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ARLENE ALDA: LIFE AS A FEMINIST'S WIFE. Arlene Weiss of the Bronx seemed to have all the tickets: She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Hunter College, won a Fulbright scholarship so she could study music in Europe, and then joined the thesis nomenclature, Houston Symphony as assistant first clarinetist under the direction of Leopold Stokowski. And then, in 1957, she gave up her promising musical career to marry a struggling young actor named Alan Alda, who is two years younger than she and, at speech pathology, 6 feet 2 inches, a full foot taller. They met at a Manhattan party during which a rum cake accidentally toppled off the top of the nomenclature, refrigerator. Essays! Rather than see the hostess suffer hurt feelings, Arlene Weiss and her new friend, Mr. Nomenclature! Alda, sat down and ate the cake off the floor with spoons. ''We were the only two people who did it,'' she recalled with a smile the essays in phenomenological theology, other day, ''and I think it cemented our friendship for life. That sort of playfulness has stood us in thesis good stead for 24 years.''
Today Arlene Weiss is of dissertations, Arlene Alda, and her long-run marriage to the millionaire superstar of films and television's ''M*A*S*H'' is a legend in a business where mates are traded in almost as often as Mercedeses. Some people might assume that the marriage's success was due to Mrs. Thesis! Alda's giving up her music career and adopting what she calls a ''behind the scenes'' role of traditional wife and mother to the Aldas' three daughters, Eve, 22 years old, Elizabeth, 20, and Beatrice, 19. That explanation would sound logical if it weren't that in the last few years Mr. De Montaigne! Alda has evolved into one of the country's best-known male feminists and an outspoken supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment.
In 1976, President Ford appointed him to the International Women's Year Commission. Thesis Nomenclature! His face was recently on the cover of Ms. magazine, and lead essays, the proceeds from the premiere of his new film, ''The Four Seasons,'' went to a Ms.-sponsored fund for investigative reporting. 'No Prompting From Me' Did Mrs. Alda have anything to do with her husband's ardent feminism? She laughed. ''I can't claim that, not at thesis, all,'' she said. ''From the time I met him, I've only known him to be a fair-minded person. There was no prompting from lead essays me. The issues just sort of presented themselves, and he decided to use his visibility to do something he felt very strongly about. I got the feeling that because he had daughters, a concerned wife - I was in thesis the Women's Strike for Peace - and saw social inequities, these all fed into his wanting to do something.'' Although her clarinet is still in its case, Mrs.
Alda has achieved personal success in essays in phenomenological theology an entirely different career: photography, which she took up because she could do it at home and not have to be away from her daughters. Her work has appeared in such national publications as Vogue, New York magazine, The Saturday Evening Post, People and Good Housekeeping. She is nomenclature, also the author of ''On Set,'' a photo essay with text that is a behind-the-scenes look at the filming of her husband's ''The Four Seasons.'' On Tuesday night, Mrs. Alda will be honored at Nikon House, 620 Fifth Avenue, where an exhibition of her photographs will be displayed in June. Mrs.
Alda, 48, is a warm, straightforward, down-to-earth woman with dark eyes and essays, short, curly dark hair. Thesis Nomenclature! Probably no one would call her glamorous in the traditional Hollywood sense. She does her own hair, she wears very little makeup, and the beige linen blazer, printed silk dress and sensible shoes she wore in the interview gave her the look of a suburban matron. She seems to have acquired few social pretensions since the early days of her marriage, when Mr. Alda couldn't find acting jobs and she supported the pathology seminars, family by giving private clarinet lessons and playing in thesis obscure suburban orchestras. Mrs.
Alda smiled when asked if she ever dreamed about making it to the New York Philharmonic if she hadn't given up a musical career. ''The Philharmonic's first clarinetist, Stanley Drucker, is one of my closest friends,'' she said, ''and he's very good, so it's a fantasy I know can't come true.'' ''Besides,'' she added, ''I am so happy at this point in my life, I can't imagine how I could be any happier. If I were still playing the michel de montaigne in french, clarinet, I would never have gotten into photography, which I love. In music, you rise and thesis nomenclature, fall by in phenomenological, virtue of the thesis nomenclature, group; it's a group experience. But photography is so expressive because it's you. You control everything, and I like that.'' Film a Family Affair. ''The Four Seasons,'' a romantic comedy about a year in the lives of three couples who are close friends, was a family affair for essay the Aldas. Mr. Thesis! Alda wrote, directed and starred in for stress essay it, along with Carol Burnett, Jack Weston, Rita Moreno and Len Cariou. And Mrs. Alda, besides doing the book about nomenclature its filming, also shot the wacky photographs of creative curriculum, vegetables that appear in nomenclature the film as the lead essays, work of an obsessive photographer played by Sandy Dennis.
And the Aldas' youngest daughters, Elizabeth and Beatrice, both theater majors at separate Eastern colleges, have small but important roles in the film. Was the film based on any aspects of the Aldas' real life? ''I see bits and pieces of myself in thesis nomenclature some of the characters, and bits and pieces of Alan,'' she said. ''And we do have three couples who are our very close friends, and for stress, we all celebrate our anniversaries together every year. The men do the cooking, and thesis, every year they do an ethnic meal, just like in for stress essay the movie.'' Mrs. Alda said that when she is at home with her husband in either New Jersey or California - they spend six months a year in each - she acts as a ''sounding board'' for what he is thesis nomenclature, writing. ''He'll write a first draft,'' she said, ''and then ask me if it sounds right. Curriculum Vitae! I tend to be fairly objective, and I'll tell him if something rings true and if it doesn't. He likes the feedback.'' Why does she think their marriage has lasted 24 years? ''Personal chemistry, more than anything else,'' Mrs. Nomenclature! Alda replied. ''We both have a good sense of humor, we like to theology, talk a lot, we play games like chess and Scrabble a lot, and thesis, we read to each other. When we're reading the paper, we constantly interrupt each other, trying to share thoughts and ideas.'' ''And I know it's probably a cliche, but we are best friends,'' she added. ''I can't imagine having a husband who wasn't my best friend.'' Illustrations: photo of michel in french, Arlene Alda.
Should Beach Privatization Be Allowed? Room for thesis nomenclature Debate asks whether shorefront homeowners should have to open their land to all comers. Binding! A Woman’s Leadership May Steady Murray. Curlers’ Aim: Sweep to thesis nomenclature, a Win Over the Heat. The Cold War Brews Anew in Prime Time.
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pastor taylor resume Whoever believes that giving is an easy matter, makes a mistake; it is a matter of very great difficulty, provided that gifts are made with wisdom, and are not scattered haphazard and by caprice. - Seneca. God’s work done in God’s way will never lack God’s supply. - Hudson Taylor. A distressed woman wrote to Horace Greeley, the famed journalist, saying her church was going bankrupt. She explained they’d tried fairs, festivals, suppers, mock weddings, and socials, but none had generated enough money to keep the church afloat. “Do you have any suggestions of what else we could do?” she asked. Greeley wrote back, “Why not try religion?” Perhaps if churches would do what they’re supposed to do, God and his people would come through and meet the financial needs. This chapter will address the thesis, recipients of giving, fundraising methods, the proper use of funds, and how to identify worthy ministries. It will also raise some disturbing and controversial questions related to binding of dissertations, various financial practices among evangelicals that are ethically troublesome and leave us vulnerable to criticism and ethical moral decline.
Finances and Fundraising in the Local Church. Giving should start with your local Bible-believing, Christ-centered church, the spiritual community where you’re fed and to which you’re accountable. In the New Testament, giving was not directed to thesis, the Church at essays in phenomenological large, the universal body of thesis nomenclature Christ, but to the church, the local Christian assembly. Even gifts that were sent to other places were given through the local church. Whereas the Old Testament temple was a storehouse, the lead essays, New Testament Church was a clearinghouse, a conduit of gifts to help the needy and thesis reach the lost.
Normally, I think firstfruits, or the tithe, should go to the local church. But I don’t believe in “storehouse tithing” if it means that a church hoards funds or spends them on frills or monuments to ego and prosperity. Michel Essays In French? Freewill giving beyond the tithe also can go to worthy parachurch ministries.1 For fourteen years I was a local church pastor, and for twelve years I’ve directed a parachurch ministry. I believe that both types of thesis ministry deserve support, but the church should always come first. That’s why we give more to michel essays in french, our church than to our ministry. Our giving should go first to the local church because it’s our primary spiritual community. Nomenclature? (“Electronic churches” are a contradiction in binding terms. Nomenclature? They’re media programsnot churches.) No mission boards, youth organizations, or Bible colleges are mentioned in the New Testament. There’s only the local church, which filled all these roles. But history has demonstrated there’s much that local churches have been unable or unwilling to do. Parachurch groups have filled the gap.
Many have done a remarkable job. They’ve been servants of Christ and michel the Church. Others, unfortunately, have competed with churches, draining their resources. How can a ministry in Chicago or Dallas be accountable to donors living in thesis nomenclature Idaho or New York? How can supporters evaluate whether parachurch leaders are of reputable character? I hope that most church members see their pastors in real-life situations. But all they know about the parachurch leader is lead essays, what they’re told. Thesis Nomenclature? From a distance, parachurch organizations with sharp brochures and attractive spokespeople often outshine the local church, where much of the giving supports mundane activities like paying the binding, utility bills and the salary of thesis a pastor who, though a man of speech seminars integrity, may be ordinary. The church is small, the faucets leak, and the people are irritating. The custodian wears old overalls and putters about, jangling his mammoth key chain. People think, I don’t want my money to pay the water or garbage bill; I want it to nomenclature, go 100 percent to evangelism.
The television ministers, with their straight teeth and makeup, tell stories of thousands of conversions. Why fiddle with the penny-ante local church when you can send your money to the big boys? So people give their money instead to in phenomenological theology, a parachurch group, apparently without realizing that it too has irritating, ordinary people; garbage bills; and a custodian with old overalls and a jangly key chain. Paul doesn’t encourage individual believers to give to a needy cause on their own, but instead to give to and through the local church (1 Corinthians 16:2). When the early Christians sold their land and houses, they “brought the thesis, money from the lead essays, sales and put it at thesis nomenclature the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to curriculum, anyone as he had need” (Acts 4:34-35). They didn’t discern on their own where the funds should go.
They entrusted them to thesis nomenclature, spiritually qualified church leaders, who distributed them wisely. Writing in A.D. 390, John Chrysostom says this about the speech pathology seminars, early church’s giving: They did not dare to put their offering into thesis the hands of the needy, nor give it with lofty condescension, but they laid it at the feet of the lead essays, apostles and made them masters and distributors of the gift. What a man needed was then taken from the treasurer of the community, not from the thesis, private property of individuals. Thereby the givers did not become arrogant.2. Most of the undiscerning giving among Christians today stems from our independence. If we were honest, we might have to say, “I give to seminars, this place and that place as I see fit, rather than giving to the church to have it distributed as the spiritual leaders see fit.
Why? Because it’s my money and I’ll do with it what I want. Furthermore, I enjoy receiving recognition and ego strokes from those to whom I send my money.” If believers entrusted the distribution of their God-given funds to qualified local church leaders (I realize that some church leaders aren’t qualified), the worthy parachurch ministries would thrive and the unworthy ones would fade away. I’m often asked, “But how can I give to my church when I don’t agree with how the money is thesis nomenclature, spent?” Perhaps your church leaders are in a better position to speech pathology, judge this than you are. Thesis? And if you actually saw some of these other ministries up close, you’d likely find as much or more to disagree with. If the Bible tells me to pay taxes (Romans 13:1-7), and I comply, even though some will be wasted and even used for bad purposes, surely I can give to God even when I don’t feel comfortable with every use of the funds. Causes? Of course, I must draw the line somewhere. If my money God’s moneyis going to nomenclature, Bible-denying seminaries and groups that promote immorality, it’s time to speak to my church leaders. If I still cannot in good conscience give regularly and substantially to my church, perhaps it’s time to ask God for help finding a church where I can give as he has directed. Fundraising through Pledges and Faith Promises.
Many fundraising gimmicks are used by churches, including raffles, bingo, and other forms of writing gambling. One church raised funds for nomenclature, its building program by giving cash prizes to those bringing in the highest pledges from de montaigne essays other church members.3 But not all attempts at fundraising are gimmicks. Pledges and nomenclature faith promises are also common fundraising methods. A “pledge” is a commitment made in light of known or anticipated income. A “faith promise” is a commitment to give a certain amount of money, even if the giver doesn’t know where it will come from. In either case, individuals are asked to designate an amount of money to be given by a certain date, perhaps in regular monthly installments. Some pledges are merely statements of speech seminars intention.
Others are serious commitments that bring a follow-up reminder from the thesis nomenclature, church. Too many misses and the phone call turns into a visit from the pastor or fundraising chairman. Some pledges are actually legally binding contracts with legal liability in the event of lead essays a default. (When a pledge is simply an expression of desire or intent, or an agreement with God left for his Holy Spirit to enforce, it’s not necessarily unscriptural. However, when it becomes a legal contract, we’ve strayed far from the principles of biblical giving examined in chapter 13.) It’s increasingly common, especially in building projects, to bring in professional fund-raisers or canvassing directors from outside the membership. No matter how well-intentioned, these programs communicate a sad message: The church leaders cannot share a compelling vision that the people will want to support, so they bring in a “hired gun” with an nomenclature, arsenal of ways to get money from people. Pledges are often the creative writing vitae, backbone of thesis nomenclature such campaigns. The strength of the “faith promise” method is that it can prompt not only trust but discipline and ingenuity to earn and save money in speech order to thesis nomenclature, give it to God. Having a tangible goal of, say, $500 or $5,000 encourages prayers for provision and acts of diligence. The weakness of this approach is that faith promises are highly subjective.
