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Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Essays and Research Papers. ? Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review XMGT/216 . February 24th, 2013 Alicia Coffie Egypt is on role of caste politics, a country that is in Africa that is the center for current research many of the Islamist movements that is going on essay on role of caste in indian politics, right now in the Middle East. There is a movement that is going on right now that is called the piety movement it is 5 paragraph, based on some political implications that could come about that would bring about essay on role of caste in indian politics, change. This change would affect the Egyptian Muslims in their. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 984 Words | 3 Pages. Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review.

Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review : mb.. Movement! America has not . always had the same working conditions and ethical guidelines it has today, in fact in on role of caste, the early 1920’s American industries painted a very different picture. There were no child labor laws so it was acceptable that twelve year olds went to work to “feed the family.” There were no safety guidelines in place, if you got your arm chopped off working for the railroad then your oldest child had to go to work to make up for your lost. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethical code 1524 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics Across Cultures Article. Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Ruth Lopez Axia . College of University of Phoenix I have chosen “Cheats Can Prosper and Do” by Tony Harris from Australia, and “Italy Country Profile” by BBC News from Italy. Both articles provide an overview of the outline countries business ethics . In the article from Australia, the author reports that although Australia’s businesses rarely have any ethical issues they still can and politics do arise. The article about. Applied ethics , Board of directors , Business ethics 1339 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics across Cultures Article Review Paula Plattner XMGT/216 . June 23, 2013 Swinton Hudson Business Ethics across Cultures Article Review The idea of chemistry research globalized business ethics is an interesting idea, however what is considered ethical or moral in one culture , may not be if importance in another. The following paper looks at two different articles that appeared in the Journal of Business Ethics for two very different countries.

The first article is Business Ethics in Canada: Distinctiveness. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1455 Words | 5 Pages. Business Ethics Across Cultures The first article chosen was An Exploration of Ethical . Politics! Decision-making Processes in the United States and Egypt (2008) written by then and now Beekun, R.I., Hamdy, R., Westerman, J.W., HassabElnaby, H.R. This article was survey of 191 Egyptian and 92 United States executives and explored the relationship between national culture and ethical decision-making. Reidenbach and Robin’s (1988) multi-criteria ethics instruments were used to examine how two of Hofstede’s national culture. On Role! Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethical code 863 Words | 3 Pages. Xmgt/216 Business Ethics Across Culture Article Review. Business Ethics Across Culture Article Review Matthew Todd XMGT/216 . June 2, 2012 Mike Ishmael Business Ethics Across Culture Article Review The first article I would like to elaborate on would be one about business ethics in Singapore. This country has the reputation of current articles being very strict in nature and sometimes unforgiving in the consequences that they often give to essay on role of caste, people. Over time they have loosened their grip on social matters but still seem to be strict in essay friend english, their manners of business.

Dominican Republic , Ethics , Saint Dominic 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Of Caste Politics! Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Berry C. Miller . Organizational Ethics and and now essay Social Responsibility (Axia)/XMGT216 July 11, 2010 Frank Czarny Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Managers and leaders of companies conducting business internationally face many ethical and moral issues. When companies conduct business with other nations many dilemmas may occur because of ignorance of the other nation’s customs and beliefs. Understanding the essay of caste in indian politics customs and beliefs of. Bribery , Business ethics , Ethics 1504 Words | 5 Pages.

HEAD: Business Ethics across Cultures Business Ethics . across Cultures John Doe Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility Axia College Judith Orfao July 2, 2012 Many business leaders that conduct business globally face many challenges both morally and ethically. P2p Essay! When these business leaders conduct business in other countries that are faced with many dilemmas, due to their lack of knowledge of that nations customs, culture or belief system. By understanding their customs, culture and. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Business Ethics Quarterly 1415 Words | 4 Pages. | Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review | | Instructor | . | 8/1/2010 | While researching business ethics across cultures , we discovered some of the same behaviors surrounding ethics in the United States is the same across the ocean. Of Caste In Indian Politics! Outlined in outline, this document will be the in indian positive and negative side of business ethics . Explained will be the movement ethical perspective of essay politics corporate social responsibility and education ethical conflicts. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) will show how a community.

Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1463 Words | 5 Pages. Business Ethics Across Cultural Article Review. Business Ethics across Cultural Article Review The research conducted for essay on role in indian and in . these articles is to display the emphasis on the integration of business ethics and the study of its importance in foreign countries. The ethics of articles Western Europe, Continental Europe, and on role of caste Japan differ greatly from those of the United States. They do not seem to essay biography, place as much emphasis on the mindset and the appearance of the mere implementation of these business ethics . Essay Of Caste Politics! Based on these writings, these countries. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1367 Words | 4 Pages. looking from one country to another around the world you need to understand that as you change the culture you are surrounded by, the research . business and in indian politics personal ethics also tend to change as well. Research! Take Australia and Spain for example. Even though these two places have some businesses that travel around the world, they still have their own set of guidelines that help to decide what their business ethics will turn out to be.

In Spain, businesses are all about personal contacts. Essay On Role Of Caste! A businessman in Spain will. P2p Essay! Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1507 Words | 4 Pages. Business Ethics across the World Stephanie Cross Axia College of University of Phoenix Organizational . Ethics and Social Responsibility Have you ever thought of how globalization hasn't just moved nations nearer together, but also how it has generated a single moral perception for nations conducting business together? Management teams are discovering that there are great moral challenges waiting to be found out by the enhanced progress to a global scale. If ethics are an issue inside a. 21st century , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1661 Words | 5 Pages. Xmgt 216 Business Ethics Across Cultures. Abstract The following paragraphs will discuss business ethics from different cultural backgrounds. The focus of the essay of caste politics . backgrounds will be from the Mexican and Chinese aspect of proper business ethics . Chemistry Research Articles! The articles , Double Standards: Mexico Business and Business Ethics in China are the two articles I will summarize to the reader. I will discuss the primary ethical perspectives of each country covered in the articles , as well as how the articles contributed to on role of caste in indian politics, a better understanding of current research global ethical.

Applied ethics , Business ethics , China 1427 Words | 4 Pages. Critical Review of Business Ethics Education. having business ethics education in higher education institutions, in of caste in indian politics, anticipation that it could prevent or diminish the . unethical behaviors at workplaces. On the contrary, many disbelieve that certain values like business ethics and moral judgments for instance can not be taught. This paper addresses my view points on the research findings on business ethics education of p2p essay two articles ; “Yes, You can Teach Business Ethics : A Review and Research Agenda” (Referred in in indian politics, this paper as Article 1) and “The. Aesthetics , Business ethics , Descriptive ethics 1267 Words | 4 Pages. Assignment: Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review. Assignment: Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Crystal . Paper Mla! Williams XMGT/216 May 23, 2010 Elizabeth Berg Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review The first Article that I read is titled Business Ethics in essay of caste in indian, China. P2p Essay! In this article the essay on role in indian author talked about how China is open to considering the ethical issues as they want to be global players.

The Chinese are aware of some of their own corrupt business practices such as favoring family and current chemistry research articles cronies. Essay On Role Of Caste Politics! Because the Chinese. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 3524 Words | 11 Pages. assignment are covered in a substantive way. An accurate summary of two articles is included. The ethical perspectives of the trees friend english two countries . In Indian Politics! (from different continents) are clearly explained.

The content in the articles is applicable to global business ethics . The ethical perspectives are adequately compared to an outline mla, the business ethics of your home country. The paper is 1,400 to 1,750 words in length. Good choice of two articles . Of Caste! Chosen countries were from different continents and their ethical. Africa , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 1865 Words | 7 Pages. Articles! Business Ethics Article Review Xmgt 216. Business Ethics Article Review XMGT 216 University of in indian politics Phoenix Abstract This paper is written . to p2p essay, provide a summary and overview of two articles that have been selected from two different countries, Brazil, South America; and essay on role in indian politics Germany, Europe. The primary ethical perspectives of the 5 paragraph outline countries will be discussed as they were in the article , along with how the article contributes to understanding global ethical perspectives.

It will conclude with how each countries business ethics differ from. Essay Of Caste In Indian! Americas , Brazil , Business ethics 1039 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Article Review Ethics Article Review The topic of an outline research paper . ethics usually revolves around business practices. Included in these businesses practices are accounting and financial decision-making. Both of these require high standards of ethics as many people rely on the information produced by them. The lack of ethics results in misinformation and the lack of on role trust.

This paper will first provide a brief summary of an article that discusses ethics in accounting and financial decision-making. Accountancy , Applied ethics , Business ethics 880 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Article Review Paper (Revised) Shirley Smith University of Phoenix FIN 324 Walter P. Lambert December . 1, 2006 A study done between Motorola and Ericsson on 5 paragraph essay, the implementation of Corporate Ethics and essay on role the transformation within the corporations following the implementation of the paper mla Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, looking at various ethic theories, such as stockholder theory, stakeholder theory, and legitimacy theory. Since the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which was enacted in in indian, response to the Enron. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate governance 763 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics Article Review Ethical behavior applies to everyone in their personal and professional lives, . English! ethics are essential for professionals such as accountants because people trust them with their finances, and livelihood. Ethical values provide the foundation on which a civilized society exists. Without the foundation, civilization collapses (Smith, para.

1, 2003). In private industry and on role of caste in indian Government ethical accounting is research articles, a requirement for any organization to be successful. If the numbers. Accountancy , Accountant , Business ethics 974 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Role Of Caste! encouraging ethical and legal conduct by chemistry articles its manufacturers? What changes and additions would you make to in indian politics, the company’s Global Manufacturing Principles? . ____________________________________________________________ __ ‘Good ethics is good business and bad ethics is bad business are connected’ (Burton Goldsby 2010). Mattel has been quite effective at encouraging ethical and legal conduct. It has developed its Global Manufacturing Principles for current research articles sub contractors and global manufacturers. These ‘including. Barbie , Bratz , Business ethics 1376 Words | 5 Pages.

diversity in the workplace is a challenge, and a job that the essay very people the rules are supposed to protect misuse. People hired will always have different . cultural and ethical backgrounds. More the than the color of an individual’s skin form their culture and ethics . They arrive from dissimilar countries, states, regions, and neighborhoods. They will be of different genders and social backgrounds. Cultural diversity in the workplace can help progress the company’s aggressive spot in essay our best, the marketplace. Promotional. Of Caste Politics! Cultural diversity , Culture , Life 828 Words | 3 Pages. What is ethics ? Ethics can be defined as a set of principles used by an individual to govern his or her decisions in an effort to . ensure fairness and equality. Business ethics , as defined by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is the abolitionist movement applied ethics discipline that addresses the moral features of commercial activity. The same source also gives a history of business ethics which states that the concept as an academic principle is relatively young-only about essay politics, forty years old; but in abolitionist, general is as.

Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1433 Words | 4 Pages. The Malaysian Business Code of Ethics. The Malaysian Business Code of Ethics (Rukuniaga) Introduction The Malaysian Business Code of in indian . Ethics is 5 paragraph, based on the religions, philosophical and cultural values of Malaysian. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics! It was undertaken by national Consumer’s Protection Consultative Council and Ministry of Domestic Trade and p2p essay Consumer Affairs to develop self regulation among traders in Malaysia. Objective The Malaysian Business Code of essay of caste Ethics was formulated with the objective of: - * PreparingA the main principles to current chemistry research articles, be applied. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 2457 Words | 7 Pages.

Negotiation Communication - Article Review. On Role In Indian Politics! Negotiations and Communications Part One Article Review . Education Then! Amberton University Negotiation Skills MGT5193.E1 Dr. Timothy Staley Fall 2010 All communication is essay on role in indian politics, cultural, suggests the article by Liangguang Huang. Professionals at current chemistry research, every skill level are asked to communicate with a number of different cultures in essay of caste in indian politics, today’s business world. The virtual business world continues to grow and reach parts of the globe that otherwise would.

Communication , Cross-cultural , Cross-cultural communication 640 Words | 3 Pages. governance and business ethics have gained a great amount of abolitionist movement essay public interest due to its implication in the economic health of . organisation. Essay Politics! Such cases as Enron, WorldCom, and abolitionist Oracle just to of caste in indian politics, name a few in recent years have made world headlines outlining the governance of unethical behaviour comprising of corporate fraud, dubious accounting, and abuse of essay power that shocked the world and rattled the realm of business ethics . Essay On Role! As a result, the role of p2p essay ethics in the pursuit of business has come to the. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1789 Words | 6 Pages. article : Alex W. H. On Role! Chan., Hoi Yan Cheung., “Cultural Dimensions, Ethical Sensitivity, and Corporate Governance” (2011). Introduction . and brief summary of the paper Corporate Governance has become an essential tool for improving corporate performance and advancing the development of 5 paragraph outline market-oriented democracies. Good governance practice maintain the integrity of business transactions and in so doing strengthen the rule of law and on role in indian democratic governance.

Chan and Cheung’s study determines. Business ethics , Corporate governance , Cross-cultural communication 1592 Words | 5 Pages. the 5 paragraph biography ethics of the essay on role politics Melbourne Storm NRL Club’s salary cap breaches Section 1 The purpose of 5 paragraph essay outline this essay is to analyse the ethics . of the in indian Melbourne Storm NRL Club’s salary breach with reference to the management literature on business ethics . This essay will look at movement essay, three separate articles discussing business ethics and then link the information found on ethical decision making towards the on role politics Melbourne Storm salary breach scandal. The first article will discuss networking and its link to business , with. Business ethics , Ethics , Hedonism 1991 Words | 6 Pages. Clc Review: Article Review of education Organizational Culture. In Indian Politics! Running head: CLC REVIEW Article Review of Organizational Culture in the Public . Sector: Evidence from Six Organizations Team Orange Grand Canyon University “Organizational Culture in the Public Sector: Evidence from Six Organizations” by Rachel Parker and for a research mla Lisa Bradley researches changing culture by looking at six departments in the Australian Queensland public sector. They surmised that changing organizational culture is on role, difficult when norms. Bureaucracy , Culture , Government 1548 Words | 4 Pages. ?Book Review : On Paradise Drive How we live now (and always have) in the future tense By: David Brooks British philosopher, . important critical and legal thinker Jeremy Bentham, the father of English innovation had ambivalent feelings about the United States of then and now essay America. Although he disagreed with some of the main principles of the American democracy (its profess ideology of natural rights for example or the slave trading practices of the pilgrims in the New World) he never denied his amazement. On Role! Americas , N. Gregory Mankiw , Ralph Waldo Emerson 1709 Words | 5 Pages. ? Article Review : “Flexible Work Is Healthy, Studies Show” Written By, Rachel McLaurin Business101 Instructor: Charles . Svihlik July 13, 2013 Section I: Article Summary The main concept of this newspaper article is to essay trees, inform the essay politics reading audience of the benefits to American white collar workers already in paper mla, place working under flexible working hour employment conditions. It stays away from essay on role of caste politics, political opportunities as well as monetary measurements of pluses or minuses to American employers.

Employment , Employment compensation , Flexible 817 Words | 4 Pages. Ethics in International Business Abstract International business ethics challenges the . corporate world to deal with questions of and now essay what to essay on role of caste in indian politics, do in articles, situations where ethical standards come into conflict as a result of the different cultural practices in the nation. Since, there is this dilemma that has progressively troubled the large multinational corporations, international business ethics has arisen to help address these adhesive subject matters. On Role Politics! There are several international business ethics. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1671 Words | 6 Pages. PROGRAMME : DIPLOMA IN MARKETING LECTURER : NOR ZARINA BINTI PITDIN CLASS : DPM 5A COURSE BUSINESS ETHICS COURSE . CODE PB503 CREDIT 3 SYNOPSIS BUSINESS ETHICS is about relationships, values, justice, and culture (personal, professional, corporate, national and essay friend global). It also provides a basic framework for examining the range of ethical issues arising from a business context. This course also discusses on the issues of right and wrong actions or decisions from all levels. On Role Of Caste Politics! Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 556 Words | 2 Pages. Essay on: The business ethics climate in Latin America Written by Florian H. International Business . P2p Essay! Semester 2013 Course: Business Ethics The business ethics climate in Latin America A problem for international companies, taking Peru as an example!

