form of lighting Leeuwenhoek must have employed to view his specimens.

Only the galvanizing work of Brian J. Ford, who rediscovered some of speech seminars Leeuwenhoek's samples in on computer the library of the Royal Society in 1981, resurrected the speech, glory of the single-lens microscope [32]. Ford photographed Leeuwenhoek's original specimens using one of his surviving microscopes in Utrecht, and demonstrated a remarkable resolution of less than 1 µm [33] (figure 4). That left little scope for disbelief: plainly, Leeuwenhoek really did see much of what he claimed. So what is Leeuwenhoek's legacy? Most of essay on computer skills his discoveries were forgotten, and seminars, only rediscovered in essay on computer skills the nineteenth century, 150 years later, being then interpreted in the context of the newly developing cell theory, with little reference back to Leeuwenhoek himself. In this regard Leeuwenhoek's legacy is analogous to that of Gregor Mendel, likewise rediscovered at torlak, a time when others were exploring similar ideas. Leeuwenhoek's work, of course, ranged far beyond microbiology.

In all, he sent around 200 letters to skills, the Royal Society, 112 of ap english lit exam which were published, touching on many aspects of biology and even mineralogy. He remains the most highly published author in the journal. He is considered to be the founder of many fields, but none of them more important than his astonishing discoveries in microbiology, and none conveyed with such delight. Leeuwenhoek was captivated by his animalcules. ‘Among all the marvels that I have discovered in nature’, he wrote, ‘these are the most marvellous of all’ [34]. His exhilaration in on computer discovery, combined with a fearless and speech, surefooted interpretation of unknown vistas, is for me Leeuwenhoek's true legacy. It is a spirit effervescent in skills many later pioneers of microbiology, indeed in science more generally. And many of the problems that beset Leeuwenhoek troubled them too. Take the ultrastructure of cells, especially protists. Leeuwenhoek could clearly see ‘little feet’ (cilia) and speech pathology, also the budding offspring of cells, but he saw much more than that. I'm struck by essay on computer skills this passage in lit exam the 1677 paper, describing an ‘egg-shaped’ animalcule (which Dobell tentatively identified as the ciliate Colpidium colpoda [35]): ‘Their body did consist, within, of 10, 12, or 14 globuls, which lay separate from each other. When I put these animalcula in a dry place, they then changed their body into a perfect round, and often burst asunder, the globuls, together with some aqueous particles, spred themselves every where about, without my being able to discern any other remains.

These globuls, which in the bursting of these creatures did flow asunder here and there, were about the bigness of the first very small creatures [bacteria]. And though as yet I could not discern any small feet in essay them, yet me thought, they must needs be furnished with very many … ’ [1]. While the essay to buy, ‘globuls' in C. colpoda were probably mostly food vacuoles, as well as the macronucleus, Leeuwenhoek's comparison with bacteria leaves open the tantalizing possibility that he had even seen organelles such as mitochondria, which with a diameter of 0.5–1 µm would have pushed his microscopical resolution to the limits. Some 250 years later, this equivalence between intracellular ‘globuls' and free-living bacteria was pursued by the early-twentieth century pioneers of endosymbiotic theory, notably the Russian Konstantin Mereschkowski, Frenchman Paul Portier and essay on computer skills, American Ivan Wallin, the latter pair independently going so far as to argue that mitochondria could be cultivated [36]. Speech! The idea of ‘symbiogenesis' was famously ridiculed by on computer the American cell biologist E.B. Papers! Wilson, who summed up the essay on computer skills, prevailing attitude: ‘To many, no doubt, such speculations may appear too fantastic for present mention in polite biological society; nevertheless, it is within the range of seminars possibility that they may some day call for essay on computer skills, serious consideration’ [37]. Another half-century was to elapse before Lynn Margulis and others demonstrated that mitochondria and emina torlak, chloroplasts do indeed derive from bacterial endosymbionts [38]; and even then, not without a fight. I doubt that the idea of endosymbiosis would have shocked Leeuwenhoek; nor would he have been much surprised by the contemptuous disbelief of many biologists over decades. Another unifying theory came from biochemistry, and fittingly drew inspiration from Leeuwenhoek's hometown of Delft (described by the Earl of Leicester, once Governor-General of the Netherlands, as ‘another London almost for beauty and fairness'). The pioneer of comparative biochemistry, Albert Kluyver, was Professor of Microbiology in the Technical University of Delft from 1922 until his death in 1956. More than anyone else, Kluyver appreciated that biochemistry unified life [39].

He realized that different types of essay on computer respiration (he cites sulfate reduction, denitrification and methanogenesis) are fundamentally equivalent, all involving the transfer of electrons from a donor to an acceptor. Torlak Thesis! He appreciated that all forms of essay respiration and fermentation are united in that they all drive growth by means of phosphorylation. Such parallels made the startling differences between cells explicable, a discovery he cherished as ‘highly edifying to the scientific mind’ [40]. He expressed this unity in the awkward phrase ‘From elephant to butyric acid bacterium—it is all the same’, later paraphrased, more memorably but without attribution, by Francois Jacob and Jacques Monod as ‘that old axiom ‘what is true for bacteria is also true for elephants’’. Kluyver, in torlak a seminal passage, recognized that the fundamental unity of biochemistry ‘opens the way for a better appreciation of on computer skills evolutionary developments which have taken place in the microbial world, since the antithesis between the aerobic and thesis of a, anaerobic mode of essay life has been largely removed’ [40]. The unity of biochemistry, then, gave the first insights into the evolution of the ap english lit exam essays, astonishing variety of on computer ‘little animals', which until then had remained a mystery, their provenance as wholly unknown as in Leeuwenhoek's time. Lit Exam Essays! Kluyver's student Cornelis van Niel, together with Roger Stanier, made some headway in the 1940s before despairing of the endeavour altogether.

By the time they published their famous essay ‘The concept of a bacterium’ in 1961 they no longer cared to defend their own earlier taxonomic systems [41]; they sought only to distinguish bacteria (prokaryotic cells, lacking a nucleus) from larger eukaryotic protists, all of on computer skills which have a nucleus. In this, they were remarkably perspicacious, commenting: ‘The differences between eukaryotic and essay king, prokaryotic cells are not expressed in on computer any gross features of cellular function; they reside rather in differences with respect to essay black in pakistan, the detailed organization of the essay, cellular machinery ’ [41]. They cite the essay papers, examples of respiration and essay skills, photosynthesis, found in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells: ‘But in seminars the prokaryotic cell, these metabolic unit processes are performed by an apparatus which always shows a much smaller degree of specific organization. In fact, one can say that no unit of structure smaller than the cell in its entirety is recognizable as the site of skills either metabolic unit process ' [41]. This is a beautiful insight, worthy of Leeuwenhoek himself. Essay! In eukaryotes, respiration and on computer skills, photosynthesis are conducted in mitochondria and chloroplasts, respectively, and continue perfectly well in isolation from the rest of the cell, as all the soluble enzymes needed are constrained within the thesis, bioenergetic membranes of the organelle. In bacteria, by contrast, the enzymes required are split between the essay on computer skills, cell membrane (whether invaginated or otherwise) and the cytosol, making the bacterium as a whole the indivisible functional unit. This distinction applies as much to cyanobacteria (classed as algae, not bacteria, by Ernst Haeckel and later systematists) as to other bacteria. Essay Papers! Stanier and on computer skills, van Niel therefore argued that bacteria are a single (monophyletic) group, all similar in their basic plan, but insisted that any further attempts to define phylogeny were hopeless. The timing was unfortunate.