They assume God has determined an de montaigne, exact amount of money to be given, and this amount can only be discerned through the person’s “feeling.” Because Scripture never says that God has determined or will reveal such an amount, to “trust God” for it is to obligate him to something he hasn’t promised in the first place.4 Committing to give a predetermined amount over a period of years may violate James 4:13-17, which tells us we cannot know how much money we will make tomorrow, much less months and years from now. If God leads me to relocate while I still have two years and $6,000 left on thesis, my faith promise, do I continue to give to my former church rather than my present one? When the Macedonians gave “beyond their ability,” they were exercising risk-taking faith. This is more important than whether it corresponded to a particular amount they had promised. Whether one uses the faith promise approach or not, God honors prayer, dependence, and generosity. If we don’t set an exact amount, we may find that God still abundantly provides. (I address two relevant issuesfinancial integrity and accountability in the Church and parachurch as well as the use of ministry funds for creative writing, buildingsin appendixes A and B.) Pastors should be paid to free them for ministry. Nomenclature? “Anyone who receives instruction in the word must share all good things with his instructor” (Galatians 6:6).
Paul calls this the minister’s “right of support” from the church (1 Corinthians 9:3-12). Speech Seminars? He says, “The Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel” (1 Corinthians 9:14). Furthermore, “The elders who direct the affairs of the thesis, church well are worthy of binding double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. ‘The worker deserves his wages’” (1 Timothy 5:17-18). Being paid more than he needs gives the nomenclature, pastor the theology, opportunity to live as an thesis nomenclature, example to the flock, most of vitae whomin America and Western nationshave considerable discretionary income. On hearing of his salary raise, one pastor told his elders, “This is nomenclature, much more than I need to michel de montaigne essays, live on.” The elders responded, “Yes, we know.
We want to see what you do with it.” I have no sympathy for churches that deliberately underpay their pastors, forcing them to find ways to thesis, supplement their income. It’s different, of course, when a church genuinely can’t afford to lead essays, pay a pastor. Nomenclature? Many pastors have gladly worked part-time jobs on the side to curriculum, serve smaller churches, and I don’t mean to imply this is always inappropriate. Nomenclature? However, it creates significant challenges. Pastors and lay leaders should work side by side in financial matters. David High compares businessmen in pathology the church to kings and pastors to priests. He argues that both have important roles but the two should not be confused: Priests without kings chase provision to their own hurt. Kings without priests try to generate vision many times to their own hurt.
Today we have churches full of frustrated kings, sitting in pews with their arms folded, listening to frustrated priests who have heard from God but don’t have the money to make it happen.Many good, godly men have destroyed themselves and their ministries when they felt they had to become fundraisers. Once they start chasing money, something twists inside and their message and ministry begin to ring hollow.5. I served as a pastor for fourteen years before becoming director of a parachurch ministry where I’ve been the past thirteen years. My heart is in the local church. A number of my closest friends are pastors. I respect and deeply appreciate pastors.
What I am about to nomenclature, say comes neither from cynicism nor suspicion. Of Dissertations? It is intended for the protection of both pastors and churches. The Lord decried the fact that priests and prophets alike were corrupted by money (Micah 3:11). Peter reminds church leaders to be “shepherds of God’s flock not greedy for thesis, money, but eager to serve” (1 Peter 5:2, italics mine). He insisted that no money-lover was qualified to be a church leader (1 Timothy 3:3).
In his ministry, Paul was so committed to de montaigne in french, avoid even the appearance of loving money that he often supported himself (1 Corinthians 9:18). I recently read an nomenclature, interview with a pastor. De Montaigne Essays In French? When asked about his opulent home (with its own bowling alley), his response was, “God doesn’t want all his children in coach. He wants some of them in first class.” But when those in coach are paying for thesis nomenclature, the pastor to ride in first class, it creates a distinctly different model than the “eager to serve” pastor advocated in Scripture. Even at age eighty-two, Oral Roberts was still talking about shiny new cars and saying, “God wants us to prosper.
And if we prosper, our people will prosper. If the pastor doesn’t prosper, the people won’t have the faith to prosper.”6 Consider the binding of dissertations, contrast between this prosperity model and the servanthood model of our Lord: “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45). Paul warns Titus about thesis nomenclature ministers “ruining whole households by teaching things they ought not to teachand that for the sake of michel in french dishonest gain” (Titus 1:11, italics mine). These passages I’ve quoted constitute a biblical mandate to pastors and thesis Christian leaders, and their boards and constituents, to take great pains to protect leaders and ministries from michel unnecessary temptations toward greed, financial impropriety, and nomenclature possible scandal. Serious problems develop when pastors are paid much more or much less than the average person in the church. Binding Of Dissertations? Disparity can have an adverse effect on both pastors and parishioners.
Years ago the tendency was for pastors to be underpaid, requiring them to neglect their calling to thesis, find other sources of income or tempting them and their families toward envy or resentment. Pastors who are underpaidI mean, when the congregation can afford to pay them moretend to be underappreciated, taken for granted, and in phenomenological theology sometimes patronized as “the poor pastor,” who is in fact kept poor by the church. Unfortunately, this remains true of many pastors today. However, the tendency now in many large churches, especially with senior pastors, is just the opposite-it is to pay them as if they were company CEOs, tempting them to nomenclature, feel more important than the people they shepherd, setting them up, often unintentionally, to lord it over” the flock. Note the contrast in for stress essay 1 Peter 5 between pastors being “greedy for money” and “eager to nomenclature, serve.” When a pastor encourages people to tithe and give generously in freewill offeringswhich he should do as part of preaching the whole counsel of Godand his income is far more than theirs, people wonder, How can he understand our financial struggles when he lives in a house that nice and makes all that money? Sometimes this situation arises from the tendency to fill church boards with successful businessmen, instead of for stress a cross-section of the congregation. This skews the average salary levels of board members and inclines them to pay pastors far above the church average. I have many good friends who are senior pastors, devoted to thesis, God and the ministry. Many of in phenomenological them handle money well. I’m not questioning their hard work or integrity.
I’m questioning instead the market that’s been created for thesis nomenclature, pastors of large churches, who may make several times what other pastors on staff do, even those working harder with fewer vacations and less opportunity for outside income. Causes For Stress? Sometimes pastors are offered what amounts to bribes to thesis nomenclature, get them to leave their churches. I know a pastor of a large church who declined an invitation to become a candidate for an even larger church, saying he believed it was God’s will that he stay with his present congregation. But the de montaigne in french, other church persisted, inviting him to fly out for a visit on a private jet. Thesis? They wooed him and offered him an creative writing vitae, enhanced financial package, eventually persuading him to leave his church after all. Nomenclature? (Apparently, God’s will was negotiable.) Many churches became accustomed to creative writing curriculum, doing special favors for their pastors when they were grossly underpaid.
Clergy discounts were routinely offered, and in some places still are. Pastors were given free places to stay on vacation and nomenclature other freebiessometimes even cars. But today, when many pastors are paid adequately, the same favors are extended by habit. The IRS allows pastors to have tax-exempt housing allowances that save them thousands of dollars annually. I was very grateful for this exemption when I was a pastor, and I’m in favor of seeing it continue. My point is only that the old stereotype of the underpaid pastor isn’t always truefor which I’m extremely glad. Yet I’ve heard pastors who are making good salaries still talk as if they’re underpaid.
Some pastors receive outside pay for speaking engagements and writing books. This may be fine. De Montaigne Essays? But are paid members of the church staff using church equipment and time to thesis nomenclature, do the in phenomenological theology, typing, research, and events scheduling for which the pastor is thesis, being paid by outsiders? This situation sets up a temptation that pastors don’t needthe lure to say yes to writing, out-of-town engagements and add-on projects in order to make money on the side without decreasing their regular pay from the nomenclature, church. These opportunities sometimes create ethical conflicts of interest that wouldn’t be tolerated in the business world. Creative? (If you’re paid by thesis IBM to write software, can you then sell it to others and keep the profits? Anyone can do work on the side-but can you market work for lead essays, which you’ve already been paid by your employer? And can you take time away from your desk to teach seminars and thesis be paid for them?)
I believe that pastors and church boards should set clear parameters concerning the for stress essay, time and money involved in the pastor’s outside speaking and writing. These parameters should be fair to thesis, both pastor and church. How much time is the pastor expected to lead essays, invest in local church ministry each week? Forty hours? Fifty hours? More? This should be mutually agreed upon, so the pastor knows when his church time and nomenclature personal time begin and end. Can a pastor write a book in which he draws from a message he gave to causes for stress essay, his church? Of course. But when the pastor speaks and writes in his non-vacation time, for which he is already receiving a church salary, is it ethical for him to receive book royalties and speaking honorariums for the same work hours?
What message does it send if a pastor is paid by the church while writing a book, then is also paid by the book publisher, and then is nomenclature, paid again when he delivers the causes for stress, material at a conference that takes him away from thesis his church? Is this really in the pastor’s or church’s best interests? (Ironically, when it comes time to set salaries, the speech pathology seminars, board may reason, “He’s become very well known through his books and nomenclature conferenceshe deserves to have his salary increased, whereas our lesser-known pastors don’t qualify for a merit raise.”) Sometimes these ethical dilemmas discourage a pastor because he wrestles with his conscience. This happened when I tried to write my first book when I was still a pastor. Every hour I spent on the book was one more hour I wasn’t available to the church.
I was writing in the middle of the seminars, night to avoid a direct conflict, but that kind of a schedule took its toll. For several subsequent book projects, I requested one- or two-month unpaid leaves of absence, allowing me to focus on writing the thesis, book with no conflict of lead essays interest and no double pay. Most pastors want to thesis, do the right thingand they want to know they’re doing the right thing. When a pastor accepts a speaking invitation, he receives an honorarium on top of his regular salary. For a book contract, he may receive tens of thousands of dollars, perhaps a hundred thousand dollars or more, upon signing. Of Dissertations? For a full-time author, this may be business as usual, but for nomenclature, a pastor or parachurch leader, it may present a serious temptation for personal advancement partially at the expense of his church. If the board and binding of dissertations church want and encourage him to write and thesis nomenclature speak, that’s finebut clear guidelines should be set so that no one misunderstands. If an speech seminars, unpaid leave isn’t used, an alternative might be to schedule a daily writing time (say, from thesis 6:00 to writing vitae, 8:00 A.M.) before the pastor’s church duties begin. In this case, the book royalties could go to the pastor, because he’s writing on his own time.
If the church decides to sponsor the writing project, the pastor might be allowed to write during regular office hours at nomenclature his normal salary, with the royalties going to the church. A church might grant a pastor a certain number of outside speaking engagements to seminars, be done on nomenclature, church time, with honorariums going to binding, the church, or they might allow the pastor to keep the honorariums if they want to compensate for underpaying him. Pastors and boards should discuss how much time is appropriate for a secretary paid by the church to type books, articles, and materials for conferences, and to make related phone calls, if the proceeds from these activities will not go to thesis nomenclature, the church. Examining various company policies for seminars, comparable arrangements might be advisable. I offer these suggestions not to nomenclature, make life more difficult for de montaigne, pastors but to make it easier. It isn’t that I distrust pastors. Rather, I desire to protect them and their churches from thesis nomenclature temptation, impropriety, and the appearance of impropriety. When things are unclear, people always talk.
If people don’t understand the pastor’s working arrangement, especially as it relates to writing and outside speaking and seminars, if it isn’t perfetly clear and in writing, then staff and essay church members are always tempted to gossip-which is in no one’s best interest. Financing and Fundraising in Other Ministries. If Philippians 4:19 is true (“My God will meet all your needs”), why do so many Christian organizations constantly publicize their financial woes? “Please be sensitive to thesis nomenclature, Godsend us your contribution,” pleads a radio and television preacher. “We must receive $300,000 by the end of the month or we’ll have to close our doors!” (Yet when only essays in phenomenological, $100,000 comes in, the doors stay open. Thesis Nomenclature? And it never seems to occur to anyone that God might want to close the ministry’s doors.) Hudson Taylor, a pioneer missionary to China, said, “God’s work done in lead essays God’s way will never lack God’s supply.” If a work is constantly in want of money, always begging for thesis nomenclature, donations, either it’s not God’s work or it’s not being done in God’s way. Theology? Money is not an thesis nomenclature, organization’s greatest asset. God is. Godly people and the goodness of the cause are additional assets. If a ministry has the right God, the theology, right people, and the right cause, then the thesis, finances should also be right.
Some “faith missions” don’t believe that specific needs should be made known. Instead, they say, God should be trusted to move people’s hearts to give. I understand and respect this position. However, it should be balanced with what Paul says in 2 Corinthians 1:8: “We do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about the hardships we suffered in the province of Asia.” His missionary team informed their supporting churches about their trials and pathology needs. He saw other believers as participating in his ministry through their prayers (2 Corinthians 1:11). It’s difficult to pray effectively when the facts aren’t known. The same is true of thesis nomenclature giving. Lead Essays? Most often, I give in response to a known needbut someone first has to inform me of it. Paul didn’t manipulate people when he shared a need, nor did he make them feel that without their giving God would not provide (Philippians 4:10-19).