The Spanish saying: “El que no tranza no avanza.” (One that doesn`t act unethical will not proceed), unfortunately describes best the prevailing immoral way of doing business in the Latin American. Americas , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1888 Words | 7 Pages. ? ETHIC – BASED MANAGEMENT VS CORPORATE MISGOVERNANCE --- NEW APPROACH TO FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALSYS Introduction . Essay In Indian Politics! Unfortunately in today’s everyday business consists largely of corporate fraud and p2p essay unethical behavior. The article likes to call this down turn of ethical behavior moral bankruptcy. Moral bankruptcy is defined by as the state of being devoid of morality and ethics , used especially for business and political entities. This article focused. Essay Of Caste In Indian! Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1395 Words | 4 Pages. ? Article Review – Information Technology and The Changing Workplace in p2p essay, Canada By Abdul Asif 300817244 Submitted to: . Prof. Philip Alalibo GNED 219-071 Winter 2015 The article , Information Technology and The Changing Workplace in Canada, was written by Saeed Moshiri. On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics! The author’s main position which is outlined by the article is “recent advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have had vivid effects on 5 paragraph, both individual and workplace performance” (Moshiri, 2009).

Computer , Computer graphics , Computer software 1008 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Of Caste In Indian Politics! Business Ethics Test 2 Review The following is the minimum review of topics that will be covered . by the exam. Ch. 6 What are the most important regulations covered under the current chemistry Foreign Corrupt Practices Act -The fcpa is a legislation introduced to control bribery and other less-obvious forms of payment to foreign officials and of caste in indian politicians by American publicly traded companies - Disclosure the fcpa requires corporations to fully disclose any and then and now all transactions conducted with foreign officials. Business ethics , Corporate crime , Criminology 1473 Words | 5 Pages. Barriers to Communication Across Culture.

Barriers to communication across culture Abstract: With study aboard become popular, there are more barrier in intercultural . communication was be paid attention. Essay! Because intercultural communication barriers cannot be avoided so people should know about it deeply. This article will introduce some aspect of intercultural communication barrier. Like what is intercultural communication barrier, how many kinds of it, what lead to p2p essay, it and how could we solve it. Introduction: When I just came to. Cross-cultural communication , Cultural anthropology , Culture 1820 Words | 6 Pages. Business Law and essay on role of caste ethics Subject: The objective of this report is to highlight the importance and need of . ethics , ethical leadership and organisation behaviour. The report is based on an outline for a research mla, the speech of on role of caste in indian politics Michael Hackworth.

Leadership in fairness and honesty makes good business sense. Organisation behaviours, culture , values, management style and ethics , all of them make a combination on which company success and failure depends. Every company in the world start by stating the mission, objectives. Business ethics , Company , Ethical leadership 2362 Words | 7 Pages. Outline! Ethics and Education: OVERVIEW: The study of on role in indian politics ethics is essential for a good education for various reasons. In this essay, I . will discuss those reasons in detail and provide examples. For one, it teaches students to become better individuals by teaching them to movement, abide by society’s rules and regulations. Essay On Role Of Caste! It also teaches students to lead by 5 paragraph biography example and be better leaders.

Most important of all, it also helps students deal with conflicts in the present and future. Before I start to tell you what the. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Education 2116 Words | 6 Pages. The Importance of Ethics in Business Recent events in corporate America have demonstrated the destructive effects that . occur when the leadership of a company does not behave ethically. One might wonder how such gifted, highly; savvy organizations such as Enron, Tyco, and WorldCom got themselves in such of a big mess! Well, I am here to tell you that the answer lies within the idea and importance of business ethics . Business ethics should be interpreted as the standards of politics conduct of. Essay Biography! Applied ethics , Business ethics , Compliance and ethics program 1538 Words | 5 Pages. the ethics of the company, as well as the culture in which this company represented. In order for Benji to make a decision, he . will need to base his decision on many critical factors. These factors may include: offers from other corporations, the ability to work within the business ethics of New Gen. and the culture of New Gen. Understanding business ethics will be useful for Benji to evaluate New Gen. De George refers to business ethics as the “everyday moral or ethical norms to business .” (De.

Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 1037 Words | 3 Pages. ? Business Ethics - MF361 David Vogel Ph.D., Princeton University B.A., Queens College 0.5 credit This course provides . participants with the opportunity to analyse and essay in indian politics discuss a wide range of ethical issues that confront individual managers and paper corporations in the United States and other countries. Instruction is based on the case method. Participants are required to offer personal appraisals of the essay of caste issues discussed in class. Topics raised include gender in the workplace, marketing and. P2p Essay! Business , Business ethics , Business school 437 Words | 3 Pages. Outcomes: The Institute of Business Ethics defines business ethics as ‘the application of ethical . values to business behaviour.’ As Aristotle recognised, ethics is not an ethereal abstraction but is on role of caste, a practical aid to business problem solving. This module takes ideas from a range of disciplines (including some of the greatest thinkers of all time) to help understand, analyse and resolve ethical dilemmas in management. P2p Essay! There has been a growing interest in the ethics of essay on role in indian business and what is generally referred. Business ethics , Corporate behaviour , Corporate governance 1266 Words | 6 Pages. to answer concerning business ethics in education.

1. To what extent can business education cause or prevent . ethical infractions in business ? Give arguments for and against. Essay! 2. Given the essay on role in indian importance of situational factors in shaping ethical decision-making, what are the education limitations posed by on role in indian business ethics courses that focus on individual students? How would you design a course to focus primarily on situational issues? 3. What are the main factors encouraging business ethics education, and what. Business , Business ethics , Decision making 1287 Words | 4 Pages. P2p Essay! XMGT 216 Week 8 Assignment Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review. ? Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review Name XMGT 216 . Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics! XX/XX/12 Teacher Grade 95/100 First I would like to challenge you to abolitionist, take some time out of your day to consider how countries have not only become closer together through globalization and how globalization as also created a unified moral perspective for on role of caste in indian countries that are conducting business with each other. Once you have, you will discover that management teams from across the world are realizing there are significant moral. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 2391 Words | 11 Pages. Ethics Auditing: Identify the benefits and limits of ethics auditing.

Is there a strategic role that ethics . auditing may play in a company? Ethics Auditing By definition, an ethics audit is a “systematic evaluation of an organization’s ethics program and/or performance to determine its effectiveness.” (1) This concept of ethics auditing is fairly new and few companies have conducted an ethics audit. However, performing such audits will likely become more mainstream as recent legislation encourages. Applied ethics , Audit , Auditing 1374 Words | 5 Pages. Understanding Business Ethics Unit 37: National Diploma Assignment brief TASK 1: Scenario: Business . ethics - a study of a selected company With growing interest among consumers regarding the business ethics of the businesses brands that consumers buy, Westminster council wants to conduct an and now essay independent review of some of the organisations that sell their goods and services in on role politics, the borough. You have been asked to 5 paragraph essay biography, select one of the following brands and on role of caste politics conduct research into their business ethics . . Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate behaviour 934 Words | 5 Pages.

Review of Caterpillars Code of Ethics. Review of Caterpillars’ Code of current articles Ethics Caterpillar Incorporated (Caterpillar) is the world’s top in essay on role of caste in indian politics, manufacturer of construction . and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines and abolitionist movement industrial gas turbines. In 2008, Caterpillar reported sales revenue of $51.3 billion dollars from domestic and worldwide operations (Caterpillar, 2008). As reported in Caterpillar’s 2008 Annual Report, Caterpillar is a worldwide company with 67% of their sales from outside of the United States (Caterpillar, 2008). 1925 , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Business Ethics Introduction This essay analyses the business ethics required in the marketing . strategies. In most marketing strategies, ethics is an issue that is overlooked due to essay on role of caste in indian, its implications on profit margins. In this study, there are several implications of ethics in marketing strategies. Various stakeholders trying to improve their sales through promotion and marketing, amid regulations requiring that they practice business ethics in their practices. Ethics is an accepted way of doing.

Applied ethics , Business ethics , Ethics 930 Words | 3 Pages. Business Ethics : Leadership in 5 paragraph essay outline biography, the Workplace Michael L. Murray BUS 323: Business Ethics . Professor Steve Wynne JD.MBA December 02, 2012 Thesis Statement Business Ethics is the concept of conducting moral standards either written or unwritten that is essay of caste politics, beneficial to the employees and the current and future activities of the organization (Donaldson). Business ethics is important when dealing with an environment of 5 paragraph essay outline biography diverse individuals of various socioeconomic, cultural, education, and. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Compliance and essay of caste ethics program 1534 Words | 5 Pages. When conducting a business proposition whether locally or in another country ethics will always have an impact on outline, the decision to . be made, ethics makes up the majority of how individuals feel about whether or not they are willing to accept or reject the decisions to do business . As we discuss the ethical perspectives or business ethics of a foreign country it will show how and essay of caste politics what is the difference. The two countries that will be discussed in this paper is China and essay Mexico as we look at the different. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Culture 1302 Words | 4 Pages. Empirical Literature Article Review of Leadership Ethics. Literature Article Review of Leadership Ethics Lillie Johnson LDR 800, Ethical Dilemmas and Stewardship June 4, . 2013 Empirical Literature Article Review of Leadership Ethics The opportunity to evaluate original research serves as one of the many foundations to both scholarly writing and in indian politics research (Grand Canyon University, 2013).

Therefore, to essay outline biography, enhance this process I will critique empirical research articles for essay on role of caste politics the purpose of demonstrating the effectiveness in abolitionist, understanding leadership ethics . So. Essay! Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Empirical research 1192 Words | 5 Pages. Essay! Business CODE of essay on role in indian politics ETHICS JAMES HANKERSON PHL/323 ETHICS in BUSINESS JUNE 22, 2011 JAMEELAH YESUFU . Business CODE of ETHICS When face with major problems and dilemmas within the company, management look to the standards of ethical conduct for guidance. Code of Ethics is the backbone to any organization or corporation. When a possible violation has accrued one has to movement essay, ask three questions. Will my actions be fair, would I be please with the decision that I make, and can others learn from my actions. Airline , Applied ethics , Business ethics 1826 Words | 6 Pages. Politics! HOW PERSONAL CAN ETHICS GET? Tonisha Green Dr. Tressa Shavers . Leadership and Organizational Behavior BUS 520 November 30, 2011 Discuss how personal differences and preference can impact organizational ethics . Abolitionist Essay! As individuals we were all created in our own unique way and we are all different. Although different; our personal differences and preferences can have a significant.

Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1238 Words | 5 Pages. On Role Of Caste In Indian! Journal Article Review for Business Marketing. Research Paper! Article Review 1 Publication: Sports Marketing Quarterly Title: “Spectator Motives: Why Do We Watch When Our Favorite Team Is . Not Playing?” Authors: Fink, Janet S, Parker, Heidi M Link: Summary: This article studies the likeliness of sports fans to watch sporting events when their favorite team is not playing. According to in indian, the Nielson ratings system the NFL broadcast’s TV ratings are the highest rated program in essay, the country. Therefore the essay of caste in indian advertising dollars involved. Business , Digital rights management , Marketing 1368 Words | 5 Pages. Thesis Ethics are the rules or moral principles that individuals or group of individuals agree on and use as aspiration goals (Corey, Corey, . Callanan, 2003). Abolitionist Essay! Businesses that enforce and on role of caste abide clear ethical standards or ethical code of conduct create ethical working environment. Business's ethical working environment creates better reputation that brings more trust and our best english profit from clients and on role of caste politics dedication from employees.

Companies that operate unethically often are not successful in a long run. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1288 Words | 4 Pages. Evaluation Of A Business Code Of Ethics. P2p Essay! ?Evaluation of a business code of essay on role in indian ethics Evaluation of abolitionist essay a Business Code of essay on role of caste in indian Ethics Misty Sneed . PHL/323 Professor Amy Peterson Abstract The purpose of this paper is to review and systematically analyze the Code of 5 paragraph outline biography Ethics of ExxonMobil. On Role Of Caste Politics! Evaluation of a Business Code of for a research mla Ethics Business code of ethics is on role in indian, defined by as “written guidelines used by an organization to set the essay trees our best english standards for employees and on role politics managements conduct and behavior”. (“Businessdictionary. Business ethics , Ethics , Exxon 1301 Words | 6 Pages. BUSINESS ETHICS DEFINITION Business ethics (also corporate ethics ) is a form of . Essay Trees Our Best! applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to on role of caste in indian, all aspects of current chemistry research business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and on role in indian entire organizations. Business ethics has both normative and descriptive dimensions. As a corporate practice and a career specialization, the field is primarily normative. Academics attempting. Applied ethics , Business ethics , Corporate governance 2264 Words | 6 Pages.

“The more one knows ethics , the more it is used and the more useful it becomes”-Plato, The quote by Plato is a reminder on just how important . ethics is and how important it is to educate yourself on proper ethical practices. In the following paper I would like to then and now essay, look at the topic of global business ethics . Politics! Recent studies in business ethics have shown both remarkable similarities and differences across cultures with respect to attitudes toward questionable business practices. First I would like to. Applied ethics , Business , Business ethics 1882 Words | 6 Pages.

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How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] How do you write an awesome cover letter that will land you the job? Let me tell you a short story first. Once upon essay on role in indian politics, a time, there was a girl who wanted to 5 paragraph essay biography, work with books. She loved the on role of caste in indian politics smell of ink and paper. She loved to run her fingertips along the leathery spines of old novels. So, she wrote a great cover letter and gave it to the head librarian. She was hired on outline, the spot and lived happily ever after.

How did a plain, old cover letter help the girl get a job? Does anyone even read those things anymore? An engaging cover letter should tell the story of of caste your passion for friend, a position and how your experience will assist you in your future work. Sounds great right? Often, good cover letters can end up repeating your resume no matter how hard you try to make them sound different. Hiring managers don’t have time to waste on essay on role of caste in indian, bland, repetitive documents. This article will let you know how to write a cover letter that will complement your resume and enchant the hiring manager . The short answer is yes. Yes, it’s true that if you type “cover letters are” into Google, Autosuggest will offer you: And a lot of experts will point blank tell you that hiring managers and recruiters don’t read even the best cover letters at all. Many surveys back that up, with over 60% of recruiters saying that they find professional cover letters unimportant.

Okay, so if even half of the recruiters you encounter feel that professional cover letters are worthless, it’s beside the point. You still need to send a good cover letter even if there is no chance of a recruiter giving it a read. Unless you are specifically told not to send one. Better safe than sorry. You never know if your resume is going to end up with a recruiter who belongs to the 40% who do feel it’s important to send in education and now a cover letter for a job application. Do you want to play roulette with your shot at a dream job?

Of course, you don’t. Hiring managers can receive an average of of caste politics 250+ resumes in movement response to one job offer . That’s one of the in indian reasons why they may not read your awesome cover letter. And with that many resumes to sort through, they spend an average of 6 seconds scanning them for relevant skills and experience . That’s why there is abolitionist essay a good chance that they will skip over even the essay politics best cover letters and go straight to the meat - your resume. Another reason is the rise of social media. Currently, 84% of organizations are recruiting on social media platforms , including LinkedIn and Facebook.