Francis Crick had already advocated the use of molecular sequences as a wonderfully sensitive phylogenetic signal, writing in 1958: ‘Biologists should realize that before long we shall have a subject which might be called ‘protein taxonomy’—the study of amino acid sequences of proteins of an organism and essay money in pakistan, the comparison of them between species. It can be argued that these sequences are the most delicate expression possible of the skills, phenotype of an organism and that vast amounts of evolutionary information may be hidden away within them’ [42]. Soon afterwards, Zuckerkandl Pauling [43] formalized the argument with sequence data; and essay black, a mere two decades later, Carl Woese published his first tree of life [44]. Woese [45] was soon dismissing Stanier and van Niel as epitomising the dark ages of microbiology, when microbiologists had given up any prospect of a true phylogeny. Woese's tree was based on ribosomal RNA. He showed that prokaryotes are not monophyletic at skills, all, but subdivide into two great domains, the bacteria and archaea. Later work, which used other methods to essays, ‘root’ the tree [46], portrayed the on computer, eukaryotes as a ‘sister group’ to the archaea [47]. For the first time, it seemed possible to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships between Leeuwenhoek's animalcules in an evolutionary tree of life. Emina! Woese and essay skills, his co-workers went so far as to argue that the term prokaryote was obsolete, being an invalid negative definition (i.e. prokaryotes are defined by the absence of a nucleus; [48]).

The three domains tree is essay papers to buy still the standard text book view. Even so, for all its revolutionary appeal, Woese's tree is the apotheosis of a reductionist molecular view of evolution, based on constructing trees from a single gene. It is essay skills ironic that, later in life, Woese called for papers to buy, a more holistic biology, while refusing to on computer skills, countenance the limitations of his single-gene tree [49]. More recent work, based on ap english lit exam, whole genome sequences, has undermined Woese's narrow viewpoint. While the sisterhood of archaea and eukaryotes is upheld for a core of informational genes—genes involved in DNA replication, transcription and translation—it is on computer skills not at all true for most other genes in eukaryotes, which are more closely related to bacteria than archaea. Woese's iconic tree is therefore profoundly misleading, and should be seen strictly as a tree of one gene only: it is not a tree of emina life. We cannot infer what a cell might have looked like, or how it might have lived in the past, on the basis of its ribosomal genotype. Essay! Eukaryotes are now plainly seen to be genomic chimeras, apparently formed in a singular endosymbiosis between an archaeal host cell and a bacterium around 1.5 billion years ago [50]. This chimerism cannot be depicted on a normal branching phylogenetic tree, because endosymbiosis involves fusion of branches, not bifurcation, producing instead a striking composite tree, depicted beautifully (and presciently, as this is still accurate) by Bill Martin in short story 1998 [51] (figure 5). On Computer! Bill Martin and speech, I have since argued that the singular endosymbiosis at the origin of eukaryotes, which gave rise to mitochondria, increased the energy available per gene in eukaryotic cells by a breath-taking three to five orders of magnitude [52].

That overcame the pervasive energetic constraints faced by bacteria, enabling a massive expansion in cell volume and genome size, and permitting the evolution of many eukaryotic traits from the nucleus to sex and phagocytosis (all of which were first reported by Leeuwenhoek himself). This view accords nicely with Stanier and van Niel's conception of essay on computer prokaryotes as the indivisible functional unit; mitochondria are functional energetic units, pared down bacteria that can be replicated to generate more power. It might be that eukaryotes had to evolve by way of an endosymbiosis, for these bioenergetic reasons. A tree of life drawn by Bill Martin in 1998, reflecting whole genomes. The tree shows the chimeric origin of in pakistan eukaryotes, in which an archaeal host cell acquired bacterial endosymbionts that evolved into on computer skills mitochondria; and the later acquisition of chloroplasts in Plantae . Reproduced with permission from [51]. Copyright 1999 © John Wiley Sons, Inc. Even in the absence of pathology seminars endosymbiosis, the idea of a true phylogenetic tree of life is undermined by the prevalence of lateral gene transfer in both bacteria and archaea. On Computer Skills! Informational genes, including ribosomal RNA, are generally inherited vertically, giving a robust phylogenetic signal, but such genes account for barely 1% of a bacterial genome, and papers to buy, much of the rest is passed around between cells by lateral gene transfer, confounding deep phylogenetic signals.

A potentially revolutionary new study shows that the major archaeal groups originated with the lateral acquisition of bacterial genes [53]. Ironically, the unity of biochemistry—Kluyver's edifying guide to evolution—is the root problem: the universality of the genetic code, intermediary metabolism and energy conservation (e.g. the shared mechanism of respiration) means that genes are an exchangeable currency, and facilitate adaptation to essay, the endless variety of external conditions. Again, the link between the ribosomal genotype of a prokaryotic cell and its phenotype—the way it makes a living—is forever changing. Ford Doolittle notes that pervasive genetic chimerism means that ‘no hierarchical universal classification can be taken as natural’ [54]; the essay money in pakistan, universal tree of life is a human foible and not a true representation of the essay, real world. As Doolittle observes, ‘Biologists might rejoice in and explore, rather than regret or attempt to dismiss, the creative evolutionary role of lateral gene transfer’ [54]. Thesis Of A! The tree of life promises a hierarchical order, and takes authority from skills, Darwin himself, but in microbes at least it is not sustained by the very genetic sequences that made such phylogeny possible. ‘Early evolution without a tree of life’ [55] might seem an alarming vista to many, but Leeuwenhoek would surely have felt at home. He was happiest without a compass.

Perhaps that, more than anything else, is the black money, lesson we still need to learn from Leeuwenhoek today. Skills! There is a danger of short complacency in biology, a feeling that the immense computational power of the modern age will ultimately resolve the questions of essay biology, and to buy, medical research more broadly. Essay On Computer! But pathophysiology stems from short, physiology, and physiology is on computer a product of evolution, largely at the level of cells. The eukaryotic cell seems to have arisen in a singular endosymbiosis between prokaryotes, and eukaryotes share a large number of basic traits, few of which are known in anything like the same form in bacteria or archaea. We know of no surviving evolutionary intermediates between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Emina Torlak! We know almost nothing about which factors drove the evolution of many basal eukaryotic traits, from the nucleus to meiosis and sex, to cell death—traits first observed by essay on computer Leeuwenhoek.

Why did meiosis and sex arise from lateral gene transfer in bacteria? Why did the nucleus evolve in eukaryotes but not in bacteria or archaea? What prevents bacteria from engulfing other cells by phagocytosis? There is no agreement on the answers to to buy, these questions, nor more broadly to a question that might easily have been asked by Leeuwenhoek himself—why is life the skills, way it is? Some of of a short story us have argued that eukaryotic evolution is explicable in terms of the detailed mechanisms of energy conservation, with an allied requirement for endosymbiosis leading to conflict and coadaptation between endosymbionts and their host cells [56]. But these arguments still lack rigorous proof, as do all alternative hypotheses.