Paul also made the Corinthians aware of the needs of the Jerusalem poor (1 Corinthians 16:1-4). Then he went one step further to encourage them to take an offering for that need, to be distributed by his ministry team. Nomenclature? He moved from information to binding of dissertations, persuasion, but never to manipulation. The abundance of ministries in our society produces a competition for donor funds. For the leaders of these ministries it creates a sense of nomenclature urgencyan unspoken philosophy that “we must get these funds before someone else does.” Some organizations come up with a new enemy each month, requiring huge amounts of money to combat, giving people a reason to choose them because their cause is of dissertations, more urgent. To undercut this sense of competition and to nomenclature, remind everyone that God has only one team, I recommend that ministries give away a percentage of pathology their assets to nomenclature, support other ministries. In kingdom work, we all win or lose together, and causes we should rejoice at the gains of every Christ-centered ministry.
As ministries have grown and technology has developed, quality promotional materials are more easily producedin stark contrast to the products of ditto machines and offset printers that were prevalent decades ago. Some ministries now produce full-color reports with stunning photographs and layout and thesis nomenclature design that is comparable to those of America’s top businesses. This isn’t necessarily wrong. Binding Of Dissertations? But what if the money spent on slick, expensive publications was instead spent on the actual work of the ministry? If a television program costs $100,000 to produce and $200,000 to purchase the nomenclature, airtimeand then results in $400,000 in contributions to the ministryis it a success?
The ministry may come out $100,000 ahead, but in proportion to causes, the $300,000 investment, can the expense be justified? What would donors think if they knew that three out of every four dollars given merely paid back the nomenclature, organization for what it spent to produce the invitation to give? Many missionaries say that support raising is the part of their work they dread. Ironically, some of those who are most effective in doing the actual work of ministry are least effective in raising funds. The best approach to support raising involves prayerfully presenting the ministry, sharing the facts, and extending the opportunity to form a partnership. When it goes beyond that into binding “selling yourself,” with follow-up contacts pressing for a commitment, support raising loses its innocence. Churches and missions organizations need to become actively involved on behalf of their missionaries so they do not have to thesis nomenclature, become something they aren’tand shouldn’t be.
As a pastor, I came to believe that the raising of theology personal support had gotten out of hand. Support is one thing, but the “support mentality” is another. I’ve talked with men attending seminary who expected the church to pay their way. Their assumption was that if they were doing anything for God, his people should pay for thesis nomenclature, it. But who pays an engineer, a physical therapist, or a nurse to in phenomenological, get their training? They take a job, work extra hours, and make sacrifices. If God provides another way, they gladly accept it, but they don’t assume that someone owes them a free ride. Why should a seminary student be less willing to sacrifice for his sense of nomenclature calling than those going into other professions? If he’s working hard and needs help, the lead essays, body of Christ may well get involved. But he shouldn’t live in expectation of nomenclature it. George Müller was a nineteenth-century Englishman who founded orphanages that cared for thousands of homeless children.
He was known for not soliciting funds or sharing facts and figures, but believing God would provide for every need of the binding, ministry. For reasons they couldn’t explain, the hearts of thesis people were often moved at particular times”the exact times they were neededto give funds or provisions for writing vitae, the orphanages. Nomenclature? The following are George Müller’s fundraising guidelines. Although I don’t believe the first guideline is theology, universally valid (as I’ve mentioned above), I think the others should be prayerfully considered by any church or ministry: 1. No funds should ever be solicited. No facts or figures concerning needs are to be revealed by the workers in the orphanage to anyone, except to God in prayer. 2. No debt should ever be incurred. 3. Thesis Nomenclature? Money contributed for a specific purpose should never be used for writing curriculum, any other purpose. 4. All accounts should be audited annually by professional auditors. 5. Thesis? No ego-pandering by publication of donors’ names with the amount of their gifts; each donor should be thanked privately.
6. No names of prominent or titled persons should be sought for the board or to advertise the institution. 7. The success of the institution should be measured not by michel de montaigne the numbers served or by the amounts of money taken in, but by God’s blessing on the work, which is expected to be in thesis proportion to the time spent in prayer.7. Fundraising will never rise above the level of character exhibited by Christian leaders, who are not to be lovers of lead essays money nor benders of truth for thesis, financial gain (1 Timothy 3:3, 8). We must not be “greedy for money” (1 Peter 5:2). Christian leaders and pastors need to take a strong stand for of dissertations, godly fundraising, not asking, “What are other ministries doing?” but, “Lord, what do you want us to do?”
In 1995, a charity called the Foundation for New Era Philanthropy declared bankruptcy, unveiling a fraudulent financial scheme that had taken more than $350 million from hundreds of individuals and thesis charitable organizations. The victims had been convinced to deposit money with New Era because the foundation supposedly had a group of wealthy anonymous donors who would match the deposits and double them within six months. The operation was a pyramid or Ponzi scheme. There were no anonymous donors.8. More than two hundred evangelical Christian organizations lost money in the New Era scandal, including relief organizations, colleges, denominations, and local churches. Fortunately, more than 85 percent of the money was eventually recovered. But the causes essay, scam revealed a disturbing financial desperation among evangelical organizations. I’m the director of a small nonprofit organization. We receive support from donors. But because my book royalties are assigned to the ministry and nomenclature we distribute them to seminars, others, we give away a large proportion of the amount we receive. You might ask, “Then why not just pay your own way and not take donations?” Because we want and thesis nomenclature need prayer, partnership, and accountability.
We don’t keep a large amount of money in savings because we desire to use and give the lead essays, money we’re entrusted, not stockpile it. I understand that many organizations have times of particular financial need, because we’ve had some ourselves. When we do, I go back to the seventeen financial principles I wrote when we started our ministry in 1990. Nomenclature? The first principle is as follows: Eternal Perspective Ministries belongs to binding, Jesus Christ. EPM staff are privileged to be his servants (1 Corinthians 3:6-7). Thesis Nomenclature? EPM will exist only as long as God wants it to. If it becomes evident that his purpose for EPM is finished, we will close our doors. The sun does not rise or set on this ministry.
It is simply a tool at God’s disposal (2 Timothy 2:21), for him to use asand as long ashe chooses.9. When EPM’s financial inflow dropped two years ago, we decided to close our ministry office on Fridays and lay off our most recently hired employee. Curriculum? When our revenues increased again, we realized that being closed on Fridays had saved money without significantly hampering our ministry. Through the shortage, we discovered a better way of operating, and we’ve continued it ever since. Not everything that requires more money is progress, and not all progress means spending more money. Sometimes it means spending less. Ministries need to learn not to panic at financial crises.
Speaking of thesis “all kinds of trials,” Peter says, “These have come so that your faithof greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by firemay be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is causes, revealed” (1 Peter 1:6-7). Nomenclature? Who brings financial struggles to our ministries? The default answer, judging by fundraising letters, is essays, “Satan, to destroy God’s work and make us less effective.” But the better answer, based on this passage, is “God, to accomplish his work and make us more effective through deepened character and greater dependence on thesis, him.” We should not focus only on pathology seminars, what measures will get us out of thesis nomenclature a financial crisis, but what God is wanting to teach us while we’re in of dissertations the thick of it. Concerns with Donor Conferences. I mentioned previously an invitation from a ministry active in developing countries that was offering a luxurious stay at an exclusive resort in the Bahamas. I have in front of me an invitation from another organization to which our ministry made a one-time contribution of thesis $5,000. Pathology Seminars? The offer is for a two-week luxury cruise visiting seven countries. The ship stops at three ports where there are brief opportunities to observe ministries. It offers veranda rooms starting at $2,899. There are a number of extra charges listed, not to mention airfare to get to the port.
In today’s mail I received an invitation from another major evangelical ministry to a gathering called “Realities of the World’s Children in thesis nomenclature the Twenty-First Century,” centering on the plight of poor children. Enclosed is a picture of where the conference will be helda gorgeous hotel sitting on curriculum, a lake, described as “a world class destinationa beautiful resort with a blend of casual elegance, superb service, and world-class recreation. Throughout your stay, winding walkways will lure you through stunning displays of lush fountains and manicured courtyard gardens.The resort offers breathtaking golf courses, smashing tennis facilities, a wonderful spa with staff to pamper you.” Then there’s the dinner cruise on a boat that’s no less than “exquisite.” True, some people are already taking such trips. So, why shouldn’t ministries offer them in a way that can stretch people’s vision for ministry? A great deal of nomenclature money will likely be contributed by those going on these cruises and staying in these luxury hotels. Does the end justify the means? Isn’t there something fundamentally inappropriate about using places steeped in luxury for people concerned about helping dying children, when the costs for the weekend, if spent on helping children instead, would keep thousands alive?
Isn’t feeding into the allure of excessive lifestyles a problem rather than a solution? How can we wish our supporters would forgo luxuries to support kingdom causes, then turn around and offer them luxuries to support kingdom causes? Why are we appealing toand justifyingsomething in michel de montaigne essays in french donors that Christ may be seeking to overcome in nomenclature them? (And in us?) It’s appropriate for ministries to lead essays, express sincere gratitude for acts of thesis generous giving. For Stress Essay? What seems inappropriate is pampering these givers to motivate them toward further giving. (There’s also the effect on nomenclature, those in the ministry who start living a rich lifestyle vicariously through their donors.) Are expensive tours, chartered fishing trips, and exotic vacations necessary? I sometimes speak at donor events in very nice surroundings, realizing that Paul says, “I have become all things to all men” (1 Corinthians 9:22). He also says, “I know what it is to be in of dissertations need, and I know what it is to thesis nomenclature, have plenty.
I have learned the michel essays, secret of nomenclature being content in michel in french any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in thesis nomenclature want” (Philippians 4:12). There are many wealthy people who need to be reached with the liberating truth of joyful giving. To reach them, we must go where they are or invite them where they will come. Yet perhaps we are doing a disservice to many, assuming that we must have the nicest possible accommodations to win their attendance at a conference, when if we focused on the opportunity to use money for God’s kingdom they might come just as willinglyand perhaps more so. Shouldn’t we teach donors through our words and deeds that God is their rewarder, not us? The giving of good books and helpful gifts can be appropriate, but churches and writing ministries should be careful not to overshadow the thesis, biblical reasons for pathology seminars, giving. Ministries should not allow donors to determine policy. One mission was offered the free use of a beautiful luxury ship to take its donors up and down the coast of Africa so they could see their work among the poor. Nomenclature? Fortunately, the ministry president saw that this would be inappropriate.
But anything that a donor offers to pay forincluding weekends in lead essays extravagant resortscan be tempting. “We can’t really refuse something if it’s offered us, can we?” The answer is “Yes, we can.” And in some cases we certainly should. Just as donors need to speak up and challenge ministries to spend their money more carefully, ministries with long-term relationships with donors earn the right to nomenclature, gently challenge them. Lead Essays? Certainly we should not allow some donors’ expensive tastes to nomenclature, change how the ministry operates. Churches and ministries should offer mature spiritual leadership rather than follow the agendas set by every wealthy donor. A delightful twenty-two-year-old woman came to me. She had suffered a disfiguring accident, followed by dozens of painful surgeries.
Then she became wealthy through an insurance settlement. In a newspaper interview, she was asked, “What will you do with the money?” She said she wanted to speech pathology seminars, support Christian ministries. In tears, she told me of the phone calls that followed from ministries and a Christian college. Suddenly everyone wanted to take her to thesis nomenclature, lunch. Then she told me she’d been serving on the board of an evangelical mission. Lead Essays? I asked her, “Do you think they’d have asked a twenty-two-year-old to be on the board if you weren’t wealthy?” She sobbed and said, “Since the money came in, I don’t know who really cares and who just wants to use me.” Many donors have become cynical toward churches and ministries, believing that they are being courted only because of their wealth. Unfortunately, sometimes it’s true. (What more effective way to ensure significant giving than to put a wealthy person on the board?) Many ministries and nomenclature a fair number of local churches do it, but courting big donors seems like the speech pathology seminars, favoritism of the rich that Scripture explicitly condemns (James 2:1-5).
Relationships between Ministries and Donors. Psychiatrist and lecturer Dr. Roy Menninger states, Having money to thesis, give away and the power to decide to whom to give it is intoxicating, and foundations can be irritating examples of the “narcissism of the righteous.”We all need to be aware of some of the darker sides of human views of for stress money and nomenclature of giving and receiving, if we are to keep from creative curriculum vitae exploiting the nomenclature, power position of the donor or the dependent position of the lead essays, seeker.10. Ministry representatives and donors should conduct their interactions in a way that’s biblical and nomenclature honest. Speech Pathology? Communication should be open, and thesis nomenclature false expectations should be avoided. We should commit ourselves to no game playing, hidden agendas, or unfounded assumptions. Donors should understand and respect the ministry’s representatives and not take advantage of them from a power position. Donors and ministry representatives are both God’s slaves, his errand boys and girls. Both should be humble and transparent. Ministry representatives who constantly pump up donors, telling them how important and binding wonderful they are, forfeit the right to complain when donors turn around and act in a way that’s self-important.
If you want someone to act humbly, feeding his pride isn’t the best strategy. We shouldn’t tempt donors toward the very things from which God seeks to deliver themincluding pride (craving recognition and nomenclature status), control, independence, and essays materialism. Ministry staffers can fall into the trap of ingratiating themselves and flattering donors. Thesis? This is manipulative and explicitly violates Scripture: “A lying tongue hates those it hurts, and a flattering mouth works ruin” (Proverbs 26:28); “He who rebukes a man will in the end gain more favor than he who has a flattering tongue” (Proverbs 28:23). Flattery never serves the interests of the person we’re flatteringit serves only essays in phenomenological theology, our interests. Any relationship with a donor is unhealthy if a ministry leader or a pastor will not raise concerns about character or choices. Withholding the truth in the interests of not losing someone’s support is a disservice to the donors and to thesis nomenclature, the Lord.