What does this have to do with a cover letter for our best, a job application? If you apply online, it is likely you will be asked to send your resume via email or an online application system. In some cases, the email you send will feel like the equivalent of a professional cover letter. And if you apply online there may not even be a place for on role of caste politics, you to paste your covering letter for a resume. Here’s the thing: Does it hurt your chances of abolitionist movement essay getting an interview if you send a great cover letter for essay on role of caste politics, a job?

No. And in a lot of education then industries, NOT sending a professional cover letter WILL hurt your chances. So, here’s how to write a cover letter in such a way that when it does get read, it will knock the socks off the lucky hiring manager who took the time to read it. What Is a Cover Letter? What does It Do? The basics: a good cover letter is a one-page document written like a letter that you send as an introduction to your resume.

The best cover letters do a few things: It introduces you to the hiring manager. It explains why you are applying for the job. It explains how you are right for the job. Essay On Role Of Caste! It gives you a place to explain things like gaps in your job history or reasons for movement essay, changing your career. Think of of caste in indian your covering letter for current research articles, a job as an opportunity to narrate your resume. Do you have gaps in your work history, or are you in of caste in indian politics the middle of 5 paragraph a career change? Well, a successful cover letter will provide an explanation for these things in a way a resume can’t. A covering letter is on role also the best place for you to go into detail about how you are going to meet the needs of the essay friend english company.

It should also explain why your skills, achievements, and essay on role of caste in indian politics personality are a good fit. Now, there are three types of cover letters: Requested Cover Letters (written in response to a job offer) General Inquiry Cover Letters (no job offer) Networking Cover Letters. In most cases, you will want to think about how to write a cover letter in response to an outline mla, a job offer. If there is no job on offer, there are some small differences in the way you will want to essay on role of caste politics, write your covering letter. Education Then! More on that later.

The Elements of a Successful Cover Letter. Writing a good cover letter is a bit like writing a business letter. The first element of both is the contact information. Essay On Role Politics! If you want to save time and see what a good cover letter looks like, you can use our cover letter templates. It looks like this:

062 Magnolia Street. Flowerville, Ohio 55675. The Employer’s Contact Information: 099 Peony Street. Flowerville, Ohio 55675. Here are some quick tips for writing contact information:

1. When writing your email address on either a professional cover letter or resume, keep it professional . What does that mean? Use an address from a professional provider. For A Research Mla! For example, Gmail is a bit better than Hotmail, especially if you are applying at a tech-savvy firm. Your email should be your name - e.g., “ jane.smith ” or “ janesmith1 .” Addresses like or won’t amuse recruiters. Essay On Role Of Caste! Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for an interview.

Don’t use your current work email. It’s impolite. Create a private email address. It will only take a few minutes of your time. 2. You don’t need to include your address. It may even be better to leave it out, especially if the job for p2p essay, which you are applying is not local. 3. Make sure the on role of caste in indian telephone number you provide is one you are going to answer. Essay! Use your mobile number if you aren’t home often. 4. Essay On Role In Indian! Is your contact information consistent across your resume, social media profiles, and education then cover letter?

You will want to be sure that everything is up to date and consistent. While it sounds silly, leaving outdated information on your documents is an essay of caste in indian easy mistake to make. 5. Essay Outline! Make sure you address a particular person when you add the in indian politics contact information of the company. Speaking of addressing a particular person. We are in for a research paper the age of personalization. So, the of caste most fool-proof thing you can do to make the best cover letter is to start by using the hiring manager’s name . Essay Friend English! And there is a lot of science to on role in indian, back up that claim. When was the abolitionist movement essay last time you were at a party? Okay, so it’s been awhile, sure.

Just imagine you are at one. There is a group in the corner discussing taxes. Another group in the kitchen is talking about brands of baby strollers. The group in the living room is rehashing the latest Game of essay on role of caste in indian Thrones episode. And while you stand there drinking a Diet Coke, your brain will begin to block any conversations you don’t find interesting.

Let’s say that it freaks you out when your Facebook friends post creepy baby photos. So, your brain is going to block that group gossiping in essay our best friend english the kitchen. Your ears will swivel. And your brain will instantly block out essay on role of caste in indian, everything else and movement essay refocus on the person who called out to you. Even if it’s one of the baby ladies. We love the sound of our names. We love personalization. Erik Devaney, a content strategist at Hubspot, writes about the use of of caste in indian politics personalization in marketing and the advent of essay trees our best english customized content. And when you consider how to write a cover letter or a resume, what works for marketing will work for your documents as well.

Because in the end, they are essentially marketing documents too. He points out that that personalization gives us two things: a sense of control a solution to information overload. Let’s say a hiring manager is reading your awesome cover letter. They see that the greeting is addressed directly to them. The simple act of seeing their name will cause the hiring manager to essay on role of caste in indian, feel like they have control over p2p essay, what they are reading. Erik points out that the sense of control a reader feels is an illusion. Yet, it will still make them feel like they have found something for them, putting them in control of the content.

Next, after the hiring manager reads her name, she will feel like you are presenting her with the information she has been looking for of caste politics, - information that has been tailored to her needs and desires. She has hundreds of great cover letters and essay resumes to of caste in indian politics, read. If that’s not information overload, I don’t know what is. If she finds one with her name on it, she won’t feel as overwhelmed by that pile of information. Just by using the hiring manager’s name you’ve made her feel like she has in her hand exactly what she is looking for - you.

So, how do you find out what the hiring manager’s name is? First, check the our best english job description. Essay On Role In Indian Politics! Sometimes the hiring manager’s contact information will be provided there. If not, try contacting the company via phone to essay, find out to whom you should address your cover letter. It is best to call the company instead of sending an email. The next course of on role of caste action is to 5 paragraph essay, check the LinkedIn profiles of Human Resource managers from the essay on role company.

It is better to address a person from the company than no one at all. If in the end, you cannot find the name or contact information of the person who will be reading your resume, write “ Dear Hiring Manager ” as your greeting. Simply put the company’s information in the contact section. The only p2p essay, greeting you want to avoid is “ To whom it may concern .” The entire purpose of a good cover letter is to add a personal touch to on role of caste politics, your documents and “ To whom it may concern ” is not personal. Introduction - The First Paragraph. After the greeting, you will want to write a personable introduction that will catch the attention of the recruiter. Research! Start by explaining what position you are applying for and how you came to find it.

You can add basic information about yourself like your degree and area of study, or your career goals that are in line with the goals of the company. The opening paragraph of your cover letter may very well be the FIRST thing that a hiring manager will see. Plus they are on a tight schedule. You’ve managed to personalize the content, and you have their attention. They think that your content is what they want and need. Now, it’s time to show them that they aren’t wrong. To do that, you might want to consider starting with a punchy, unique opening that grabs the essay on role of caste politics manager and movement hooks them. Writing a good hook is especially true for creative positions and more informal companies. For example, you could write this: I am writing to apply for the position of Blah Blah at Blah Blah Company in response to the Blah Blah advertisement.

I have a Blah Blah degree in in indian Blah Blah and movement essay Blah Blah Blah. You could start with a splash, and write about essay on role of caste your passions and achievements. 5 Paragraph Outline! You could use humor and creativity. Since I was child, I always wanted to be Indiana Jones. He was a great accessorizer.

The bullwhip, the leather jacket, the fedora. just perfect. After I arrived at the realization that I lack the physical capacity to politics, avoid giant boulders, I became an Accessory Designer. Now, armed with my passion for aesthetics and and now functionality instead of a bullwhip, I have set out on the adventure of applying for essay in indian, the position of Accessory Designer at your company. See? That’s exciting!

Just remember that this type of introduction may not be suitable for every type of job or every company. When considering how to write your cover letter, choose a tone and style that reflects the an outline research mla values and culture of the company . You can also compromise between the two solutions. Write an introduction that shows your enthusiasm and essay of caste in indian politics knowledge about the company. I am excited to apply for the position of trees our best friend Marketing Manager at Pie in the Sky. The company has become a success story because your marketing team understands how the combination of in indian humor and digital marketing techniques sparks viral content and speaks to the Internet generation. As a creative person, I wish to use my writing skills and knowledge of trends and humor to 5 paragraph outline biography, help Pie in the Sky continue to “wow” it’s audiences with superior content. The Hook - The Second and Third Paragraphs.

The second and third paragraphs, or the of caste in indian politics body of the outline biography cover letter, are where you give the hiring manager exactly what they want. What do they want? They want you to show them how you are going to meet their needs and solve their problems if they hire you. How do you know what they need? It’s all written in the job description. Every skill they list and trait they ask for is something they need. The best candidates know that the key to writing a great cover letter for a job application is to use keywords and phrases from the essay in indian politics job description.

Start by choosing two or three of your strongest skills and achievements that match the most crucial skills listed in the job offer . Abolitionist Essay! Remember that you don’t want to regurgitate what you’ve put on your resume. Next, you will want to fit these skills and essay in indian achievements into the context of your previous, relevant work experience . Don’t worry it’s pretty simple. The first line should explain the basic details of your previous job: Where + Title + How Long. For the past three years, I have been working as a Chief Animal Wrangler for Perky Pets. The next few sentences go into the responsibilities, projects, or achievements you’d like to p2p essay, highlight as a part of essay of caste politics your work. Here is where you do the tailoring. Choose a few responsibilities that fit with what you will be doing at chemistry, your new job.

As Chief Animal Wrangler, I am responsible for on role of caste politics, training various types of animals for roles in blockbuster Hollywood films, as well as rehearsing with them and providing them with cues. Finally, add a few more lines explaining how everything you wrote will translate to success in your new role. I have a reputation in the industry for education then, handling some of the essay on role calmest, most well-behaved animals. My inner sense of poise and self-confidence allows animals to research, develop a strong bond and sense of trust with the human actors that they work with on set. Always try to essay of caste in indian politics, use facts and p2p essay figures to draw attention to important information and to give the hiring manager a tangible sense of what you are capable of doing. Over the course of my employment with Perky Pets, there were zero incidents of the animals failing to essay on role politics, meet the requirements of their roles. All of the animals passed stress and our best health exams 100% of the time. The second and third paragraphs are also where you may want to essay of caste politics, explain why you have decided to essay english, make a career change or why there is of caste politics a gap in current chemistry articles your work history. A successful cover letter will tell the essay politics story that a resume can’t. Regardless, you will want to p2p essay, tailor the content to meet the needs of the recruiter. The last paragraph or conclusion of the best cover letters include a call to action:

Something like: “ Give me an of caste interview! ” If you’ve done your job, this last bit doesn’t need to current chemistry, be fancy. At the same time, it is the last impression you will make on the hiring manager. So don’t leave a bad taste in their mouth. Be confident and enthusiastic. Just include the following information: Repeat why you will be a good fit for the company and on role in indian benefit them . Write that you will be looking forward to an interview and research mla will follow up with them in a given amount of time. Include your phone number once again and when you can be contacted. Thank them for essay on role of caste politics, their time and consideration. End your letter with “ Sincerely ” or “ Best ” and type your name.

I feel that my 10+ years in sales and education and now customer service will allow me to help XYZ reach the ambitious sales targets set for essay on role of caste, the upcoming year. I look forward to discussing our opportunities at an interview. I will follow up within a week from now, and I can be contacted any time during the week at 419-564-6868. Thank you once again for biography, your time and consideration. Best, Jane Smith. How to Write a Cover Letter When There's No Job Offer.

Let’s say you want to send your resume and covering letter to a hiring manager when there is no official opening. The benefits of sending a resume directly to a hiring manager, especially if someone has referred you, are numerous. While only 7% of the resumes hiring managers receive are thanks to a referral, 40% of on role politics hires are made that way. There are some small differences that you will need to trees english, keep in mind when considering how to write a cover letter for this particular situation. Personalization is essay on role of caste in indian even more important when you send a cover letter or resume directly to a hiring manager. You will want to make sure in education this case that you know the hiring manager’s name. Mention why you are so interested in working for them. You’ve just sent your documents to a company that does not have an of caste politics open position. You must be enthusiastic about the company for some reason. Tell the hiring manager why.

You should make it clear to the hiring manager that you know their organization like the inside of p2p essay your pocket. Show that your skills and experience will fit in with the long-term goals of the business. End by explaining what you hope to get out of sending your resume to essay on role, a hiring manager who doesn’t have a job to fill. Perhaps you just want to know when the hiring manager will have a position available, and if they could keep your resume on file until then. Or maybe you’d like to speak to someone about what it would be like to work there. Just come up with an explanation for sending an unsolicited resume to current articles, a hiring manager’s personal email address. Finish by on role in indian politics saying that you will contact that in for a research paper a few weeks unless they contact you prior. Writing a good cover letter is still a necessary part of politics applying for a job. Some hiring managers may not take the time to read your cover letter.

Yet, a compelling, well-written cover letter can impress a hiring manager who does. tailor your cover letter to the job offer use your cover letter to tell a story that your resume can’t address your cover letter directly to the hiring manager. Taking the time to do these things could be the our best difference between getting called in for an interview or having your resume ignored. Do you have any questions about how to write a successful cover letter? If so, let me know in the comments and I’d be happy to reply.

Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.

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The Importance of Religion in Indian Politics Essay -- Papers

resume twilight 5 Disclaimers : Tout l'univers des Cullen appartient a Stephenie Meyer. On Role Of Caste? L'histoire que vous allez lire appartient a DeydreamBeliever. 5 Paragraph Outline? Quand a moi, je ne suis qu'une humble traductrice. Notes : Pour ceux que ca interesse de lire cette histoire en version originale, le lien se trouve dans mon profil. Ce probleme etait regle. Essay Politics? Alice surveillerait les Volturi et aucun d'entre nous ne mettrait les pieds en Italie. An Outline For A? Je ne savais pas vraiment pourquoi Edward etait si inquiet que je leur ai dit. Politics? Il soupira a nouveau. Research Articles? Bien sur, apparemment, avoir des secrets etait dans sa nature. Essay In Indian Politics? En tout cas, dans les livres, il me cachait toujours quelque chose.

J'etais vraiment heureuse de connaitre tous ses secrets maintenant. P2p Essay? Je pris quelques minutes pour me demander ce qu'il se serait passe si Edward avait ete le seul a lire les livres. Essay In Indian Politics? Etrangement, je ne pense pas que les choses se seraient aussi bien passees que maintenant. Then And Now? De meme, si j'avais ete la seule a lire les livres, ca n'aurait ete guere mieux. Essay Of Caste In Indian Politics? Je pouvais facilement imaginer a quel point il aurait panique si j'avais ete le voir le premier jour, ou meme la semaine suivante pour lui raconter tout ce que je savais. Chemistry Research Articles? J'etais vraiment heureuse que Stephenie Meyer nous ait informe tous les deux en meme temps. Politics? Hmmm. Research? Sa famille aussi le prenait plutot bien considerant a quel point cette situation etait dingue. Vous savez, je viens juste de m'apercevoir que vous prenez tout cela plutot bien.

Je suis desolee d'agir aussi familierement avec vous. On Role In Indian Politics? J'espere que je ne vous ai pas mis mal a l'aise. Ne t'inquiete pas pour cela, Bella, m'assura Carlisle. Our Best? Nous sommes habitues aux choses etranges dans cette famille. Les autres sourirent et hocherent la tete. Emmett est l'une de ces choses etranges, ajouta Edward. Hey ! Et ca vient du mec qui entend des voix, repliqua Emmett. Ca suffit, les garcons, insista Esme. On Role Of Caste In Indian? Nous ne voulons pas faire une mauvaise impression a Bella.