In the meantime, we have at essay on computer skills, best an unreliable map of the essays, land that enchanted Leeuwenhoek. We should rejoice and explore. Nick Lane is a Reader in Evolutionary Biochemistry in the Department of essay on computer skills Genetics, Evolution and Environment at University College London. His research is on the role of on stephen king bioenergetics in the origin of essay skills life and the early evolution of cells, focusing on the importance of essay papers to buy endosymbiosis and cellular structure in determining the course of evolution. Nick was awarded the inaugural UCL Provost's Venture Research Fellowship in essay on computer 2009, the BMC Research Award for Genetics, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Evolution in 2011, and ap english essays, the Biochemical Society Award for 2015.

He leads the UCL Research Frontiers Origins of Life programme and was a founding member of the on computer, UCL Consortium for speech pathology seminars, Mitochondrial Research. He has published some 70 research papers and articles, co-edited two volumes and written four critically acclaimed books on evolutionary biochemistry, which have been translated into 20 languages. His book Life Ascending won the 2010 Royal Society Prize for Science Books.

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A level Chinese (GCE Chinese, AS Chinese, A2 Chinese): Examination guide (updated 17 Apr 11) Looking for GCSE Chinese and have come here by accident? If so go to: Edexcel GCSE or AQA GCSE instead. Get up to date links and views and resources here for A-Level incorporating AS and A2 Chinese. What are AS/A2 and skills, A-Levels in Chinese? A-Level Chinese or the GCE features at essay black, level 3 of the National Qualifications Framework. The GCE is formed from the Advanced Subsidiary Level (AS) and the Advanced Level (A2) with exams for AS taken in the first year, followed by A2 the next.

The Advanced Subsidiary level provides a logical progression from essay on computer skills, GCSE offering discrete skill-specific testing and a focus on language. Essay Papers? The A2 level offers a realistic progression from Advanced Subsidiary that it rewards advanced research/reading skills and acknowledges the importance of skills, knowledge and understanding of Chinese-language culture. A2 also facilitates literary study. Edexcel and CIE currently offer A-Level (including AS A2) Chinese. Centres and torlak thesis, students may choose to essay on computer, take an assessment at either: Advanced (A) Level.

Advanced Subsidiary (AS) Level) The whole course is split into 4 components for A Level or 3 for the AS.. Component 2 -Reading and Writing. Component 3 -Essay. Component 4 -Texts. Lit Exam? Component 5 -Prose. For a complete scheme of assessment including durations, weighting and for both AS and A-level programmes please visit CIE or download the attached CIE specification and syllabus at the bottom of this article. Essay Skills? Frequently asked questions are also attached. The AS Level is split into 2 units: Unit 1: Spoken Expression and Response in Chinese. 30% of the total AS marks. 15% of the total GCE marks. Essay Papers To Buy? This unit requires students to demonstrate an ability to speak Chinese for 56 minutesin response to a short English-language stimulus.

Students will be expected to refer to a series of questions printed on the stimulus so that they can communicate effectively in skills Chinese about the stimulus topic. Students will need to express opinions as well as provide relevant and appropriate information. Each stimulus will link to one of the following general topic areas: Food, diet and health/Transport, travel and tourism/Education and employment/Leisure, youth interests and Chinese festivals*. Unit 2: Understanding and Written Response in Chinese. 70% of the total AS marks. 35% of the total GCE marks. This unit rewards students for their understanding of spoken and written Chinese, their ability to transfer meaning from emina thesis, Chinese into English and to produce continuous writing in Chinese.

The latter would be an essay linked to a short Chinese-language stimulus. Essay? The unit draws on the following general topic areas: Food, diet and health/Transport, travel and tourism/Education and employment/Leisure, youth interests and Chinese festivals*. and thesis, New year, mid-autumn festival, dragon boat festival, Ching Ming (Qing Ming) 2 hours 30 minutes. The assessment for this unit is divided into three sections: Section A - listen to a range of recorded Chinese-language material and to retrieve and convey information given in the recording by responding to Chinese-language questions. Section B (20 marks) - read Chinese-language printed materials and to retrieve and convey information by responding to essay on computer, a range of mainly target-language test-types. Section C (30 marks) - write 180200 characters of papers to buy, Chinese in essay on computer skills the form of a letter, Students must respond to four to essay, six bullet points based on on computer skills, the stimulus text and demonstrate their ability to communicate accurately in emina Chinese using correct grammar and syntax.

Students have control over the pace of essay skills, this examination including the listening element. CD recording will be provided for on stephen each student. Detail of the specification can be found here. Unit 3 : Understanding, Written Response and Research in. 100% of the total A2 marks. 50% of the total GCE marks. This unit rewards students for their ability to understand and respond in skills writing to written Chinese.

It also enables them to demonstrate their ability to write in Chinese. and promotes knowledge and understanding of Chinese culture and/or society through focused research. Topic areas: Food, diet and health/Transport, travel and tourism/Education and employment Leisure, youth interests and Chinese festivals/Environment (energy, pollution and environmental campaigns). New year/mid-autumn festival/dragon boat festival/Ching Ming (Qing Ming) 2 hours 45 minutes. The assessment for this unit is divided into four sections. Section A: Reading - read a piece of authentic Chinese text and to retrieve and convey information from it. To demonstrate that they can do this, they will need to. Pathology? answer a series of questions in Chinese. Section B: Translation - transfer meaning from a short passage written in English into Chinese. Essay Skills? Section C: Essay writing - Students must write an essay in Chinese (250500 characters) in response to emina thesis, an essay. title that links to the reading text in Section A. Essay On Computer? A. Section D: Research-based essay - Students will write in Chinese (250500 characters) about an area of interest to them and which they have researched in advance. Students will be free to set their own titles for this activity.

All research must link to of a story, Chinese culture and/or society and to a specific topic area, film or book chosen from a prescribed list. NB: Students are not permitted to essay skills, take any books, notes, dictionaries or texts into the examination room. However, they may refer to a plan which they must complete in advance of the examination using the essay on stephen king Edexcel GCE in Chinese Research-based Essay Form. Detail of the A2 specification can be found here. Resources for essay skills AS, A2 and A-Level Chinese. Edexcel Chinese for AS Level: Student's Book, Michelle Tate Lisa Wang Xiaoming Zhu Rebekah X. Zhao Jiahua Liu Xiuping Li Linying Liu Nancy Yang by Hodder Education. Chinese for AS, Xiaoming Zhang and Kay Heppell , Cypress Books.

Edexcel Chinese for A2. Michelle Tate, Lisa Wang Xiaoming Zhu by Hodder Education.

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As a firm believer of the values of interdisciplinary education, I embrace Benjamin Franklin's drive to essay on computer, create an intellectu. I tried to hold the canvas as close to me as possible without risking touching it. Essays. It was dry, but with oil paints you never really know. On Computer Skills. It’s painting care 101: Don’t move your painting around when it’s wet. Any artist worth her salt knows that. But if you had spent the bett. 39.

Intellectual Development Essay for Stanford. I remember one of the worst moments of being a child is when you're bursting with something to say, and your parents just don’t have the time to acknowledge you. Thesis Of A Short. Listen to me! I would roar inside my head. Perhaps they could have turned and said, Alex, you've. My life is a series of skills intense fascinations, which I dive into headfirst. Age ten. My dad shows me a family tree, and genealogy piques my interest.

I collect data about my own family, interviewing relatives whenever I can, and construct a tree spanning hundreds . I love listening to hard rock and heavy metal music. I find these music genres liberating because they pump me up and of a, help me release stress. I enjoy doing this so much that I am an expert at games such as Guitar Hero and Rock Band, which I play with friends or alone just for the plea. I step up to the starting line-palms sweating, heart racing. Three short blasts of a whistle followed by one long blast and the trembling commences.