Instead, we should speak the truth in love (Ephesians 4:15). Some donors see through flattery and don’t appreciate it, whereas others soak it up. Sometimes, genuine and healthy friendships develop in this context, but most donors aren’t looking for more close friends. Someone told me he’d called a well-known leader on a matter of some urgency. Lead Essays? A few weeks had gone by thesis and the binding of dissertations, leader hadn’t called him back.
He said, “I’m used to calling the thesis, ministries we support and having everyone know my name. People step out of meetings to take my calls. Now I know how people feel when they’re waiting for me to return their calls.” This lesson in humility was healthy. Essay? It’s one reason I’m grateful to be part of a ministry that both receives substantial gifts and also grants them. I know what it’s like on both sides.
I’ve suggested to ministry representatives that they send us no-frills information letting us know about strategic projects. I will read these. There is no need for thesis nomenclature, me to go on fishing trips or sightseeing tours or even regular lunches. If I spent my days and nights having dinner, traveling, and vacationing with people from all the organizations we support, I would have no time to writing vitae, write books and therefore would have much less to give to kingdom causes. Once I explain my perspective, most ministry representatives understand. I’ve found the thesis, majority to be gracious and kingdom-minded. Ministry representatives shouldn’t presume to know whether it’s God’s will for binding, a donor to give to a project. Likewise, donors shouldn’t presume to thesis, know God’s will for exactly how the money should be used once it’s given. When giving, we need to truly release funds into the care of stewards we trust. Paid Celebrity Endorsements for Ministries. One of the most disturbing recent fundraising developments is speech pathology, paid celebrity endorsements of charities given at thesis nomenclature conferences and concerts.
A speaker or musician might give an appeal for a ministry’s child sponsorships. Creative Writing Curriculum? For every child sponsored as a result of the appeal the performer receives $25 to thesis nomenclature, $50. (In the secular world, this is called a kickback.) A pastor’s wife attending a popular conference heard a speaker strongly endorse a ministry that works with needy children. On a hunch, the pastor’s wife asked the speaker afterward if she or the organization had been paid an endorsement fee. “Of course,” the speaker replied. Speakers have been paid as much as $10,000 for michel essays, a single large-event endorsement. Someone learned at a ministry board meeting that the organization was “negotiating” with a popular musician to get his endorsement. “What’s there to thesis nomenclature, negotiate?” he asked. “Either someone believes in this ministry and is willing to give his money and time and name to it, or he doesn’t.” If someone is paid money by a ministry for asking an audience to theology, give money to nomenclature, that ministry, it doesn’t qualify as a heartfelt endorsement. It seems more like a bribe or a payoff. Satan is a master at writing curriculum vitae twisting good things and perverting acts of thesis nomenclature grace and kindness into profit-seeking ventures. It’s commendable when speakers or musicians believe in a mission so much they would sacrifice to support it. It’s wonderful that they’d take an for stress essay, offering for thesis nomenclature, that ministry.
But to speech pathology, be paid for doing soto take for themselves any amount of money given by thesis nomenclature those intending it to go to binding, help poor childrenis unethical. (If the audience knew, they would be heartsick and perhaps angry. God does know. Is he heartsick? Angry?) I know a fine group of young musicians who were approached by a major missions organization asking them to promote its ministry. The mission offered them a 20 percent cut of all funds collected at their concerts.
Suppose the lead singer made the following public statement: “Eighty percent of thesis nomenclature tonight’s offering will go to feed the hungry in Haiti; the other 20 percent will go to writing, us as payment for bringing this to your attention.” If the truth was divulged, people would be able to act in nomenclature light of it. But most ministries, musicians, and speakers wouldn’t agree to such a disclosure. Why? Because it would look bad for everyone. But if it looks bad, isn’t that because it is bad? If those involved would be embarrassed by disclosure, isn’t that an indication it shouldn’t be done in the first place? I think that veteran ministry leaders should be ashamed of essays in phenomenological theology themselves for putting this kind of temptation in thesis nomenclature front of young Christian musicians. They need examples of integrity, not offers that would compromise their integrity. I have no problem with a ministry asking to present its vision to a speaker or group and then asking them to lead essays, pray about calling attention to their cause.
I have major problems with offering them a percentage of “the take” (once known as the offering). Unless this is done with full disclosure, unless clear verbal or printed recognition is made of this financial arrangement, the offering is a deception. Anything less than full disclosure to potential donors constitutes fraud. Thesis Nomenclature? Such arrangements will inevitably promote abuse, and sometimes lead to public scandal. In French? Consider the temptation to overstate or misrepresent needs or to speak with artificial enthusiasm for the poor, while thinking of the larger kickback they will get for doing so. Our enemies dish out enough temptations without us dispensing them to our friends. Thesis? Think of a Christian speaker appealing to causes essay, people to give to starving children, knowing what the audience doesn’this personal wealth will increase directly in proportion to what he says and how well he says it. Imagine your pastor asking the congregation to dig deep and give to thesis nomenclature, a mission to plant churches and give medical aid to creative vitae, the needy in rural Columbian villages. Hearts are moved.
The church takes an offering and thesis $50,000 is given. Praise God! Now imagine it’s a week later, and a church board member mentions that the pastor was paid $10,000 for making the plea and only $40,000 actually went to the mission. How would you respond? It may sound absurdbut that’s exactly the deal arranged by some Christian ministries with musicians. Some say, “We don’t publicly disclose this arrangement, because even though we know it’s right to binding of dissertations, spend money to raise money, people would get the wrong idea. They’d misunderstand.” The real danger isn’t that people would misunderstandit’s that they would understand . If they understood that part of the nomenclature, offering was going to the celebrity, not to lead essays, the cause, they would see it for nomenclature, what it is, and probably not support it. (If I believed in the cause and knew of these arrangements, I would send my check directly to the organization, so more would go to needy children instead of to the celebrity.
Shouldn’t I be given the information to michel de montaigne essays, allow me to thesis, make that choice?) Taking an offering should be an opportunity to serve the needy, not a means to make money off the cause of the needy. For Stress? The only nomenclature, way to lead essays, know one’s motives are right in making the thesis nomenclature, appeal is not to lead essays, profit from the arrangement. Those in ministry should seek to serve, not to be served. (Isn’t that what ministry is about?) They should look for the right organization to supportwhich would presumably not be the one that offered them the kickback. “But speakers are paid an honorariumwhat’s the difference?” The difference is that people assume the speaker is being paid. If you attend a seminar, it’s understood that part of the cost goes to the speaker. Thesis? If you pay for a concert, it’s understood that the funds go to the music group. Essays Theology? No one’s being lied to or misled. But in the case of paid celebrity endorsements, people are being misled. Poll those attending and you’ll find that most believe the speaker or musician is voluntarily endorsing the ministry because God has touched his heart by it. The audience has no clue that the first several thousand dollars given, or a percentage of the total, goes not to the cause but to the speaker or musician.
The ministry may argue, “It costs money to make money. If we put a full-page ad in a magazine, or if we produce an infomercial, it will cost us a higher percentage of what’s given than if we pay 20 percent to a music group. Thesis Nomenclature? If people realize it’s okay to spend money to advertise in a magazine, why isn’t it okay to pay to lead essays, get the endorsement of a speaker or music group?” The operative word is “realize.” Everyone knows that it costs money to put an thesis, ad in a magazine. But unless it’s explicitly disclosed, they have no clue that a speaker or music group is being paid for its endorsement. “But the poor get more help than if we didn’t do this.” Who says we have to choose between misleading people and helping the poor? Believing that honest fundraising can’t be productive is an speech seminars, insult to God and his people. Thesis Nomenclature? Personally, I believe that speakers or musicians who are endorsing a ministry and receiving nothing in return should make this clear.
Doing this would be a great example to other speakers and musicians and would reassure the audience (who might otherwise become cynical as they learn about deceptive practices). Best of all, the speaker or musician’s reward would then come not from the ministry but from the Lord. Creative Vitae? We’re not to thesis, do things for those who can benefit us, but for lead essays, those who can’tand then God himself will reward us in heaven (Luke 14:12-14). Opportunism and attempts to buy and sell the spiritual are not new. Simon Magus was the first entrepreneur to see “money” written all over ministry: When Simon saw that the nomenclature, Spirit was given at the laying on binding, of the nomenclature, apostles’ hands, he offered them money and said, “Give me also this ability so that everyone on whom I lay my hands may receive the pathology seminars, Holy Spirit.” Peter answered: “May your money perish with you, because you thought you could buy the thesis, gift of God with money! You have no part or share in this ministry, because your heart is not right before God. Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord. Perhaps he will forgive you for having such a thought in michel de montaigne essays your heart.” (Acts 8:18-22) What makes us think that God has changed his opinion of attempts to thesis, profit under the veil of ministry?
Every church and creative vitae ministry leader should ask, “What are we doing that would make us embarrassed or uncomfortable if people knew it?” As I write this, I am asking myself that very question concerning our own nonprofit ministry. Thesis Nomenclature? If we think of in french somethingand I just didisn’t that a good indication we should stop it now? Donors should ask the ministries they support whether they are paying to thesis, get celebrity endorsements or are spending their funds in some way other than it appears. If the answers aren’t ethically and of dissertations biblically satisfactory, donors should say that until the ministry’s policies change, they can no longer in good conscience support them and must give their money to ministries that are operating at thesis a higher level of integrity. For everyone’s sake, including their own, ministries need to lead essays, be held accountable by their supportersand so do Christian musicians and speakers. We should be stimulating each other to love and good deeds, setting ethical examples, raising the bar for each other, not lowering it. Jesus will examine the motives of our heartsincluding our truthfulness and the sincerity of our words spoken on behalf of the nomenclature, poor and in support of essays in phenomenological theology kingdom ministries (1 Corinthians 4:5). If we have given to the needy for their good and thesis nomenclature God’s glory, he will commend us. If we have taken from them for financial gain, he will not. Imagine standing before Christ someday and hearing him say, “I tell you the vitae, truth, whatever you did for one of the thesis nomenclature, least of these brothers of mine, you did foryourself!”
The Ethics of lead essays Ghostwriting. Ghostwriting is when someone else writes a book that is credited to a celebrity as if he or she wrote it. The usual rationale for this practice is that because the real writer’s name isn’t well-known and thesis nomenclature marketable, the book won’t sell unless it’s released under the celebrity’s name. This is so commonly practiced that many Christian publishers, authors, and celebrities see no ethical problem with it. Writing? Some of these people are sincere in their beliefsI know because I’ve talked with them.
I have great respect for my publishers, and many others too, but all of thesis us, including me, naturally become desensitized. In Phenomenological Theology? Sometimes those of thesis us who are on de montaigne essays, the inside of publishingincluding authors, agents, and publishersfail to see what those on nomenclature, the outside immediately recognize as unethical. I’m not talking about the legitimate process of coauthoring, in which authors invest varying levels of work and expertise into the writing. Nor am I talking about binding books that, after being written, need substantial editing provided by the publisher. By ghostwriting , I’m talking about when the actual writer’s name is thesis, not on theology, the cover, or when a person’s name is on the cover (even as a coauthor with the real writer) who did little or nothing to actually write the book. I know of cases where the celebrity didn’t write a word and only skimmed through the book for the first time late in the editing process, yet their name is thesis, prominent on the cover, as if they were the author. Lead Essays? Is this honest? Consider what this practice does to immature believers who are athletes, musicians, or public figures made prominent through tragic or newsworthy events. “Here’s the offer: We will make you a lot of nomenclature money, and you will get to take credit for essays theology, doing something you really didn’t do.” We feed their ego, and set them up for deception and pride, which is bound to cause them to fall (Proverbs 16:18).
They’re under enough temptation alreadywhy do we feel compelled to add to it by making the false claim that in thesis addition to everything else they’re writers? If we teach them it’s okay to lie by theology taking credit for a book they didn’t write, why should we be shocked if we discover they lied when they claim to have graduated from a college they didn’t, or to have fought in a war they didn’t, or to nomenclature, have done a job they didn’t? Isn’t it ironic that Christian publishers would consider it an ethical breach if they discovered an essays, “author” gave them a résumé containing false information, when the same publisher has knowingly led the public to believe this person wrote a book he or she really didn’t write? Which is the bigger lie? Nothing is more uncomfortable than hearing an interview with those who are asked about their experiences writing a book they didn’t write. Their temptation is to pretend and cover up the truth. Sometimes they pretend long enough that they convince themselves they’re writers, becoming better liars all the time.
Publishers often approach prominent pastors and Christian leaders whose greatest temptations are toward pride and pretense and then help them pretend they wrote a book, taking pride in something they didn’t do! Putting musicians, writers, speakers, and others on pedestals goes way beyond healthy respect for role models. It borders on idolatry. Thesis? Arguably it’s not good for anyone, but certainly it’s not good for essays theology, the young, the nomenclature, immature, and those already struggling with pride, pretense, money loving, and other temptations that are only fed by “I wrote a book” celebrity status. Ask the average person what it means when a name is on a book cover, and they’ll tell you it means the person actually wrote it. That’s what book buyers believe. Hence, the writing vitae, book is sold to them under false pretenses. I’ve been told “the ghostwriter knows what he’s agreeing to, and if he doesn’t need to see his name on the book, that’s up to him.” But the question isn’t what the ghostwriter or celebrity believes, it’s what the potential book-buyer believes. Ghostwriters may receive far greater royalties than if they were known as the book’s true author. They may have a vested interest in the falsehood just like everyone else involved.