Je pense qu'il est un peu trop tard pour ca, Esme, marmonna Jasper. For A Research Mla? Apparemment, elle nous connait deja. Ils eclaterent tous de rire. Qu'est-ce que tu disais au sujet des loups-garous, Bella ? demanda Carlisle. J'echangeai un regard avec Edward. On Role In Indian Politics? Il ne semblait pas vouloir se lancer dans une quelconque explication, donc je decidai de le faire. Les loups sont de retour.

En tout cas, il y en a deja au moins un. P2p Essay? Son nom est Sam Uley. On Role In Indian Politics? Apparemment, ils ont 24 pairs de chromosomes, et leur gene dormant est active par la presence de vampires. P2p Essay? Donc, parce que vous etes a Forks, plusieurs jeunes hommes vont devenir des loups-garous. On Role Of Caste Politics? Il pourrait y avoir jusqu'a 15 males et une femelle, mais ca n'arrivera que si Forks est attaque, c'est ce qui est arrive dans le futur de Stephenie Meyer. Abolitionist Essay? Heureusement, nous pouvons empecher cela. Hmmm, alors nous ferions mieux de consulter le Conseil des Anciens pour renegocier le traite. Essay Of Caste? C'est une situation malheureuse, reflechit Carlisle. Ben, Edward et moi avons quelque chose de prevu.

L'un des ancien, Billy Black, est le meilleur ami de mon pere. Education Then And Now? Son fils, Jacob Black, est le veritable Alpha de la meute, mais il n'est pas cense se transformer avant un an. Essay? Ses deux meilleurs amis deviendront eux aussi des loups peu apres lui. Movement? Il ne croit pas aux legendes pour le moment. Essay? Il pense que son pere est superstitieux.

Donc, je pense que ce serait une bonne idee de les inviter lui et ses amis pour qu'ils apprennent a vous connaitre. Quoi ? hurla Rosalie. An Outline For A? Tu veux qu'on invite les loups-garous chez nous ? Tu veux notre mort ? Non, bien sur que non. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Ils n'auront meme pas besoin de venir ici. Current Chemistry Articles? Le probleme c'est qu'on leur a apprit que les vampires n'ont pas de sentiments, qu'ils ne sont pas vraiment des personnes. On Role Of Caste In Indian? D'apres le futur de Stephenie Meyer, les loups vous detestent jusqu'a ce qu'ils apprennent a vous connaitre.

Une fois qu'ils commencerent a vous voir comme des personnes, ils choisirent de nous aider a defendre notre famille. P2p Essay? Nous avons affronte une armee de nouveaux-nes, et ils ont tue onze des vingt-deux vampires. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Sans eux, nous n'aurions pas tous survecus. Trees English? De plus, plus tard, ils se tiendront a nos cotes face a la garde entiere des Volturi et aux trois freres. Essay Politics? Ils ont risque leurs vies pour nous proteger. Our Best? S'ils ne nous avaient pas soutenus, nous aurions ete immediatement detruits. Essay On Role? Parce qu'ils etaient la, nous avons tous ete epargnes.

Nous avons besoin d'avoir les loups de notre cote. Quand l'armee des nouveaux-nes arrive-t-elle ? demanda Jasper. Ben, normalement, ils ne viendront pas. P2p Essay? C'est le resultat d'une serie d'evenements. Of Caste? Mais nous savons qui est a l'origine de l'armee et pourquoi, donc nous pouvons empecher le premier evenement d'arriver. Edward grogna bruyamment. Outline Biography? Bella, qu'est-il arrive a notre accord de ne pas tout raconter a la famille ? Ben, je suis sure qu'ils n'ont pas besoin de connaitre les moindres petits details, Edward, mais comment peuvent-ils nous aider a empecher tout ca s'ils ne savent pas ce qui va arriver ? Ils n'ont pas besoin de s'inquieter et d'angoisser sur des choses qui n'arriveront meme pas. Bien sur que non, mais si c'etait moi, j'aimerais savoir ce qui m'attend. Essay In Indian Politics? Au fait Alice, je viens de penser que tu aimerais peut-etre savoir que tu ne peux pas voir les loups-garous dans tes visions.

Donc si les loups-garous sont impliques; tu ne pourras pas voir cette portion du futur. Quoi ? Pourquoi ? Alice n'etait pas contente. On ne sait pas vraiment, mais ta theorie est que tu peux voir les vampires parce que tu en es une et que tu peux voir les humains parce que tu en etais une, mais pas les hybrides parce que tu n'en as jamais ete une. Biography? En parlant d'hybrides, tu ne peux pas voir les hybrides mi-humain, mi-vampire non plus. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Ils y en a plusieurs en Amerique du Sud, a qui nous pourrions vouloir rendre visite l'annee prochaine. Current Chemistry? Donc tu ne pourras pas voir notre enfant a Edward et moi. Bella ! cria Edward. Essay On Role Of Caste Politics? C'est l'une des choses que nous ne devions pas mentionner ! Ben, tu sais, c'est pas comme si on abolitionist movement essay, avait une liste ou quoi. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Peut-etre que tu devrais me faire une liste des choses dont je ne suis pas supposee parler et me la donner, repliquai-je. Essay? Ce n'est pas comme si j 'etais une telepathe ou quoi. Il eut la grace de paraitre gene.

Le reste de la famille etait figee par le choc, nous fixant avec incredulite. Tu as fais l'amour avec elle alors qu'elle etait toujours humaine ? cria Jasper. Je ne peux pas voir le futur du bebe ? pleurnicha Alice. Wow ! Vas-y Edward ! l'encouragea Emmett. Vous allez avoir un bebe ? haleta Esme. Le bebe est a moitie vampire ? questionna Rosalie. Je pense que c'est l'une des choses dont nous devrions avoir les details, fils, annonca Carlisle.

Edward soupira a nouveau. On Role? Okay, qu'est-ce que vous voulez savoir ? Et bien, j'avais l'impression qu'il etait impossible pour un vampire et une humaine de procreer ensemble. P2p Essay? Donc je suis naturellement curieux de connaitre le processus entier. Essay Of Caste Politics? Comment avez-vous fait ? Et je suis aussi surpris que tu ais choisi de, umm, faire cela alors qu'elle etait encore humaine. Ouais, je sais, Edward lui lanca un regard noir. P2p Essay? Elle a failli mourir parce que tu ne savais rien a ce sujet. Je pense que Bella devrait nous expliquer, suggera Rose. In Indian? Elle est moins reservee qu'Edward.

Le reste de la famille acquiescat, me fixant avec impatience. P2p Essay? Je ne pus pas m'empecher de faire un sourire victorieux a Edward. On Role? Il renifla. Vas-y, Miss Bavarde, raconte leur tous les details. Okay, ben, Edward ne voulait pas me transformer. Movement Essay? Il croyait que je finirais par l'oublier et que je vivrais une agreable vie d'humaine sans lui. On Role In Indian Politics? Il avait tort. Comment tu sais ca ? demanda Rose. Euh, c'est une longue histoire, et je suis sure que c'est l'une des choses qu'Edward ne veut pas que je mentionne, hesitais-je. Fais nous un resume, suggera Rose. 5 Paragraph Outline Biography? Je commencai a secouer la tete, tout comme Edward.

S'il te plait, Bella, commence par le debut et laisse nous tous etre au meme niveau. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Toutes les choses que tu nous as raconte ne font qu'amener plus de questions. Chemistry Research? S'il te plait, peux-tu nous resumer les deux prochaines annees d'apres Stephenie Meyer, pour que nous puissions tous savoir a quoi nous attendre ? Au moins un resume partiel ? demanda polimment Carlisle. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Je ferais tout ce que me demanderait Carlisle. And Now Essay? Je jetais un rapide coup d'oeil a Edward qui hocha la tete. On Role Politics? Je pris une profonde inspiration.

J'allais resumer plus de 2500 pages aussi brievement que possible. Current? Je decidai de commencer par le match de baseball. Okay, trois nomades viennent. On Role? Laurent va a Denali ou il devient le compagnon d'Irina. Essay? James est un traqueur qui me prend en chasse. Essay On Role Politics? Sa compagne, Victoria, l'aide. And Now? James manque de me tuer, donc Jasper et Emmett le tuent, pendant qu'Alice, Carlisle et Edward me sauvent. In Indian? James m'avait mordu, mais Edward aspira le venin pour me laisser humaine. An Outline Research Mla? Edward decide de me quitter parce qu'il pense que c'est trop dangereux pour moi d'etre avec lui. On Role? Il me dit qu'il ne m'aime pas et vous partez tous sans meme me dire au revoir.

Edward interdit a Alice de surveiller mon avenir et vous promettez tous de ne plus m'approcher. P2p Essay? Je suis catatonique pendant les quelques semaines suivantes puis je deviens un zombie pendant les quelques mois suivants. Essay In Indian Politics? Je commence a trainer avec Jacob Black. Research Mla? Il se transforme en loup-garou. On Role In Indian Politics? Je commence a faire des chose stupides parce que je suis suicidaire. Current Chemistry? Pendant ce temps, Edward est cache dans un grenier, en Amerique du Sud, completement depressif. Essay On Role? Je vais dans les bois. Essay? Laurent me trouve alors qu'il chasse et veut me manger. Essay Politics? Les loups-garous le tuent.

Victoria continue d'essayer de m'attraper pour me torturer et me tuer afin de venger la mort de James. Essay Trees Our Best Friend English? Je passe la plupart de mon temps a La Push pour que les loups puissent me proteger. In Indian? Je saute d'une falaise pendant un jour de tempete. Essay Trees Our Best Friend? Alice me voit tomber dans l'eau mais ne me voit pas en ressortir. Essay On Role Of Caste? Elle suppose que je suis morte et vient a Forks.

Jacob me sauve de la noyade. An Outline For A Paper? Rose dit a Edward que je me suis suicidee, donc il demande aux Volturi de le tuer. Of Caste? Ils refusent. Movement Essay? Il decide de les forcer a le tuer. Essay In Indian? Alice et moi allons a Volterra pour le sauver. Essay Outline? On y arrive, mais nous sommes emmenes devant Aro. Essay Politics? Aro veut que nous rejoignions tous les trois la garde. Essay? Nous refusons. On Role Of Caste? Ils nous laissent partir et nous rentrons a la maison. Et tu es toujours humaine a ce moment la ? me demanda Jasper, incredule.

J'hochai la tete. Then And Now? Tu te retrouves devant les Volturi, connaissant la verite sur notre existence, et ils te laissent partir ? J'hochai a nouveau la tete. Oui, avec la promesse d'Alice que je serais bientot transformee. Essay On Role In Indian? Edward refuse de me transformer. Essay Our Best English? Carlisle propose de le faire apres mon bac. Essay On Role Of Caste Politics? Edward dit qu'il le fera si j'accepte de l'epouser.

J'accepte a condition que l'on soit, umm, intime avant que je sois transformee, Je commencai a rougir en baissant les yeux. Essay Trees Our Best English? Je craignai d'avoir a attendre une annee entiere avant que l'on ne puisse faire quoi que ce soit. Essay Of Caste In Indian? Enfin bref, il accepte. 5 Paragraph Essay? Victoria cree une armee de nouveaux-nes. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Ils viennent ici. An Outline Research Mla? Les loups nous aident a les combattre. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Tous les nouveaux-nes sont tues. 5 Paragraph Outline? Edward tue Victoria. Essay Politics? Quelques membres de la garde des Volturi viennent.

Ils ne voient pas les loups. Research Articles? Ils ne sont pas contents de voir qu'on a tous survecus et que je suis toujours humaine. In Indian? Edward et moi, nous nous marrions. P2p Essay? Je tombe enceinte durant notre nuit de noce. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Edward panique. Chemistry? Nous rentrons. Of Caste Politics? Edward veut que j'avorte. Education Essay? Je demande a Rose de m'aider a proteger le bebe.

Le bebe et moi agonisons jusqu'a ce que nous comprenions que j'ai besoin de boire du sang. Of Caste Politics? Carlisle part chercher plus de sang. Essay Outline? Le placenta se dechire. Essay In Indian Politics? Edward me fait une cesarienne d'urgence et met le bebe au monde. P2p Essay? Il la donne a Rose.

Mon coeur s'arrete. Essay On Role In Indian Politics? Jacob me fait un massage cardiaque pour faire circuler le venin dans mon sang pendant qu'Edward me fais mes points de suture. Our Best Friend? Je me transforme, et echappe pratiquement a toute la phase du nouveau-ne. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Notre fille est parfaite. Current Chemistry Articles? Jacob s'en est impregnee. On Role Of Caste? Elle a un don, prefere le sang a la nourriture humaine, a les capacites normales des vampires mais son coeur bat et elle a les yeux marrons. P2p Essay? Sa peau est chaude et elle grandit tres vite.

Irina la voit et dit aux Volturi qu'elle est une enfant immortelle. On Role Of Caste? Ils viennent pour tous nous tuer. P2p Essay? Nous appellons nos amis pour nous soutenir, mais les loups sont ceux qui les arretent suffisament longtemps pour qu'on puisse leur expliquer. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Alice trouve Nahuel en Amerique du Sud et le ramene pour qu'il temoigne. P2p Essay? Lui et ses soeur sont des hybrides mi-humain, mi-vampire. In Indian Politics? Ils atteignent leur maturite en sept ans, puis vivent pour toujours comme les vampires. For A Research Paper Mla? Les Volturi repartent, nos amis repartent, nous sommes amis avec les loups-garous, mon pere sait que nous sommes differents mais ne veut connaitre aucun details, il veut juste connaitre sa petite fille. On Role In Indian? Fini. Abolitionist Movement? Okay, voila qui resume environ 2500 pages. Essay Politics? Oh, sauf que je n'ai pas mentionne que je suis la Chanteuse d'Edward.

Mon sang est cent fois plus attirant pour lui que pour n'importe qui d'autre, donc il combat continuellement l'envie de me tuer, mais il finira par arriver a surmonter cela. Ils etaient tous entrain de me fixer. 5 Paragraph? Hey, je pensai avoir fait du bon boulot en resumant deux ans en cinq minutes. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? J'avais deliberemment laisse de cote le fait que Jasper m'avait attaque le jour de mon anniversaire, sachant que cela ne ferait que blesser ses sentiments. Jasper se tourna pour regarder Edward. Essay? L'autre nuit, quand tu etais dechaine, c'est parce que tu l'avais sentis ? Edward eut l'air honteux. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Um, en fait, je voulais voir si la theorie du livre etait reelle, donc j'ai ete chez elle. Trees Our Best Friend? Je savais d'apres les livres que je reagirais tres mal la premiere fois que je sentirais son odeur, donc j'ai a peine entrouvert la porte de la voiture dans laquelle elle etait venue de l'aeroport.

Meme si elle remontait a la veille, son odeur fut suffisante pour m'affecter a ce point. Alors comment peux tu t'asseoir si pres d'elle maintenant ? Je savais d'apres les livres que j'apprendrais a ignorer son odeur de la meme maniere que Carlisle si je m'entraine, donc j'ai prit un vetement a elle et je l'ai sentis pendant des heures pour me forcer a ignorer la brulure. Essay In Indian? Je sais que ca a l'air bizarre et inquietant mais au moins elle comprend. Biography? Ca me rappelle d'ailleurs. On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? Bella a une theorie, et j'aimerais faire un essai pour voir si c'est exact. P2p Essay? Emmett, Carlisle pourriez-vous retenir Jasper pour moi ? Jasper eut l'air offense mais se laissa retenir.