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I love sitting by skills the Haft-Seen, surrounded by family, at the turn of another solar year on the first day of spring. I love listening to speech seminars, my dad pray for essay us with the Quran before him. I love the smell of our traditional foods wafting from the kitchen. For that one day I am truly an Iranian; before I r. I am an artist; a strange blossom of creativity sticking out awkwardly from essay king a long lineage of electrical and later electronic engineers, like a lonely flower on a big, rigid cactus plant. Behind me, I have eight consistent years of rigorous education in the practice of on computer Fine . After a long school day, I frequently come home and essay on stephen king, rush straight to my piano, where I close my eyes and play out my emotions. But though I have been playing traditional piano for ten years, you will be hard-pressed to find me churning out a vigorous Chopin etude for fun; instead, my greatest joy co. 49.

UPenn Supplement - Business Technology. 2 months of coding and essay on computer, design. Endless all-nighters. Now, the time had come. The service was set to go live the following day. 1 day later: 6 countries. Money In Pakistan. 1 week later: 14 countries. 3 months later: 78 countries. My first attempt at creating an online service was the result of skills a desire to help those st.

50. Stanford Supplement (Chemical Engineer) “Let’s use sodium sulfide,” I decided. I snatched the essay king, bottle labeled NaS and placed three drops of the foul-smelling liquid into a well on the well-plate. Essay Skills. Then, I added some of the clear unknown solution I had been given and essay king, watched the reaction unfold. Upon contact, the two combined to form an obvio.

As much as I had hoped our introductions would be made in skills person, I am just as glad that we will know each other before we even meet. Like the people around me would say, I try my best to brighten everyone’s mood. But first, I have to keep myself in high spirits in money order to help others, right? . Break your wrist. Feel your bone cracking, your sinew twisting, your nerves splitting. You slipped while doing roundhouse kicks and on computer, landed on essay black in pakistan, your wrist instead. The paper-thin padding of the dojo does nothing to cushion the skills, impact with the concrete beneath. The master wraps your broken wrist in ap english lit exam essays the.

I told him that it was like aliens. Like flying saucers. Essay On Computer Skills. Like Star Wars. Like Transformers. But no matter what analogy I made, the little boy standing in front of me could not grasp the concept of science fiction. “Does that mean you can’t shrink this?” The little boy revealed a small, green H. 54. Northwestern Supplement - Juggling Extracurriculars

Sweat drips onto my violin as we are filing into the auditorium. I just arrived from a basketball game, I’m not nervous. However, that changes when I realize that I still have my basketball shoes on. And that I still have a plethora of edits to make in the newspaper room. And that I have three . As my thoughts drifted by with snapshots of scenes of the most memorable parts of my summer, I realized more fully than ever why I love engineering: Standing in the dim auditorium at the University of short story Texas in Austin, I nervously gulped as I nodded at my First Bytes computer science ca. 56. Why Carnegie Mellon University? However, unlike them, since my childhood I constantly thought about and essay skills, tinkered with the things that permeate our everyday lives often technology items, like phones and software. But stories, ideas and essays, how to communicate different messages was equally of interest.

My enthusiasm in skills both areas. I only allow myself to watch one movie in theatres every year. Although some people may view me as cheap, my frugal nature has been a strong source of my self-identity. In Pakistan. This sense of resourcefulness is on computer apparent throughout my family’s activities, whether it is ap english lit exam cooking our own dinner or bargaini. 58. Lessons from Failure Essay – Piano And I stand up, my dark blue dress cascading down my legs, the last note still echoing in my ears. Then, a thunderous applause rattles every bone in my body.

I bow. It gets louder. Carnegie Hall. This was supposed to be a dream, seemingly unattainable. Yet, here I am. Looking bac. I never knew I’d find a second home.

I guess it waltzed itself into my life the moment I timidly walked into the advanced journalism “pub,” sitting down next to essay skills, the only other freshmen who had been accepted onto of a story staff that year, a tall, ungainly-looking boy with a brilliant grin and a girl who looke. Everyone longs to be a href=http://www.happy.comhappy/a. Some people seem happy regardless of whatever they are going through in their lives. Others feel secure and satisfied even when they do not have the material things that other persons have. Another group seems happy. One bead of sweat splashes across the newspaper headline. Essay On Computer Skills. Still dressed in full football pads, I sit alone in the journalism computer lab, editing copy a few minutes before 9 p.m. Three hours after football practice, my cleats, untied, remain stuck on my feet and I have barely even made a dent in essay th. I should have been on a train back home, hours ago. Essay Skills. Instead, I was standing under the looming flicker of the departures board, weary of the word . Suitcases packed, stacked and shipped, I had just enough to escape. I needed, more than anything, to torlak, escape.

Sharp inhale. Dial. “I’m going to Europe.” I . 63. Ubiquity - Idea or experience that is intellectually engaging. Ubiquity is a beautiful piece of software. With constant use, it becomes part of essay on computer you. All the world’s knowledge resides in your fingers. It’s the essay black, extension of a man’s mind, the skills, slow but inevitable fusion of the brain and the computer. But, sitting on king, a soft couch at a Starbucks in c. Had my synthesis reaction worked—yes or no?

It was a simple question, but I had already spent hours trying to answer it in vain. As much as I loved chemistry, my patience was wearing thin. Midnight had come and gone three hours ago, and the long evening had taken its toll. With bleary eyes I pored o. “Look at her. She’s your baby sister.” I curiously walk over to the crib on the right of my mommy’s bed and stare down at this so-called “sister.” Suddenly, her mouth twitches as she chews on a strange object.

Memories. My first was of on computer skills March 2nd, 1998, the day my s. 66. Ap English Lit Exam Essays. What alternatives to on computer skills, transferring to Harvard are you considering? I am overwhelmed by in pakistan the rules and precepts that are observed in the college. Essay On Computer Skills. Harvard is a school built on strong christian foundations and this has influenced my body, soul and spirit to be in that college. I am someone who is so much concerned about papers to buy, my spiritual life and all the rules and pre.

67. Clarinets, Calluses, and Chemisty. For as exclusive as it was, Copley's soloist room was rather simple, furnished with only a piano and a bench. Essay Skills. It was narrow too: the architect must not have considered the consequences of claustrophobia before a solo performance. In any case, I took a seat on the bench and started to set up my clari. 68. Stanford Supplement - Golden Coast Girl. There were few dull minds in papers to buy San Jose the spring of 2010. Around 1600 teens from around the world streamed into the heart of Silicon Valley for essay on computer the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair; for me, it was an essays, unforgettable first glimpse of the essay on computer, talent and thesis, imagination of my global peers. Sometimes all it takes is one person, or one assignment, to make an indelible impact. In my case, freshman year Western Civilization and my eccentric teacher allowed me to learn the benefit of hard work and determination.

My lanky, bald, and animated instructor, who often wore various cultural outfi. 70. What Makes Stanford Good For You? - Least Squares Reduction In AP Statistics, I often utilized the Least Squares method to find correlations between two data sets. First, I would generate a curve that minimized the residuals: the essay, differences between corresponding values of the papers, two sets. Smaller residuals implied greater correlation, with a residual of r = 0 . 71. Karate Extracurricular Essay - Little Ninjas Every weekend after my karate class, I volunteer for an hour and a half teaching kids ages 3-12. On Computer Skills. The first class is the Little Ninjas, who are just 3-5 years old. Short Story. These are among my favorites to teach because they have no preconceptions or attitude. They look at you unjudgmentally and li.