Why not tell the truth on thesis nomenclature, the cover, saying who really wrote the book and leaving off the names of any who didn’t write it? The answer is simple: “It wouldn’t sell as well.” If the essays, response is “the book is just as good or better than if the celebrity wrote it,” that may well be true, but people should be allowed to decide that for themselves, shouldn’t they? How dare we mislead and deprive readers of accurate information about who actually wrote the book they are considering buying? This isn’t just patronizing and insulting, it’s downright dishonest. Thesis Nomenclature? Why do we imagine this is any different than withholding information about the used car we’re trying to sell, for fear that if we told the truth people wouldn’t buy it? Is our goal just to sell books, or to honor Jesus? The same principle applies to columns and michel in french articlesincluding those in many ministry and Christian college publicationsthat are not actually written by the Christian leaders listed as authors. Thesis? Some college presidents never write their own articles in school publications, yet their names are always attached to them. Essays In Phenomenological? If students at nomenclature the same college put their name on papers written by someone else, this would be grounds for dismissal. So why is in phenomenological theology, it all right for the president to thesis nomenclature, do it? Similarly, ministry fundraising letters signed by the president or CEO frequently aren’t written by him.
In 1990 a scandal occurred involving Milli Vanilli. The singing group’s name became a cultural synonym for dishonesty and hypocrisy simply because the people doing the essays in french, singing for their recordings weren’t the thesis, ones getting credit for it. So why is this recognized as being wrong, but it’s somehow considered acceptable to take credit for a book, article, or letter someone else wrote? A class-action suit was filed against Milli Vanilli and their recording company, and purchasers of Girl You Know It’s True were given the opportunity to request a rebate for fraud damages. Lead Essays? Are readers of books that are not written by their stated authors entitled to thesis nomenclature, a rebate for exactly the lead essays, same reasons? Someone could argue that the real singers sounded better than Milli Vanilli. But the point is that the thesis, whole thing was a lie, and customers were outraged by michel essays in french it. It’s ironic that Christians would stoop to nomenclature, ethics that even most non-Christians, who don’t believe what the Bible says about truth, would immediately recognize as wrong. Isn’t it reasonable for both Christians and non-Christians to be able to buy a Christian book with the confidence that the person identified on the book and lead essays publicized as the author actually wrote it? “But ghostwriting is a well-established practice.” Many things are well-established practices, but that doesn’t make them right. I’ve seen people heartsick, disillusioned, and thesis angry when they discover that various popular Christian books weren’t written by the person whose name is on the cover.
We who supposedly esteem the truth so highly should be the in phenomenological theology, last ones to participate in thesis nomenclature such deceit. Every argument I hear for ghostwriting is pragmatic. Of course people make money by michel essays ghostwriting. People also make money from prostitution, theft, and drug dealing. Thesis? The real question is not whether ghostwriting is profitable but whether it is moral . I never hear people offering biblical and ethical justifications for speech pathology, it, only practical ones.
Why? Perhaps because there simply is no biblical justification for it. There’s sometimes a fine line between ghostwriting and celebrity books written “with” others. Writing a book about nomenclature people, with their cooperation, is certainly fine, as long as there’s no pretense or false impression about who did the writing. But when the cover puts the celebrity’s name first, followed by “and” or “with” the true writer, the implication is that the celebrity did most or much of the writing. If, in speech seminars fact, the “author” did nothing more than grant interviews, answer questions, pass on a few pages of nomenclature a journal, or supply a recorded speech, then he or she isn’t the author and shouldn’t be promoted as such. If this isn’t a book by Celebrity X but about Celebrity X, that’s finebut shouldn’t this distinction be made clear by listing the real author’s name exclusively on seminars, the cover?
The celebrity can still be emphasized as the subject of the book, but not as the author. Thesis? The writer shouldn’t pretend to be a world-class athlete or movie star, and the celebrity shouldn’t pretend to be a writer. Sometimes the writing vitae, “name” person is a celebrity author who can write but didn’t write this book. Nomenclature? If the binding of dissertations, celebrity didn’t write it but just supplied some suggestions or advice, he or she belongs on the acknowledgments page, not the cover. Ask yourself, “Given the amount of work the celebrity actually contributed to writing the book, if the name wasn’t well-known, would it be on the cover?” If the answer is no, then the ethics are clear-the celebrity’s name shouldn’t be on the cover as author.
I believe Christian ghostwriting is a scandal waiting to explode. If we in the Christian community don’t clean up our act soon, we’re going to face widespread loss of credibility. What a tragedy if 60 Minutes were to expose a practice we should never have tolerated. Can’t you see an thesis nomenclature, interviewer holding up a book and asking well-known Christian authors, “Did you really write this book?” Envision the neatly edited scenes of embarrassment, head-hanging, evasions, rationalizations, and reports that “so-and-so author and lead essays publisher wouldn’t return our calls.” This could be a major setback for Christian publishers and nomenclature authors at the very time that Christian books have made unprecedented inroads into the mainstream culture.
We need to confess, repent of, and change our policiesand stop being driven by moneylove and ego building. If we’re not telling the truth about who wrote the bookon the cover, in large printwhy should people believe what’s inside the book, in pathology small print? False Advertising by Christian Colleges. Many Christian colleges routinely print doctrinal statements in their catalogues that are not believed or taught by some or even many of nomenclature their professors. The academic vice president of lead essays a major Christian liberal arts college confided to thesis nomenclature, me, “If Christian parents actually knew what their children are being taught in our classrooms, they would pull them out of college tomorrow.” And, I would add, they’d never give another dime to that college. If Christian colleges told the truth in their promotional materials, some would read like this: “Thirty-four percent of our faculty believe in the inerrancy of God’s Word. Twenty-one percent of our science teachers believe the creative writing curriculum, biblical account of creation.
No one in our psychology department believes in the doctrine of original sin. Two out of our three sociology teachers are proabortion and defenders of homosexual lifestyles. The director of our philosophy department is an agnostic. The head of our Bible department hasn’t attended church for thesis, ten years because he doesn’t believe in organized religion.” Why not be honest and admit this publicly? The answer is simple: So Christian parents will keep paying to send their students there, and so the college’s major Christian donors will keep sending money.
I am a great believer in essays in phenomenological Christian higher education. But the thesis, doctrinal statements published in many Christian colleges, including some at which I’ve spoken, are simply false advertising (also known as lying). Binding? Much of the nomenclature, motive for this dishonesty boils down to money. Fees for Christian Speakers. In Judges 8:22-27, we see a remarkable account of a man with a right perspective who does not crave power but makes what appears to lead essays, be just a small concession. The Israelites say they want Gideon to rule over them because he is nomenclature, their hero who saved them from Midian. But Gideon says, “I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over for stress essay, you. The Lord will rule over you” (Judges 8:23).
But then he makes a request, that they would each give him an thesis nomenclature, earring”just that much and no morefrom their share of the plunder. In French? The weight of the gold rings came to about forty-three pounds. Gideon made the gold into thesis an ephod, which he placed in his hometown. “So what?’ we might think. “That’s a small price for people to pay. They wouldn’t even miss it.
And Gideon certainly earned it.” But the verse ends with this sentence: “All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping [the ephod] there, and speech it became a snare to Gideon and his family” (Judges 8:27). The hero Gideon is transformed from a man of thesis nomenclature perspective to a man as shortsighted as the kings of the writing vitae, heathen nations. Thesis Nomenclature? “There’s nothing wrong with gold earrings and a beautiful ephod, and binding of dissertations nothing wrong with a man being rewarded for faithful leadership.” Yet somehow it all turned into something terribly wrong. It became a snare to Gideon and his family, and nomenclature led Israel to idolize a cheap substitute for God rather than worship the true God. Gideon, his children, and the nation paid a terrible price. Lead Essays? I believe that some Christian speakers are in nomenclature serious danger of making the same mistake today. I attended a ministry fundraising event where the speaker made a point of saying, “I believe in michel de montaigne this ministry so much I’m going to give 10 percent of my honorarium back.” What he didn’t mention was that the fee he required for this thirty-minute speaking engagement was $5,000. Thesis? So he gave $500, but walked away with $4,500. Of course, it’s his prerogative to set a fee and essays in french the organization’s prerogative to pay him that. Thesis? (Although those attending the fund-raiser would likely give less if they knew that that the first forty-five gifts of $100 would be negated by the speaker’s fee).
But for the speaker to imply he was making a financial sacrifice for in french, the ministry’s causeor that he was there because he believed so much in the ministrywas misleading. I am dismayed at the contracts required by some contemporary Christian musical groups. To perform a concert at your church, the nomenclature, stated fee will be so much (in either four or five figures) plus round-trip airfareoften in first class, not coach. Every detail of the michel, accommodations is spelled out, down to “sushi for twenty persons” waiting at the hotel, in one case. All this is done so that the thesis nomenclature, group can stand before an inner-city audience and exhort the people to de montaigne, “just trust the Lord for all your needs.” 11. I, too, am dismayed at nomenclature fees charged by binding Christian speakers to come “serve the Lord and thesis his people” for a single weekend. I don’t mean to say that all fees are wrong, but if it isn’t part of one’s income depended on to make a living, I think it’s better to leave honoraria in for stress essay the hands of those who are extending the thesis, invitation to speak. But when Christian speakers are charging ten to thirty thousand dollars to binding, represent the Lord, isn’t something wrong?12 Some will say, “We should charge what the market demands,” and, “Shouldn’t Christians be able to make money like non-Christians do?” and, “Don’t muzzle the ox that treads the thesis, grain.” Well, yes, but how much grain can one ox tread in theology a single evening? A Christian physicist has the right to make as much money for thesis nomenclature, his lecture on thermodynamics as any other scientist.
But when you are billed as a Christian speaker and the supposed objective is representing Jesus, when words such as “ministry” and “serving” and “testimony” are used to promote the event, isn’t that a little different? Would it affect people’s attitudes to hear that the speaker demanded a fee of $10,000? If we’d be ashamed if that was known, isn’t it a good sign it would be better not to do it? Isn’t ministry about something more than what the market demands? What about michel essays Christian conferences that are marketing extravaganzas and ministries that offer their own Visa cards so they can receive a percentage on each purchase? Have we gone too far? Some people set reasonable fees for their services, and this is part of how they make a living for their family. This is fine. I don’t suggest everyone do this, but my own policy is not to thesis nomenclature, charge a speaking fee and leave honoraria completely voluntary.
I’ve received everything from no honorarium to several thousand dollars. Essays Theology? When someone extending an invitation asks for estimates or guidelines, my assistant and I politely decline to give numbers. When organizations start to tell me what honorarium they’re willing to thesis nomenclature, give, I tell them I’d rather not know. This is not because I’m so spiritual but exactly the for stress, opposite: It’s because I want to be influenced by the leading of God’s Spirit in deciding where to thesis nomenclature, speak, and I don’t trust myself to remain uninfluenced by creative writing vitae the money. In what I hope is thesis nomenclature, sanctified self-interest, my desire for eternal reward motivates me to reduce the temptation of going somewhere to ostensibly “serve” God and his Church when in fact I’d be going for causes essay, the financial payoff. The Christian Celebrity Syndrome. Ron Blue and thesis nomenclature Company manages financial assets exceeding two billion dollars. I submitted to Ron my first draft of this chapter, looking for balance and correction. I expected him to encourage me to tone down my concerns about everything from fundraising to ghostwriting to speaker fees to celebrity endorsements.
He surprised me by saying “I totally agree. Don’t tone it down.” Ron shared his observations of troubling financial ethics in some churches and nonprofit organizations. He expressed a deep concern for what he called the “Christian celebrity” phenomenon that leads to serious abuses, many of binding them financial, which he’s in nomenclature a unique position to lead essays, see. Ron has asked clients who are Christian leaders, “Would you be comfortable if your tax returns were published in the Wall Street Journal? ” His point is thesis, that if we would be ashamed or embarrassed by full disclosure of our financeseverything from our salaries and all other sources of in french income to our proportion of nomenclature givingit’s an indication we should be living differently. If we would be embarrassed for other people to know the truth, shouldn’t we be concerned about God, whose standards are much higher and who does know the truth? In A.D. 400, Jerome warned the church, “Shun, as you would the plague, a cleric who from being poor has become wealthy, or who, from being nobody has become a celebrity.”13 In the early church, leaders led by a model of sacrifice and generosity, not by privilege and accumulation.
Unfortunately, the modern evangelical cultureincluding the speech pathology seminars, publishing and thesis music industriesis generating Christian celebrities and lavishing them with wealth they’re often unprepared to handle. This isn’t sour grapes. In doing many book signings and media and speaking events, I’ve had at least a taste of what it’s like to be treated as a celebrity. It’s fine to respect and appreciate someone’s writing, but some people treat me better than I deserve. I do not believe that these people are trying to lead essays, dishonor God. Thesis? And I personally know a number of people known as Christian celebrities who genuinely seek to honor God. I’m as vulnerable as anyone to sliding down the slippery slope of essay pride, succumbing to flattery, and gradually coming to think that I deserve special attention, recognition, and material indulgences. People who think they are entitled to lots of money also tend to think they’re entitled to sexual immorality and other self-indulgences. As countless fallen Christian leaders have demonstrated, financial indulgences and nomenclature sexual indulgences tend to go hand in lead essays hand.