Edward appuya son nez contre mon cou et inspira profondement, autorisant son esprit a reconnaitre a quel point mon sang lui donnait soif. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Jasper commenca immediatement a grogner et a gronder, en essayant de m'attaquer. 5 Paragraph Essay? Edward arreta rapidement de respirer et se reconcentra. Essay In Indian Politics? Les femmes se placerent devant moi alors que Carlisle et Emmett repoussait Jasper sur le canape. Tout le monde, projetez votre amour vers Jasper, faites-le lui sentir, criai-je. 5 Paragraph Outline Biography? Pas de colere ou de deception, juste de l'amour.

Je vis leurs corps se detendre et leurs expressions changer. On Role Politics? Alice s'approcha de lui et mis ses mains sur son visage avant de plonger son regard dans celui de son compagnon. Movement? Jasper reprit rapidement ses esprits. Essay Politics? Il me regarda avec horreur puis baissa la tete de honte. Abolitionist? Je suis desole, tellement desole. Of Caste In Indian Politics? Je ne sais pas ce qui m'a prit.

Moi je sais, admit tristement Edward. 5 Paragraph Outline? C'etait ma faute, Jasper releva la tete, surpris. Toutes ces fois ou nous t'avons donne l'impression que tu etais le maillon faible. Essay Of Caste In Indian Politics? Nous t'avons vu lutter contre ta soif plus que nous, et nous t'avons excuse en disant que c'etait parce que tu etais celui qui nous avait rejoint en dernier et parce que tu avais bu du sang humain pendant plus longtemps que nous, expliqua Edward. Our Best English? La verite c'est que tu es l'un des plus forts.

C'est nous qui te rabaissons. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? Tu ne luttes pas juste avec ta propre soif, tu luttes contre notre soif a tous les sept. P2p Essay? Je viens de le prouver. On Role Politics? Tu allais parfaitement bien jusqu'a ce je m'autorise a ressentir ma soif pour le sang de Bella. Outline Biography? Tu reagissais a ma soif, pas a la tienne. Je serrai la main d'Edward et souris a Jasper. Of Caste In Indian Politics? Il regardait Edward d'un air abasourdi, essayant de comprendre et de realiser la revelation d'Edward. Outline? La famille entiere commenca a regarder Jasper differemment. Je n'arrive pas a croire qu'on ait vecut avec toi pendant toutes ces decennies et que l'on ait jamais realise cela. On Role In Indian Politics? Bella est celle qui a comprit.

Chaque fois que l'un d'entre nous attendait trop longtemps avant de chasser, c'etait encore plus dur pour Jasper de maintenir son controle. Essay Our Best English? Chaque fois que l'un d'entre nous lutte, il lutte plus. Essay In Indian? Je suis desole, Jasper. Essay Trees Our Best Friend? Je suis desole pour toutes les fois ou j'ai rendu les choses plus dures pour toi, et je suis desole de t'avoir juge en fonction de tes difficultes, en me considerant meilleur que toi. On Role Of Caste In Indian? S'il te plait pardonne moi, Jasper, pour tout cela et pour t'avoir fait douter de toi-meme, le supplia Edward. 5 Paragraph? Jasper se precipita vers nous et nous etreignit tous les deux. Essay Of Caste In Indian? Nous repondimes a son etreinte. Friend English? Puis il se recula, souriant joyeusement.

Bien sur que je te pardonne, Edward. Essay? Merci, Bella. For A Paper? Je ne peux pas te dire a quel point ca compte pour moi. On Role In Indian Politics? Edward et moi pouvons nous entrainer ensemble, pour que nous puissions tous les deux devenir plus fort. Chemistry Articles? Je n'ai jamais voulu te blesser. Essay Of Caste Politics? Maintenant que nous savons, je pense que toute notre famille pourra chasser un peu plus souvent pour nous assurer qu'aucun de nous ne sera jamais trop assoiffe lorsque tu seras la, offrit-il. Le reste de la famille acquiesca, murmurant des excuses a Jasper et promettant de lui faciliter la vie. Comme d'hab, un teaser si vous me le demandez ! Commencez a etre rodes non ? J'vais arreter de vous le rappeler alors ! Prochain chapitre : Gerer Papa.

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Caste politics - Wikipedia

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Important “Roles of Caste System” in Indian Politics

essay paper pcitures Young children drawing: the on role, significance of the context. College of Ripon and York. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, University of Leeds, 13-15 September 2001. The role of drawing in children's learning is frequently misunderstood. Even within foundation stage classrooms, where the opportunity to education then and now draw is often freely available, there is usually an adult focus upon essay in indian politics, 'mark making leading to writing' rather than communication and creativity. Yet drawing is one of the p2p essay, many languages which children use to essay on role of caste in indian politics 'talk' about their world, both to themselves and to others (Dyson, 1993, Gallas, 1994, Kress, 1997, Pahl, 1999, Lindqvist, 2001). Through drawing children can re-present action, emotion, ideas or experiences (Malchiodi, 1998 Matthews, 1994, 1999).

This paper uses data, collected as part of a longitudinal research project about young children and drawing across settings, to illustrate the importance of the research articles, context, physical, social and cultural, in which drawing takes place. The hypotheses will be explored that the context in which a child draws: has an impact upon politics, both the frequency with which the child draws and the number of drawings produced; has an impact upon then, what he/she perceives to be appropriate to draw; is populated by significant others whose belief systems, both generally and in relation to drawing, impact upon the belief systems of the essay in indian politics, child. Implications for early childhood education will be drawn. The role of drawing in essay, children's development. Until relatively recently the study of children's drawings has reflected a 'top down' approach which takes the pursuit of realistic representation as its goal and a stage theory which has been generalised from the work of Luquet (1927), Piaget (Inhelder Piaget, 1958), and on role in indian politics, Kellogg (1970) as its model of essay our best friend english, development (Matthews, 1992:26, 1999:84). This approach, reflected in the National Curriculum programme of study for Art (DES, 1991), has cast the young child in an outdated deficit role which does not reflect the of caste politics, view held by early years educators of children as 'able learners, powerful thinkers, feeling human beings' (Nutbrown, 1996, xv). Also damaging to some extent, for the understanding of the role of drawing in young children's learning, has been the exchange of the word 'drawing' for 'mark making' in for a, educare settings (Athey, 1990, Nutbrown, 1994).

The term, in emphasising the importance of children's earliest marks for writing development, can give the message that pictorial representation is inferior to the more important role that the on role politics, reading and writing of symbols has been given within the National Curriculum and within society in abolitionist essay, general. This is a narrow view of literacy, which once again does little to reflect the young child's holistic abilities. Bronfenbrenner's (1979) seminal ecological model of human development gives insights into essay politics, how young children are situated as learners by the societies in biography, which they are nurtured and educated. His model is in indian politics supported by studies of young children in chemistry, home/ pre-school and school settings (Tizard and Hughes, 1984; Trevarthen, 1995; Schaffer, 1992) which have shown children to of caste be. '. skilful in negotiating a diverse repertoire of relationships, actively contributing to the process of their own development and recognising that their status and power as social actors varies between contexts and cultures.' (Woodhead, Faulkner Littleton, 1998:1) These studies have concentrated upon the relationships between children and 5 paragraph essay, their 'significant others'. Essay On Role? Influenced by Vygotsky (1962, 1967), the key foci have been language and to and now a lesser extent play.

Little is known, however, about the impact upon essay on role of caste politics, a child's use of drawing of movement, firstly the different settings of home and pre-school or school, and secondly the roles taken by 'significant' others in 'formal' and 'informal' learning contexts, particularly over any length of time. The influence of context on young children's drawing development. This paper takes a sociocultural approach to the study of essay on role of caste, young children's drawings. It recognises that: the child is a co-constructor of meaning and trees friend english, an active player in his or her world. culture acts as mediator between the on role of caste in indian, child and his/ her environment. the role of adults and more able peers/ siblings is significant in 'scaffolding' learning.

the role of the peer group is significant in a young child's learning. language, play, objects, artefacts, and the meanings attributed to essay outline them, are mediating tools within and across cultures in children's learning. (Bruner, 1996; Vygotsky, 1962, 1967; Rogoff, 1990; Wertsch, 1985) Drawing is seen to have originated from children's physical action (Matthews, 1994; 1999) and play (Vygotsky, 1995). Matthews (1999) explores young children's intentional actions in making drawings of their own body movements and the sounds and movements of objects around them. Of Caste In Indian? He calls these 'action representations'. In common with Athey (1990) he describes development as 'an interaction between what is trees our best friend english unfolding in the child and what is available within the environment' (Matthews, 1994).

Athey concentrates on drawing as a reflection of children's inner schematic representations, the developing organisational or conceptual systems by which they make sense of diverse aspects of life. Matthews, however, sees children's drawings 'located within a family of expressive and symbolic actions used fluently by children between 3 and 4 years of essay on role of caste, age' (1999:49). He draws attention to the interrelationship of a range of conceptual interests and emotional concerns, which are reflected within children's 'artistic' representations. Referencing the work of Trevarthen (1980, 1995) he suggests that 'the basis for the expression of emotion and the representation of movement, objects and events form within an interpersonal arena between caregiver and infant' (1999:17). It is within this interpersonal relationship that the child acquires 'skills in viewing, handling and visually tracking objects, plus the expressive and representational possibilities these might have. ' (1999:18). For Vygotsky there is a close relationship between play and art and 'the entire process through which children develop cultural awareness'. 'Vygotsky (1995) argues that children's creativity in its original form is syncretistic creativity, which means that the individual arts have yet to be separated and specialised.

Children do not differentiate between poetry and prose, narration and drama. Essay In Indian? Children draw pictures and tell a story at the same time; they act a role and create their lines as they go along. An Outline Research Paper Mla? Children rarely spend a long time completing each creation, but produce something in essay politics, an instant, focusing all their emotions on what they are doing at that moment in time.' (Lindqvist, 2001:8) Play is seen by Lindqvist to create meaning. She argues that it is a 'dynamic meeting between the child's inner life (emotions and thoughts) and its external world' and as such should not be interpreted as a 'realistic presentation of a certain action' but as reflecting reality 'on a deeper level'. Both play and art, in enabling the child to create an imaginary or fictitious situation, are seen to enable the child to move towards 'disembedded from action' thinking, towards abstractions from the here and now (Lindqvist, 2001).

Building upon the work of Wells (1986) and p2p essay, Bruner (1996) the of caste in indian, term 'meaning making' is used extensively when considering the child as a learner from a sociocultural perspective. Dyson (1993) sees a symbol, be it a word, picture or dance, existing because of a 'human intention to infuse some tangible form - a sound, a mark, a movement - with meaning and, thereby, to essay outline biography comment on essay of caste politics or take action in the social world'. Symbol making is, for Dyson, 'the essence of being human' and drawing, as a symbolic system, is one of the ways humans liberate themselves 'from the here and now'. Geertz (1983) argues that people who share a culture share similar ways of infusing meaning into sounds (language), movement (dance), and lines (drawings), among other media. Children, by education and now, using symbols, join with others who share the essay on role, same 'imaginative universe' or 'worlds of possibility'. Dyson illuminates the movement, way drawing is helped by the critical role of of caste politics, talk and and now essay, gesture to become 'a mediator, a way of giving a graphic voice to an intention' (Dyson, 1993:24). Of Caste In Indian Politics? She draws attention to p2p essay Vygotsky's description of drawing as a kind of 'graphic speech' (Dyson, 1982). Drawing as narrative in young children's development. If speech is seen to essay in indian be internalised as thought (Vygotsky, 1978) can we assume that 'graphic speech' has its own internal visual narrative? Gallas (1994:xv) takes the view that children's personal narratives, formed in an attempt to order and explain the world from all aspects of their experience, 'are often part of the silent language that embodies thinking'.

She takes 'an expanded view' of children's narratives, not confining them to the spoken or written word, but including the stories they tell from current chemistry research early childhood 'in dramatic play, in their drawings and paintings, in movement and spontaneous song.' In putting forward her view of the young child as a powerful meaning maker, Gallas draws attention to adults within school settings not enabling young children to on role in indian politics make use of their 'enormous number of innate tools for acquiring knowledge' (xv) or their different modes of representation which might be visually, verbally or kinaesthetically based. '. Children do not naturally limit the forms that their expressions take. Because adult communication relies so heavily on spoken and written language, however, schools necessarily reflect that orientation and channel children's narratives into a very narrow realm of expressions, in effect limiting rather than broadening the child's expressive capabilities.' (Gallas, 1994:xv) Because of years spent with adults less flexible in an outline research paper, thinking and communication she feels that most children 'lose their natural gifts for narrative expression.' (xvi). There is on role in indian a lack of recognition by most adults of the power of drawing in serving a narrative function for research articles, children by externalising their experiences, thoughts and feelings through visual images. Malchiodi (1998) gives drawing a dual role as a narrative form, enabling children to express their individual stories through a developmentally appropriate form of communication and providing a focus for talking about their drawings. Given the emphasis on reading and essay on role of caste in indian politics, writing within the statutory curriculum, the innovative work of Kress (1997) on an outline mla young children's meaning making has importantly drawn attention to the need for a broader view of literacy, which includes both the on role in indian politics, reading and making of visual signs. He argues that children are bombarded with a variety of stimuli both static (pictures, signs, posters) and education essay, moving (T.V., video, computer imagery). They are learning to decode the meaning of essay on role, these images, alongside the more experienced users of these semiotics, within the communities in which they are reared. Kress's thesis is that 'children act multi-modally, both in essay trees, the things they use, the objects they make, and in the engagement of their bodies; there is no separation of body and mind' (ibid.: 97).

He draws on politics detailed observations of his own young children engaged in multi-model representations using: found materials to make 'models' household furniture and objects mingled with toys to make 'worlds' in which to act out involved narratives in play. mark-making media such as felt tips and paint to 'draw' elaborate versions of their understanding of the world around them. He calls these 'the energetic, interested, intentional action of children in essay, their effects on their world' (114). In Indian? He argues that: 'It is essential that . children are encouraged . in their fundamental disposition towards multi-modal forms of text and meaning making. . Above all there will need to be particular emphasis on developing their awareness about the dynamic interaction between the various modes, and their awareness that all modes are constantly changing in their interaction with other modes; and through the sign maker's use.' (154) Pahl (1999) uses Kress's thesis to study children's meaning making in nursery education and notes that the objects children made in the nursery settings often have a 'fluid quality'. Children create layers of narrative as they represent and re-represent versions of stories in 5 paragraph essay, their play. A shopping basket made from a cereal packet and strips of card for on role in indian politics, role-play in essay, the nursery might be transformed into a carrycot for a doll when the model was taken home. She argued that children had more opportunities to utilise fluidity in their meaning making at home where objects could be freely transformed from one function to another without the of caste politics, watchful gaze of an adult. She sees these 'lines of essay trees friend, enquiry' offering scope for children to explore the gap between 'me' and 'not me' using the models they make as 'transactional objects'. The models children carry from nursery to home offer them opportunities to explore the inner workings of essay on role of caste politics, their minds through the outer material representations of their thinking shaped in particular ways by the environments in biography, which they try to record their understanding of the world. Drawing is seen by Kress and Pahl to be one of the many languages which children use to 'talk' about their world in on role of caste, informal settings, both to themselves and to essay others.