Take my advice, I've been here for a while. How long? What did you do? Don't get on essay on computer, anybody's nerves, don't tell the doctors the truth, and don't forget to smile. The car comes to a quick stop, the kind that should have smashed my knees into the back of the.

73. Pathology Seminars. UPenn Supplement - Autobiography (Robotics) It moved timidly at first, its gears slowly churning as it felt the spark of life flow through its wires. Slowly, it turned, rotating on essay on computer skills, its treads, as it scanned the arena for any signs of movement. Its light sensors on the alert, it sensed that something was near.

It nudged forward as it felt its . Many scholars have come up with different definitions for the concept of education. Essay On Stephen. Some motivational speakers call it “the key to on computer skills, success”. Others refer to it as the backbone of our society. Many leaders, especially duri. Post-Colonial African Conflict. After World War II, the people of Africa fought to end the effects of European imperialism to thesis, achieve political independence and reclaim African culture. After many years of being controlled by Eur.

?In 7th grade, a classmate told the table that all East Asians were either hot or ugly. It won a few agreements, but I sat stunned. “What am I?” I demanded. His face scrunched up a little. At the time, I was 12-years-old, and I was plain. He, however, had summed up . My life was drastically changed on January 6th, 2014.

It was about 7 A.M. on a Saturday morning. I was awakened by the sound of an explosion. Essay On Computer Skills. When my eyes opened I found myself suspended in the air and unable to move. Below me, the ap english essays, floor began to cave in and split, the on computer, ceiling started to crumble abo. It was always, and speech, still is, entertaining to listen to the botched attempts of my teachers to pronounce my last name. On Computer. Lost in ap english lit exam essays a fusion of on computer languages, I entered the English Language Learners Program where I felt the pressure of essay papers always being a step behind those around me. Outside of class each day was . Increase the pressure in my bow-arm.

Bring the bow closer to essay skills, the bridge to get a resonant sound. Torlak. Pull the essay skills, bow while keeping all my weight in my shoulder. Build up the slow pulsation to a swift vibrato. It is all of essay black in pakistan these motions and essay skills, thoughts that lead to one beautiful . Cybersecurity is a fascinating intersection of two of emina torlak thesis my passions: computer science and political science. It is relevant to every aspect of society today, from the military to the medical sector. For example, simply typing a few lines of code can cause devastating denial-of-service (DOS) atta.

Often, people look back on their failures and obsess over how they could have prevented their mistakes. They ask themselves, What could I have done differently? The answer is not worth discovering. Focusing on unforeseen outcomes hinders our ability to essay on computer skills, pick ourselves up and move forward . 82. Stanford Short Essays (Fall 2007) I worked for my father's business during the summers designing and assembling testing devices and prototypes, and helped at thesis short story, the company’s Midwest Renewable Energy and Sustainable Living Fair booth. In addition to volunteering at the San Lorenzo Valley Museum, I often visited my grand. 83.

Roosevelt and the New Deal (Republican View) America stepped in the twentieth century with great ambition. They already produced more of on computer everything then the world combined and thesis story, the people had better living standards than anywhere else. Little did they know that producing more things than the rest of the countries, gets you in a bigger hol. We are going to essay, visit Rice today My mom leaned back in her front row seat and said to me. My brain went into a frenzy. All other questions flooding my thoughts dissipated, however, when my eyes lay on Rice's beautiful Byzantine styled buildings with its magnificent archways. My middle name is Reddy.

Weird, no? I'm assuming you don't know about speech, South-Indian middle names so here's what you should know: Reddy is the name of a caste in India thought to have consisted of warriors who later became lords and aristocracy. Essay. This caste became pa. 86. Essay In Pakistan. Common App Prompt 1: “You’re not going to school today” Six a.m. and my mom’s shaking me awake. I open my crusty eyes and stare at skills, her, bleary-eyed.

My eleven year old eyes struggle to focus, in need of glasses and lacking the money to speech pathology seminars, purchase them. She’s dressed in sweats and a ratty T-shirt, and it’s obvious where she needs to be. Bare skin meets raw iron. Such a relationship can only be found in this exact situation. The focus is so intense that nothing else matters. Pure concentration and expression translating into perfect execution - it's a physical marvel. Essay Skills. It's the art of the perfect lift. Each time I grab the str.

In 2007 my school collected 30,000 pounds of food for local families in its 9th annual drive. Then it started floundering. As the speech seminars, drive had grown, extra processes were continuously piled on and, like Microsoft’s old operating system, overall organization and relative value were not reexamined. Nobod. There has always been a disconnect between the have and the have-nots in society.

Wealth and poverty has been perhaps the single biggest dividing issue since the introduction of money thousands of essay on computer skills years ago. It was the Wu-Tang Clan that so famously said that cash ruled everything ‘around merd. 90. Small things make big differences. Small things make big differences. This is money a truth I have come to essay on computer skills, see in my own experiences and in the world. A tech-addict since a young age, at lit exam essays, thirteen I decided the best way to get my hands on essay on computer skills, a few smartphones was to to buy, start a YouTube channel dedicated to reviewing them. Within nine months, I rece.

Imagine you are 18. Skills. Imagine this is the on stephen, most important day of your life. We are the best. One class. 35 people. One goal. Four years of essay skills hard work. Three days of emina torlak campaign. Together. Arguments. Tears.

Bad days and good days. Great ideas. Movie. Fans. Costumes. Enthusiasm. Dance. I even have learnt how . Perseverant, intelligent, and on computer skills, a problem solver. I would use these three words to describe myself and to say why I believe Carnegie Mellon University is the school where I would find the most success. Carnegie Mellon has a rigorous academic environment and will allow me to essays, reap the rewards of an educ.

Garbed in wrinkled footie pajamas, my younger self would sit in front of the television screen for hours watching the misadventures of the lovable clown Loonette and her silent yet sassy rag doll Molly in the show, “The Big Comfy Couch.” The show’s premise is that one can experience an exciting life. My experience designing websites and Internet applications landed me a job as a Webmaster for on computer Intel Corporation this past summer. I had the opportunity to work for Intel’s CIO on the development of an Intranet Video Channel to improve employee communication and productivity. Emina. My task was to research . Computer Science, Economics, Italian. I see computer science as a refined way of on computer thinking that allows me to thesis of a, find solutions to on computer skills, all types of queries.

To me, economics is finding patterns in the ways that people make choices. I want to study both computer science and torlak thesis, economics to develop a solid understa. As my thoughts drifted by with snapshots of scenes of the most memorable parts of essay my summer, I realized more fully than ever why I love engineering: Standing in the dim auditorium at the University of Texas in Austin, I nervously gulped as I nodded at essay in pakistan, my First Bytes computer science ca. My brother and I have never thought twice about the technicality of on computer being twins. It has always been, for us, a matter of fact. Growing up, our mom was completely open about it, rarely missing the opportunity to emina torlak thesis, point across East 68th street to remind us, “And that’s where you were frozen. It is the essay on computer skills, summer before Kindergarten.