I take no pleasure in addressing these issues. I hope it will serve Christ’s body by initiating some self-examination, dialogue, and reform. Edited excerpts from Chapter 15 of Money, Possessions and thesis Eternity , by Randy Alcorn (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale, 2003), 243-276. 2 John Chrysostom, quoted in Christian History 7, no. 2 (1987): 23. 3 Mel Rees, “Church Fund-raising,” Ministry (July 1985): 4. 4 Garry Freisen deals with these and other possible weaknesses of the faith promise approach in his book Decision Making and the Will of God (Portland, Ore.: Multnomah, 1980), 361-67. 5 David R. High, Kings Priests (Oklahoma City: Books for Children of the World, 1997), 26, 18. 6 Foster Church, “Legendary preacher enraptures audience,” The Oregonian, n.d. 7 Eugene Habecker, “Biblical Guidelines for causes, Asking and Giving,” Christianity Today (15 May 1987): 34. 10 Roy Menninger, speaking at 1981 Council on Foundations Annual Conference; cited from “Best Practices For Philanthropists,” a paper provided by World Vision.
11 Jim Cymbala, Fresh Wind, Fresh Fire, (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1997), 70. 12 Speakers arranged by fees at Christianspeakers.com. 13 “Quick Quotes on Money,” Christian History 7 (1987): 2, 4. Randy Alcorn (@randyalcorn) is the author of over thesis, fifty books and the founder and speech pathology seminars director of Eternal Perspective Ministries.
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968 words essay on Alcohol and its effects. Essay on Alcohol and its effects. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant- it slows down the body#8217;s functions and its effects are similar to those of a general anaesthetic. Nomenclature! Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is the active ingredient in all alcoholic drinks. If you take any alcoholic beverage and remove the ingredients that give it taste and colour, you get ethyl alcohol. Remove the water from ethyl alcohol and you get ether. Essay! Ether is an anaesthetic that works on the brain and thesis nomenclature puts it to sleep. The same symptoms surgical patient experiences under ether are those experienced by a person drinking alcohol. Alcohol consumption is a learned behaviour- no one likes the taste of alcohol at first.
People drink out of curiosity, because of pathology custom (let#8217;s #8220;toast#8221; the thesis nomenclature, bride and groom), or o escape from an unpleasant feeling with a sense of well- being and euphoria. Creative Vitae! Alcoholics are perceived as being weak people or as having bad habits. Alcoholism is the disease produced by the repeated misuse of ethyl alcohol. It is thesis nomenclature a Primary disease: it is not caused by causes some underlying psychological or moral flaw. It is a chronic disease: it does not go away with time. It is a Progressive disease: it does not improve as long as one continues to drink. It is a potentially Fatal disease, if the drinking is thesis nomenclature not interrupted. Image Source: wonderful6pack.files.wordpress.com.
A primary characteristic of an alcoholic is a loss of control- once an alcoholic starts to drink, he or she is not able to predict things or situations in a normal way. There are at least 300,000 alcoholics in Australia and 1 person in 10 who drinks at all will become an alcoholic. 1,600,000 Australians are affected either personally, or within their family by abuse of alcohol. Approximately 25% of de montaigne essays people who drink alcohol have problems during their life. Once alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream, it is rapidly distributed throughout the body.
It affects almost every cell, every organ, and every level of human functioning, .The most profound early effect is on the central nervous system, where it acts as a sedative, producing relaxation and thesis nomenclature sense of well-being. It impairs the intellect, physical abilities and metabolism. When alcohol is taken regularly, in large amounts over michel in french, many years, permanent physical damage will occur. This damage is often aggravated by nomenclature the lack of vitamins because most alcoholics have poor eating habits. Alcohol can also damage the liver, brain and other parts of the de montaigne, nervous system. In the final stages of alcoholism, parts of the brain are permanently damaged and confusion, disorientation and DT#8217;s result. Any chemical that alters mood, feelings, co-ordination, perception, or behaviour, alters the cells in the brain and disrupts their normal chemical behaviour. When alcohol enters the blood stream it travels to the brain. Alcohol can affect millions of nerve cells and change communication patterns throughout the brain. Alcohol can impair vision, distort hearing, muddle speech, impair judgement, dull the body#8217;s senses, disturb motor skills, and reduce co-ordination. Deep inside the brain alcohol can affect the areas that control aggression, hunger and thirst, pleasure and pain, and thesis body temperature.
These effects are produced because alcohol inhibits blood from transporting oxygen to essays in phenomenological, brain cells. When brain cells are deprived of oxygen, they become impaired and possibly die! That#8217;s brain damage. Because the brain matures more slowly than other organs of the body, it may be even more susceptible to certain permanent, irreversible effects of alcohol. The hypothalamus is the portion of the brain that controls lour automatic reflexes: breathing, heartbeat, and other bodily operations over which an individual has no conscious control. When alcohol is present in nomenclature, the blood stream it directly affects the hypothalamus, possibly damaging it, particularly during the adolescent years. In addition, alcohol has a profound effect on the frontal lobe- the part of the brain that allows us to analyse and program our behaviour.
It also allows us to lead essays, convert experience to memory and is responsible for the formation of our #8220;self-image#8221;. These processes require a tremendous amount of energy. The depressant nature of thesis nomenclature alcohol directly lowers die energy centre in causes essay, the brain. Those who lower the energy levels in the brain by using alcohol or other toxic chemicals, lose not only mental capacity, but their ability to realise they have lost it. Adolescence is a time of changing attitudes, perception and behaviour. Peer pressure is thesis very strong and the need to belong and to be accepted often leads a young person to yield to these pressures. Adolescence is michel essays also a time of fluctuating psychological and physical growth.
Brains cells (neurons), are especially important during this developmental period and must be protected. The brain is the only organ or body part not equipped with pain fibres nor has it the ability to produce new brain cells should they die! Alcohol and the unborn child. Alcohol is thesis nomenclature carried from curriculum, your blood through the thesis, placenta and enters your baby#8217;s blood, circulating through your foetus. Binding! Your baby is then dependent on your excretory system to remove the alcohol. Exposure to thesis, alcohol can represent a serious risk to your child. Women who drink during their pregnancies double the creative writing curriculum, risk of having a baby born with physical or mental handicaps.
Foetal Alcohol Effects refer to thesis, birth defects as a result of essays alcohol use during pregnancy. Nomenclature! These may include: poor coordination, poor sleep patterns, jitteriness, learning disabilities such as hyperactivity, short attention and behavioural difficulties. Most of these are problems that will last a lifetime. Foetal Alcohol Syndrome is die most serious condition associated with drinking during pregnancy. It is characterised by low birth weight, small head, mental retardation and failure to thrive and grow properly. A recent study has found that a father#8217;s drinking habits during the month of his child#8217;s conception can affect his baby#8217;s birth weight. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com!
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Early Modern Europe Essays and thesis, Research Papers. ?Children DBQ In early modern Europe , various assumptions were made about of dissertations, children and how to raise them. Some . families went with detachment, tender love, or cruelty. Thesis Nomenclature. All of these assumptions, more or less, affected child-rearing practices. In the 1550s in Florence, Italy, Benvenuto Cellini describes a time where he visited his natural, born in wedlock, son. “..when I wanted to leave he refused to let me go.. For Stress. breaking into nomenclature, a storm of crying and binding of dissertations, screaming” “I detached myself from my little boy. Early modern Europe , Jean-Jacques Rousseau , John Locke 950 Words | 3 Pages. ?Name:Majed Aloraini Instructor: Course: Date: Main Forces for Change in Early Modern Europe Events that have . shaped the history of thesis early Europe were of cultural, educational, economic, and political character. In this brief essay, the main forces that had significant influence on Europe of pathology seminars that time are mentioned and explained. During 1,500 - 1,700, Europe had experienced significant growth. Thesis Nomenclature. From the territory covering around the fifth part of Eurasia, with around 60 million citizens and no technological. Apprenticeship , Catholic Church , Crusades 815 Words | 4 Pages.
Which was the of dissertations, most influential economic group in early modern society and thesis nomenclature, why? The 16th century otherwise known as . early modern Europe is a historical period of time defining the end of the creative, dark ages and the beginning of the first industrial revolution. Thesis Nomenclature. It was a time of great change, for Europe and its economy. Europe was recovering from the Black Death and the end of the 100 year war, which had seriously damaged its economy at essays, the time, population growth had started to stabilise (the European. Early modern Europe , Early Modern period , Europe 1573 Words | 4 Pages.
Alcohol: the thesis nomenclature, Social Implications of the Rise and Consumption Early Modern Europe 1400-1789. Alcohol: The Social Implications of the lead essays, Rise and Consumption Early Modern Europe 1400-1789 Carissa Carlisle . His352 Meadows Swill, grog, firewater, and liquid bread. There are many different terms associated with the word alcohol. Alcohol has revolved and evolved around people's lives for thesis, thousands of years. For early modern Europeans, alcohol had served several purposes, such as medicine by means of brandy as well as foodstuff, and as to why the drink had been the go-to drink. Alcohol , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 1670 Words | 5 Pages. Identify the various assumptions about children in early modern Europe, and analyze how these assumptions affected child-rearing practices. Identify the various assumptions about children in early modern Europe , and analyze how these assumptions . Speech Seminars. affected child-rearing practices. During early modern Europe children were treated differently throughout that time. Thesis. This of in phenomenological course changed how their parents treated them. In the early 16th century there was a lot of nomenclature sicknesses and the infant mortality rate was high.
Many children died and it was normal , so when a child reached adulthood they beat the odds and were special. During that. Early modern Europe , Infant mortality , John Locke 930 Words | 3 Pages. The Reformation's Role in the Rise and Decline of the Witchhunts and de montaigne in french, the Change in thesis Magic. Reformations Role in Rise and Decline of the Witch Hunts and the Change in Magic The Reformation era was a time of great change in Early . Modern Europe . Sixteenth and seventeenth century Europeans were attempting to make sense of the frightening events that were happening, such as the Black Death and famine. Speech Seminars. To find meaning in a world that seemed in constant chaos, early modern Europeans looked to find patterns that would set things right. “The Reformation would not have happened if ordinary people had.
Bible , Christianity , Early modern Europe 1707 Words | 5 Pages. Justice Witchcraft in early modern Europe was understood to be the combination of nomenclature maleficium and diabolism. The . Causes. term maleficium refers to the actual act of witchcraft, which was believed to be harmful magic or sorcery. Allegations of maleficium were simply the thesis nomenclature, foundation for theology, the crime of thesis nomenclature witchcraft. Diabolism is what made witchcraft a crime because it involved trading oneself for lead essays, magical abilities from the Devil (xxv). With regard to religion during early modern Europe , it was highly regarded. Capital punishment , Confession , Crime 1035 Words | 3 Pages. World on Europe , the thesis nomenclature, palace of Philip IV, and a magisterial comparison of the British and Spanish Empires across three centuries, among many . other diverse topics. Yet, despite this breathtaking range of publications, this paper argues that there are indeed many important threads. Due to limitations of space, however, this paper will focus on one of the speech seminars, most fundamental continuities in Elliotts work the use of comparative and/or transnational history to elucidate the history of early modern Spain. . Cambridge , Early modern Europe , Europe 2964 Words | 5 Pages.
Churchill’s magnanimity, which Lukacs sees as his foremost virtue. Lukacs also does a good job of explaining the thesis, three types of in phenomenological government competing in . 1940: communism, fascism, and democracy. At the time, the first two alternatives appeared more “ modern .” By contrast, Churchill’s ideas, his devotion to nomenclature Western civilization, his rhetoric, and even his style of dress were all old-fashioned, even by the standards of curriculum vitae 1940. Lukacs presents these qualities as essential to the man who proved such. Adolf Hitler , Early modern Europe , Oxford 882 Words | 5 Pages. interchangeably. The term handbag began appearing in the early 1900s. Thesis. Initially, it was most often used to refer to men's hand-luggage. . Creative Writing. Women's accessory bags grew larger and more complex during that period, and the term was attached to the women's accessory. Handbags are used as fashion accessories as well as functional ones. Modern origin  Women's fashion from 1830, including a reticule handbag from France. Early modern Europeans wore purses for one purpose, to carry coins. Purses.
2nd millennium , Backpack , Early modern Europe 1136 Words | 3 Pages. serious threat to the community. Skeptical Roman authorities finally helped put an end to the continued persecution of unfortunate or disliked community . members. The social aspect of witch accusations: “Witchcraft accusations allowed members of early modern European communities to resolve conflicts between themselves and thesis nomenclature, their neighbors and to explain misfortunes that had occurred in their daily lives.” (Levack, 2006). Speech Pathology. How convenient!
I have a list of misfortune I would like to blame on someone else. Early modern Europe , European witchcraft , Magic 881 Words | 3 Pages. The Early Modern European Economy Book Review. The Early Modern European Economy: A book review In “The Early Modern European Economy”, Peter . Thesis Nomenclature. Musgrave attempts to express and pathology seminars, formulate an nomenclature, underlying pattern from michel essays modern studies of the early modern period. The underlying focus of the book is the transformation of the feudal system in the early modern period to the economy of the nomenclature, nineteenth and twentieth century. Musgrave attempts to conjoin new works on the topic of the early modern European economy by analyzing the key structures and arguments. Age of Discovery , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 1945 Words | 6 Pages. Origins of the Witch Craze in Europe Research Paper.
embraced by mainstream culture it is distorted and shrouded in controversy especially when trying to trace its origins. The widespread witch craze in . Europe is not a simplistic reaction as it is portrayed in the media but rather a build up of lead essays frustration at the political, social, and religious institutions throughout the thesis, continent. The idea of de montaigne witchcraft in Europe , through a myriad of wars that fractioned society based upon belief, alongside support from the Catholic Church and nomenclature, misogynistic views surrounding. Age of Discovery , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 1401 Words | 4 Pages. Making History: Ten Exercises in Interpreting and Representing Early Globalization HISA04H3 F “Themes in World History I” Mondays and . Wednesdays 12:00-13:00, AA112 Professor William Nelson email@example.com Office HW522; Office hours: Mon. and Wed.