Through drawing children can re-present action, emotion, ideas or experiences and tell complex stories (Malchiodi, 1998, Matthews, 1994, 1999). Egan has drawn attention to the story form as a cultural universal which 'reflects a basic and essay in indian politics, powerful form in which we make sense of the world and experience.'(1989:2) Given the emphasis on a traditional view of literacy and narrative within the statutory English curriculum, it is 5 paragraph outline not surprising that oral storying and story writing have received far more attention within research than storying through drawing. Essay On Role In Indian? Exploring the young child's use of current chemistry, drawing from a socio-cultural perspective allows the impact upon the young child's drawing behaviours of the views and beliefs of older and more significant others across both home and pre-school settings to be highlighted. It also emphasises how the young child, operating at profound levels both cognitively and emotionally, uses narrative across modes of representation which include drawing. Short introduction to project. This paper draws on data collected as part of essay in indian politics, a three year, longitudinal research project 'Young Children Drawing at Home, Pre-school and School: the influence of the socio-cultural context'. Evidence was collected for one month, at the beginning of the school year to compile case studies of seven children's use of drawing across home, pre-school and school settings. It was a longitudinal study that took place over a three-year period. Two key research instruments were used for data collection: Booklets of p2p essay, each child's drawings collected by the significant adults in each setting. Semi-structured interviews with significant adults and essay on role of caste in indian politics, with the current chemistry research articles, children.

In addition contextual information was gathered via photographs/ digital images taken in the home and essay politics, pre-school/ school contexts and, during the first phase of the an outline research paper mla, project, observations of the children in their settings. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian? The function of the detailed contextual data was to capture the 'situated' nature of the drawing episodes and outcomes. The evidence was collected from September 1998 until November 2001 during a period of continuing change in the UK for all involved in both pre- and primary schooling. Movement Essay? Government strategies introduced during this period included, for example, statutory baseline assessment, the Literacy Hour and the daily numeracy lesson. The following detailed exemplar, drawn from the study, concentrates upon the experiences of on role of caste politics, one child and shows how he begins to use drawings as a narrative form to 'talk' to himself and to others and by doing so constructs new meanings. Abolitionist? His drawings reflect versions of meaning making from the socio-cultural context in which he constructs his narratives and particularly reflect the politics, influence of TV and video culture. There is evidence that the for a research paper mla, cultural assumptions about drawing in the child's home and pre-school/ school contexts affect what he draws, how he draws and how often he draws. Yet the child demonstrates a unique drawing style and essay on role politics, an exploration through line of intensely personal responses to experiences. In doing so he participates in the making of his culture (Kress, 1997) and movement, shows himself to be an able and powerful storyteller. Phase 1: Luke aged three, drawing at home. At just turned three Luke was the youngest child in the sample.

He lived in an inner city council house during phase one of the project and on role politics, moved to private housing prior to phase two. He had one younger brother. Luke attended a Family Centre three days a week. The drawings Luke completed at home revealed a fertile imagination and a preoccupation with 'scary' things. His drawing 'A crocodile with sharp teeth and scary legs' (Figure 1) reflects a fascination with crocodiles. This preoccupation also emerged in the narratives he wove into his solitary play episodes at home. His mother described him frantically 'rowing' a baby bath with coat hangers across the living room floor with cushions strategically positioned as stepping stones trying to avoid an imaginary crocodile. With great speed the same coat hangers were transformed from fishing rods to chemistry articles oars as Luke's imaginative play script changed. The element of scariness was a regular part of mum's interactions with the boys, part of what she called 'our silly time' when they sang and danced together. 'We've a song about crocodiles from Pontins when I was a kid - Never Smile at a Crocodile' . On Role Of Caste In Indian? The second drawing from movement this period reflected Luke's interest in on role of caste in indian, imagery from the television screen.

His mother explained his habitual response to an advertisement for fruit pastilles which featured a strawberry eating a little boy (Figure 2) 'When he watches you can see him backing away from the telly.' The television and videos were a big part of an outline for a research mla, Luke's mother's day and of caste in indian politics, she enjoyed watching children's programmes with the children, often referring to characters from them in conversation and movement, building them into play with the on role in indian, children. Luke used a 'megasketcher' to 5 paragraph essay biography draw with as he didn't have access to paper and essay on role of caste in indian politics, pens all the time. He spent a lot of time recording and and now, erasing continuous rotations, drawing quickly and with great energy. Paper, pens and essay, scissors were reserved for when his younger brother was asleep and were used at the kitchen table. Luke was fascinated by scissors and systematically cut paper into strips, turned each strip at a right angle and cut it into chemistry research articles, a smaller strip until he was left with tiny pieces of paper. Sometimes he made a mark on the paper as a prop for essay on role in indian, his cutting action. His mother commented ' He's forever making squiggles with the pen, then cutting them out and then making shapes with the cuttings. He'll cut out something not trying to make the shape, then he'll see it fall down and he'll say 'Oh look, I've made a triangle.' He'll pretend he made it properly.' Luke's mother drew with or for him and abolitionist essay, described how when she tried to draw the teletubbies for essay in indian politics, him he insisted on the detail being a correct representation: 'I did La La and he said 'La La's head doesn't go like that.' You have got get the education then, right colour, the right shade.' Phases 1 and essay on role politics, 2: Luke aged three and four, drawing at the Family Centre.

During both phase one and phase two of the project there were strong messages given by staff at essay trees friend the Family Centre, to both Luke and his mother, about the importance of drawing people. Essay In Indian? The key workers within the Family Centre were aware of the need for a broad range of activities, for child choice and of the need for young children to be involved in exploration and self-expression. Their conversations generally extended individual children's interests. However the messages given by 'Desirable Outcomes for Children's Learning on Entering Compulsory Education' (SCAA, 1996), gave further emphasis to a tendency within the p2p essay, Family Centre for key workers to channel children towards emergent and adult recognisable mark making. The nursery manager felt there was pressure from parents for key workers to be able to explain how drawing led to formal learning i.e. writing. The practice within the setting of including drawing within the essay of caste politics, term 'mark making' allowed drawing a valid place within the curriculum, but seemed to be devaluing drawing as an activity in its own right. It was being interpreted as a stage which children moved away from, as they became literate. The Family Centre manager commented 'When they (key workers) hear mark making, it doesn't matter how many times you go through it, they still think writing. Current Articles? That's there at the back of the mind all the time. That's not to in indian politics say that if a child did a row of circles they wouldn't be impressed by that, but only because it's starting to abolitionist movement look like letters.'

One of the ways in which the Family Centre gave messages about the purpose of drawing was by its inclusion within the child's developmental record, as part of of caste in indian, a progression from 5 paragraph essay outline horizontal and vertical marks through figure drawing and onto early writing. This check list of competencies, shared with parents at progress meetings, seemed to dominate the key workers drawing agenda, influencing their approach and essay, discussions with children about the possible content of their drawings. Luke's mother, during the for a, first phase of the project, was considered by the Family Centre to be pushing Luke to essay write before he was ready. They told her that they felt he was missing out p2p essay drawing figures, a stage considered important by the staff and accepted as coming before writing. The drawings collected whilst Luke was at the Family Centre were mostly completed during the afternoon session. The routine at the Family Centre was for the morning to be spent in essay, 'free flow', with free choice of activities and abolitionist movement, rooms being allocated to a particular type of activity e.g. large construction. For the afternoon sessions the children were allocated to a base under the supervision of on role politics, their key worker. This was a more pressured time for the key workers when they were more likely to p2p essay 'set up' a directed art activity which was often linked to a half-termly theme. Essay On Role In Indian? The afternoons were seen by one key worker as being 'when you get time to do your display work, you know, the pictures you want the children to do.' It was also a time when they would update their developmental records and for Luke this meant a concentration on figure drawing. Both 'Mam' (Figure 3, phase one) and 'My Mummy' (Figure 4, phase two) were adult initiated drawings and reflected the setting and key worker's expectations of what a child of Luke's age should be drawing. 'Mam' was drawn following the key worker's modelling of a similar figure, and during the completion of 'My Mummy' Luke was shown where to put the trees our best friend english, eyes and nose, but did decide to put the hair on essay on role of caste himself.

Luke's key worker commented 'We haven't the time to give them one-to-one experience and then perhaps there's something in the profile - is able to draw a face - and p2p essay, you think I haven't seen him do that, so you sit with him and say. shall we see what we can do?' She gave suggestions to the children that would support their achievement of drawing competencies as set out in the developmental record saying - 'oh look you could do a circle for the face, two eyes, a nose and a mouth see if you can do that'. Luke's key worker admitted difficulty in interacting with a child who was drawing and 'fell back' on suggesting that the child drew a face or drew his/ her mother. 'I do it, yes, because I'm stumped to know how I can help them.' Luke had a different key worker during phase two of the project who also used her understanding of of caste, stages in drawing development to underpin her decisions about intervening when children were drawing. Essay Outline Biography? 'Normally with drawings it is just scribbles on the paper. It moves onto circular movements and dots and then they will start drawing pictures and saying, 'that is mummy'. . We might not be able to recognise it but they will start saying what it is and then you will start seeing pictures of in indian politics, a head with arms and legs, and then they will start putting in the eyes and things.' She acknowledged that some children had difficulty in drawing people but that she encouraged them to have a go when she judged they were ready. 'I normally ask, start encouraging them to do that (draw mummy) when they say they have done a picture of their mummy or daddy. Then And Now Essay? It might not look like that, but that is essay in indian politics when I'll draw one and essay trees our best, say 'can you do that', when they are ready to do it.' At three years old Luke was very reliant on the presence of his key worker as he was a tentative, nervous participant in Family Centre activities and sought the one-to-one conversations he had with his mother in the home context.

His preferred activities were cutting paper, dough and watching videos. Among his peers at the Family Centre he was unusual in essay on role in indian, his ability to remain captivated by video and television imagery. Abolitionist? 'He absolutely loves television. He is the one child who will sit there and be actually enthralled by it. He talks about what he watches on the television and video in detail - Jurassic park and an animal video.' His key worker at the Family Centre commented on his ability to essay on role of caste in indian politics enter into long monologues about home events with adults. Chemistry? 'His speech is very very good, very forward for his age. In Indian? He can be very talkative and uses a lot of language that is older for him, a lot of our best friend, adult words.' Perhaps influenced by essay in indian politics, children in p2p essay, the setting, he gained the attention of his key worker by involving her in his 'tea party' role play. She recorded his comments made whilst at play 'Would you like a piece of my chocolate cake. You can only have a little piece because I'm only chopping it into little bits.' The reoccurring play script of the tea party was also a means by which Luke could use clay or dough to satisfy his preoccupation with cutting into smaller and smaller strips. At the Family Centre Luke's key workers noted that he rarely chose to in indian politics draw. 'Our house' (Figure 5, phase one) was completed without adult presence and although the drawing is named, its content can only be debated.

It may reflect the action and business of the home context, but it could also be the case that it was named following completion, in response to an adult enquiry. It had much in an outline for a research, common with the in indian, images drawn with the Megasketcher in the home context. Luke's representation of 5 paragraph biography, 'Dr. Jekyll when he turned into a nasty monster' (Figure 6, phase one) was completed in of caste in indian, response to an adult's request for him to movement essay draw. It reflects both Luke's continued use of on role in indian, drawing to explore and represent his fears and the influence upon him of video or television images. His choice of topic followed discussion with the key worker about essay outline biography what the essay of caste in indian, content of the drawing would be.

Phase 2: Luke aged four, drawing at home. At home Luke's mother continued to essay trees english limit Luke's access to paper and on role of caste in indian, Luke still preferred to link drawing with cutting. Education Then Essay? Because his younger brother no longer slept during the day drawing was now limited to on role in indian when mum could sit with the children and supervise. She commented 'They sometimes see it (on plastic shelving) and say 'can we draw' or 'can we paint' and current chemistry research articles, I'll say 'not now' or 'maybe later'. Paint at nursery ' out of sight, out of mind.' In response to essay on role politics Family Centre suggestions, Luke's mother encouraged him to draw people but felt she wasn't getting anywhere. 'He won't draw people. Very very rarely draws people.' 'Just colours in friend, a shape, he'll do a circle and colour it in, then a triangle and colour it in.' Mum felt Luke got really frustrated because he couldn't make his drawings like the essay, images he visualised. 'He'll draw a car, then he gets really frustrated because it isn't how he sees a car, and scribbles it out.' Still trying to support Luke in essay english, developing his drawing ability she asked him to essay of caste in indian politics copy pictures. 'When you see a picture, and you say to him 'Can you draw a picture of a whatever', he'll try and draw it. Because it doesn't look exactly like a pig, he'll say it's rubbish, and and now essay, if it is the mega sketch, the zipper goes down and he won't even have it on.' Luke's mother gave examples of Luke's critical remarks about both her and his younger brother's drawings. 'That doesn't look nowt like a house. That doesn't look nowt like a cat, where's its tail?' The drawings collected during phase two by Luke's mother reflect her attempts to support his drawing and have probably mostly been instigated by her. 'Pumpkin' (Figure 7) is a shared effort between Luke and his mother as is his attempt to of caste in indian politics draw around one of the leaves collected on research the way home from the Family Centre (Figure 8). The drawing of his brother, given to him as a birthday card (Figure 9) is the only evidence of Luke drawing freely on essay on role in indian politics paper, but was still probably completed at his mother's request.

Phase 2: Luke aged four, meaning making through role-play. In contrast to Luke's frustration in relation to drawing, Luke's mother and key worker told of abolitionist movement essay, his increasing use of role play to act out both real life experiences and re-enact video scripts. His mother gave examples of both his fascination for tape measures - 'as soon as he sees it (a tape measure) it's gone, its disappeared, its clipped onto his trousers and essay politics, he's a workman'- and his preoccupation with the role of the doctor. The latter followed a recent, quite traumatic, visit with his asthmatic brother to hospital. Essay Our Best English? Luke also assumed the role of key worker, both at home and at the Family Centre, turning his book around when reading it to show to others. On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? At the Family Centre his favourite book was 'Funny Bones' which fitted into his love/ hate relationship with frightening images.

His mother commented 'He likes being scared, not too scared obviously, but he loves making people jump. He loves being jumped upon as long as he knows it is chemistry going to essay on role in indian politics happen.' At home Luke's mother built up Luke's sense of p2p essay, drama and atmosphere 'the night before Halloween there was a film 'Hocus Pocus' with witches, and it is essay of caste politics a bit scary. But what we did was we turned all the lights off, and put the an outline for a paper mla, pumpkin on top of the TV and lit it. ' The influence of time spent watching videos in the home context was very marked. His mother said 'When its on. he just sits and watches it but afterwards he will do like pretending that he is in essay on role politics, that film, or that character. Nine times out of ten he's always the baddy.' His mother discussed how he used familiar objects to support a role. 'He had the radio cassette and the microphone on his lap, a little karaoke thing, and an outline for a paper mla, that's what he does, his character Woody, in film, because they are all moving house, and he is in charge and he's telling them to get a moving buddy, a partner, so they won't get lost, and Luke is sat there copying it word for essay on role, word. Even though it weren't on that day, he were like 'get them moving, everybody get one.' When watching a video Luke found the toys he had that were associated with that particular video. His mother said shopping had to include a visit to his favourite shop, the Disney Shop. The practitioners in the family centre also acknowledged that the biggest influence on Luke's play seemed to be videos, watched repeatedly in the home context. 'He will be playing something else but he will always go back to Jurassic Park.' At the Family Centre Luke used construction to support his play and for a, often 'set up' the of caste in indian, play scenario and p2p essay, then invited others to join him. As the oldest child in of caste in indian, the nursery, and abolitionist movement, with the departure of the older children to school, Luke had obviously grown in confidence and was now a leader, particularly in role-play.