Face ashen, she stumbles toward me, the heavy footfalls syncing with my throbbing heart. I wait as she feebly attempts to push my twin brother and me into the closed door of my room, moaning incoherently about us needing sleep despite it being only four in the a. At a college visit this year, I met a Columbia alumnus named Ayushi, whose stories helped me develop a thorough understanding of money Columbia. Essay Skills. Ayushi told me that Columbia funded both her summer trip to Syria to interview refugees and torlak thesis, her seed money for a start-up she launched. Essay. As an aspiring entreprene. My house has never been quiet, and I do not think it ever will be. On Stephen King. Living with six siblings is essay not the definition of tranquility. Papers. My parents’ affinity to invite perfect strangers into essay, our home only adds to the chaos. However, I have learned more from this revolving door than I could have ever . For the last three years, I have savored the intellectual stimulation and pressure-filled competition of story Public Forum debate, but I have also grown tired of my favorite activity being dominated by boys. This year, as debate captain, I strengthened my high school team into a female-majority powerhous.

102. Caltech Additional Information - Inventing a Microchip My Intel STS project originated while I was hiking during a thunderstorm. Essay. I was pondering, with some trepidation, what determines the paths of lightning bolts; I reflected that they must take some course of least resistance. Suddenly I was struck (by an idea): could an speech pathology, electronic hardware model of on computer skills t. Daydreams are often regarded as a distraction and a sign of laziness.

However, I believe in the creative power of daydreams, which allows me to lit exam essays, escape from reality. Daydreaming allows me to look within my mind, which I need as an introvert. It's essential for introverts to recharge themselves af. 104. Common Application Activities List. Position/Leadership description and organization name, if applicable: Key Club: Club President; Kiwanis Coordinator (1) Details, honors won, and accomplishments: High school community service organization which I helped coordinate as Club President.

Earned the essay, Gold Member Award as well as 300+ servic. 105. Stanford Roommate Essay - I'm like the ocean Greetings future roommate! I look forward to sharing a room and on stephen king, a brand new experience altogether as college freshmen! If there is on computer skills one thing that you should know about me, it is thesis of a story that although my personality is splotched with hundreds of shades, akin to essay on computer, a Jackson Pollock painting, you can most certain. There is an old saying, “there is no place like home.” That philosophy has been spread everywhere from generation to generation, lands to lands, and families.

I want to use technology to change the world through innovation. Through the emina torlak thesis, Jerome Fisher Program in Management and essay on computer, Technology, I’ll pursue a Bachelor’s degree in both Computer Engineering and Economics. As a Bay Area native, it’s no surprise that I’ve grown up with an ap english, entre. Yes! I stared excitedly at essay skills, the program completed text shown on the Statistical Analysis Software.

Graphs and data charts showing various statistical relationships between different biomarkers and cognitive functions are strewn across the screen in victory. Exhilaration rushed. The most important research project I have worked on is the massively parallel propagation-delay algorithm and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) microchip I independently designed for the Intel science Talent search. The chip was demonstrated to solve certain computationally difficult problems - . I sauntered under the rotting wooden arch, careful not to hit the throng of dwarf-like minions that ran and clung to my side. SEPHORA, Natasha said she would show me her booger but it was just mud and water and pathology seminars, I just don't think that's fair and essay on computer skills, she's being really mean and essay on stephen king, I need he. The wind was howling so loudly that I could barely hear the occasional car that passed by.

It was raining very heavily. Essay On Computer Skills. Muddy water clung to my pants as I made each step. Short Story. I have to go on! I said to myself. As I reached school at on computer, 8.05am, I noticed that the essay, hall was almost empty. Only four . My grandmother was born and raised in Nigeria. Essay. Eunice Iwuchukwu was an old soul, who used to preach the word of God. Money In Pakistan. My grandma had lived with my aunt, but moved in essay with my mom to assist with my care. Since I rarely saw my mother, or my father, or really any of my family, I had no one to teach me th. While grabbing lunch between games at a water polo tournament, I noticed one of my new teammates rarely looked me in the eye. Black In Pakistan. Instead of taking the essay, empty seat next to me, he opted to story, sit across the table.

Even when I tried to skills, start a conversation with him, he only looked down, and mumbled, ld. The letter X is a two-dimensional figure, but it takes three dimensions to draw. After tracing the first line on the paper, you need to pull the pen upwards and on stephen king, move across a third dimension, through the air, before dropping it back down onto the paper and skills, making a second stroke to seminars, complete the on computer, X. It's one of those riddles a kindergartner knows they can sincerely answer and adults think they can logically answer. I, however, am a teenager, stuck awkwardly between that simplicity and heightened logic, and my dilemma is speech evident: is on computer it my actions or feelings that really mat. 116. What matters to you, and why? - My Father On Christmas 2010, the one person I was working hardest for disappeared from my life. My Dad fought leukemia all throughout 2010. In his struggle for survival, I found a means to work harder in my academic studies as a means to please him.

I had disappointed him in essays my middle school years before, and on computer skills, . Through our educational years, my fellow students and I were incessantly forced to read books on racism and inequality. Speech Pathology. The towers of books grudgingly read by the most dedicated students, but mostly left untouched by on computer skills the general population, always stirred groans of, Why should we even care, q. 119. What matters most to you, and on stephen, why? - We can’t get lost anymore The modern teenager craves information. Be it personal, political, or pointless, information has become the American teenager’s drug of on computer choice.

Information is an inebriant, and smart phones are the papers to buy, bottle in on computer which it is stored. Without a comfortable flow of status updates an. To understand why I want to speech pathology, attend the on computer skills, University of thesis of a story Chicago, take a look inside my mind. Hundreds of years ago, you would identify me by my scarlet-and-gold family crest, proudly painted on a battered yet unbroken shield. I would dismount from my midnight black stallion, long hair spillin. Looks like we both made it. Great! Just wanted to let you know a bit about my best traits, and hopefully in on computer the end we won’t end up as room-hates. I hail from the burbs of Chicago, and, yes, it snows all the way to your nose, and blackens your toes, but in the Windy City . 122.

Stanford students possess an intellectual vitality. All the juniors before me told me to take AP English Language simply because it improved their writing tremendously. But the black money, individuals before me never told me about the intellectual growth that comes from the English language. My English teacher, Elizabeth Ward, encouraged us to essay on computer skills, think analytically. Good morning friend, I tend to greet others with a “good morning” simply because I love mornings. This is ironic though, because I also have a great desire to stay up and really venture into the late night. Late night, when one resides in barren quiet and introspective analysis, is speech pathology seminars often . You may have heard of the importance of “STEM education” and “STEM jobs.” It seems like everyone is talking about essay skills, it, from President Obama to pathology, officials at your university. So what exactly does the acronym STEM stand for?

STEM is an acronym for the fields of science, technology. So many characters and skills, universes appear before me as I sit in front of the thesis of a story, television screen, watching cartoons. Nothing quells my thirst for an escape from reality more than animation. When seeing animated worlds unfurl, senses of absolute euphoria, freedom, and tranquility surge through me. Essay Skills. Anythi. The clock struck four, and papers, I was lost in the city of Zaragoza. I meant to essay on computer, take the five-minute walk from my Spanish exchange summer school to my host family’s apartment on Calle Don Jaime. Distracted by thesis of a street musicians and on computer, fascinated by emina chance encounters with structures that were already anci. 127.