13:00-14:00 This course will explore the of dissertations, early stages of globalization in thesis the early modern era (roughly the time period from in phenomenological 1500 to 1800). Each week, we will focus on nomenclature a small number objects and events that exemplify important aspects of the development. E-mail , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 1380 Words | 4 Pages. Has the Way We See the Modern World Change the Way We Think. see the lead essays, modern world with our own eyes. Thesis. Has the way we look at binding, photos changed the way we see the world in the modern day and . Thesis Nomenclature. age? Projecting images onto surfaces has been done for centuries.
Cameras such as obscura and were used by artists to trace scenes as early as the 16th century. These cameras of in the early stages did not fix a image in to seminars time; they only thesis nomenclature, projected what was threw the lense onto a separate surface.The first photo was taken by Joseph Niepce in France in the early 1800’s. Early modern Europe , Early modern period , French Revolution 1256 Words | 4 Pages. F.R.Q. #3 The commercial revolution in Europe was a fascinating time to observe. It set most of the trends of the modern . period and helped to creative vitae shape the future. The commercial revolution brought about many new changes in the modern period like biological exchanges, a major impact on work and large empires that are based on thesis nomenclature guns and artillery. All of these things shaped the new trends that many major civilizations would follow during the modern era. The commercial revolution brought about many. Age of Discovery , Cannon , Early modern Europe 817 Words | 3 Pages. The Evolution and Growth of de montaigne essays in french Tourism.
highlight early modern age to nomenclature the present (1500 onwards). We can see the whole process was step by step but inevitability. In my . opinion, the tourism development relate to the development of Civilization because the world is changing and the human is changing. Such as Maslow's hierarchy of needs, With the progress of culture, human thought and progress. Michel Essays In French. It beginning with The Renaissance of Europe was well under way, heralding the emergence of the modern era and nomenclature, the period of creative writing curriculum early modern tourism. Abraham Maslow , Age of thesis nomenclature Discovery , Early modern Europe 917 Words | 3 Pages. History and the Modern Age With research and resources you will learn about Nationalism throughout History and the Modern Age. Speech Pathology. . Nationalism because it is a political idea that involves a tough recognition of a set of individuals by thesis nomenclature way of a political being defined in nationalized conditions, for example a nation. And Modernity, because it is a take action of why and how thing develop and progress all the way through history. Because of these changes occurring allows us to exist in a modern society. Early modern Europe , Early modern period , History 1891 Words | 6 Pages. In early modern Europe witchcraft was considered a crime due to people of this time period being very . superstitious.
During this time period Witchcraft lead to the invention of such things as Devils and monsters. The bubonic plague and crimes of Heresy lead to lead essays many deaths and nomenclature, therefore the ideology that developed was it was the of dissertations, work of Witchcraft. It will be established during this essay the reasons why the use and practice of Witchcraft was deemed to be a crime. The most favourable belief during. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Early modern Europe 1826 Words | 5 Pages. “Collecting may be defined as a form of consumption characterized by nomenclature the selection, the gathering together, and setting aside a group of objects” (Swann 6). . Collecting art in the early modern period was a cultural phenomenon in England. “Collecting was a vital social practice during the early modern period because it served as a point of convergence for a wide range of cultural forces” such as social status, rarity of the essays in phenomenological, object, and historical significance (Swann 16). It is imperative to remember. Classical antiquity , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 1013 Words | 3 Pages.
The Prince The Return of Martin Guerre. The Prince The Return of Martin Guerre It appears as though human beings did very little in shaping and controlling their own destinies in . early modern Europe , and the works of The Prince, written by Niccolo Machiavelli in 1513 and The Return of thesis Martin Guerre, written Natalie Zemon Davis in creative curriculum vitae 1928 helps to exemplify this view. The Prince is a primary source recollection of Machiavelli’s thoughts on what makes a good ruler. He discussed his feelings on Princedom on thesis how a prince should rule and. Early modern Europe , Early modern period , Florence 1841 Words | 5 Pages. The Evolution of Satan from the Bible to causes for stress essay the Satanic symbol.
beliefs and contrasting societies. Satan is first mentioned in the Christian religious teachings, over 2000 years ago. The first time Satan is referred . to as himself (Satan) is I the Christian religious scriptures, also known as The Bible. Thesis Nomenclature. This early reference to the master of sin appears in The Bible, 1 Chronicles 21:1, which states ‘Satan rose up against Israel and incited David to take Census of Israel.’ (The Bible) This reference to Satan for the first time in the Bible is stating that Satan. Bible , Christianity , Early modern Europe 1024 Words | 4 Pages. Graduate School and Early Modern Europe. Gentlewoman's Companion (1673), one of many early modern conduct books I surveyed this past year for an honors thesis . entitled 'Chaste, Silent, and Hungr y': The Problem of Female Appetite in Early Modern England, 1550-1700. 3 As indicated by the title, this pr oject explores a provocative but as of yet scarcely studied facet of early m odern gender constructions: female food desire.
4 I use the word desire here rather deliberately, as ea rly modern definitions of appetite extended well . Bachelor's degree , College , Early modern Europe 3490 Words | 15 Pages. Assess the emergence of a european economy in the 1400's. key factors in this period. The development of new trade routes meant links with other continents such as Africa and for stress, Asia grew stronger. This in turn led to thesis . more wealth and power within the European States. The early modern economy is traditionally seen as one of the great eras in causes essay which Europe worked hard and extended its geographical boundaries and colonised with neighbouring continents. Until 1450 Europeans were largely satisfied with obtaining goods through Africa and thesis, Asia, but they no longer were.
Age of Discovery , Agriculture , Early modern Europe 1337 Words | 4 Pages. The Gentlewoman's Companion (1673), one of many early modern conduct books I surveyed this past year for an honors thesis . De Montaigne In French. entitled 'Chaste, Silent, and Hungry': The Problem of Female Appetite in Early Modern England, 1550-1700.3 As indicated by the title, this project explores a provocative but as of yet scarcely studied facet of early modern gender constructions: female food desire.4 I use the word desire here rather deliberately, as early modern definitions of appetite extended well beyond the. Age of Discovery , College , Early modern Europe 2168 Words | 6 Pages. What inferences does he make? Big Picture Question (BPQ) #2: The Agricultural Revolution marked a decisive turning point in human history. Thesis. What evidence . might you offer to support this claim, and how might you argue against it?
BPQ #3: How did early agricultural societies differ from those of the Paleolithic era? CHAPTER 2: Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Appropriate Use of lead essays Relevant Historical Evidence: Look at Document 2.2 in Ch 2, “Law and thesis, Justice in Ancient Mesopotamia,” on pages 95-97. Age of Discovery , Bankruptcy in the United States , Early modern Europe 1306 Words | 5 Pages. Community and essays, Selfhood in The Fat Woodcarver. ?Analysis of thesis ‘The Fat Woodcarver’ The Importance of writing curriculum Community in Relation to thesis Selfhood in lead essays Early Modern Italy . Thesis. Name: Matthew Brown Student #: 996811357 Course: HIS357Y1 Professor: V. McCarthy Date Submitted: Oct 9 2014 Selfhood and individuality are two concepts inextricably linked with post- modern ideologies of personal existence however in speech centuries past this was not always the case. During the Early Modern era, specifically in Italy, ones concept of thesis nomenclature selfhood was heavily reliant on essay communal. Early modern Europe , Early modern period , Filippo Brunelleschi 1249 Words | 6 Pages. holdings, unable to establish a durable empire? What forces worked against such an empire in the sixteenth century? - Pressures from France and Ottomans . Nomenclature. halted expansion of the empire 6) How did European monarchs increase their power in the early modern era? What are some of the common characteristics of the new monarchs? -Extended their rule by binding expanding their lands and nomenclature, territories.
A monarch is the person who heads a monarchy, a form of government in michel de montaigne essays in french which a country or entity is usually ruled. Absolute monarchy , Catholic Church , Constitutional monarchy 744 Words | 3 Pages. 1450-1750 Early Modern Period Major Developments I. Questions of Periodization A. Major points 1. Shift in power to . the West a. Rise of the West with fall of China and India creates imbalance in power that favors Europeans for next 200 years 2. World becomes smaller – almost all civilizations touched by trade 3. New Empires – Spain, Portugal, England, France, Netherlands, Ottoman, Russian, Mughal, Ming 4. Age of thesis Gunpowder B. Changes at end of in phenomenological theology Postclassical Era 1. Independent. Age of Discovery , Byzantine Empire , Early modern period 413 Words | 3 Pages. Trade Tastes in the Early Modern Era During the 1700s, the Atlantic system was created which had encircled America, Africa, . and Europe . The Europeans bought slaves from Africa and sold them in the Caribbean and the Americas to nomenclature work in binding plantations. Trade products such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco were some of the dominant crops grown in plantations during the Early Modern Era. Coffee had a tremendous impact on long distance and European expansion. The use of coffee created social traditions. 2nd millennium , Caribbean , Coffee 730 Words | 2 Pages. how useful is early modern to describe period 1500-1789. the term ‘ early modern ’ to thesis nomenclature describe the period c.1500-c.1789?
In tackling this question it should first be asserted that . these dates are commonly known to be the end of the in phenomenological theology, Middles Ages (1500) and the beginning of the French Revolution (1789.) To determine whether this period characterises the term ‘ early modern ’, it must be more substantial than a set of dates, factors of a imperial, cultural, religious, political and economic nature must be investigated. This will discern if Europe underwent. Early modern period , Europe , French Revolution 1911 Words | 8 Pages. to a certain extent. 2) In thinking about the similarities and differences among the empires of the early modern era, what . categories of comparison might be most useful to consider? 3) Have a look at the maps in thesis this chapter with an eye to the areas of the world that were not incorporated in a major empire. Pick one or more of them and do a little research as to what was happening there in in phenomenological the modern era. I chose the thesis, region of Borneo which is michel essays, besides the Philippines. I believe the territory must have.
Africa , Atlantic Ocean , Atlantic slave trade 505 Words | 2 Pages. Modern History Modern history, or the modern . era, describes the historical timeline after the Middle Ages. Modern history can be further broken down into the early modern period and thesis, the late modern period after the Great Divergence. Binding Of Dissertations. Contemporary history describes the span of thesis nomenclature historic events that are immediately relevant to lead essays the present time. The beginning of the modern era started approximately in the 16th century. Thesis. Many major events.
Age of Discovery , Contemporary history , Early modern period 853 Words | 3 Pages. 1 02. Lead Essays. The Modern Era Early Modern World Historians sometimes refer to the era between the premodern (or . medieval) and nomenclature, late modern eras as the “ early modern world.” The world during this era was increasingly united by the projection of European power abroad, especially in the Americas. Although early modern Europeans still had little knowledge of, let alone hegemony (influence) over, the inland regions of Africa and Asia, the pathology, links created and dominated by Europeans made the entire world. 20th century , Age of Discovery , Early modern Europe 13830 Words | 44 Pages. “A Change of Spirit in thesis Europe ” During the year between 1450 and 1750, the society was gradually transforming from the speech seminars, postclassical . Thesis. period to the early modern world. While there were negative parts of the causes essay, society where there was a prevalent diseases and thesis, famine which made the general insecurity within the postclassical society, there was a basic optimism starting from the early modern period. The society no more had to michel be insecure with great improvements in terms of economy, politics, environment.
Age of Discovery , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 778 Words | 2 Pages. ?Research Paper On Modern English Submit To: Muhammad Zakaria (ZM) Lecturer, Department of thesis nomenclature English East West University Sub: Eng-205 . Sec: 1 Submitted By: Tanay Kundu Bappa ID: 2011-2-40-149 . Early Modern English , England , English language 1053 Words | 5 Pages. Early Movements of English Literature. Early Movements of English Literature The development of English literature has experienced many distinct movements throughout the . centuries. Beginning with the writing of the Old English authors to the Early Modern Period, not only essays in phenomenological, does the way literature is written change dramatically, but the English language itself evolves to become what we know it to be today. Thesis Nomenclature. In this essay, I will examine the early literary movements that helped plot the essays in phenomenological theology, course for English literature today.
The very. Early modern period , England , English language 725 Words | 3 Pages. The World Is Better Living in the Modern Age Than in the Agrarian Age. INTRODUCTION Firstly, Age is the thesis nomenclature, period of causes time whereby technological events or successes help achieve the progress or decline of a civilization or the . world. These ages of time are like the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age or like the Agrarian age and Modern Age where technology or societies depended on the method of technology they achieved during their periods. Technology is closely associated with innovation, the transformation of ideas into new and products or processes.
Innovation requires not. Age of Discovery , Agrarianism , Early modern Europe 2592 Words | 9 Pages. Attitudes Towards Witchcraft In Early M. ?Attitudes towards Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe : Scapegoat for Unusual Losses As a part of human nature, . people tend to feel secure when they can explain an unexpected situation. In the 17th century, people had not yet possessed enough knowledge to explain as many natural phenomena as we do now, and that was probably when the nomenclature, concept “witchcraft” came in as an answer key to all unexplainable things. And, of course, with little knowledge about seminars, how “witchcraft” worked, people were generally afraid. 17th century , Ceremonial magic , Early modern Europe 734 Words | 3 Pages. Voluntary Suicide of the thesis, Modern World History. THEMED RESEARCH PAPER: VOLUNTARY SUICIDE OF THE MODERN WORLD HISTORY Voluntary Suicide of the Modern World History . Throughout history, the world has seen and experienced different acts of violence, murder and de montaigne in french, terrorism.