He had strong ideas about in indian politics how the 'story' should be re-enacted. His key worker commented 'Some children will come over and stay for a little bit, but then if they don't do what he wants them to do, he says they are messing it up.' Luke complained to his mother about them not wanting to play 'Jurassic Park' 'You just can't get them to do what you want. they want to go and play Mums and p2p essay, Dads.' On one occasion, when asked by his key worker what they were playing, Luke replied 'We are being chased by monsters, dinosaurs and ghosts'. This was a recurring play theme, which in the Family Centre involved escaping from frightening situations and it was followed through in the home context when other children were invited to play in the garden. One of his favourite games, introduced by of caste politics, Luke to neighbourhood friends, was 'stampede'. This again had been watched on movement video and was explained by essay on role of caste, his mother 'It is a load of animals chasing them.' 'The film starts off as a board game, but real things happen, like spiders come out and lions, oh it's really good and then, then there's a big, huge stampede. His mother commented that broadening his circle of friendships was causing Luke to ask questions. Essay Politics? She gave the following examples of his search for meaning and essay, understanding 'Where do you go if you die? What if you are good, what if you are bad? He thinks that you have to be old and on role of caste in indian politics, have 'twisted neck' before you die.' 'When Hannah said her brother was in the graveyard 'What's he doing playing in there then?' 'He died' 'Children don't die' and they are arguing about an outline mla it.' Phase 2: Luke aged four, moving towards formal writing.

Although Luke had not regularly and voluntarily drawn people, as a four year old at the Family Centre he spent a short period of of caste politics, time each day as part of a small group of children preparing for statutory schooling the following September. All the key workers took turns in chemistry research, leading these sessions, which involved the children in working with numbers in on role politics, addition to the stories and singing they had when they were younger. The children were expected during these short sessions to 'fit in' with what the trees english, adults were doing and 'sit down and respond when spoken to'. The key worker commented that there would, during the coming year, be more concentration on preparing Luke to enter school and that this would include writing his name. Taking advice from the Family Centre staff, Luke's mother provided materials to support Luke in learning to write. 'We've got this learning to write thing and its like mazes when you've got to go a certain way, and he's fantastic with them. Essay Of Caste In Indian? He loves doing them, going through the gaps and doing squiggles.' Writing numbers was, however, not always seen so positively by Luke. '. Abolitionist? He recognises a load of in indian, numbers and letters, but as for writing them down. I think from my view of him, because it doesn't actually look how it's drawn, he can get really angry. Luke's mother was proud of the fact that Luke recognised and could write his name, but she admitted that 'he gets really anxious and upset that he can't do it right.' Phase 3: Luke aged five, drawing at home. It was very obvious from the beginning of phase three of the project that Luke was now drawing and chemistry articles, writing a lot. Cupboards had recently been built in the dining room at home, which stored the children's toys, games and essay in indian, paper.

Luke's mother felt this had influenced their choice of activity. 'With everything being put away I don't know if its out of sight out of mind.' There was an emphasis in essay, the home on working at essay on role of caste the table, either drawing or writing. The scissors and the Mega-sketcher were no longer readily available and education and now, although the boys were able to get their own paper from the essay on role, shelf, pens were kept in the mother's bedside cabinet and she therefore again limited drawing. Although mum had said Luke wasn't cutting any more and chose to write and mla, draw, Luke said he was not allowed to cut at home any more. It would seem that Luke's mother felt his preoccupation with scissors was not helping him to master the use of a pencil. Luke was now happy to draw. Mum thought this was because he was happy with the politics, way drawings turned out. 'I think he can draw something now and recognise it. Like he's done, and we say oh look that's really good and we'd know what it is before he tells us.' There was a huge change in Luke's ability to p2p essay represent images in a way that he found satisfying and which allowed him to use them to communicate with others.

The main difference would seem to have been his increased physical maturity, which was supported by the regular practice he was getting in using a pencil. The drawing ' Sea snails' (Figure 10) demonstrates Luke's ability to interpret a topic of interest in on role in indian, a satisfying way because of his developing drawing skills. P2p Essay? It includes not only the spiral and zig-zag shapes but also the numerical symbol '4' which Luke had recently learnt to 'do properly'. At age five, Luke seemed to have made a huge leap in his physical development. He was much more physically daring, as long as he was in control, and had a range of new accomplishments enjoying climbing trees and jumping down stairs.

His mother had represented the city at gymnastics when younger and was keen that the children were involved in physical activity. Luke therefore belonged to a gymnastics club and went swimming once a week. Essay Of Caste? Other new skills included using bubbly gum to blow bubbles, whistling, clicking his fingers and an outline research paper, tying his shoelaces. Luke had transferred from the Family Centre to a Catholic primary school. Towards the end of his time at the Family Centre staff thought that at times he was over confident and dominated the younger children and his mother certainly thought he had changed. 'He's harder. He's not as sensitive and he's more rough'. Of Caste Politics? 'He can get upset and wound up, but physically he's got a lot stronger and he can take it and he gets really mad with him (Dad) when they're wrestling and stuff and he'll really go for him.' Luke still liked to draw individual pictures. Education And Now? These now obviously represented internal and essay on role, meaningful visual images for him and he seemed to p2p essay be attracted to drawing as a way of capturing stages of of caste in indian, a story. 'Lots of little pictures' (Figure 11) was completed towards the end of his time at the Family Centre. 'Luke had a fantastic story to essay friend tell with it' . When Luke reviewed this drawing a year later he said immediately 'That's a story' but at that point was unable to retell it and simply commented on separate images. A wonderful 'Holiday Diary' (Figure 12), completed by Luke's mother with his help at the beginning of the reception year, records the salient features of on role in indian politics, his holiday experiences and shows how, probably unknowingly, his mother is articles helping him to bring together drawing and story. 'Arranged cut outs' (Figure 13) is a collaboration between Luke and his mother but with Luke in control. Drawing and cutting out allows Luke to control the final effect on the page because they can all be named, renamed, or discarded at any stage in the process, prior to his mother sticking them down. Luke's developing interest in writing is essay shown in Figure 14, which would seem to movement be a list of names.

His mother said 'Since Luke started school, he's been practising his writing wherever and whenever he gets the chance. He can read all his letters on the alphabet chart and doesn't copy when doing things like this.' Although his mother said it was his choice to draw and write in the home context there did seem to be a regular time set aside each evening for it. Importantly, there seemed to be little pressure put upon Luke as to the content of essay of caste in indian politics, his drawings and without being asked he included at the bottom of the page a drawing of himself. Movement? During phase three Luke had a relaxed and confident approach to drawing and it was his inability to on role of caste politics make letters perfectly, which frustrated him. His mother commented 'He gets wound up if you ask him to write a card out, he gets really wound up. He got really upset last week because it was my birthday and his wasn't right.' Phase 3: Luke aged five, drawing at school. Having transferred to for a research paper the reception class of a Roman Catholic primary school.

Luke was taught by essay of caste, a confident and an outline for a research paper, experienced early years teacher who was concerned to introduce formal education gradually, seeking to provide a balance of child and adult initiated activity. As in the Family Centre, the class teacher's expectations regarding drawing were linked to realism and figure drawing 'A lot still just have the circle with the arms and in indian politics, legs coming out 5 paragraph of the head but I would expect to see a recognisable face' . The children were allowed to draw whatever they wanted if a drawing table was set up, but the teacher commented that the on role in indian politics, children often replicated the standard images which adults drew for them and cited as an example a recent preponderance of abolitionist movement essay, house drawing. The passing of an idea from child to child was confirmed by essay on role of caste politics, Luke's representation of a house, drawn for the first time during his initial weeks at essay school. Although Luke's teacher felt the girls generally seemed to be more interested in drawing than the boys, she noted that Luke was often to on role of caste in indian be found at the drawing table. The third and final phase of the education then essay, project gives evidence of on role in indian politics, Luke's choice of drawing as a developing form of education then, representation and meaning making. He may have been attracted to drawing in essay of caste, this setting, whether at the drawing table or in the office, for a range of reasons. Most importantly, for Luke's growing confidence in his own ability, in this setting drawing was an activity without teacher direction, where he was free to express and explore his own ideas and where he knew they would be valued.

He had always been able to for a mla concentrate and become quietly immersed for essay of caste in indian, long periods of time in activities that were meaningful to him and movement essay, he was now motivated to politics draw because of a real sense of education essay, achievement in relation to his drawings. When showing them to the researcher he said enthusiastically 'You'll love this' in relation to his 'Machine for making bread' (Figure 15) . This drawing had been similarly represented the preceding evening at home and named as 'Bread making machine' (Fig 16) by Luke. An explanation for the preoccupation with this theme was perhaps connections he was trying to of caste in indian politics work through. The story of the 'Little Red Hen' had been 'acted out' at school, he had past experience of his Nan's bread making machine and he had a growing friendship with a boy who drew machines. Perhaps these factors led Luke to an outline paper mla try to make sense of the way a machine can deliver a loaf of bread in this way. In this drawing and in 'Aeroplane and Machine' (Figure 17) there is a continuity of line reminiscent of his earlier drawings, but this interest in movement and connections had now developed to incorporate shapes which required more complex hand/ eye co-ordination. He was now far more physically confident in his ability to draw images that were acceptable representations both to essay of caste politics him and to others and because he felt his drawings were now capable of conveying a message, he was beginning to be able to talk about abolitionist essay them.

The class teacher tried to support her understanding of the need for on role in indian politics, talk about drawing by planning for a work experience girl to p2p essay sit with the children at the drawing table. She gave her the following guidance 'Don't do it for them. You're there to talk to them basically; you're not there to draw. Let them get on with the drawing. But I would say if they've drawn a person and on role, they've forgotten something obvious, then you could say to them, they've got no hair, or what's happened to their arms?' The class teacher commented that the young girl coloured in alongside the children. 'She's quite arty and she likes just sitting doodling.' Having an movement, older girl modelling drawing behaviour at the table would be attractive to essay of caste Luke because firstly it gave drawing status but secondly it fulfilled his need to current chemistry articles talk to on role in indian an older child or an adult. Current Chemistry Research? His teacher commented 'He likes to talk. Essay? so if he can give you a running commentary and he thinks he's got a receptive audience then I think he likes to be there.' Suddenly Luke seemed to be using drawing to explore his broader range of education, interests. Interestingly there did seem to be a growing division between play and work and there was no evidence of the influence of cartoons, which had replaced his fascination with video images and stories, in his drawings.

It was at playtime, surrounded by the same age or older boys that Luke took part in very animated discussion about video and cartoon characters. 'But know what, have you seen that bit where Scooby Doo falls down that hole and on role of caste in indian politics, that panda went like that, pointing out on the wall and then a zombie came out. That was the first zombie. Oh have you seen the T-Rex movie? Oh you should, it goes, its good. P2p Essay? Right this T-Rex eated only essay, one dinosaur. It bit it, then it ate it. It was one of the nice ones. Outline? Playtime was when chasing and on role, pretend fighting games flourished and his love/hate relationship with scary images was retained.

This was illustrated in Luke's following discussion with a school friend. But you know what? One day, one night, my Dad told me this story and do youknow what he said? This little boy went on holiday with his Uncle Nick and doyou know what? One day the little boy looked out of the window at the field and they were playing football and he went to tell his Granddad and he said those are ghosts. And then the next night he stayed up really late and looked out of the an outline, window again and essay on role in indian, they were playing football again and guess what they were playing with? A head! Somebody's head! In the classroom Luke spent a lot of time in the office area, mark making and copying words rather than the an outline for a research paper, role play and 'dressing up' area 'If he's in the office you could lose him for virtually the whole day.' 'Dinosaur' (Figure 18) was completed in the office, and Luke spent a long time discussing his drawing with another boy. He then brought the finished drawing to his teacher 'He showed me the picture saying at first that the circles were spots but then correcting himself saying 'No I mean they're scales' . Perhaps Luke will turn to cartoon drawing when once again he cannot represent his understanding of reality to his and society's satisfaction.

Figure 19 is a first attempt to tabulate a pattern of drawing development, not confined to on role stage theories. P2p Essay? It derives from of caste in indian politics Dyson's illumination of the way drawing is helped by the critical role of talk and gesture to become 'a mediator, a way of giving graphic voice to an intention. This adaptation (Figure 19) places emphasis on drawing as an iterative process during which a child may display more than one of the listed features simultaneously, depending on abolitionist essay the media, the task and on role of caste, the context. Exploration of available medium. has no intention to symbolize; manipulates the: sounds of language; movement of own body; graphic marks of drawing and painting implements; structural possibilities of blocks and outline biography, other constructive media; explores the on role in indian politics, distinctive physical and visual properties which each medium offers; responds to the material, the material responds to the child . Use of gestures, marks and words to symbolize - to education then and now essay represent - significant actions in essay on role politics, their world. begins to use these symbolic tools to education invest meaning in drawn marks (Vygotsky, 1978); derives symbolic meaning from the gestures , not the marks (Matthews, 1994); uses the marks as a critically important prop for dramatic play (Wolf Perry, 1989) Attempt to read the meaning of what they have made.

Attempt to communicate its potential meaning to other people. notices, after drawing, similarities between salient physical features of the world and his/her own graphic constructions; invests his/ her marks with meaning through talk with others; is prompted to talk about his/her drawings, read his/her marks and discover hidden meanings through the interest shown by of caste in indian politics, other people (Golumb, 1974, 1988); names, reinterprets and renames his/her drawings in order to respond to the interest of others (Malchiodi, 1998 ). may respond as a 'patterner', classifying his/her world through form, colour and size or. may respond as a 'dramatist, showing more interest in actions and adventures, dramatic stories and tales' (Gardner, 1980) and inventing stories about his/her drawings; With experience drawing accompanied with talk about evolving intentions. reinterprets their original intentions, making them more suited to their products, if their intentions prove too ambitious (Golumb, 1974, Brittain, 1979); eventually uses talk to represent meanings, to abolitionist interact with others about those meanings, but also to regulate drawing itself; uses consciously a range of genres and stylistic conventions in his/her drawings. Autonomous, personal drawings. uses drawing to re-represent important objects, events and relationships. partakes in general rites of essay, drawing alongside peers (home/ wet playtimes) uses drawing to paper fulfil the educational agenda in school settings. is supported by talk in essay on role politics, planning a particular drawing, monitoring his or her shaping of lines and curves, evaluating progress. Figure 19: A sociocultural pattern of drawing development adapted from Dyson (1993:24) The role of drawing in children's learning is research mla frequently misunderstood.

Even within foundation stage classrooms, where the opportunity to draw is often freely available, there is usually an adult focus upon of caste politics, 'mark making leading to writing' rather than communication and creativity. This paper draws attention to the need for practitioners to. reaffirm or reconsider the place and value of drawing within the curriculum, particularly the relationship between drawing as communication and drawing as art. For A Research Paper? There is essay on role of caste in indian a need for practitioners not only to 'tune into' and p2p essay, thus give value to children's drawings as re-presentations of their interests and pre-occupations, but also to use re-presentations as starting points for provision which will motivate a child's or children's thinking and support learning. Athey, C. (1990) Extending Thought in Young Children: A Parent-Teacher Partnership London: Paul Chapman.

Brittain, W.L. (1979) Creativity, Art, and the Young Child. New York: Macmillan. Bronfenbrenner, U. In Indian Politics? (1979) The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge,MA.: Harvard University Press. Bruner, J. (1996) The Culture of an outline for a paper mla, Education Cambridge, Mass,: Harvard University Press. DES (1991) Art for Ages 5 to essay on role of caste politics 14 London: HMSO. Dyson, H.A. (1982) 'The emergence of visible language: Interrelationships between drawing and early writing.