Discuss an accomplishment - I am my own temple I wasn’t sure why I had come to this temple. To get away from the stares and the vulnerability I felt on the streets? The shameless leering and whistling of Indian men made me feel exposed to my core a constant reminder that I didn’t belong in this country, that no matter how muc. The whistle pierced through my ear drums, heralding the end of a 90-minute session of utter humiliation. I left the pitch, eyes fixed on the turf that has just witnessed this football massacre, as the essay on computer, gleaming summer sun of Dubai sent its flaming tongues licking the essay black in pakistan, back of my stooped neck, and the . 129. Intellectual Vitality Essay - Legend of skills Zelda Rather than a single idea or experience, an entire series has been key to my intellectual development. Manifesting itself as a pointy-eared, green tunic-clad, tunic-wearing, Master Sword wielding hero on a quest to overthrow a treacherous warlord, sorcerer, or other malcontent and rescue the princes.

130. Stanford Extracurricular Activities Essay - Key Club Key Club is essay black money in pakistan not simply another community service organization, it is my high school family. Skills. Key Club spurs excitement within me as it represents a tolerant organization that brings positive change through community service events and fundraisers. My commitment to Key Club increased as I gained the p. Books: Wuthering Heights, Harry Potter, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Rebecca Films: V for Vendetta, The King’s Speech, The Social Network, Transformers Musical Artists: Chopin and Prokofiev.

Websites: The Onion, Food Gawker, Washington Post, Forbes Magazines: TIME, The Economist, Popular Scienc. 132. Roommate Essay - Snoop Dogg and Skrillex. October 29th, 2011: I am alone. I am tired.

I am at a Snoop Dogg concert. The drumbeat rattling my teeth is nearly overpowered by my deafening crash onto rock bottom. Story. The 2011 school year cut me to pieces. I was a sophomore a year notorious for being easier than the rest at my . 133. Describe a place or environment - The world of mathematics

Ninth grade geometry began my fascination of the world and its principles. The unified and coherent system of geometry built around simple concepts--lines, circles, and polygons--captured my interest, as the essay skills, idea of a system with so much clear depth seemed so unreal. How can an individual such as Eu. The Illuminati changed my life. Three years ago, I found my first ambigram in of a one of my favorite novels, by on computer skills Dan Brown. I turned the page, and there it was: the word “Illuminati” printed into lit exam, the exact center of the essay skills, book.

It was styled like a newspaper masthead, exquisite and black money in pakistan, complex, ye. As a gentle breeze from the Thüringen countryside blows by, I anxiously approach the Altenburg, the essay on computer, residence of the pianist/composer Franz Liszt. When I reach the door, a maid greets me and gestures toward the piano room. Lack of tolerance. Society, and the world, would be greatly improved with greater tolerance.

For extremist groups, criminals, and corrupt and/or inefficient leaderstheir harm in failing to consider and tolerate others' feelings/beliefs leads to ap english lit exam, a stagnation of social prog. I can sit there and stare at it for hours - sometimes watching, not watching others. On Computer. There is a stair case of the 1st floor of a business center, and thesis, it is a view of the essay skills, pavement outside through a 100 X 100cm window directly in front. To the open-minded, it is classically pic. 138. Extracurricular activity or work experience – I am Chopin Stepping back from Chopin, I throw myself into the world of essay black money Prokofiev. He is a man of strength and authority and so I must be, too. Essay On Computer. A female pianist can only exert so much force before her muscles stress out and catapult the performance to papers to buy, an unfortunate end.

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Free High School Student Resume Templates for Teens. If you’ve never made a resume before, it can seem more difficult than the job search itself. Fortunately, making a resume is as simple as following a format. Essay On Computer Skills. With some key information in the right order, anyone can create one. Your First Job Resume: What It Is and Why You Need It. A resume is speech pathology seminars a one-page document that summarizes your experience, skills, and skills other information . The purpose is to lit exam essays show you’re a perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. It should be formal, professional, and skills relevant.

Resumes give potential employers a way to learn about speech pathology applicants quickly and easily, and essay they are your first step toward new job opportunities. An interview might also be needed to land the job, but a resume is seminars necessary to start the process. Resumes let employers quickly screen out job seekers who don’t have the essay on computer right experience and ap english qualifications. Essay. A well-crafted resume that highlights your experience will set you apart from the competition. Even if you have little or no work experience yet, these guidelines will get you on king track to having a great entry-level resume and on computer all the opportunities that come with it. There are three basic resume formats to choose from: chronological, functional, and combination. It helps to torlak thesis familiarize yourself with these options before deciding on skills the right resume template for you.

This is one of the most common resume formats. It lists your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent position. It is often headed with a “Career Objective” section. We will talk about these sections in of a story more detail later in this post. On a chronological resume you’ll also want to list your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent school you attended or relevant course you’ve taken. This is on computer a common resume format. Torlak Thesis. It’s easy for essay on computer skills, employers to ap english lit exam scan a chronological resume quickly and skills get an idea of your experience. This kind of resume highlights your work history, so it’s great if you’ve had impressive employment opportunities.

If you don’t have much work history, or your work history isn’t relevant to the job you want, this type of essay in pakistan resume may not be best for you. Prospective employers will throw your resume in essay on computer skills the “No” pile if all they see is work that’s not related to thesis short the job they are looking to fill, or if your resume looks empty because you didn’t have much experience to list. A functional resume format highlights other sections, like skills and activities, over work experience. This type of on computer skills resume focuses on what you know or what you can do, rather than what you’ve done at specific jobs. It will probably still have some sort of pathology work history section, but it will be placed at the bottom rather than at skills, the top of the page. Your work history might not be listed in essay on stephen king chronological order on this type of on computer skills resume. Torlak Thesis. In fact, it might not have dates at all, but be listed in order of relevance instead. This type of resume can be great if you have little or no conventional work experience.

It can hide long gaps in between jobs, and can draw attention to on computer your other skills or activities. Most employers will be accustomed to the chronological resume format. They will likely know that the reason you chose this format is because you have less work experience or less consistent job history than other job seekers. Torlak Thesis. But that doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a less desirable candidate. Like a functional resume, a combination resume puts your skills and activities first and foremost. However, this type of skills resume also lists your work experience in reverse chronological order. It just doesn’t put it near the top like a chronological resume does. This hybrid style gives a balance between promoting your skills and your work history. For teens with work experience that’s impressive but short, this kind of emina thesis resume is ideal. Skills. You can show off your work history, but also fill in more space by talking about your skills and other knowledge you have. It’s also useful if the essay black work history you have doesn’t quite fit with the job you’re looking for.

With a combination resume, you can put the skills that are relevant to your ideal job first, but still give details about your past work experience. Making a combination resume can feel overwhelming, since it uses so much information. On Computer Skills. Be careful to use only the most relevant information so it doesn’t become cluttered or too wordy. How to Create a Good High School Student Resume. Your resume always needs to include your name and contact information. Essay In Pakistan. List your name, phone number, email address, and city at the top of your resume. You don’t need to include your full street address, but you can if you’d like. Everything else can be adjusted to fit your unique experience.

For example, your resume could include any of the following: Work Experience or Work History Education Career Objective or Summary Professional Skills or Other Skills Activities Hobbies and skills Interests Achievements, Awards, and short Honors References. Each of these sections will consist of a heading in bold or slightly larger font, followed by details about that section. For example, under the “Education” heading, you might list the schools you’ve attended and the subjects you focused on. Remember, you probably won’t use all of these headings. Just pick the ones that are most relevant to you and the job you’re seeking. Every section requires a slightly different approach. On Computer. Let’s break it down and see how it works. This can be a difficult section to tackle on a teen resume, since you might not have any work experience yet. Don’t worry though.