There were armies, groups, and individuals involved in these violent acts. Some of thesis these acts were well thought out while others happened in the moment. The people perpetrating these acts were under the writing curriculum vitae, order of their superiors, religious leaders, and thesis nomenclature, political leaders. Creative Writing Vitae. Others. Early modern period , Japan , Kamikaze 2320 Words | 7 Pages. MODERN MEANS OF COMMUNICATION Introduction What is Communication? Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning to share ) is the . activity of conveying information through the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by thesis speech, visuals, signals, writing, or behaviour. It is the meaningful exchange of writing vitae information between two or a group of people.
Communication requires a sender, a message, and a recipient, although the receiver doesn't have to be present or aware of the sender's. Communication , Early modern period , French Revolution 1519 Words | 5 Pages. The difference between medieval and early modern is one of degree rather than strict demarcation. Discuss this idea in nomenclature the context of speech any two writers you have read.(Everyman and Dr Faustus) The medieval and early modern periods were eras with distinctive issues and ideals.
Some of their key themes were very similar, . such as the importance of thesis nomenclature religion and for stress essay, the role it played in everyday life, while other matters were unique to their time, such as the thesis nomenclature, medieval selling of indulgences, or the early modern Reformation of the Church. These examples illustrate clearly the writing vitae, mixture of change and stasis in thesis the two ages, as a subject shared by pathology both periods yielded so great a diversity of issues. Age of Discovery , Cannon , Early modern period 2420 Words | 7 Pages. seventeenth centuries? 5. Why was Charles V, despite such vast holdings, unable to establish a durable empire? What forces worked against such an . empire in thesis the sixteenth century? 6. How did European monarchs increase their power in the early modern era? What are some of the common characteristics of the new monarchs? 7. What is the fundamental difference between absolute monarchy and lead essays, a constitutional government? 8. Thesis. What factors encouraged the evolution of a constitutional. Constitutional monarchy , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 314 Words | 2 Pages.
FRQ #3 The early modern period the period where the creative writing curriculum, pressure to thesis nomenclature work harder and longer was a personal side to the . systemic changes that were reshaping the world, distinguished from the post-classical period ahead of its time. Several developments opened the doors to this period the revival of empire building, the steady progression of explorations by Europeans along the Atlantic coast of Africa, and new military technologies. The changes in world empires, trade routes, and the effects. Africa , Age of Discovery , Atlantic slave trade 641 Words | 2 Pages. Modern: Technology and Social Networking.
FRAMEWORK It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity. - Albert Einstein © 3.1. INTRODUCTION How are we to . obtain the measure of the distance between basic research and the essential technologies of the modern age? Are we in in phenomenological theology the process of thesis building the bridge that will unite the two domains or is the gulf between them growing wider by the day? Reconciling the interested parties in any definitive way remains difficult as each side can furnish multiple examples. Early modern period , French Revolution , Human 951 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ 7: Children Identify the essays in french, various assumptions about nomenclature, children in early modern Europe , and lead essays, analyze how these . assumptions affected child-rearing practices. The treatment of thesis children during the early modern century was quite a controversial subject, as the high infant mortality rates greatly affected views and opinions towards the children. However, the different social classes all possessed various advantages, privileges, and conditions, which would shape different opinions towards child. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Early modern Europe 726 Words | 2 Pages. sports an writing vitae, essential part of the nomenclature, early modern era?
Do they have a place in today’s society? Blood sports of Great Britain . and de montaigne essays, its American colonies in the early modern era encouraged violent tendencies among men. These tendencies were necessary for use in thesis nomenclature contemporary warfare. Blood sports also helped to essays in phenomenological theology solidify class divisions by providing an avenue for the nobility and the rich to demonstrate their superiority over one another and the rest of society. In the modern world, however, violence that. Age of Discovery , Blood sport , Cockfight 2683 Words | 8 Pages.
Notes for Art History 8/18/14 Early Modern Period 1400-1800 A.D. Thesis. Renaissance marked the in french, end of nomenclature teh Middle Ages (stone . ages) with swift changes in of dissertations ideas, attitudes, social, economics, religious, and nomenclature, political shifts. It was hard to keep up with the development. Medieval Europeans did not think they belonged to an age distinct from de montaigne in french classical antiquity. Thesis Nomenclature. From their point of view, history was made in in french heaven rather than on earth. Classical antiquity - means the greeks and the romans; structures.
Age of Discovery , Classical antiquity , Early modern period 508 Words | 3 Pages. witches in the 16th and 17th centuries? 5. Why was Charles V unable to establish a durable empire? What forces worked against such an . empire in the 16th century? 6. Thesis Nomenclature. How did European monarchs increase their power in the early modern era? What are some of the common characteristics of the curriculum, new monarchs? 7. Explain the nomenclature, fundamental difference between absolute monarchy and a constitutional government? 8. Of Dissertations. What factors encouraged the evolution of a constitutional. Catholic Church , Early modern period , Isaac Newton 363 Words | 3 Pages.
first chapter of the book about the thesis nomenclature, huge revolutions that made a big impact on the world during early period of 1500-1800. Of Dissertations. There were many . important events that occurred during the early modern period. In fact, one of the most significant transformations that changed the world was the thesis, world exploration during that time. Causes. Another important event in early modern period was the religious reformation in Europe . The last important transformation that has a big influence on the world history was the discovery. Age of Discovery , Early modern period , Europe 1494 Words | 4 Pages. The Early Modern Period General Bibliography The recommended survey text is thesis nomenclature, Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks, Early . Modern Europe , 1450-1789 (Cambridge U.P., 2006). In preparation for this section of the core course, you should read chapter 1. Other one-volume surveys include: Euan Cameron, ed., Early Modern Europe : An Oxford History (1999): stimulating thematic essays, but not the place to get your facts straight George Huppert, After the Black Death: A Social History of Early Modern.
Bible , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 9476 Words | 29 Pages. Comparison/Contrast Renaisssance and Baroque. implied). Strong contrasts of creative writing curriculum light and shadow enhance the effects of paintings and sculptures. Opera is thesis nomenclature, one of the speech seminars, types of music in the Baroque era. It . represented melodic freedom.
Baroque era was usually referred to as the thorough-bass period. In early Baroque era no tonal direction existed, but experiments in pre-tonal harmony led to the creation of thesis nomenclature tonality.  Baroque genre included instrumental suite, ritornello, Concerto grosso and chant. There were important composers of the Baroque period. Baroque , Baroque music , Early modern period 970 Words | 3 Pages. British Empire, and the Atlantic World in the Seventeenth and essays in phenomenological, Eighteenth Centuries Author(s): Steve Pincus Reviewed work(s): Source: The William and Mary . Quarterly, Vol.
69, No. 1 (January 2012), pp. 3-34 Published by: Omohundro Institute of nomenclature Early American History and Culture Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5309/willmaryquar.69.1.0003 . Accessed: 06/09/2012 12:18 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms Conditions of Use, available at . http://www. British Empire , Early modern Europe , Early modern period 15026 Words | 48 Pages. AGE: The iron age is the period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. Essays Theology. The early period of the age is . characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in thesis nomenclature society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and causes for stress essay, artistic styles. Thesis Nomenclature. The beginning of the Iron Age in Europe and adjacent areas is characterized by certain forms of implements, weapons, personal ornaments, and pottery, and. Early modern period , French Revolution , Mesolithic 1739 Words | 6 Pages.
Mercantilist Policy Mercantilist ideas were the dominant economic ideology of all of Europe in the early modern . Causes For Stress. period, and thesis, most states embraced it to a certain degree. Mercantilism was centered in England and France, and it was in these states that mercantilist polices were most often enacted. Mercantilism arose in for stress essay France in nomenclature the early 16th century, soon after the monarchy had become the dominant force in French politics. In 1539, an important decree banned the importation of woolen goods from Spain. Early modern period , Free trade , International trade 1037 Words | 3 Pages. so important, they matter more than freedom of speech and expression.
Women have many restrictions placed upon them. Duty is more important than love. . People who are unique or different are to be shunned by society. These are the rules of the early modern era in which Forster wrote his novel, A Room with a View. The issues of class snobbery and of dissertations, a too formal and strict society play a large part in thesis nomenclature Forster’s, A Room with a View indicating it was written in lead essays the Edwardian Age. The upper-middle class. 20th century , Age of nomenclature Discovery , Early modern Europe 419 Words | 2 Pages.
historians enamored by its deviation from the normal as seen in Europe or other European Colonies in North America. As presented in Bryan Le . Beau’s book The Story of the michel essays, Salem Witch Trials, the story of Salem is unique in nomenclature that it is centered primarily around the binding, communities incapability to harmonize with one another. In the first two chapters, the thesis, book introduces its readers to a brief history of in phenomenological witchcraft trials, including how they began in thesis nomenclature Europe and lead essays, followed colonists to the New World. In chapter three. Early modern period , Giles Corey , Magic 1112 Words | 3 Pages. The Decline of the Middle East in the 18th Century. actually decline and what happened to other aspects of society and the economy? I will first discuss the thesis nomenclature, two approaches regarding the paradigm of decline . and their critics, and I will then explain why the curriculum, Middle East was indeed in decline before the modern era.
To begin with, the paradigm of nomenclature decline is composed of two different approaches. First the meta-narrative, which focuses on the story of the state, perceives Islamic history as characterized by constant rises and declines, with the apogee. Early modern period , Iran , Islam 1183 Words | 3 Pages. ?Time Capsule: The Renaissance and the Age of Baroque The European Renaissance was a time of cultural transition in Europe from a society . rooted in religious focus and michel de montaigne essays in french, compliance to nomenclature humanism and artistic expression. Although the causes for stress, majority of Europe remained loyal to the Papacy and Catholicism, the Renaissance brought about scholars that encouraged human artistic expression and self-fulfillment.
Prior to the Renaissance, devout Catholics led simple lifestyles, with few amenities or luxuries. They. Aesthetics , Art , Caravaggio 1385 Words | 5 Pages. ponder the evolution of the it and how the nomenclature, English language came to be. Spoken today is called Modern English, but this language took hundreds . of years to be developed into from its Greek, Latin, German, Russian and other European roots. To further understand the lead essays, fluidity of the English language, a Catholic prayer that was once written in Anglo-Saxon or Old English is rewritten in Middle English and Early Modern English. Through these stepping stones of the thesis nomenclature, English language, one could analyze the difference.
Early Modern English , England , English language 820 Words | 3 Pages.
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Your experiences with your mother. Take enough time to describe the most interesting experiences you’ve got with her, because it can be a perfect topic and you can write about thesis, anything. You should stay truthful while avoiding talking just about vitae, everything. Nomenclature. Pick a specific event and express your emotions and feelings about it to creative writing curriculum write a essay on my mother that is worth your readers’ attention. Nomenclature. Thanking her.
Think about of dissertations, thanking your mother for nomenclature, helping and speech pathology raising you, or other things that come in nomenclature your mind. This is what will help you write a truthful academic paper that your professor and other students will love. Take into of dissertations consideration your father too. That’s because this descriptive essay shouldn’t be all about your mother, so feel free to bring your father too. Your possibilities are literally limitless when it comes to thesis essay writing on my mother. Basic Steps to Write a Perfect Essay. Pick the best topic that you want to describe in michel essays your essay, such as the thesis above-mentioned ideas. Write a sketch or an creative writing curriculum, outline to list all important facts, aspects, and characteristics about your mother to develop them all throughout your descriptive essay. Gather the necessary information for your introduction (such as a particular holiday, family traditions, and so on). Decide on the main idea of each main body paragraph and make sure they don’t repeat.
Write every paragraph clearly and creatively, starting from your topic sentence to different details while developing your thoughts. Remember about an all-inclusive conclusion because it should represent your main ideas about your mother’s description and creative writing Take a break and then go back to your essay to proofread and edit it, as this is how you ensure there are no mistakes and thesis nomenclature it sounds logical and interesting. Keep in mind that descriptive essays on my mothermust have a well-balanced and michel de montaigne essays in french clear structure, just like other academic papers. Start with writing a brief and catchy introduction, your mother characteristics, your relationship, purpose of your essay, and so on. When writing the main body, focus on the most important personal traits of your mother (interesting events or experiences relate to her) and thesis nomenclature describe each of them in seminars a separate character.
For example, feel free to describe her appearance, traits, hobbies, interests, and thesis nomenclature so on. Your conclusion should be focused on your personal emotions and binding thoughts about your mothers, justifying her great influence on your life and individuality. When writing assignments about thesis, your mother, concentrate on personal details and writing curriculum be specific when describing them. Thesis. This means you should include vivid adjectives and introduce readers with some peculiar situations, facts, and words. The most unique and for stress essay innovative they sound, the thesis better. Binding Of Dissertations. When going into specific details, make sure you group all opposing and similar qualities together to make your essay more versatile. You should use different transition words to make all descriptions more logical and interesting. Besides, use comparisons to make them sound brighter and thesis nomenclature more vivid. Take into consideration your personal emotions about your mother and explain how you feel about her. Be creative when describing her and use a set of effective techniques to express your personal thoughts. Don’ts.
Starting all sentences in the same way is seminars, a poor idea because it can make your essay boring and dull to nomenclature read. Avoid switching different tenses and writing either too sketchily or generally (because you need your essay to creative writing curriculum vitae be more realistic). Pick only some interesting and distinguishing characteristics of your mother and don’t focus on general information instead of nomenclature writing about something that really matters to you. If all these tasks sound too confusing for you, or you are familiar only with a powerpoint presentation, you can count on the quality services of our professional essay writers. Do you wonder about in phenomenological theology, what is a capstone project?
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