Visible Language, 6, 360-381. Dyson, H.A. (1993) 'From Prop to Mediator: The Changing Role of 5 paragraph essay outline biography, Written Language in Children's Symbolic Repertoires' in Spodek,B. and Saracho,O.N. Yearbook in Early Childhood Education:Language and Literacy in Early Childhood Education Volume 4,pp21-41 New York: Teachers College Press. Egan, K. (1989) Teaching as Story Telling: An alternative approach to on role of caste teaching and curriculum in the elementary school Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Gallas, K. (1994) The Languages of Learning: How children talk, write, dance, draw, and sing their understanding of the world New York: Teachers College Press. Gardner, H (1980) Artful Scribbles: The significance of children's drawings New York: Basic Books. Geertz, C. (1983) Local Knowledge New York: Basic Books. Golumb (1974) Young Children's Sculpture and Drawing: A Study in Representational Development , Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Golumb (1988) 'Symbolic inventions and transformations in child art. In K.Egan D. Nadaner (eds.) Imagination and Education (pp.

222-236) New York: Teachers College Press. Inhelder, B. and Piaget, J. (1958) The Growth of 5 paragraph essay outline, Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence London: Routledge. Kellogg, R. (1970) Analysing Children's Art (Palo Alto, Cal.:Mayfield) Kress, G. (1997) Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy London: Routledge. Lindqvist, G. (2001) 'When Small Children Play: how adults dramatise and children create meaning' Early Years Vol 21, No.1. pp 7-14. Luquet, G. (1927) Le Dessin Enfantin. Paris: Delachaux et Niesle. Malchiodi, C. (1998) Understanding Children's Drawings London: Jessica Kingsley. Matthews, J. Essay Of Caste Politics? (1992) 'The genesis of aesthetic sensibility' in Thistlewood, D. (ed.) Drawing, Research and Development , NSEAD and Longman, pp. 26-39. Matthews, J. (1994) Helping Children to Draw and Paint in Early Childhood London: Hodder Stoughton.

Matthews, J. (1999) The Art of Childhood and Adolescence: The Construction of p2p essay, Meaning. London: Falmer Press. Nutbrown, C. (1994) Threads of Thinking: Young children learning and essay in indian politics, the role of early education London: Paul Chapman. Nutbrown, C. Abolitionist Essay? (1996) Respectful Educators - Capable Learners: Children's rights and of caste in indian politics, early education London:PCP. Pahl, K. (1999) Transformations: Meaning Making in Nursery Education Stoke on Trent: Trentham Books. Rogoff, B. (1990) Apprenticeship in thinking: Cognitive Development in a Social Context.

Oxford: Oxford University Press. SCAA (1996) Desirable Outcomes for current research, Children's Learning on Entering Compulsory Education. London:SCAA. Tizard, B. and Hughes, M. (1984) Young Children Learning: Talking and Listening at essay politics Home and at School. London: Fontana. Trevarthen, C. (1980) 'The foundations of education and now, intersubjectivity: The development of interpersonal and cooperative understanding in infants', in Olson, D. In Indian Politics? (ed.) The Social Foundations of Language and Thought: Essays in Honour of J.S.Bruner, New York: W.W.

Norton, pp. Education Then Essay? 316-42. Trevarthen, C. (1995) 'The child's need to learn a culture' Children and Society 9(1). Schaffer, H.R. (1992) 'Joint involvement episodes as contexts for on role of caste politics, cognitive development in H. McGurk (Ed.) Childhood and Social Development: Contemporary Perspective. Research Paper Mla? Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum. Vygotsky L.S. On Role In Indian Politics? (1962) Thought and Language Cambridge. Mass: The MIT Press. Vygotsky L.S. (1967) 'Play and its role in current research articles, the mental development of the child' Soviet Psychology 5(3), 6-18. Vygotsky L.S. (1978) Mind in Society. Cambridge MA:Harvard University Press.

Vygotsky, L.S. (1995) Fantasi och kreativitet i barndomen (Imagination and Creativity in Childhood) Gothenburg: Daidalos. Wells, G. (1986) The Meaning Makers London: Hodder and Stoughton. Wertsch, J.V. On Role Of Caste In Indian? (1985) Culture, Communication and Cognition: Vygotskian Perspectives Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wolf, D. and Perry, M.D. (1989) 'From endpoints to repertoires: Some new conclusions about drawing development. In Gardner, H. and p2p essay, Perkins, D. (eds.) Art, mind and education: Research from Project Zero (pp. 17-34) Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. Woodhead, Faulkner Littleton, K. (eds) (1998) Cultural Worlds of Early Childhood London: Routledge. Figure 1 Crocodile with sharp teeth and scary legs.

Figure 2 Strawberry eating little boy from fruit pastille advert. Figure 4: My mummy. Figure 5: Our house. Figure 6: Dr. Jekyll when he turned into a nasty monster. Figure 7: Pumpkin. Figure 8: Drawing around leaf. Figure 9: Brother's birthday card. Figure 10: Sea snails.

Figure 11: Lots of little pictures. Figure 12: Holiday diary. Figure 13: Arranged cut outs. Figure 16: Bread making machine. Figure 14: Names. Figure 15: Machine for making bread. Figure 17: Aeroplane and machine. Child's use of drawing across a year in both settings. Frequency/ no of drawings. Content of drawings.

Drawing as physical action. Drawing as prop. Drawing as mediator. Messages given to of caste in indian politics child (belief systems) Views of adults. Provision by adults. Modelling by research paper mla, adults. Adult/ sibling involvement. Multi-modal meaning making.

#9;#9;Frequency/ no of drawings. Drawing as physical action. Drawing as prop. Drawing as mediator. The adults in Liam's life are obviously influential in modelling and resourcing activity. Children use what is to hand and in indian politics, watch adults using what is to hand.

The videos provide additional models which attract children with fast moving action, songs and rhythms. This is the an outline, only world Luke knows and he brings this knowledge to bear on new situations, looking for on role politics, the objects and activities that make sense to 5 paragraph essay biography him. Adults attitudes to drawing and understanding of its place within child development will therefore influence the essay of caste in indian politics, child's motivation to then use drawing as a means of. Access to drawing as part of daily routine - importance of politics, views and beliefs of research paper, adult about drawing - it is on role done at an outline nursery - link to writing / academic; its part of what you do with young children - its what my mum did. Essay In Indian Politics? Female role. Children use what is to hand. Children influenced by daily pattern of education then and now essay, behaviour. If home has special focus this influences the child and is taken into the nursery. Importance of of caste in indian politics, choice, provision of materials and adults who model use of different materials, particularly initial exploration 'what can we do' rather than 'this is what you do' Role model for drawing.

An adult who draws. In nursery being comfortable with familiar activities therefore initially following home pattern. Talk about drawing - joint involvement episodes. 1. Drawing as part of abolitionist movement essay, a range of activities (syncretistic creativity) 2. Messages given to children. 3. Narrow view of literacy. Drawing as part of of caste, a (developmental) sequence towards writing. Play Drawing Writing (double symbolism) plus with talk. The importance of social interaction. The importance of oral storytelling in broadest sense.

The importance of drawing and talking in essay outline biography, carrying the of caste, story meaning. Linked to 5 paragraph essay outline biography above: The prescriptive curriculum. Adult focus/ child freedom. Gender expectations/ female teachers/ good behaviour is 'still' 'passive' '2D' Material not used in text. 'children construct their own understanding of the world, including their understandings of how symbolic media work, and that they do so as they engage in essay of caste in indian, social activities with other people (Vygotsky, 1978).' Cassirer (cited in Gardner, 1982) claimed that such representative symbols are not simply tools of thought but are the functioning of thought itself. In other words, symbols provide a way of representing reality and integrating ideas we have about the world.

Through symbolic activity, children engage in what is an outline now popularly called 'meaning making'. (Wright in Boulton-Lewis Catherwood :1993) which children develop cultural awareness'. Mikkelsen (1990:13) Storymaking a third literacy, a way we 'read' ourselves into understanding the essay on role politics, world, as well as a way to current chemistry research 'write' a new version of the world we are trying to essay in indian politics see Egan - the power of storytelling for children. The children in the study fall within the movement, age range which is essay of caste politics associated with children learning to use symbols and symbol systems. This symbolic period (Gardner, 1991) is a time when children learn to abolitionist use and understand language, to ask for of caste politics, things and information, and to tell others what they want. They also use language for more expressive purposes, such as telling jokes, teasing, making up or retelling stories, creating friendships and role playing. Carr,M (2001) Assessment in Early Childhood Settings London: Paul Chapman Publishing Y.

David,T and trees our best english, Goouch (2001) 'Early Literacy Teaching: The Third Way' Education 3-13 Vol 29 No 2 pp 19-24 Y. * Dunn,J. On Role Of Caste Politics? (1993) Young Children' Close Relationships London: Sage. Egan,K (1986) Teaching as Story Telling Chicago: University of p2p essay, Chicago Press Y. *Einarsdottir,J. (1996) Dramatic play and print Child Education Vol. 72(6) pp.352-57. Ferreiro,E. and on role of caste in indian, Teborosky, A. Abolitionist Movement? (1983). Literacy Before Schooling London: Heinemann P. Hall,N. (1987) The Emergence of Literacy.

Sevenoaks, Kent: Hodder and essay on role of caste politics, Stoughton. Jones,E and an outline for a paper mla, Reynolds,G (1992) The Play's the Thing: Teachers' Roles in Children's Play. New York: Teachers College Press Y. Kantor,R., Miller,S. and Fernie,D. (1992) Diverse paths in literacy in a preschool classroom: a sociocultural perspective. Reading Research Quarterly Vol.27 pp. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics? 185-201 P. * Knupfer,A.M. (1996) Ethnographic studies of children: the difficulties of entry, rapport, and presentations of their worlds. Qualitative Studies in biography, Education, 9(2) pp.135-49. * Merritt,S. and Dyson,A.H. (1992) A social perspective on informal assessment: voices, texts, pictures, and play from the first grade.

In C. Genishi (ed.) Ways of Assessing Children and Curriculum: Stories of Early Childhood Practice New York: Teachers College Press. * Morrow, L.M. (1990) Preparing the classroom environment to promote literacy during play. Early Childhood Research Quarterly Vol.5(4) pp.537-54. * Morrow,LM and Rand,M. Essay On Role? (1991) Promoting literacy during play by designing early childhood classroom environments. The Reading Teacher Vol.44 pp. 396-402. * Smith, A.B. (1992) Early Childhood Educare: seeking a theoretical framework in.

Phillips, L. (2000) 'Storytelling: The seeds of children's creativity' Australian Journal of Early Childhood Vol 25 (3) pp1-5. Pollard,A. (1996) The Social World of articles, Children Learning: Case Studies of on role in indian politics, Pupils from four to seven. London:Cassell. L. Roskos,K. and Neuman, S. Current Research Articles? (1993). Descriptive observations of on role of caste, adults' facilitation in an outline for a research paper, young children's play. Essay Of Caste? Early Childhood Research Quarterly . Vol.8 pp.77-97 P. Seitz J.A. (1997) 'The development of Metaphoric Understanding: Implications for essay trees friend, a Theory of Creativity' Creativity Research Journal Vol. 10 (4) pp347 - 353 P. Smith, A.B. Of Caste Politics? (1993) 'Early Childhood Educare: Seeking a theoretical framework in Vygotsky's work' International Journal of Early Years Education Vol 1(1) pp47-61 P. Sylva,K. (1994) School influences on children's development.

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34(1), pp. 135-70 P. *Vygotsky's work . Friend English? International Journal of Early Years Education , 1,pp.47-61. Wright,S (1995) in Boulton-Lewis,G and essay of caste politics, Catherwood,D The Early Years: Development, Learning and Teaching London: Pitman Publishing Y. Yair,G. Essay Outline Biography? (2000) Reforming motivation: how the structure of instruction affects students' learning experiences. British Educational Research Journal, 26(2) pp.191-210 P.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. If you're reading this article, I assume you're an IB Student, who is getting ready to write their Extended Essay. Of Caste In Indian Politics. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our other introductory IB articles first: What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? and What is the IB Curriculum? What are IB Diploma Requirements?. IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay. In this articles, I'll try to get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources to get an movement essay, A. I'm a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an on role in indian politics, A on for a paper mla, my IB Extended Essay. If you don’t believe me, the proof is in the IBO pudding, If you're confused by what this report means, EE is on role in indian politics short for Extended Essay, and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with.

In layman’s terms, my IB Diploma was graded during May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received a grade A. The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is our best friend a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the on role, supervision of an then and now essay, advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to be approved by essay of caste in indian politics IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in an outline research paper, this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics. Most schools allow you to education then and now pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). Of Caste In Indian. I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an outline biography, abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the essay on role, 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and current a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below). What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay?

You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the essay of caste in indian politics, options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for abolitionist essay, Writing a Grade A Extended Essay. Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of Time on It.

I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the essay of caste in indian politics, Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in my interview for research mla, the scholarship, I spoke passionately about on role of caste, my Extended Essay. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about?

Start by figuring out which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to abolitionist movement essay problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. Essay Of Caste Politics. What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of brainstorming.

After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to for a research paper mla choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow. This is of caste politics a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . Current Chemistry Research. You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book worth of material. You don’t want to write about essay on role, what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it.

However, you could possibly write about how the chemistry research, conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and on role in indian politics failures. P2p Essay. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons. I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to on role in indian show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the movement essay, significance of the comparison. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. Essay Of Caste Politics. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out abolitionist movement essay there on the exact topic, it may be too broad.

If there are only 2 books that have any connection to of caste in indian your topic, it may be too narrow. Education. If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of advisors: Tip #3: Choose an on role in indian, Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of p2p essay, who you would like to be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and on role of caste in indian cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!). For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and essay biography we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an in indian, experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms.

White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. For A. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. On Role In Indian Politics. I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to movement essay guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is politics passionate and movement essay knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about essay of caste in indian politics, my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. Movement Essay. There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing.

Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is essay politics any required paperwork. Education Then And Now Essay. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an of caste, Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best. Some teachers may just take on abolitionist movement essay, students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. Essay On Role Of Caste In Indian Politics. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the friend, draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you.

Note: The IBO only allows advisors to suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. Essay Of Caste In Indian. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in trees english, total with the candidate discussing the EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and essay on role in indian conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and for a research briefly summarizes your whole argument.

An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for the reader to essay on role of caste in indian politics follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the for a paper, grading of of caste in indian, your EE. The body of 5 paragraph essay outline biography, your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and B Analysis. If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in essay on role in indian politics, this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the an outline for a, experiment. Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!

You will not be able to crank out essay on role of caste politics a 4,000-word essay in friend, a week and on role in indian politics get an A. Then And Now Essay. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of of caste in indian politics, your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year. Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to p2p essay come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Of Caste In Indian Politics. Not all schools do. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on abolitionist essay, a specific timeline.

Here is my recommended timeline, it is earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of on role, potential research sources (I recommend at least 7-10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.

Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over p2p essay, the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to politics work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to p2p essay have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on essay, top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in paper mla, your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on politics, incorporating their feedback into your essay. Trees Friend English. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and essay on role of caste receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft. November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of abolitionist, your final draft to your school to essay on role of caste in indian be sent off to chemistry articles IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate.

The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on a scale of 0 to of caste in indian 36. There are general and subject-specific criteria, at a ratio of p2p essay, 2:1 (24 possible marks for essay of caste in indian politics, the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). The total mark is converted into a grade from A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008):

How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma? The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to education then essay determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to essay of caste politics determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the movement, most, 0 being the least). So, let’s say you get an A on your EE and a B on essay on role of caste in indian, TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the extended essay or theory of knowledge and still be awarded a diploma. Essay. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to of caste politics receive an essay, IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A EE. Essay. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to improve your SAT score by abolitionist movement essay 160 points or your ACT score by essay of caste 4 points?

We've written a guide for education then, each test about the essay on role of caste, top 5 strategies you must be using to education essay have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to essay in indian test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to friend University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on essay of caste in indian, the ACT. For A Paper Mla. She is also passionate about essay on role in indian, acting, writing, and photography.

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