Everyone was in the same situation when they were looking for their first job! If you have no work experience, you can leave this section out and focus on the other sections. If you do have official work experience, it’s important to mention it in essays this section, especially if it is a job similar to the one you are applying for. Even if you weren’t officially employed, you probably have more work experience to put on essay on computer skills your resume than you think. Of A Short Story. Part-time work like babysitting, lawn mowing, tutoring, and on computer skills even volunteer experience or community service all count as good examples of to buy work experience on a teen resume. Under the “Work Experience” heading, list the name of the skills company you worked for, your job title, and dates of pathology seminars employment. You should also list your responsibilities, duties, and skills accomplishments. That way, it’s clear what kind of experience you gained. Use two or three bullet points to list your responsibilities and duties for each job. See our sample high school student resume templates below for real-world examples of work experience sections. In the “Education” section, state the high school you attended or presently attend and the years you were there or the date you expect to graduate.

For example: Crescent High School – Arlington, Virginia. Expected graduation date: May 2017. If there are classes you’ve taken that are relevant to the job you want, you can list that relevant coursework here. You can mention your future education plans too. For example:

I have been accepted to ap english lit exam essays Chicago State University, and I am planning to major in business law I will be taking my AP classes next month to essay on computer skills prepare for ap english essays, college I will begin attending Chicago State University this fall. The “Career Objective” section shows what kind of job you’re looking for. It consists of essay on computer one or two sentences near the top of your resume that describe your desired job. For example: Offer excellent hostess service in a busy local restaurant Apply my computer skills to practical work Provide quality delivery for local food business. You can also extend your objective statement into a summary.

A summary is a short paragraph that summarizes your experience and key skills. For example: I am an emina thesis, energetic, enthusiastic, and active individual with a strong knowledge of grocery items and their use by people from different economic and social backgrounds. On Computer Skills. I have a business mindset and am willing to apply these skills as a grocery store employee. This section might seem unnecessary, but it can actually be very helpful to potential employers. It gives you a chance to describe yourself and your goals in your own words. Pathology Seminars. It can also be useful when you don’t have much concrete work experience, but do have skills that potential employers should know about. Make sure the essay skills objective or summary is ap english short, clear, and skills professional. Professional Skills or Other Skills. You likely have skills that could be relevant to a particular position you are applying for.

These can be listed under “Professional Skills.” Make sure the emina skills are relevant to the job you want. Essay On Computer Skills. If you are applying for a gardener job, no need to mention “Ability to money in pakistan handle cash register”, since that skill doesn’t apply to that job. But you might mention, “Ability to essay use lawn mower and gardening tools safely.” If you have no work experience, this section can help demonstrate whether you are a good fit for the position. You can also list skills that come from your school or hobbies under “Other Skills.” Make sure they’re still related in some way to what potential employers are looking for. What are some key skills you might list? Creativity Leadership Adaptability Flexibility Positivity Problem-solving Communication Independence Self-motivation Ability to work under pressure. This section gives an essay, employer insight into your character and interests.

It might even tie into essay on computer the “Skills” section. Think of extracurricular activities, sports, and speech pathology clubs you have participated in. On Computer Skills. Taking a lead role in a school play? You are probably creative. Playing football?

You might be a good team player. These are qualities that employers are looking for. Essay Papers To Buy. Some examples of school activities that could look good on essay a resume include: Sports : playing sports in a association or for fun, outdoor activities, fitness training, taking sport lessons, coaching. Culture : creating art works, shows, plays, films, games, singing or dancing, DIY projects, creative workshops. Short Story. Community : raising donations for various organizations or humanitarian causes, organizing events, helping kids, seniors, animals, or the environment, promoting community enhancements. Just like with skills, only list relevant activities here. Write down the activity, dates, and essay your role/position. Thesis Of A. For example: West River Hospital, volunteer, summer 2012 Crescent High School Soccer Team, captain, 2005 – 2013 Stage Drama Festival, lead role, summer 2011.

If your resume is essay short on of a short work experience, you can list more details about your activities to show what you gained from skills, them. You might use bullet points to write what your responsibilities were or what skills you used in emina torlak these activities. This section is essay on computer skills similar to thesis short activities, as it tells an employer more about your character. Simply make a list of hobbies that might be of essay skills interest to potential employers. King. For example: Reading books Playing tennis Painting and sculpture. It’s great to essay skills mention major achievements and awards you’ve earned at school or in your activities. Prospective employers like to see accomplishments that show commitment and hard work.

For example: Student of the speech pathology seminars Month, March 2013 Perfect Attendance Award, September 2012 Honor Roll, fall 2012. A reference should be someone who can vouch for your knowledge and skills, or who can confirm your work experience. Your teachers, coaches, or former employers can be good references. Listing your friends or family as references is not recommended, but can be acceptable if you worked for them. Remember that you must ask a person to serve as a reference before you can list them as one.

Many people simply write “References Available on Request” at the bottom of their resumes. If you do this, make sure you actually have those references available in case a prospective employer requests them. However, if you have limited experience to essay on computer skills put on your resume, you might want to thesis of a list the on computer names and contact information of your references on essays your resume. Free High School Student Resume Examples. These teen resume samples will make getting started easy. There are general purpose high school student resume templates, as well as resumes for specific work experience.

These samples will guide you with a professional resume format and a basic idea of what to write. We also have High School Graduate Resumes and skills other professional resume templates. Creative babysitter resume sample with a summary, education, related and personal skills, hobbies, and references examples. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6269 Filename: babysitter-cv-template-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:21:00 / 3136. Generic design with sample content (skills, knowledge) for a position in thesis a fast food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7444 Filename: fast-food-employee-cv.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:34:00 / 3138. Basic design and essay on computer skills common content for speech pathology seminars, any type of position. Size: 183 B Downloads: 27359 Filename: geneal-purpose-high-school-resume.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:36:00 / 3140. Another multi-purpose sample, with blue header theme.

Includes customer work and volunteer experience. Size: 183 B Downloads: 18048 Filename: teenager-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:38:00 / 3142. Sample for position in gardening or landscape. Creative design theme to attract attention. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3046 Filename: lawn-care-gardening-job-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:39:00 / 3144.

Resume sample for students who would like to promote tutoring services to other students or student#039;s parents. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4217 Filename: student-tutor-cv-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:41:00 / 3146. Generic resume sample for part-time grocery store job. Can be easily modified for similar positions in on computer skills different stores. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6591 Filename: grocery-store-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:42:00 / 3148. Elegant resume for server or host position in a restaurant. Emina Thesis. Can also be used for kitchen help, cook help, busser, etc. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4311 Filename: waitress-or-hostess-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:44:00 / 3150. Sample teen resume for skills, full-time or part-time volunteer job for a candidate with previous volunteer work. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4677 Filename: volunteer-position-application.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:45:00 / 3152. Sample resume for money in pakistan, part-time position in skills warehouse.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 5314 Filename: warehouse-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:47:00 / 3154. Sample resume for essay black money in pakistan, an apprentice welder and essay on computer skills assisting in essay money in pakistan different welding projects. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3777 Filename: welder-helper-job.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:48:00 / 3156. Professional sample for a food delivery position. Skills. Can be easily modified for a different position in the food industry. Size: 183 B Downloads: 26443 Filename: food-industry-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:17:00 / 3134. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST.

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